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Reports and Policy Documents

2023

  • 10 ноя 2023

    The UN Security Council met again on Friday to discuss the ongoing Israel-Palestine crisis as negotiations continue behind the scenes within the 15 member body to reach some consensus position over the war raging in Gaza. Ambassadors heard searing testimony from the UN health agency chief who said the entire health system of the enclave was now "on its knees". Catch up with the full meeting via UN Web TV here.

  • 9 ноя 2023

    THE NINTH INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND PRACTICAL CONFERENCE “TRUST, COOPERATION AND PROFESSIONALISM AS THE KEY TO A SECURE FUTURE” (November 2023, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

    TASHKENT...

  • 9 ноя 2023

    TASHKENT, Uzbekistan

    On 6-10 November, Kaha Imnadze, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Central Asia,...

  • 9 ноя 2023

    INVITATION TO THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MEDIA

    What: The Peace...

  • 9 ноя 2023

    The International Labour Organization (ILO) is seeking $20 million to respond to the critical needs of hundreds of thousands of Palestinian workers and employers affected by the current conflict between Israel and Hamas. 

  • 9 ноя 2023

    The UN’s top relief official Martin Griffiths travelled to the Paris humanitarian conference on Gaza on Thursday to issue an appeal for a significant break in the fighting there, urging greater protection for displaced civilians.

  • 9 ноя 2023

    Any plans for short-term pauses in the fighting in Gaza must be carried out in coordination with the UN and following agreement by all sides, the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General said on Thursday during his regular press briefing from New York. 

  • 8 ноя 2023

    ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENERAL  MIROSLAV JENČA'S

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON UKRAINE

    New York, 8 November 2023

     

    Mr. President,

    It has been over 20 months since the Russian Federation launched its full-scale invasion of Ukraine, violating the UN Charter and international law.

    As a result, thousands of civilians have been killed or injured and millions have been displaced. 

    The massive destruction caused by the war has impacted essential services, including access to education, health services, shelter, food and water.

    Nearly half of the population, an estimated 17.6 million people, are in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance.

    Mr. President,

    As the war continues without an end in sight, we remain particularly concerned about the continued, near-daily attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure throughout Ukraine.

    According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), 9933 have been killed and 18,302 injured since February last year. The actual figures are likely considerably higher, as many reports from areas with ongoing hostilities are still pending corroboration.

    Under-Secretary-General DiCarlo briefed the Council on 9 October following the horrific missile attack that killed 59 people in Hroza in eastern Ukraine.

    Tragically, attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure have continued. Communities near the frontlines in the Kharkiv, Kherson, Zaporizhzhia, Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine remain under constant shelling.

    The past few weeks have seen a pattern of escalation of attacks on critical infrastructure, including attacks on energy infrastructure, across the country. The impact of these attacks on the lives of civilians is of particular concern, especially at the onset of the winter period.

    In the deadly wave of attacks on 18 October, 10 people were reportedly killed in strikes on Dnipropetrovsk, Kherson, Mykolaiv and Zaporizhzhia regions of Ukraine.

    On 1 November, Ukraine reportedly experienced the most extensive shelling of the year, with 118 settlements across 10 Ukrainian regions targeted within 24 hours. The overnight strikes reportedly killed two people, one in the region of Kharkiv and another in the Kherson region.

    On 3 November, nine people were reportedly killed in a missile strike in the Ukrainian town of Chaplynka currently under Russian control in the Kherson region of Ukraine. Nine others were reportedly injured.

    The same day, a massive Russian drone attack against critical civilian infrastructure reportedly injured civilians, including children, and damaged civilian residential and commercial buildings in different regions of Ukraine, including Lviv, Kharkiv, Kherson and Odesa.

    On 5 November, one person was reportedly killed in an artillery strike in the Nikopol district of the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine.

    On 6 November, Russian drone and missile attacks once again struck port and grain infrastructure in the historic city of Odesa, also reportedly causing widespread damage to the Odesa National Fine Arts Museum - one of city’s oldest, on the day it turned 124-years-old.

    Yesterday, one person was reportedly killed in the Kupiansk district of the Kharkiv region. Meanwhile, civilian infrastructure was also reportedly damaged in Zaporizhzhia and Dnipropetrovsk regions.

    In a reminder that such attacks continue on both sides of the frontline, yesterday, in the Russian-controlled city of Donetsk, in the Donetsk region of Ukraine, six people were reportedly killed due to shelling, and many injured.

    This morning, we saw reports that at least five people were killed in shelling of residential areas in eastern and southeastern Ukraine over the past day – three people in the Donetsk region, one in Kherson region and one in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine.

