مرحبا بكم في الأمم المتحدة

Reports and Policy Documents

2022

  • 28 نوفمبر 2022

    New York, 29 November 2022 

    We commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People at a time of diminished hope for peace.

    I am deeply saddened by the growing number of Palestinian civilians who have lost their lives in the spiral of violence engulfing the occupied West Bank. Each casualty fuels fear and yet more violence. I urge all parties...

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022
    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

     

    Security Council

    Dicarlo calls for Security Council unity in face of ongoing DPRK missile launches, nuclear programme 

    Briefing Council members on 21 November on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo stressed that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s continued pursuit of its nuclear weapons programme and launches of ballistic missiles blatantly violate relevant Security Council resolutions and have led to a significant escalation of tensions. She underlined that it was critical to de-escalate and reduce tensions and that communication channels must be enhanced, particularly military to military, to lower the risk of miscalculation. “Unity in the Security Council is critical, and a diplomatic solution is the only way forward,” she said.

    Read her full remarks here

    Effective strategies to tackle governance and security challenges will be critical to countering piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, Pobee underscores

    On 22 November, the Security Council held a meeting on peace and security in Africa, regarding the situation of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea. Assistant Secretary-General (ASG) for Africa Martha Ama Akyaa Pobee noted that piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has morphed over the last decade, with pirate groups adapting to changing dynamics both at sea and in coastal areas. She said that it is imperative that states in the Gulf of Guinea and regional structures enhance and accelerate their efforts to establish a stable and secure maritime environment in the Gulf by fully operationalizing the maritime security architecture laid out in the Yaoundé Code of Conduct.

    Read her full remarks here

    Special Envoy Grundberg briefs the Security Council following the expiration of the UN-mediated nationwide truce in Yemen 

    Hans Grundberg, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, briefed the Security Council on 22 November. He noted that seven weeks have passed since the United Nations-mediated nationwide truce in Yemen expired. He added that during those seven weeks, there had not been a return to full-fledged war, and he reiterated his call on the parties to exercise maximum restraint during this critical time. On Ansar Allah’s recent attacks against oil terminals and ports in Hadramawt and Shabwa governorates, the Special Envoy said that such attacks and threats to oil companies undermine the welfare of the Yemeni people and risk setting off a spiral of military and economic escalation.

    Read his full remarks here

    DiCarlo: Relentless, widespread attacks against civilians and critical infrastructure continues across Ukraine

    Briefing the Security Council on Ukraine on 23 November, USG DiCarlo said the latest Russian attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure in the country point to a potentially catastrophic winter for millions of Ukrainians. The USG stressed that attacks targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure are prohibited under international humanitarian law. She also briefed about the reported shelling at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant over the weekend, where the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed that there were no immediate nuclear safety or security concerns as a result. “This is the result of sheer luck,” she said. “We do not know how long this luck will last. The world cannot afford another nuclear catastrophe.”

    Read her full remarks here

    Mozambique

    Peace process in Mozambique focuses on reintegration and reconciliation 

    As the focus of the peace process shifts to long-term sustainability, reintegration and reconciliation activities assume increasing importance. In over 50 of 158 districts of Mozambique, Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) beneficiaries and family members have received socioeconomic opportunities. Under the leadership of the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General for Mozambique, Mirko Manzoni, over 900 DDR beneficiaries and family members have been connected with reintegration opportunities.

    Great Lakes region

    The Office of the Special Envoy holds workshops to promote women’s participation in electoral processes

    Over the course of the past two weeks, the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region facilitated a series of regional workshops in Nairobi, Kenya on women’s representation in public life. The first workshop on 17-18 November focused on reviewing legislation, regulatory and policy frameworks on women’s representation in electoral processes. The second workshop on 21-22 November focused on gender, leadership, and electoral management processes, with the aim of strengthening women’s representation in electoral processes. A study, conducted by the Levy Mwanawasa Regional Centre for Democracy and Good Governance, a think tank of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), and the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region between September 2021 and July 2022, revealed that men in the Great Lakes region hold most key positions in electoral processes at both policy and technical levels, as compared to women. The third event on 23-24 November was a regional peer learning workshop for political parties of ICGLR member States, focusing on developing gender-responsive policies to strengthen women’s representation in elections.

    West Africa and the Sahel

    Deputy Special Representative Biha stresses the importance of continued cooperation to combat terrorism

    Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel, United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) Giovanie Biha participated in the International Conference on the Accra Initiative, held in Accra, Ghana from 21-22 November. During the meeting, DSRSG Biha emphasized the "need to ensure a consistent response that combines the military approach with long term interventions aiming to address the governance deficits noted in affected communities" and reiterated the support of the United Nations to the Accra Initiative.

    Read more here

    Central Asia

    Special Representative Gherman encourages Central Asian states to adopt long-term policies addressing root causes of violence against women and girls 

    On 25 November, Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and Head of the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) Natalia Gherman participated virtually at the international conference “Combating the Violence against Vulnerable Women and Girls: Strengthening Mechanisms of Access to Justice,” jointly organized by the Mejlis of the Republic of Kazakhstan, UN Women and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). In her remarks, the SRSG encouraged Central Asian states to adopt comprehensive, long-term policies enhancing the capacity of state and non-state actors to prevent, respond and eliminate violence against women and girls. She stressed the key role of civil society in working with victims of violence and communities, raising public awareness and implementation of legislation and policies combating gender-based violence at the local level.

    Read more here

    Lebanon

    Special Coordinator Wronecka holds consultations ahead of Security Council briefing

    Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General for Lebanon Joanna Wronecka held a round of consultations this week with political, religious and economic stakeholders in Lebanon ahead of next week’s briefing to the Security Council on the implementation of Resolution 1701. In a meeting with caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati, the Special Coordinator underlined the priority of electing a new President of the Republic and the urgency of implementing reforms, particularly those required for an agreement with the International Monetary Fund. She also discussed with Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri Parliament’s crucial role in expediting the election of a new President and in moving forward on reforms. She also met with Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros El-Rahi for an exchange of views on the importance of avoiding a prolonged vacuum in the presidential seat, which is reserved for the Maronite community, and on how people were coping with the impact of a multitude of crises in Lebanon. The Special Coordinator also consulted with a group of pro-reform economists on the measures Lebanon should take to address the country’s protracted socio-economic crisis.

    Iraq

    Special Representative Hennis-Plasschaert discusses security developments in the country 

    This week, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert met with President of the Republic of Iraq Abdullatif Jamal Rashid, Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Region Masrour Barzani, National Security Adviser Qassim Al-Araji, and leader of the National Coalition Ayad Allawi, among others, to discuss the general political and security situation in the country. 

    UNAMI Human Rights Office and Iraqi Women Journalist Forum hold training programme

    On 21 November, UNAMI Human Rights Office, in collaboration with the Iraqi Women Journalist Forum, concluded a four-day training programme on “Gender and Human Rights-Based Approach to Reporting” for 19 women journalists, young influencers and bloggers. The workshop focused on the concepts of gender mainstreaming, applying a human rights-based approach to reporting, and increasing safety on and offline, among other topics. “Negative social media campaigns that attack women’s reputation undermine their work and security,” said Danielle Bell, Chief of the UNAMI Human Rights Office, in her closing remarks, adding that "this course played a critical role in improving the capacity and knowledge of women journalists to report safely and professionally on human rights in Iraq.”

