Supporting Cooperation in Northeast Asia
Northeast Asia: Northeast Asia is home to one fifth of the world’s people and gross domestic product. The region is still grappling with historical and territorial disputes. DPPA advocates for differences to be managed and resolved peacefully and encourages Northeast Asian countries to expand their coordination and collaboration.
Korean Peninsula: The situation on the Korean Peninsula is one of the longest-standing issues before the United Nations. The Security Council first adopted a resolution on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) nuclear issue in 1993, when it urged the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea not to withdraw from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. DPPA’s objective is to contribute to furthering efforts to reach a peaceful, negotiated solution of the outstanding issues on the Korean Peninsula, with a priority on supporting the parties to step up efforts to build trust, reduce tension and supporting dialogue for sustainable peace and complete and verifiable denuclearization.
DPPA presence and activities: DPPA is the lead entity supporting the Secretary-General in the UN’s efforts to prevent and resolve conflicts at the global level, and proactively partners with UN Women and other entities in advancing the Women, Peace and Security (WPS), as well as the Youth, Peace and Security (YPS) agendas. DPPA’s Asia and the Pacific Division in New York and liaison presence in Beijing, which interacts with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, in a spirit of joint work with other UN entities, prepares briefings to the Security Council, conducts political analysis, supports the Secretary-General good offices and preventive diplomacy efforts, carries out capacity building, and builds partnerships with other entities.
DPPA’s Programme to Support Cooperation in Northeast Asia allows the UN system to, inter alia: (i) facilitate the participation of regional representatives in UN fora; (ii) support UN/DPPA engagement and partnerships; (iii) facilitate UN initiatives in and on Northeast Asia; and (iv) contribute to UN coherence. DPPA’s Security Council Affairs Division provides support to the functioning of the Security Council as well as to the works of its subsidiary organs, including the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006).
Partnerships and Cooperation
As per the Secretary-General’s vision on prevention, the “UN is not the only actor, and in many cases not even the most important actor. The ultimate goal is not to expand our remit but to make a real difference for people, especially the most vulnerable. As the anchor of multilateralism with universal membership, the UN has unparalleled capacity to convene and mobilize. The UN system is most impactful when truly enabling others. This means building meaningful partnerships with the widest array of Governments, regional organizations, international financial institutions, civil society organizations, academia and the private sector, always being truthful to our mission as the guardian of the international norms that the Organization has generated over the past seven decades”.
DPPA is in regular contact with its governmental, regional and sub-regional organizations counterparts, as well as with other entities. The Department coordinates the UN system in this endeavour, including by ensuring information-sharing and cooperation on regional or country-specific issues of mutual concern. For Northeast Asia, partnerships and cooperation with other entities include:
Youth perspectives on disarmament and non-proliferation in Northeast Asia
Upcoming in November 2020, Seoul, Republic of Korea
UN Security Council Resolutions 2250 (2015) and 2419 (2018) on Youth, Peace and Security (YPS) provide a framework for the UN to promote more meaningful participation of youth in peace and security processes. The adoption by the UN General Assembly of Resolution 74/64 on “Youth, disarmament and non-proliferation”, tabled by the Republic of Korea on 21 October 2019 and co-sponsored by 84 Member States, including Japan, China and Mongolia, creates another entry point for multilateral policy.
In line with the above, DPPA is organising a youth-led regional dialogue on disarmament and non-proliferation, in partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea and the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs (ODA), and with the active support of a network of regional and international partners. Youth and young diplomats active in the field of peacebuilding, disarmament or international relations will discuss the participation and contribution of youth in creating and promoting policies on disarmament as well as the role of disarmament for the success of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.
Expert-Level Discussions on Northeast Asian Countries’ Contributions to the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
10 December 2019, Beijing, China
DPPA, in close cooperation with UN Women and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), organized a regional expert discussion on Northeast Asian countries’ contributions to the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The event in Beijing on 10 December gathered more than 30 participants from China, Japan, Mongolia and the Republic of Korea to discuss progress of WPS implementation in the region in light of the 2020 anniversaries of the Beijing+25 process and the 20th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325. At the event, SIPRI launched its background paper on emerging role of the ROK and Japan in WPS. The Beijing consultations provided an opportunity to strengthen regional networks and allowed experts from the region to discuss challenges and to share best practices amongst each other.
Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo’s remarks to the 2019 Global Peace Forum on Korea
28 September 2019, New York, USA
I am pleased to again send my warm greetings to the 2019 Global Peace Forum on Korea. Last year, the Korean Peninsula experienced momentous developments. We witnessed summits and family reunions. And many commitments were made. Today, the international community is eager for talks to resume and progress to be made.
I am glad that the United Nations has been a platform for the two Koreas to send messages of collaboration and peace. Over the past 12 months, the Panmunjom Declaration was circulated as an official document of the General Assembly and Security Council; traditional Korean wrestling was listed as Intangible Cultural Heritage thanks to a joint application from both Koreas, and the World Taekwondo and International Taekwon-Do Federation promoted peace at the United Nations Office at Geneva.
These symbolic steps are crucial. But more is needed. The Secretary-General continues to urge the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to begin working-level talks with the United States, as agreed by the two leaders in June, and to resume inter-Korean dialogue. The summits involving the leaders of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea and United States respectively remain important milestones.
They have built an atmosphere conducive to advancing sustainable peace and complete and verifiable denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula, in accordance with the relevant Security Council resolutions. There could be setbacks, but there is now a foundation to make tangible progress on the core issues. The United Nations system and our Good Offices are available to support the diplomatic efforts of the parties. I wish you great success in the discussions ahead and look forward to the results of the forum. Thank you.
Youth, Peace and Security: Perspectives for Dialogues in Northeast Asia Regional Workshop
3 to 4 June 2019, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
It is beyond question that young people must be included in discussing peace and security issues, including in peace negotiations. On 3 and 4 June 2019, DPPA, in partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia, the UN team in Mongolia, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the United Network of Young Peacebuilders (UNOY) brought together young people from all around Northeast Asia to discuss the youth, peace and security agenda and perspectives for dialogues in the region. Khishigjargal Enkhbayar, a former Coordinator at the UN Youth Advisory Panel in Mongolia, wrote about the experience here. The workshop was mentioned in the Secretary-General’s first report on Youth and peace and security issued on 2 March 2020.