    We continue to condemn in the clearest terms all attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure, no matter where they take place and no matter who is responsible.

    Such attacks are prohibited under international humanitarian law. They are unacceptable and must cease immediately.

    Mr. President,

    As the war is approaching its two-year mark, we continue to be greatly concerned about the risk of further escalation and the impact this could have on the people of Ukraine, and for regional and international security.

    We urge all Member States to do their part to uphold the UN Charter, to prevent further escalation and spillover of this devastating war, and to lay the foundations for sustainable peace, in line with the Charter, international law and relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. We remain ready to support all meaningful efforts to this end.

    Thank you.

  • 8 ноя 2023

    Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians still in northern Gaza face unprecedented hardship after being isolated by Israeli military operations, while a medical convoy sent by the UN and partners was fired on in Gaza City, the Organization’s humanitarians said on Wednesday.

  • 8 ноя 2023

    The war in Ukraine, which has raged on for over 20 months, shows no signs of ending soon, leaving a trail of devastation and immense suffering in its wake, a senior UN official told the Security Council on Wednesday.

  • 8 ноя 2023

    A convoy from the UN Mission in Mali arrived in the northeastern city of Gao on Tuesday night after a dangerous week-long journey, marking the departure of peacekeepers from the volatile Kidal region. 

  • 8 ноя 2023

    The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights reiterated the call for an urgent ceasefire between Israel and Hamas during a visit to the Rafah crossing and El Arish Hospital in Egypt on Wednesday. 

  • 8 ноя 2023

    Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians still in northern Gaza face unprecedented hardship after being isolated by Israeli military operations, while a medical convoy sent by the UN and partners was fired on in Gaza City, the Organization’s humanitarians said on Wednesday.

  • 7 ноя 2023

    Under-Secretary-General Rosemary A. DiCarlo's Remarks
    at the Launch Event of the joint DPPA-OHCHR practice note entitled
    "Enhancing the Quality and Effectiveness of Mediation Efforts through Human Rights"

    New York, 7 November 2023

     

    Thank you, Ambassador Hwang, for your hospitality today. I would also like to thank our distinguished panellists, Leila Zerrougui and Diego García-Sayán, for being with us.

    I am pleased to introduce the joint DPPA-OHCHR practice note entitled “Enhancing the Quality and Effectiveness of Mediation Efforts through Human Rights.”

    This project was motivated by the conviction that integrating human rights considerations into preventive diplomacy and mediation increases the odds of reaching more inclusive and just agreements.  

    We have worked closely with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to capture specific ways that working closely with human rights practitioners and integrating human rights considerations have opened space for mediation and good offices or strengthened on-going peace and political processes.

    Although advocating human rights concerns can be perceived as constraining to mediators, our finding is that they in fact offer additional avenues of action.

    For example, if a mediator reframes charged political narratives in the more technical language of human rights, this can lower the temperature in the negotiating room.

    Or, if a mediation process is responsive to human rights concerns, as happened in El Salvador, this can increase popular support for negotiations. There, an initial human rights agreement paved the way for a UN human rights monitoring mission.

    This contributed to a reduction of human rights violations, which increased the legitimacy of the negotiations, and, in turn, opened space for the parties to sign political and security-related agreements.

    This practice note also grapples with the challenges of peacemaking today. It is increasingly rare for a comprehensive peace agreement to emerge from negotiations. This is partly due to increased geopolitical competition and fragmentation, as the Secretary-General underscored in his policy brief on A New Agenda for Peace.

    Our mediation efforts need to be more innovative in tackling this challenge.  For example, initial agreements on human rights can help establish new channels of communication between conflict parties and build confidence.

    Mediators could also consider leveraging economic social and cultural rights as entry points, as they may be less divisive than political and security issues, particularly in geopolitically sensitive contexts.

    Collaboration with human rights practitioners can help mediators enhance the inclusivity of the process.  Human rights practitioners often enjoy the confidence of key civilian actors.  Such contacts can be an asset to help advocate for the participation of women, minorities, youth and other marginalized groups as well as the inclusion of relevant provisions in peace agreements.

    Likewise, human rights networks are invaluable to promoting a victim and survivor-centered approach.

    In Colombia, the United Nations – alongside national partners – convened forums of victims and survivors and facilitated the participation of these groups in the negotiations between the Government and FARC. This contributed to the parties’ adoption of the Comprehensive System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition.

    Factual, credible, and impartial monitoring and reporting by human rights actors can also enhance the positive reputation of good offices efforts.

    Periodic public human rights reports by the United Nations in Afghanistan, tracking civilian casualties by all parties and the treatment of detainees bolstered the impartial reputation of the UN. This later helped the credibility of UNAMA officials engaging the Taliban in Doha.