    UNAMI’s Human Rights Office hosts a roundtable on due process and rights of defendants 

    On 23 November, UNAMI Human Rights Office held a roundtable with the Iraqi Ministry of Interior in Kirkuk on due process and the rights of defendants under Iraqi and international law. The roundtable focused on the Iraqi and international human rights law framework protecting the right to legal counsel, the right to remain silent and the right to prepare an adequate defence. The roundtable also covered the legal framework governing legitimate arrests and investigations as well as the prohibition of torture.

    Read more here

    Colombia

    Colombia celebrates sixth anniversary of the signing of peace agreement

    This week, Colombia commemorated the sixth anniversary of the signing of the final peace agreement between the Colombian government and the former FARC-EP guerrilla. Yesterday, 24 November, former combatants, institutions, civil society, victims and the international community participated in the main commemoration event at the Teatro Colón in Bogotá, with musicians, artists and a concert by the "Daughters and Sons of Peace Choir," composed of children of former combatants. At the event, Special Representative Carlos Ruiz Massieu highlighted the accomplishments achieved so far and expressed the full support of the United Nations to continue advancing in the peacebuilding in Colombia.

    Electoral Assistance

    Former Deputy Special Representative for Nepal reflects on the UN’s electoral Assistance

    In the fifth installment of the DPPA Electoral Series — video interviews with senior United Nations officials on electoral support and its connection to broader conflict prevention efforts — Aracelly Santana, former Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Nepal and former Deputy Director of the Electoral Assistance Division, reflects on the importance of context and tailoring the Organization’s electoral assistance to help define possible risks to an election and recommend mitigating measures.

    Read more here

    Podcast: "She Stands for Peace"

    New episode focuses on role of women journalists and peacebuilding 

    Comfort Mussa and Amal Habbani are journalists from Sudan and Cameroun. In this episode, they discuss the role of journalists and women journalists, and the impact of their working conditions on the extent to which they can contribute to achieving the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Africa.

    Listen to the episode here  

     

    Multi-Year Appeal 

    This week, DPPA received voluntary contribution from Slovenia to DPPA's Multi-Year Appeal, which will support our conflict prevention, mediation and sustainable peace work around the world.  

    Peacebuilding

    Peacebuilding Commission convenes its Annual Session, discusses partnerships with regional development banks 

    The Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) convened its Annual Session with a focus on partnerships with regional development banks. The Commission was briefed by representatives of the African Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank, Asian Development Bank and Inter-American Development Bank. Member States recognized the important and unique roles played by regional development banks and welcomed their increasing engagement in support of prevention and peacebuilding, based on their fragility and resilience strategies. They also encouraged regional development banks to continue to promote participation and empowerment of women and youth.

    Peacebuilding Commission provides advice to the Security Council on piracy in the Gulf of Guinea

    Ahead of the Security Council Briefing on “Peace and security in Africa: Piracy Gulf of Guinea”, which took place on 22 November, the PBC submitted a written advice to the Security Council. The advice recognized that the impacts of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea on both the coastal and land-country countries within the region are multifaceted. It urged a comprehensive approach that takes into consideration the root causes and inputs from vulnerable groups including women and youth.

    Next Week

    On Monday, the Security Council will discuss the Middle East Peace Process. On Tuesday, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General Geir O. Pedersen will brief the Council on the situation in Syria. 

    On Monday starting at 8 a.m., the Peacebuilding Commission and the Security Council of the African Union will hold a joint, virtual meeting on climate and peacebuilding in Africa.  The Peacebuilding Commission will also hold Ambassadorial-level meetings on Guinea-Bissau on Tuesday at 10 a.m. (CR-6), and on Burundi on Wednesday at 10AM (CR-11). On Friday, the Peacebuilding Commission and the UN Economic and Social Council will hold a joint event on peacebuilding, sustaining peace and sustainable development at 10 a.m. in the ECOSOC Chamber.

    

     

     

    Subscribe to This Week in DPPA here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    TRIPOLI – 25 November 2022 - The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) joins the world in supporting the 16 days of activism against gender-based violence.

    ...
  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    Today begins the global 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence (GBV) (25 November -10...

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    Amidst recent allegations of war prisoners being summarily executed in Ukraine, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Türk expressed his shock on Friday over unabated human suffering as Russian missile and drone strikes against critical infrastructure continue on a broad scale.

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    On 25 November 2022,  the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Central Asia and Head of the UN Regional...

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    Dear Colleagues and Friends,

    On 25 November, we mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women and start the16 Days annual campaign supported by the Secretary General’s initiative – “UNiTE by 2030 to End Violence against Women”.

    On 7 February 2000, the General Assembly adopted resolution officially designating 25 November as the International day for the...

  • 25 نوفمبر 2022

    Mogadishu – At the start of the global 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, the United Nations in Somalia calls for a redoubling of efforts to...

  • 24 نوفمبر 2022

    She Stands For Peace | Season 3-Episode 12 | Out Now!  Click here to listen: https://unoau.unmissions.org/podcast-series-she-stands-peace

  • 24 نوفمبر 2022
      Statement Attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the 6th Anniversary of the Final Peace Agreement in Colombia 

    Farhan Haq, Deputy Spokesman for the...

  • 24 نوفمبر 2022

    KABUL, 25 November 2022 - The United Nations in Afghanistan calls upon the country’s de facto authorities to take immediate steps to end violence against...

  • 23 نوفمبر 2022

    UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL ROSEMARY A. DICARLO’S

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    UKRAINE

     

    New York, 23 NOVEMBER 2022

     

    Mr. President,

    Relentless, widespread attacks against civilians and critical infrastructure are continuing across Ukraine, with devastating consequences.

    Overnight, a new wave of missile and drone strikes terrorized the people of   Kyiv, Odesa, Lviv, Mykolaiv, Kharkiv, and Zaporizhzhia.

    As Ukrainians desperately sought shelter from the bombing, they also had to contend with freezing temperatures. Indeed, these latest attacks renew fears that this winter will be catastrophic for millions of Ukrainians, who face the prospect of months of frigid weather with no heating, electricity, water, or other basic utilities.

    According to initial media reports quoting local authorities, the strikes today killed or injured over 30 civilians as residential buildings were hit in Kyiv and in Chabany and Vyshhorod towns in the outskirts of the capital.

    We have also seen reports of an overnight strike on a maternity hospital in the town of Vilnyansk in Zaporizhzhia region. A two-day-old baby was reportedly killed in that attack.  

    Even before the latest strikes, Ukrainian officials state that there were practically no large thermal or hydroelectric power plants left intact in Ukraine. Today’s barrage is likely to make the situation even worse.

    Emergency shutdowns were introduced today in all regions of Ukraine, and regions like Lviv, Zaporizhzhia, Odesa and Chernihiv were reportedly completely disconnected from electricity. 

    In Kyiv, Darnyts’ka Thermal Power Plant was hit. All of Kyiv region was reportedly deprived of electricity and the approximately three million people of the capital were left without running water. 

    The Ladyzhyn Power Plant in Vinnytsia region also was hit.

    Russian strikes also damaged energy infrastructure in Kremenchuk, Lviv and Odesa. Reports note that Odesa has no electricity nor running water.

    Three nuclear power plants still operating – Rivne, South Ukraine, and Khmelnytskyi – were reportedly disconnected from Ukraine's energy grid as a result of today’s attacks.

    People in neighbouring Moldova are also likely to suffer consequences. Today’s strikes reportedly resulted in a blackout across Moldova – a country that is already suffering an energy shortage due to the war.

    Mr. President,

    The World Health Organization warned this week of a 'Life-Threatening' Winter in Ukraine. We must ensure that the most vulnerable people in Ukraine are adequately protected and able to cope with the months ahead.

    Humanitarian actors in Ukraine are working to support people facing the challenges imposed by the energy shortage. Over the past weeks, more than 430,000 people have received some sort of direct winter assistance, and nearly 400 generators have been distributed to ensure energy in hospitals, schools, and other critical facilities. 

    I will say it once again:, attacks targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure are prohibited under international humanitarian law. So are attacks against military objectives that may be expected to cause harm to civilians that would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.

    The United Nations strongly condemns these attacks and demands that the Russian Federation immediately cease these actions. There must be accountability for any violations of the laws of war.

    Mr. President,

    We also remain deeply concerned about the situation at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, the largest in Europe.   

    The reported shelling at the plant over the weekend is reckless and deplorable.

    The Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed on Monday that – despite the severity of the shelling – key equipment remained intact and there were no immediate nuclear safety or security concerns.  

    This is the result of sheer luck. We do not know how long this luck will last. The world cannot afford another nuclear catastrophe.

    Underscoring the risks of these attacks, just a couple of hours ago the IAEA reported that the plant has lost external electricity access and is relying on diesel generators to power cooling and essential nuclear safety functions.  All military activities at, and around, the plant must cease immediately.

    Mr. President,

    Amid the dark news of today, I want to mention a positive development. The parties today reported yet another prisoner exchange. Thirty-five Russian, and thirty-six Ukrainian prisoners were released.  

    We strongly encourage the parties to continue these releases and to ensure that they fulfill their obligations under international law, in particular, the third Geneva Convention.

    Mr. President,

    The temperature in Kyiv right now is said to be -1 Celsius, with snow forecast.

    The weather we have been both preparing for, and dreading, is now upon the people of Ukraine.  

    We must all work together to prevent a man-made humanitarian catastrophe this winter. The resulting shocks would exact a heavy price not only on Ukrainians, but on us all.

    Immediate de-escalation is needed. We reiterate our call to all Member States and international organizations to support efforts to this end, with respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders.

    The United Nations will continue to do its part on the ground and remains ready to support all efforts towards peace – in line with the UN Charter and international law.                   

  • 23 نوفمبر 2022

    During the International Conference on the Accra Initiative, held in Accra, Ghana from the 21-22 November under the theme, “...

  • 23 نوفمبر 2022

    We "need to ensure a consistent response that combines the military approach with long term interventions aiming to address the governance deficits noted in affected communities" says...

  • 23 نوفمبر 2022

    TRIPOLI 23 November 2022 – This week another child tragically lost his life when he found and played with a grenade that was left behind by the...

  • 23 نوفمبر 2022

    <p><span><span><span>Addressing the Security Council on Wednesday, Rosemary DiCarlo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, warned of the devastation caused by Russia’s “relentless attacks” against civilians and critical infrastructure across Ukraine.</span></span></span></p>

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    Between 14 - 18 of November, the UN Verification Mission in Colombia was in the town of...

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENERAL MARTHA AMA A. POBEE

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    THE SITUATION OF PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AT SEA IN THE GULF OF GUINEA AND ITS UNDERLYING CAUSES

     

     New York, 22 November 2022

                                          

    M. le Président,

    Distingués membres du Conseil,

    Mesdames et Messieurs,

    1. Je remercie le Conseil de sécurité de l’occasion qui m’est donnée de présenter le rapport du Secrétaire général sur la situation et causes profondes de la piraterie et des vols à main armée en mer dans le golfe de Guinée.
    1. Depuis la fin de la période couverte par le rapport du Secrétaire général, les cas de piraterie et de vols à main armée en mer dans le Golfe de Guinée ont continué à diminuer. Toutefois, il convient de noter qu’il est encore trop tôt pour tirer des conclusions définitives quant au déclin à long terme de cette menace singulière pour la stabilité du Golfe de Guinée.

    Mr. President,

    1. This steady decline in instances of piracy and armed robbery at sea, which began around April 2021, is the result of concerted efforts by national authorities, who bear the primary responsibility for countering piracy and armed robbery at sea in the region, with the support of regional and international partners. Increased naval patrols by coastal states of the Gulf of Guinea and the regular deployment of naval assets by international partners have together, successfully served as a deterrent. Enhanced regional coordination and the convictions for piracy and maritime crimes in Nigeria and Togo in 2021 are important factors in bringing about this positive development.
    1. Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has, however, morphed over the last decade.  Pirate groups are adapting to changing dynamics both at sea and in coastal areas. In this respect, the recent decrease in instances of piracy may in part be attributable to the shift by criminal networks to other forms of maritime and riverine crime, such as oil bunkering and theft, which they likely view as both less risky and more profitable.
    1. It is, therefore, imperative that states in the Gulf of Guinea and regional structures, such as Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Gulf of Guinea Commission, supported by the international community, enhance and accelerate their efforts to establish a stable and secure maritime environment in the Gulf by fully operationalizing the maritime security architecture laid out in the Yaoundé Code of Conduct. At the same time, the underlying causes, such as youth unemployment and inadequate access to public services, which render coastal communities vulnerable to being drawn into illicit and criminal activities must also be addressed.

    Mr. President,

    1. I welcome the recent meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the Gulf of Guinea Commission on 13 October to review progress made in addressing regional maritime challenges. I would further like to note the election of Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo as the rotating president of the Gulf of Guinea Commission, succeeding his Nigerian counterpart, President Muhammadu Buhari. 
    1. I would also like to take note of the ongoing preparations for the first maritime conference of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) on the theme of “Governance and security of the ECCAS maritime space and the development of a sustainable Blue Economy in Central Africa”. This conference, which is scheduled to take place in Kinshasa before the end of the year, is intended to develop strategies for maritime governance, security and safety, and the development of a sustainable blue economy in the ECCAS space.