    In Guinea, a commission of inquiry was quickly set up to during a joint AU-ECOWAS-UN mediation effort to investigate a massacre of civilians that had taken place.

    Had no action been taken, this atrocity could have paralyzed the mediation process. The establishment of a separate commission of inquiry with a human rights mandate signaled that the violence would be investigated, allowing facilitation efforts to continue.

    This practice note is an invitation to conceptualize new ways to design and facilitate more effective peacemaking through leveraging the complementarities between the fields of mediation and human rights.  

    This is in line with the Secretary-General’s commitment to bring together capacities across the peace and security, development, and human rights pillars in support of peace.

    Let us remember that there cannot be any lasting peace without justice and accountability.

    I look forward to the discussion today and your comments.  Thank you.

  • 7 ноя 2023

    Mogadishu — Women are playing an increasingly high-profile role in bringing peace and security to Somalia, concluded participants in a UN-supported meeting today in Mogadishu called...

  • 7 ноя 2023

    A month since Hamas terrorists killed 1,400 people in Israel, taking over 240 hostage, and as the Israeli offensive into Gaza continues which has led to thousands of civilian deaths, UN humanitarians on Tuesday issued a heartfelt appeal for access to the enclave.

  • 7 ноя 2023

    The war between rival militaries in Sudan is growing in scope and brutality, having driven almost six million people from their homes since it erupted in April and worsening an already complex humanitarian emergency, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) warned on Tuesday.

  • 7 ноя 2023

    A month since Hamas militants killed 1,400 people in Israel, taking over 240 hostage, and as the Israeli offensive into Gaza continues which has led to thousands of civilian deaths, UN humanitarians on Tuesday issued a heartfelt appeal for access to the enclave.

  • 6 ноя 2023

    Mr. President,

    Distinguished Council Members, 

    Thank you for the opportunity to brief the Security Council on the progress in implementing Resolution 2046, which relates to outstanding bilateral issues between Sudan and South Sudan and the situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. And many thanks to my colleague, USG Lacroix, for the critical issues highlighted in his brief.

    The unprecedented conflict that erupted in Sudan on 15 April between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) is now entering its 7th month with significant humanitarian, security, economic and political consequences that are a matter of deep concern among the South Sudanese political leadership.

    Indeed, in addition to thousands of Sudanese fleeing the conflict, more than 353,000 registered returnees and refugees from Sudan have crossed into South Sudan in a country where 2/3 of the population is already in dire need of humanitarian assistance. With the military developments in Sudan, and most recently, RSF’s seizure of Belila Airport and Belila’s oil field, the military confrontation between SAF and RSF is getting closer to the boundary with Abyei and border with Abyei and South Sudan. Given the proximity of most Misserya groups to the RSF and the recruitment campaigns by the warring parties, these military developments are likely to have adverse consequences on the Abyei’s social fabric and the already fragile coexistence between the Misserya and the Ngok Dinka.

    On the political front, given the risks posed by the Sudanese conflict on South Sudan, the Government of South Sudan continues to engage with regional leaders and the warring parties to support efforts to de-escalate the conflict, secure a ceasefire and promote dialogue. On 4 September, Gen. Abdel-Fattah al Burhan, Chairperson of the Sudan Transitional Sovereign Council, visited Juba and discussed efforts to resolve the conflict. Other Sudanese stakeholders, notably Malik Agar, the Deputy Chair of Sudan’s Transitional Sovereign Council and RSF leaders, have also met with the South Sudanese leadership in Juba as part of the South Sudanese mediation efforts.

    President Kiir, who has been actively engaging with Egyptian authorities on a political solution to the Sudanese conflict, offered to mediate between the RSF and SAF and proposed face-to-face talks in Juba, but this did not materialise. Meanwhile, South Sudan continues to publicly exercise neutrality amidst concerns over the security of oil installations and pipeline used to export South Sudanese oil through Port Sudan.

    As a guarantor of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA), South Sudan has also been concerned about the Agreement’s relevance. In this regard, the Government of South Sudan held a consultative meeting with the parties to the JPA between 24 and 25 October to evaluate the implementation of the JPA and consult with the parties on peace negotiations between the RSF and SAF. The RSF was invited but did not participate in the consultations. The participants called for an immediate cessation of hostilities in the Sudan and urged the warring parties to resolve the crisis peacefully. On 29 October, a group of JPA signatories issued a follow up statement, condemning RSF abuses and underscoring the SAF’s legitimate defence of the country. However, the Justice and Equality Movement in Sudan Liberation Army faction subsequently distanced themselves from the statement. The Presidential Adviser on Security Affairs, Tut Gatluak, stated President Kiir had directed all relevant institutions to prepare the ground for possible peace talks between the RSF and the SAF.