    Mr. President,

    1. As we approach the tenth anniversary of the signing of the Yaoundé Code of Conduct, in 2023, the Gulf of Guinea states have continued to demonstrate their commitment to the full operationalization of the Yaoundé maritime security architecture. An important milestone was reached on 26th October this year, with the signing of a headquarters agreement by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission and the Government of Cabo Verde, for the establishment of the Multinational Maritime Coordination Centre (MMCC) for Zone G comprising Cabo Verde, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali and Senegal. Indeed, once this Maritime Coordination Centre becomes functional, it will complete the operationalization of the Yaoundé Architecture in the ECOWAS’ maritime domain. The MMCC Zone E in Cotonou and MMCC Zone F in Accra are already active.
    1. Another important event in the period since the Secretary-General’s report was issued is the multinational maritime exercise, “Grand African NEMO 2022” that was jointly organized by the Interregional Coordination Centre (ICC) in Yaoundé and the French Navy from 11th to 18th October. The exercise covered a wide area stretching from Senegal to Angola and involved 17 of the 19 countries bordering the Gulf of Guinea as well as eight international partners. Participants were trained to tackle illegal fishing, piracy, marine pollution, illegal trafficking, and rescue at sea. The exercise included two real cases relating to the relocation of a boat suspected of drug trafficking and the rendering of assistance to a fishing vessel in distress.

    Mr. President,

    1. The United Nations system continues to provide the necessary political and technical assistance to the Gulf of Guinea states in their efforts to fully implement the Yaoundé maritime security architecture. On 15 September, the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) held a workshop on Maritime Insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea. An important outcome of the Workshop was a call on the concerned member states to adopt the required legal frameworks to criminalize piracy. The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) continue to provide assistance to the Gulf of Guinea states towards the ratification of the relevant maritime security instruments and their incorporation into national legislation.
    1. At present, there is no firm evidence to suggest any potential or possible linkages between terrorist and pirate groups. However, addressing the underlying social, economic, and environmental challenges faced by communities in the region will ultimately serve to contain both threats. In this respect, the United Nations system continues to strengthen its collaboration with international financial institutions towards supporting the region in effectively addressing the underlying causes of fragility and insecurity. In Côte d’Ivoire, for instance, the United Nations and the World Bank have since early 2022, deepened their cooperation through shared analysis, alignment of strategic priorities and joint advocacy with the Government in an effort to enhance coherence of efforts and better address key drivers of fragility such as poverty and unequal access to basic services.  
    2. I would like to underscore that to effectively eradicate the menace posed by piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea, national stakeholders, regional structures, and the international community must work in close collaboration to address the underlying social, economic, and environmental challenges that underpin the recruitment of individuals into maritime crime networks.
    3. This requires a holistic and long-term approach, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030 to address poverty and the lack of alternative livelihoods, youth unemployment and underemployment. Inclusive strategies will need to be underpinned by sex-disaggregated data on the impact of maritime crime on women, girls, men and boys. The development of the Gulf of Guinea’s blue economy offers further opportunities for sustainable economic growth for littoral communities.  
    1. Effective national and regional strategies to tackle governance and security challenges, especially those bordering on illicit financial flows and illegal and unregulated fishing will be critical.

    Mr. President, distinguished Members of the Security Council,

    1. In closing, I want to highlight that although the Yaoundé maritime security architecture has been functioning with increased efficiency, several significant challenges continue to impede its full operationalization.  One key challenge is the lack of predictable and sustainable financing.  The forthcoming tenth anniversary of the Yaoundé Code of Conduct offers an opportunity to the signatory states - together with ECCAS, ECOWAS and the Gulf of Guinea Commission - to comprehensively assess the status of implementation of the maritime security architecture.  This assessment will help identify priority areas for support and to develop a strategic outlook and roadmap for the next decade to complete the operationalization of the Yaoundé architecture.
    1. While Gulf of Guinea states carry the primary responsibility for countering piracy and armed robbery at sea in the region, the Security Council’s support for this process and its outcome would be invaluable. The United Nations entities, including through the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa and United Nations Regional Office for West Africa and the Sahel stand ready to provide the necessary political and technical assistance to the Gulf of Guinea states in this endeavor.

    Je vous remercie de votre attention / I thank you for your kind attention.

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    In November, UNRCCA hosted two Preventive Diplomacy Academy final online seminars concluding the...

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>Although the past decade has seen a steady decline in piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, countries and their international partners must accelerate efforts to counter this singular threat, a senior UN official said in the Security Council on Tuesday. </p>

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>More than 40 people have been killed in Iran during the past week, including two teenagers, the UN human rights office, OHCHR, <a href="https://www.ohchr.org/en/press-releases/2022/11/iran-critical-situation"... on Tuesday. </p>

  • 22 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>Seven weeks since the UN-mediated nationwide truce in Yemen expired, the UN Special Envoy told the Security Council on Tuesday that despite “incidents of concern”, full-fledged war has not returned. </p>

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL ROSEMARY A. DICARLO’S

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    NON-PROLIFERATION/DPRK

     

    New York, 21 NOVEMBER 2022

     

    Mr. President,

    According to the official news agency of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and various government sources, at around 10:15 am local time on 18 November, the DPRK test-fired what it described as a new-type intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), which it named the Hwasong-17. 

    The missile reportedly flew a distance of 1,000 km and to an altitude of approximately 6,100 km.  It is reportedly the first successful test of the DPRK’s largest and most powerful missile, capable of reaching all of North America.

    The launch was the latest in a series of alarming activities related to its nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programmes that the DPRK has conducted in 2022, including over 60 launches using ballistic missile technology.  Two of those launches involved ballistic missiles characterised by the DPRK as intermediate-range, and three as intercontinental-range. 

    Other launches involved shorter-range missiles using ballistic technology and other systems, which the DPRK has stated are for use to deliver so-called “tactical” nuclear weapons. This year it has also carried out launches using ballistic missile technology to test so-called hypersonic weapons and satellite systems.

    The DPRK did not issue airspace or maritime safety notifications for any of these launches.  Unannounced launches represent a serious risk to international civil aviation and maritime traffic.

    Mr. President,

    The Secretary-General has strongly condemned the DPRK’s latest intercontinental ballistic missile launch, the second ICBM launch this month.  

    The DPRK’s continued pursuit of its nuclear weapons programme and launches of ballistic missiles blatantly violate relevant Security Council resolutions and have led to a significant escalation of tensions. 

    We reiterate our calls on the DPRK to desist from taking further provocative actions and to fully comply with its international obligations under relevant Security Council resolutions.

    Mr. President,

    The DPRK appears to be actively pursuing its nuclear programme. The Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reported on 16 November that the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site quote “remains prepared to support a nuclear test” end quote.

    The IAEA has continued to observe activity at the site. It has also observed construction activities at the Yongbyon nuclear facilities as well as indications that the 5-megawatt nuclear reactor was operating. 

    Mr. President,

    This is the tenth time the Council has met to discuss the DPRK in 2022, yet the situation on the Korean Peninsula continues to head in the wrong direction. The repeated missile launches, confrontational rhetoric, and military exercises contribute to a negative action-reaction cycle.  

    Tensions continue to increase, with no off-ramps in sight. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic is complicating diplomacy by impeding official and unofficial contacts with the DPRK. 

    It is critical to de-escalate and reduce tensions. Communication channels must be enhanced, particularly military to military, to lower the risk of miscalculation.

    I join the Secretary-General in urging the DPRK to take immediate steps to resume dialogue leading to sustainable peace and the complete and verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.  

    I also conveyed our serious concerns during my meeting with the DPRK Permanent Representative on 9 November. 

    Mr. President,

    The Secretary-General counts on Members of this Council, as a united body as well as individually, to urge the DPRK to refrain from carrying out further launches using ballistic missile technology or a seventh nuclear test.  

    Unity in the Security Council is critical, and a diplomatic solution is the only way forward.

    Mr. President, let me close by stressing our concerns regarding the humanitarian situation in the DPRK. 

    The United Nations is ready to assist the DPRK in addressing medical and humanitarian needs, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic. To allow for a timely and effective response, we reiterate our call for the unimpeded entry of international staff and humanitarian supplies. 

    Thank you.

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>Updating the Security Council on Monday, the head of UN Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) recalled that last Friday, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) test-fired what it described as a new-type of intercontinental ballistic missile. </p>

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>At this transitional moment for humanity, it is important to uphold mutual respect, unity, and solidarity, the senior UN official promoting cross-cultural understanding and cooperation has stated. </p>

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>At this transitional moment for humanity, it is important to uphold mutual respect, unity, and solidarity, the senior UN official promoting cross-cultural understanding and cooperation has stated. </p>

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    People’s ability to influence the future of their country by exercising their democratic rights was a topic of public discussions in Mogadishu, Baidoa, Kismayo, Garowe and Jowhar during October and...

  • 21 نوفمبر 2022

    SRSG Abdoulaye Bathily: “Women have an important role to play in Libya’s journey to stability”

    ...

  • 20 نوفمبر 2022

    Deputy SRSG/RC/HC Ms. Georgette Gagnon speaking at World Children's Day event

    ...
  • 20 نوفمبر 2022

    Powerful explosions shook the area of Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP), “abruptly ending a period of relative calm” at the facility, the head of the UN nuclear watchdog agency said on Sunday.

  • 19 نوفمبر 2022

    I thank our hosts – the Egyptian government and COP27 President Sameh Shoukry – for their hospitality. 

    I also want to recognize Simon Stiell and the United Nations Climate Change team for all their efforts. 

    And I pay tribute to...

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

    Security Council

    Under-Secretary-General: the war in Ukraine must end, in line with international law, the Charter

    Briefing the Security Council on Ukraine on 17 November, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo said Ukrainians have been subjected to some of the most intense bombardments of the nine-month-old war in the past few days, and that the impact of such attacks would only worsen during the approaching winter. The USG stressed that attacks targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure are prohibited under international humanitarian law. “There is only one way to stop the death, destruction and division. The war must end. And it must end in line with international law and the UN Charter, as called for by the UN General Assembly,” she said.

    Read full remarks here

    Security situation in the Sahel continues to deteriorate, ASG Pobee tells Council

    On 16 November, Assistant Secretary-General (ASG) for Africa in the Departments of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and Peace Operations Martha Pobee briefed a Security Council session on the G5 Sahel. She said the security situation in the Sahel has continued to deteriorate since her last briefing in May, going on to note the impact on civilians, notably on women and girls. ASG Pobee said that the G5 Sahel Joint Force remains an important regionally-led component of the response to insecurity in the region. A new concept of operations for the Joint Force is being considered, she said, which would address the challenges resulting from the evolving security and humanitarian situation, as well as the withdrawal of Mali, while acknowledging bilateral operations undertaken by neighboring countries. 

    Read full remarks here

    Head of UNSMIL briefs Council on situation in Libya

    On 15 November, Abdoulaye Bathily, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), briefed the Security Council by VTC. He noted that UNSMIL will meet with key institutional players to move towards the organizing of free and fair elections. He also stated that he had pursued consultations with Libyan stakeholders from all regions of the country upon his arrival in Tripoli in mid-October. The Special Representative encouraged them to engage in dialogue with each other to send a clear message to the population that they are serious about resolving differences.  

    Read full remarks here

    Colombia

    Artists paint murals in Agua Bonita for peace and reconciliation project Peace 

    This week, the UN Verification Mission in Colombia was in the town of Agua Bonita in La Montañita, department of Caquetá, southern Colombia, for the festival “Agua Bonita is painted in colors in the hands of peace and reconciliation”. The event brought together members of the community, former combatants, institutions and delegations of artists from different parts of the country. More than 400 participants took part in cultural and academic activities and contributed to the creation of muralsthemed around reconciliation and commitment to Peace. 

    Central Asia

    UNRCCA co-organizes national workshop for Turkmen representatives on prevention of firearms trafficking

    On November 17-18, the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA), in partnership with the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), held a national workshop with law enforcement agencies and other state institutions of Turkmenistan on interinstitutional cooperation on preventing firearms trafficking and its diversion to terrorists. The consultations focused on cooperation among state institutions dealing with firearms detection, investigation and prosecution.  Law enforcement representatives and experts from the United Kingdom, Serbia, Lithuania and Italy also took part in the consultations.

    Read more here

    Podcast: "She Stands for Peace"

    New episode focuses on Women, Peace and Security agenda and women peacebuilders in Africa

    The latest episode of the podcast “She Stands for Peace” features Awa Dabo, the Deputy Head of DPPA’s Office for the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO). Dabo talks about supporting peacebuilding strategies for the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Africa, the realities of localizing global strategies, transitional justice, and creating enabling environments for women peacebuilders in Africa.

    Listen to the episode here

    Lebanon

    UN Special Coordinator Wronecka hosts discussion on Lebanon’s economy

    This week, UN Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka hosted a roundtable discussion with economic and business experts, which focused on the unprecedented socio-economic and financial crisis of the past three years, and the urgent reforms needed to place the country back on the path to recovery. Economic experts shared their views on priority areas of concern and on the proposed agenda of reforms, particularly those required to finalize an agreement with the International Monetary Fund.

    Special Coordinator meets with Egyptian Foreign Ministry, Arab League

    From 13-14 November, the Special Coordinator visited Egypt to meet with officials from the Egyptian Foreign Ministry and from the Cairo-based League of Arab States to discuss the situation in Lebanon and how best to coordinate international efforts in support of Lebanon’s stability and security. In her meeting with Arab League Secretary-General Ahmad Aboul Gheit, the Special Coordinator underlined the importance of electing a new President without further delay and emphasized the need for Lebanese stakeholders to work together. The Special Coordinator also held consultations with the Egyptian Assistant Foreign Minister Alaa Moussa, with a focus on the reform agenda and the importance of measures that prioritize Lebanon’s interests and stability. 