    Mr. President, distinguished members of the Council,

    With the conflict in Sudan, the conditions are not conducive for talks on the final status of Abyei. Indeed, as my colleague, USG Lacroix mentioned, the progress that was made, unfortunately, has not been something that we can build upon. Key Sudanese and South Sudanese leaders have not expressed desire to engage on these topics. With its military offensive in West Kordofan, RSF is getting closer to Abyei, controlling parts of the border with South Sudan. And previously, Gen. Hamedti was indeed the head of the Sudan’s Abyei Committee, and was engaging with the UN and the South Sudanese counterpart on the status of Abyei.

    Nevertheless, representatives of the Abyei communities, very much aware of the adverse consequences of the Sudanese conflict on the prospect of resuming talks on Abyei, expressed the need to maintain the Abyei issue on the agenda of the United Nations and the African Union, specifically the two Councils. The South Sudanese Abyei High-Level Committee, led by Hon. Deng Alor Koul, met with me in Addis Ababa on 4 October, together with members of the South Sudan Abyei Committee, proposed that Abyei’s final status could be part of a broader framework of political negotiations addressing the Sudanese conflict.

    The Committee also reiterated its commitment to implement the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) proposal on the final status of Abyei. Yet, as the AUHIP’s proposal has not been accepted by the Sudanese authorities, any progress on the final status of Abyei would require, as I impressed on the Committee’s members, a decision of the AU PSC that would provide clarity as to whether the AUHIP recommendations were indeed adopted by the African Union.

    In addition to the uncertainties of Abyei’s final status, the people of Abyei are concerned about the deteriorating security situation following the continued violence and the cycle of retaliatory attacks between the Twic Dinka from Warrap State and Ngok Dinka over land ownership and income-generating hubs in Anet, Agok and Anthony. The violence has displaced some members of the Ngok population from their villages located along the border with Warrap, and has led to the destruction of property and livelihoods, and the loss of lives on both sides. There are indications that the tensions may persist as grievances of both communities over these areas remain unresolved. Meanwhile, the South Sudanese co-chairs of the Abyei Joint Oversight Committee (AJOC) expressed disappointment that resolutions reached by the President Kiir during his visit to Warrap in March this year were not adhered to by the communities. In this regard, I will continue my engagement with representatives from Abyei and the government of South Sudan to advocate against violence and hate speech while encouraging community-based reconciliation.

    On the humanitarian front, the Sudanese conflict, coupled with inter-communal violence between the Ngok and Twic, has compounded Abyei's already difficult humanitarian situation. The influx of the displaced, who continue to arrive daily, has overwhelmed host communities, stretched already limited food supplies, and hiked market prices in Abyei. The Twic-Ngok clashes have hampered farming activities in Southern Abyei, which, as AJOC has cautioned, would further compound the humanitarian situation.

    Mr. President,

    If I may now turn to the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the conflict between SAF and RSF has aggravated the already tense security situation and the dire humanitarian conditions in those two territories and reignited a conflict between SAF and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu that was frozen for the past few years. In addition, South Kordofan and Blue Nile have also been in clashes between the SPLM-N and the RSF. The SPLM-N took over several SAF bases in South Kordofan, notably the al-Roseiris area, southeast of Kadugli in June and July. In Blue Nile, SPLM-N took control of several villages in the al-Kurmuk locality. SAF reacted to SPLM-N’s military offensive with airstrikes against SPLM-N’s positions in Dilling and Kadugli localities. The armed movement claimed that those military operations were necessary to protect the civilian population from the insecurity caused by the conflict between SAF and RSF.

    In an attempt to close the opening of a second front in addition to the conflict against RSF, General Burhan has sought President Kiir’s mediation to stop the fighting. To the best of our knowledge, this has not resulted yet in any favorable outcome. In the meantime, the security situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile continues to deteriorate because of the clashes between SAF and RSF in those two territories.

    The conflict in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile cannot be addressed without negotiations on the final status of those “Two Areas”. This requires a permanent ceasefire and a political process to end the conflict between SAF and RSF. Yet, given the multiplicity of conflicts in Sudan, the international community should pursue a comprehensive political strategy dealing simultaneously with the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile and paving the way for talks on Abyei’s final status.

    Mr. President,

    My Office will continue to engage with the authorities of both countries and the relevant Sudanese and South Sudanese stakeholders, in addition to the African Union and IGAD, to advocate for a comprehensive process that leaves no conflict unaddressed and in line with Resolution 2046, giving due attention to Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

    Thank you for your attention.