    Iraq

    UNAMI DSRSG Cordone meets with tribal leaders; DSRSG Isaczai visits IDP camps

    On 15 November, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG) for Political Affairs and Electoral Assistance of the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) Claudio Cordone met with tribal leaders from the governorates of Iraq. Discussions focused on the current political situation, as well as issues related to water scarcity, reconstruction, the return of internally displaced persons, and the role of the tribes in social cohesion and societal peace. Also on 15 November, DSRSG/ Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq Ghulam Isaczai met with the Governor of Dohuk, Dr. Ali Tatar. The DSRSG also visited an IDP camp in Duhok to talk to displaced persons from Sinjar and hear their views regarding their situation and obstacles to their return. On 16-17 November, the DSRSG met with the Governor of Ninewa, Najm Al-Jubouri, to discuss the humanitarian transition, development interventions and challenges of IDPs/returnees in the region. He also visited Hassan Sham camp and heard about challenges for IDPs, particularly with regard to education.

    UNAMI Human Rights Office holds roundtable on social cohesion

    On 15 November, UNAMI’s Human Rights Office held a roundtable discussion in Basra with representatives of groups in the south of Iraq. They discussed opportunities and challenges to promote human rights, social cohesion, peaceful co-existence, and the safe return of IDPs to communities of origin. Also on 15 November, Chief of the UNAMI Human Rights Office Danielle Bell met in Baghdad with Deputy Speaker of the Iraq House of Representatives, Shakhwan Abdullah, to discuss the process of selecting the new Board of Commissioners of the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights, including the working procedures of the Committee of Experts in nominating new members of the Board of Commissioners. UNAMI welcomes the steps taken by the Council of Representatives to begin this process, and welcomes the selection procedures, which will be carried out in accordance with relevant procedures of domestic law and in line with the Paris Principles. 

    UNAMI shares information on human rights monitoring and digital rights with Erbil students, conference participants

    On 16 November, the UNAMI Human Rights Office, in coordination with Knowledge University in Erbil, briefed students on the Mission’s human rights monitoring and reporting, focusing on priority areas of work in the Kurdistan region. UNAMI’s Office of Electoral Assistance provided an overview of its work, highlighting support to elections on the national as well as regional level. From 15-17 November, the Human Rights Office participated in the @BreadandNet conference organized by SMEX in Beirut, Lebanon, delivering a session on how its projects enhance online civic space and freedom of expression in Iraq. The yearly conference aims to promote and defend digital rights across Arabic speaking countries.

    To download HRO’s “Online Protection and Digital Security: User Guide for Human Rights Defenders,” click here

    Peacebuilding

    Seventh Advisory Group discusses PBF’s strategic direction and priorities for its two-year mandate

    The Seventh Advisory Group to the Secretary-General’s Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) held its first meeting in New York on 17-18 November. The Group met USG DiCarlo to discuss the UN's priorities in the current context, including the importance of the New Agenda for Peace. The Group also exchanged views on synergies between the Fund and the Peacebuilding Commission with the Commision's Chair and Vice Chairs. It heard briefings by the Executive Director of the Multi-Partner Trust Office, Jennifer Topping, and others. 


    PBC provides advice to the Security Council on the G5 Sahel

    On 16 November, the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) submitted written advice to the Security Council on the G5 Sahel. The Commission stressed the need to preserve the political unity of the G5 Sahel and the gains achieved through its cooperative efforts to address the multidimensional challenges faced by the region. The Commission also acknowledged the need to address the adverse effects of climate change and encouraged greater support for the objectives of the G5 Sahel Priority Investment Program, which incorporates climate change adaptation and governance reforms.
     

    Peacebuilding Fund hosts workshop on strategic portfolio review of its investments in Guinea

    From 15-16 November, the Secretariat of the Peacebuilding Fund’ (PBF) in Guinea hosted a workshop in Conakry as part of an independent strategic portfolio review of PBF investments in Guinea over 2017-2022. The review will report on findings and lessons on the relevance and impact of PBF investments and help orient future PBF support to Guinea. The workshop included participants from the transitional authorities, UN agencies, international NGOs, local civil society and a diverse group of direct PBF beneficiaries, among them representatives of youth and women associations and a chief of traditional hunters.
     

    Secretary-General Guterres declares Madagascar eligible to the Peacebuilding Fund for another five years

    On 14 November, Secretary-General António Guterres declared Madagascar eligible to receive funds from the PBF for another period of five years. The declaration will enable the country to benefit from longer-term PBF support to help address continued causes and factors of fragility, while enabling the UN to play a greater peacebuilding role in an environment of decreasing civic space and continued community and political tensions. This new phase of support will build on the previous PBF investments, which saw improvements in institutional governance, local security, social cohesion in marginalized and conflict-prone communities in Andriry, Grand Sud region of Madagascar.

     

    Peacebuilding Fund’s Evaluation Policy 2022-2024 commits to innovation

    This week the PBF released its Evaluation Policy 2022-2024. The Policy outlines the organizational set-up, procedures and accountabilities governing the evaluation function at the Fund, including evaluative exercises at globalcountry portfolio, and project levels.

     

    Peacebuilding Commission holds meeting on upcoming elections in Liberia

    On 14 November, the PBC Liberia Configuration held a meeting on preparations for the upcoming legislative and presidential elections in the West African country. Briefers agreed that 2023 elections represent a crucial milestone in Liberia’s consolidation of democracy, peace and national development. ASG for Peacebuilding Support Elizabeth Spehar drew the attention of the Commission to two PBF funded projects, one aimed at promoting peaceful electoral environment in the country through UNDP/IOM/OHCHR and the other promoting inclusive political participation and elimination of violence against women in politics through UN Women/UNDP.  

     

    PBC Meeting on Central Asia with the focus on women leadership for Women, Peace and Security agenda and the role of women in the context of climate change

    The PBC convened a meeting on 11 November on women leadership in the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The focus was on the impact of climate change on women in Central Asia. The Women Leaders’ Caucus of Central Asia (CAWLC) and its participating States of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan took part in the meeting. It discussed how greater regional cooperation can support national and local efforts in implementing the WPS agenda, specifically in addressing climate change and achieving social cohesion, peacebuilding and sustaining peace in the region. The PBC and its Members noted that the Commission could bolster support of regional women associations and networks, and render issues pertaining to women’s political, social and economic participation as one of the priorities in international co-operation in the region.

     

     

    Multi-Year Appeal 

    This week, DPPA received voluntary contribution from Türkiye to DPPA's Multi-Year Appeal, which will support our conflict prevention, mediation and sustainable peace work around the world.  

    Next Week

    On 22 November, the Security Council will discuss Peace and Security in Africa on Piracy Gulf of Guinea. In the afternoon, Special Envoy Hans Grundberg will brief the Council on the situation in Yemen. 

    
    Subscribe to This Week in DPPA here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    New York, 19 November 2022 

    Improving sanitation is a highly cost-effective way to transform people’s lives.

    The benefits of better sanitation go far beyond public health. Safe toilets and sanitation improve nutrition, help to manage scarce water resources, and promote school attendance and work opportunities,...

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    New York, 19 November 2022 

    Improving sanitation is a highly cost-effective way to transform people’s lives.

    The benefits of better sanitation go far beyond public health. Safe toilets and sanitation improve nutrition, help to manage scarce water resources, and promote school attendance and work opportunities,...