  • 6 ноя 2023

    As the conflict intensifies in Gaza, with risk of spillover to the wider region, UN Secretary-General António Guterres on Monday underlined the need to support a $1.2 billion humanitarian appeal to help nearly three million people across the Occupied Palestinian Territory. 

  • 6 ноя 2023

    The war between rival militaries in Sudan has interrupted encouraging signs of dialogue between Sudan and neighbouring South Sudan and “effectively put on hold” talks over disputed Abyei, senior UN officials told the Security Council on Monday.

  • 6 ноя 2023

    Sudan’s children need immediate support from the international community to prevent the country from becoming “another forgotten humanitarian catastrophe” said the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on Monday.

  • 6 ноя 2023

    With the deepening Israel-Palestine crisis about to enter its second month, a dozen UN agencies have reiterated urgent appeals for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire to allow more lifesaving aid into Gaza.

  • 6 ноя 2023

    Amman, 6 November 2023 - The UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, visited Iran and met with Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, the Iranian Foreign Minister, and other senior Iranian...

  • 5 ноя 2023

    The head of UN’s emergency food relief agency on Sunday issued an urgent appeal from the Rafah border crossing for safe, expanded humanitarian access to Gaza as critical food supplies in the ravaged enclave reach dangerously low levels.

  • 5 ноя 2023

    The head of the UN’s emergency food relief agency on Sunday issued an urgent appeal from the Rafah border crossing for safe, expanded humanitarian access to Gaza as critical food supplies in the ravaged enclave reach dangerously low levels.

  • 4 ноя 2023

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres said he was “horrified” by a strike on an ambulance convoy outside a hospital in the Gaza Strip on Friday, reiterating his appeal for a humanitarian ceasefire.

  • 4 ноя 2023

    Mogadishu — The International Day of the Girl Child was recently marked around the world with the aim of promoting girls’ empowerment and the recognition of their...

  • 3 ноя 2023
    A brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments around the world. 

    Middle East

    Special Coordinator Wennesland continues engagement with regional leaders

    This week, Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General for the Middle East Peace Process Tor Wennesland continued his engagement with leaders across the region, focusing on ways to reduce the suffering and prevent further dangerous escalation, including in the West Bank.

    On 1 November, in a post on X, the Special Coordinator wrote, “I welcome the opening of Rafah crossing today for some 80 sick & wounded Palestinians in #Gaza to get treatment in #Egypt, as well as, for some 500 foreign passport holders & rotation of #UN staff. An Important step in the right direction, which we need to build on.” He went on to recognize the efforts of Egypt and the United States to that end and said that the “UN remains committed to continue its intensive work w/ all parties to alleviate the suffering of the most vulnerable in #Gaza. UN remains on the ground to deliver.”

    Security Council

    Special Envoy Pedersen sounds alarm over “terrifying prospect” of wider escalation of Israeli-Palestinian conflict into Syria

    On 30 October, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General Geir Pedersen briefed the Security Council on the situation in Syria. He underlined that since March 2020, the Syrian conflict has been in a "strategic stalemate” characterized by static front lines, persistent violence and sporadic escalations. On top of the violence emanating from the Syrian conflict itself, he warned that “the Syrian people now face a terrifying prospect of a potential wider escalation, given the alarming developments in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory and the region. Spillover into Syria is not just a risk; it has already begun.” Airstrikes, attributed to Israel, have hit Aleppo and Damascus airports several times during the reporting period, he said, temporarily halting the UN’s Humanitarian Air Service, which operates from those airports and services Syria’s humanitarian programmes.

    Read full remarks

    Security Council extends Colombia Verification Mission mandate

    On 30 October, the Council welcomed progress made in Colombia and the Government’s outreach efforts to domestic armed groups. Unanimously adopting resolution 2704 (2023), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia for one year to monitor and verify implementation of a ceasefire between the Government and the National Liberation Army.

    Security Council extends UNSOM mandate for one year

    On 31 October, the Security Council extended for one year the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), as set out in resolutions 2158 (2014) and 2592 (2021). Unanimously adopting resolution 2705 (2023) the Council requested UNSOM to maintain and strengthen its presence across the country, in consultation with the Federal Government and Somalia’s Federal Member States. The mission should also strengthen its cooperation with the Somalia and the African Union. By the terms of the resolution, UNSOM is encouraged to coordinate United Nations efforts and support the Federal Government and Federal Member States in the acceleration of the implementation of the National Stabilization Strategy and State-Level Stabilization Plans and support peacebuilding.