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    Dakar, 18 November 2022 – As part of the implementation of the Dakar Call to Action on Climate Change, Peace and Security in West Africa and the Sahel adopted at UNOWAS’...

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) has reiterated its call for a ban on forced returns to eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including asylum seekers who have had their claims rejected.</p>

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>Children across the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) are again confronting a surge in violence, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Friday, describing the “unacceptable reality” that on average, over 10 children have been killed every week since the beginning of the year.</p>

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>A “breakthrough” has been made on the potential distribution of hundreds of thousands of tonnes of Russian-made fertiliser blocked in European ports and which are vital to avoid a global food insecurity crisis next year, a senior United Nations official said on Friday.</p>

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On November 17-18, UNRCCA, in partnership with the UN...

  • 18 نوفمبر 2022

    Meeting of women leaders in Maimana. Global Open Day events also took place in Kunduz, Herat, Baghlan and Kabul

    This week, UNAMA heard from women leaders in a series of events across Afghanistan...

  • 17 نوفمبر 2022

    UN Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka hosted a roundtable discussion with economic and business experts, as part of her consultations with different stakeholders on how to steer Lebanon towards a more...

  • 17 نوفمبر 2022

    She Stands For Peace | Season 3-Episode 11 | Out Now!  Click here to listen: https://unoau.unmissions.org/podcast-series-she-stands-peace

  • 17 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>The entire credibility and relevance of the United Nations will be called into question unless the General Assembly finally takes a lead on reforming the Organisation’s most powerful body responsible for peace and security issues, the Security Council.</p>

  • 17 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>UN Secretary-General <a href="https://www.un.org/sg/en">António Guterres</a> on Thursday welcomed the renewal of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, which had been due to expire on Saturday.</p>

  • 17 نوفمبر 2022

    UNSMIL is alarmed by reports that more than 70 inmates at Mitiga Central Prison are on a hunger strike.

    Inmates have been striking since October,...

  • 16 نوفمبر 2022

    UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL ROSEMARY A. DICARLO’S

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    UKRAINE

     

    New York, 16 NOVEMBER 2022

     

    Mr President,

    In the past few days, Ukrainians have been subjected to some of the most intense bombardments of the nine-month-old war. Russian missiles and drones have rained down on Kyiv, Mykolaiv, Chernihiv, Cherkasy, Zhytomyr, Sumy, Kharkiv, Lviv, Poltava and elsewhere, destroying or damaging homes and severely disrupting critical services.

    The impact of such attacks can only worsen during the coming winter months.

    As of 14 November, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has recorded 16,631 civilian casualties: 6,557 persons killed and 10,074 injured since the start of the full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

    The recent barrages will alas add to horrific toll the war has already taken.

    I must say it again: attacks targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure are prohibited under international humanitarian law.

    The military dynamics on the ground continue to evolve. In the past week, the city of Kherson returned to Ukrainian Government control. Heavy battles also continue in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

    Indeed, there is no end in sight to the war. As long as it continues, the risks of potentially catastrophic spillover remain all too real.

    Yesterday’s incident in Poland near the Ukrainian border was a frightening reminder of the absolute need to prevent any further escalation.

    I wish to join the Secretary-General in extending condolences to the families of the two Polish civilians killed in the incident.

    Mr. President,

    The ongoing bombardment of Ukraine has already damaged an estimated 40 per cent of the country’s power-generation capacity. Kyiv has been hit hardest. Most parts of the capital are now without electricity for 12 hours a day.

    As the Ukrainian Government focuses on repairing damaged infrastructure, the United Nations has made it a priority to ensure that the most vulnerable receive winter supplies and services. More than 185,000 people have already received essential basic winter supplies.

    Humanitarian partners are setting up “heating points” near the front lines. Some 525 generators were provided or are being distributed, to priority institutions, including hospitals, collective centers, clinics.

    Humanitarian access has resumed in the areas back under Ukrainian Government control, including in Kherson. However, it is still extremely difficult to reach people in need in areas of the east and south under the control of the Russian military and across the front line.

    Mine contamination - particularly in areas close to the front or where control has recently shifted – are putting more lives at risk, impeding the movement of civilians and hampering humanitarian efforts.

    I remind the parties that international humanitarian law requires them to facilitate rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for all civilians in need.

    Mr. President,

    The allegations of atrocities and human rights violations in Ukraine during this war are extensive.

    Today I would like to highlight grave concerns about the rights, safety and security of the youngest Ukrainians. Over 400 children have been killed, and many more have been injured, lost their family members, or been forced to leave their homes.   

    According to the Government portal “Children of War,” 279 children were considered missing as of 12 November.

    There are also disturbing reports of forced transfers of children, including of some under institutionalized care to Russian-occupied territory, or to the Russian Federation.

    OHCHR has documented several individual cases, including of unaccompanied children, that appear to amount to deportations to the Russian Federation – in violation of international humanitarian law.

    OHCHR also continues to document other types of human rights violations, including 57 verified cases of conflict-related sexual violence. Forty-eight of these cases are attributable to Russian armed forces and affiliated groups; nine are attributable to Ukrainian armed forces and law enforcement authorities.

    The Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine continues its work towards accountability for alleged violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law with ongoing investigations in and out of Ukraine.

    The Commissioners are planning another visit to Ukraine before the end of the year.

    Another issue of concern is the conditions of prisoners of war.  I welcome the continued prisoner exchanges between Russia and Ukraine, including most recently on 11 November. We encourage the sides to continue releasing POWs.

    I call on the parties to ensure humane treatment of prisoners of war, in line with their obligations under international law, in particular, the Third Geneva Convention. I also call on the Russian Federation to grant OHCHR and ICRC unimpeded access to detainees.

    Mr. President,

    The extension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative remains vital to help avert a food crisis for millions of people. More than 10 million metric tons of foodstuffs have now been moved under the Initiative, reaching, or on the way to, some 40 countries.

    The impact of the Initiative extends far beyond immediate ports of arrival, helping to lower global prices for key food commodities around the world.

    The Secretary-General has continued his engagement with all parties in support of the renewal and full implementation of the Initiative.  

    He has also emphasized his commitment to removing remaining obstacles to Russian food and fertilizer exports. These products are not under international sanctions but suffer indirect impacts.  

    It is important and critical to get them back to world markets – the sooner, the better.

    Mr. President,

    The risk of a nuclear incident in the context of the open hostilities in Ukraine remains an unacceptable danger. I wish to echo the serious concerns expressed by numerous Member States in this regard.

    The IAEA Director-General has recently briefed this Council on the organization’s latest efforts, including ongoing discussions regarding the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant as well as assessments of activities and materials at other sites in Ukraine.

    The IAEA has reported that, in the coming weeks, it will send nuclear safety and security missions to three more operating nuclear power plants, as well as to Chernobyl, at the request of the Ukrainian Government.

    I reiterate the imperative to avoid any military activity that could risk compromising the safety and security of any nuclear facility. 

    Mr. President,

    Since before the invasion of 24 February, the United Nations and many others in the global community warned of the consequences of a wider war in Ukraine, for Ukrainians, first of all, but also for much of the world.