    “UN Security Council in Review” newsletter highlights Middle East as most frequently discussed issue in October

    This week, the UN Security Council Affairs Division published “UN Security Council in Review,” its monthly newsletter covering the work of the Council this month. Under the Presidency of Brazil for the month of October, the Council held two signature events: a high-level open debate on the maintenance of international peace and security, and another on Women, Peace and Security. It held 33 formal meetings, 12 consultations, 2 Arria-formula meetings and issued two press statements. The Middle East, including the Palestinian question, was the most frequently considered country- or region-specific item in open and closed discussions. It also adopted seven resolutions, five of which were adopted unanimously. 

    Read more

    General Assembly

    Fourth Committee approves draft resolution on Special Political Missions

    On 2 November, the Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization) approved a draft resolution on United Nations special political missions. By the terms of the draft “Comprehensive review of special political missions” the General Assembly would request the Secretary-General to hold a regular, inclusive and interactive dialogue on overall policy matters pertaining to special political missions. It would also encourage stronger coordination between the Security Council and General Assembly with the Peacebuilding Commission and encourage special political missions to continue fostering inclusive partnerships with regional and subregional organizations. 

    Lebanon

    Special Coordinator emphasizes urgency of safeguarding Lebanon security and stability

    Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General for Lebanon Joanna Wronecka continued this week a round of meetings with Lebanese security leaders and political and diplomatic stakeholders to emphasize the urgency of safeguarding Lebanon’s security and stability from a spillover of the warfare between Israel and Hamas. In a meeting with the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF), Gen. Joseph Aoun, the Special Coordinator welcomed the LAF’s efforts for safeguarding the country’s fragile security and stability in these difficult circumstances. In meetings with caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati and Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, the Special Coordinator highlighted the importance of respecting and implementing Security Council Resolution 1701 to shield Lebanon.

    As Lebanon marked on 1 November one year without a President, the Special Coordinator underlined in all her meetings that electing a Head of State and ensuring the continuity of state institutions should remain a priority. 

    Iraq

    UNAMI leadership meet with senior Iraqi officials

    On 30 October, Special Representative of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert met in Baghdad with Ambassador Muhammad Hussein Muhammad Bahr al-Ulum, Undersecretary for Bilateral Relations at the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They discussed the cooperation between Iraq and the United Nations, and the developments in Iraq and the region. On 29 October, the Special Representative met Kuwaiti Minister of Foreign Affairs Sheikh Salem Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. 

    On 26 October, Deputy Special Representative for Political Affairs and Electoral Assistance, Claudio Cordone met in Baghdad with the Acting Head of the International Organizations and Conferences Department, Fadel Al-Rahim, at the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They exchanged views on a number of issues of common interest, including UNAMI’s support to political dialogue and forthcoming elections as well as regional developments. 

    On 30 October, Deputy Special Representative/Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator (DSRSG/RC/HC) Ghulam Isaczai had a constructive meeting with Minister of Youth and Sport Ahmed Al-Mubarqaa'. DSRSG/RC/HC Isaczai emphasized the power of youth in shaping Iraq’s future in their discussion on youth-led climate action leading up to COP28 and beyond. 

    UNAMI holds workshops on education, children’s rights, and climate change

    The UNAMI Human Rights Office organized a three-day workshop from 25-27 October on the "The Right to Education." In attendance were participants reflecting the diversity of Iraqi society including Christian, Yazidi, Kakai, Turkman, Shabak, Zoroastrian, Arabs, and Kurds. The workshop forms part of UNAMI’s efforts to promote equal and inclusive right to education for Iraq’s diverse societal components.

    On 30 October, the UNAMI Human Rights Office organized a roundtable discussion on the rights of children of families with perceived links to ISIL, with a focus on the right to education. Participants discussed challenges, recommendations and best practices to ensure the best interest of those children. The Office also organized a workshop on climate change and its impact on human rights on the same day. Participants discussed the relationship between human rights and climate change and proposed actions to address environmental concerns in the Kurdistan Region, including how climate change can impact on peace and security. 

    Central Asia

    SRSG Imnadze meets with Chairperson of Turkmenistan Parliament

    On 30 October, Special Representative of the Secretary General Kaha Imnadze met with Chairperson of Mejilis of Turkmenistan Dunyagozel Gulmanova. They discussed co-operation between the United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) and Turkmenistan, with a focus on promoting the implementation of the global Women Peace and Security and Youth, Peace and Security agendas. Gulmanova expressed full support to the work of UNRCCA in building trust and promoting preventive diplomacy in Central Asia. Special Representative Imnadze stressed that UNRCCA would continue to contribute to regional stability and prosperity, based on the close cooperation developed with Turkmenistan and other Central Asian states over the past fifteen years.

    UNRCCA organizes online training session on digital skills and cyber security

    On 30 October, the UNRCCA Preventive Diplomacy Academy successfully conducted an online session on digital skills and cybersecurity for students from Central Asia and Afghanistan. The seminar sought to train participants in the rules and recommendations for protecting their data, devices and networks from cyber-attacks. The online session was seen as an essential step in developing digital literacy among participants and promoting preventive diplomacy and peacebuilding through the use of digital technologies.

    Great Lakes region

    Office for Special Envoy of the Great Lakes Region holds retreat on PSC Framework

    From 31 October to 1 November, the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes region, in collaboration with the African Union (AU), organized a regional retreat to assess the impact of the Peace, Security and Cooperation (PSC) Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes region. The retreat was facilitated by the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) and took place in Durban, South Africa. The 80 participants at the retreat included representatives of the 13 signatory countries of the PSC Framework, representatives of the Guarantor institutions, and representatives from regional civil society organizations, including women networks and youth forums.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    A year of sports promoting youth inclusion

    This week marked the finale of the #FusionFiesta Festival held over the year in seven cities across Bosnia and Herzegovina. The festival promoted social inclusion, dialogue, and understanding between different communities through sports. The festival also included soccer, volleyball, athletics and obstacle races. The events are organized with Special Olympics Bosnia and Herzegovina, through the regional Youth 4 Inclusion, Equality, and Trust project supported by the Peacebuilding Fund.

    Next Week

    On 6 November (Monday), the Security Council will discuss the situation in Sudan/South Sudan. Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Horn of Africa Hanna Tetteh is expected to brief.

    The Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission Central African Republic Configuration Chair, Omar Hilale’s, will visit the Central African Republic from 7-11 November.

    On 7 November (Tuesday), DPPA is co-organizing an event with OHCHR on the launch of the joint practice note on “Enhancing the Quality and Effectiveness of Mediation Efforts through Human Rights”. The event will take place at the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea. If you are interested in attending, please register using the link here.

  • 3 ноя 2023

    At this year's African Union Peace and Security Council's annual session on Youth, Peace and Security, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNOAU,...

  • 3 ноя 2023

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  • 2 ноя 2023

    Assistant Secretary-General for Europe, Central Asia and Americas
    Miroslav Jenča’s Remarks at the General Assembly Fourth Committee session on
    Comprehensive Review of Special Political Missions

    New York, 2 November 2023

     

    Madam Chair [Ambassador Mathur Joyini (South Africa)],

    Excellencies,

    Distinguished delegates,

    It is a pleasure to introduce, on behalf of the Secretary-General, his eleventh report on “Overall policy matters pertaining to special political missions”.

    I am honoured to be joined by my colleague, Mr. Atul Khare, Under-Secretary-General for Operational Support, whose Department is critical in enabling our special political missions to fulfil their mandates.

    I would like to express my appreciation to the delegations of Finland and Mexico for their leadership on this agenda item and their close cooperation with the Secretariat and my Department.

    We are also grateful to Member States for their participation in the event we held last month to mark the 75th anniversary of special political missions.

    Excellencies,

    Our world is one of heightened uncertainty, volatility, and rapid transformation.

    Conflicts have grown exponentially, creating massive humanitarian disasters that are testing our collective capacities to respond. Military expenditures are soaring while funding for humanitarian aid, peacemaking and peacebuilding shrinks.

    We are also facing a series of transnational threats, including the impact of the climate crisis and the potential for the weaponization of new technologies and domains.

    And yet, just as collective action is needed most, the world is growing more divided. Tensions between major powers are perilously high. And the mechanisms that once maintained global stability are under severe strain.

    It was this crying need for more unity, dialogue and cooperation that was the driving force behind the Secretary-General’s policy brief on A New Agenda for Peace.  

    The policy brief is stark in its analysis: the post-Cold War period is behind us, and the world is transitioning toward a new order, with high levels of geopolitical tension and low levels of trust. A New Agenda for Peace offers the Secretary-General’s vision for how Member States can work together to rebuild trust, enhance solidarity, and revitalize multilateral action for peace.

    We are grateful for the active engagement of Member States in consultations we held to inform the drafting of this policy brief. And we are heartened that its analysis, principles and call for more diplomacy and peacemaking have been welcomed.

    Distinguished delegates,

    A major recommendation for A New Agenda for Peace is the overwhelming needs to prevent conflict, mediate and resolve conflicts and build peace. The report before this Committee details how special political missions are just that.

    From Libya and Somalia to Gaza, Syria, Iraq and Yemen, Special Envoys and Representatives of the Secretary-General are supporting political processes and working to pave the way for peace and reconciliation.