    Those fears have amply borne out.

    One significant casualty of the war has been the international collective security system we have all pledged to uphold.

    The damage to the structures built to resolve or manage tensions and conflict is significant, making it, in turn, even more difficult to chart a path out of the hostilities in Ukraine.

    There is only one way to stop the death, destruction and division. The war must end. And it must end in line with international law and the UN Charter, as called for by the UN General Assembly.

  • 16 نوفمبر 2022

    ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENERAL MARTHA AMA A. POBEE

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    PEACE AND SECURITY IN AFRICA:
    JOINT FORCE OF THE GROUP OF FIVE FOR THE SAHEL

     

     New York, 16 November 2022

     

    M. le Président, Distingués membres du Conseil,

    1. Je remercie le Conseil de sécurité de l’occasion qui m’est donnée de présenter le rapport du Secrétaire général sur la force conjointe du G5 Sahel.
    1. Depuis la dernière réunion du Conseil de sécurité sur le Sahel, la situation sécuritaire dans la région continue de se détériorer. L'utilisation aveugle de la violence par des groupes terroristes signifie que des milliers de civils innocents souffrent, tandis que des millions d'autres sont forcés de quitter leurs foyers. L'insécurité exacerbe une situation humanitaire déjà catastrophique. Les femmes et les enfants souffrent particulièrement du manque d’accès aux services de base et sont les premières victimes de la violence et des inégalités croissantes.

    Mr. President, distinguished Members of the Security Council,

    1. Against this backdrop, the G5 Sahel Joint Force remains an important regionally-led component of the response to insecurity in the Sahel. The initiative complements the multifaceted engagement by the United Nations and other regional and international partners. It is, therefore, regrettable that in addition to its financial difficulties, the G5 Sahel Joint Force has been weakened by the withdrawal of Mali in May.  The second coup d’état in Burkina Faso, in September, also negatively impacted the Force’s operational capacity and further undermined regional cohesion.
    1. Despite these challenges, the Joint Force continued to conduct military operations across the three Joint Force Sectors, namely the Central Sector in the tri-border area, the Western Sector at the border between Mali and Mauritania, and the Eastern Sector at the border between Chad and Niger.  In total, seven major military operations have been conducted since May.  Looking forward, the elaboration of a new concept of operations for the Joint Force is being considered.  This new concept of operations would address the challenges resulting from the evolving security and humanitarian situation and the withdrawal of Mali, whilst acknowledging bilateral operations undertaken by neighboring countries.
    1. Meanwhile, the Executive Secretariat and other components of the G5 Sahel continued their activities, including the operationalization of its gender policy and training for women leaders on dialogue, in conjunction with the African Union and the West African Network for Peacebuilding.  Other activities were organized, jointly by G5 Sahel entities and donors, to strengthen the prevention of violent extremism and to empower local authorities in security governance.  Several UN agencies, funds and programmes have continued to implement their programmes in support of the G5 Sahel, including those involving regional capacity building in the areas of criminal justice, border security management and prevention of radicalization and violent extremism. 

    Mr. President, distinguished Members of the Security Council,

    1. In line with its Security Council mandate and as provided for by the technical agreement between the United Nations, the European Union and the G5 Sahel, MINUSMA continues to provide support to the Joint Force. The Mission works with contractors to deliver life support consumables to the four contingents of the Force outside of Mali.  Technical and operational challenges remain a matter of concern, while insecurity and lack of infrastructure along supply routes continue to pose multiple challenges.  As detailed in the Secretary-General’s report, divergences between the G5 Sahel Member States, which culminated in the withdrawal of Mali from the organization, further complicated the implementation of MINUSMA’s support to the Joint Force.
    1. Through the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations also supports the Joint Force in operationalizing its international human rights and humanitarian law compliance framework.  Defeating terrorism and violent extremism requires a comprehensive response and will not be attained through military gains only.  It is important that the Joint Force integrates Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law into the core of its operations, or risk fostering further breeding ground for violent extremist groups, causing ever increasing suffering for the populations.  Likewise, at national level, G5 Sahel countries should ensure that their military strategies to counter terrorism and violent extremism are fully anchored in human rights and put the protection of all populations at their core, including when they partner with non-state actors to operate alongside national armies.

    Mr. President, distinguished Members of the Security Council,

    1. A coordinated breakthrough in our response to violent extremism is urgently needed.  If we fail in this effort, the effects of terrorism, violent extremism and organized crime will be felt far beyond the Sahel region and, indeed, the African continent. We need to rethink our collective approach and be creative, going beyond existing efforts.
    1. In the coming months, it will be crucial for stakeholders in the region to maintain political dialogue to pursue their common security objectives.  We remain deeply committed to supporting them in this endeavour, working closely with ECOWAS and the African Union as they lead in resolving the current tensions in the region.  Meanwhile, progress can be made at bilateral level.  For instance, we have recently seen national authorities in Burkina Faso and Mali seeking to strengthen their bilateral cooperation in the field of security and defence.
    1. As the security situation worsens in the Sahel, armed groups are tightening their destructive grip on the broader region.  The northern regions of the coastal states of the Gulf of Guinea are increasingly exposed to the spill-over of violence and insecurity.  In this regard, international partners have indicated their willingness to actively consider extending their support to neighbouring countries in the Gulf of Guinea and West Africa, based on their demands.  This is a positive development that would bolster relevant regional organizations in their counter-terrorism efforts; support initiatives like the Accra Initiative; and strengthen national strategies to improve living conditions, security and resilience in the most vulnerable regions.  It will necessitate continuous dialogue between the concerned governments and international partners to ensure that support is aligned with national and regional priorities.

    Mr. President, distinguished Members of the Security Council,

    1. The Secretariat remains committed to supporting the region as well as the G5 Sahel. We are convinced that it is only by working together, in a coordinated and complementary manner, that we can effectively address the multiple challenges before us.  It is in this spirit that the United Nations and the African Union, along with ECOWAS and the G5 Sahel, are supporting the work of the Independent High-Level Panel on Security and Development in the Sahel led by former President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger.  At the behest of the Secretary-General and the AU Chairperson, this exercise aims to marshal greater attention and resources on the national, sub-regional, regional, and international level and propose innovative ways to address the security, governance and development challenges in the region.  The initiative will also reach out to national stakeholders and the region’s bilateral and multilateral partners to address this shared responsibility.
    1. As we await the recommendations of this independent assessment, we look forward to the continued support of the Security Council towards a stable, secure, peaceful and prosperous Sahel.   Faced with the growing threats to the region and beyond, we urge the international community to remain engaged in the spirit of shared responsibility and solidarity with the populations of the region.

    Je vous remercie de votre attention.

  • 16 نوفمبر 2022

    On November 11, the UN Verification Mission in Colombia presented Pathways Colombia, a virtual reality experience on...

  • 16 نوفمبر 2022

    <p>The new UN human rights chief ended his first country visit on Wednesday explaining that he had chosen Sudan to “bring a strong message” that human rights must “be at the core” of its transition away from military rule to democracy.    </p>