    In the Middle East, Special Coordinator Wennesland is working tirelessly with all sides to de-escalate the situation in Gaza. All our envoys in the region are trying to prevent further regionalization of the conflict.

    In Colombia, the UN Verification Mission has made a critical contribution to the implementation of the 2016 Final Agreement, supporting reintegration of former combatants, security guarantees, comprehensive rural reform, and transitional justice and reconciliation. The mission also facilitated the resumption of peace talks between the National Liberation Army or ELN, which resulted in a six-month ceasefire agreement. At the request of the parties, the Security Council has expanded the Mission's mandate to include monitoring and verifying the implementation of this ceasefire.

    In the Great Lakes region, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General has undertaken a series of good offices missions to prevent an escalation of tensions between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda, an integral effort to support regional peace.

    Special political missions are also working in a variety of settings to explore and pilot new technologies, tools and practices in conflict prevention, mediation and peacebuilding.

    Excellencies,

    I would like to highlight three of the thematic issues addressed in this year’s report of the Secretary-General.

    The first is Women, Peace, and Security.

    Last week marked the 23rd anniversary of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). This was an occasion to recognize that we have come a long way in increasing the participation of women in peace and political processes in the last two decades. But women, who are disproportionally affected by conflicts and violence, are still too often excluded from the peace table and transition efforts.

    We must address the structural inequalities that are denying women the opportunity, representation, legal protections, physical autonomy, safety and security on- and off-line. Education and healthcare are exacerbated in conflict contexts.

    Dismantling structural gender inequalities and incorporating women’s voices and contributions is not only a matter of equity and right, but a powerful means to expand the ownership of peace and political processes.

    Special political missions have been instrumental in advocating for increased participation of women in these areas.

    In Iraq, Libya, Sudan, and Syria, our missions enabled women’s participation in negotiating delegations.

    In Afghanistan, our mission is doing its utmost to stop and reverse an attack on basic rights of women in the society.

    UNAMA and UN Women regularly consult Afghan women’s groups and activists across the country and persist in presenting their concerns to the de facto authorities and raising individual cases of arbitrary arrest and detention. This essential work will continue.

    The Second area is on Youth, Peace and Security.

    Meaningful youth engagement is crucial for the achievement of sustainable development, human rights, and gender equality, and peace and security.

    Special political missions are actively reviewing and adapting their approaches to better harness the positive potential of young people in building peaceful, prosperous, and just societies.

    In Central Asia, the UNRCCA is working to enhance youth participation in initiatives promoting human rights, combatting the climate crisis, and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

    In Libya, UNSMIL regularly engages with youth representatives on ways to build consensus regarding the legal framework for national elections.

    In Somalia, UNSOM conducted discussions with young men and women in the Federal Member States to reinforce the role in democratization  at the provincial or subnational level.

    The third thematic area is supporting Member States in building sustainable peace.

    In collaboration with UN country teams, special political missions continue to support the implementation of inclusive and nationally led peacebuilding priorities.

    During the reporting period, the Peacebuilding Fund approved $37.4 million for projects in Colombia, Haiti, Libya, Somalia, and Sudan – all countries hosting special political missions.

    These projects supported reconciliation initiatives and the participation of women and youth in public life and political transitions.

    Special political missions also implement the peacebuilding agenda at the regional level.

    In Central Africa, UNOCA works closely with the subregional organization, ECCAS, to address the growing risk of violence fuelled by disinformation and hate speech. In July, UNOCA helped organize a regional forum on the Draft Regional Strategy and Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Hate Speech in Central Africa.

    In the Horn of Africa, the Special Envoy has established a Climate, Peace, and Security Hub to support IGAD's efforts to address the impacts of climate change on peace and security in the sub-region. The new Hub will coordinate the UN system at the regional level and incorporate climate considerations into mediation and preventive diplomacy.  

    Madam Chair,

    Since the early years of the United Nations, Member States have relied on special political missions to address a wide range of complex threats to international peace and security. The good offices role of the Secretary-General, carried out by his envoys and representatives, have taken on greater urgency as we survey the deteriorating peace and security landscape around us.

    With your support, I am confident that special political missions can and will play a crucial role in carrying forward multilateral diplomacy for peace and operationalizing Chapter VI of the Charter of the United Nations.

    Our missions will also be ready to play their part in implementing measures to bolster cooperation agreed on by Member States at the Summit of the Future in September next year.  

    In conclusion, Madam Chair, I would like to express my Department’s appreciation to all Member States for their continued engagement on this agenda item and strong support for special political missions. We remain grateful in particular to those countries that are hosting special political missions.

    I wish also to extend a tribute to the United Nations personnel serving in special political missions, who often work under immensely challenging conditions.

    I look forward to a rich discussion.

    Thank you.

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