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Reports and Policy Documents

2019

  • 14 дек 2019

    Ninth Annual Meeting of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Central Asian states (Tashkent, 14 December 2019)

    TASHKENT, Uzbekistan

    The...

  • 13 дек 2019

    Our top stories for Friday include an exclusive UN News interview with Yemen Envoy Martin Griffiths; India’s new “discriminatory” citizenship law; a milestone smallpox eradication anniversary; helicopters deployed in DR Congo Ebola fight; Mediterranean migrant latest, and Chile’s deadly protests: UN report finds clear pattern of repression.

  • 13 дек 2019


     

    7 - 13 December 2019

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world.

    Ukraine

    UN political chief visits Ukraine
    Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo is wrapping up a two-day visit to Ukraine, where she’s been reiterating  the UN’s support for ongoing peace and reform efforts. With government officials in Kyiv, she highlighted the need to sustain the momentum toward peace created by the recent meeting in Paris of the Normandy Four leaders and reaffirmed UN backing for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within internationally-recognized borders. She also met with young Ukrainian civil society leaders, with whom she discussed the important role of youth, women and internally displaced people in creating an enabling environment for peace through local dialogue initiatives and the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Security Council

    UN Secretary-General urges DPRK and US to resume talks
    Assistant Secretary-General Khaled Khiari briefed the Security Council on 11 December on non-proliferation and troubling developments in recent months related to the nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programmes of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). He said that UN Secretary-General António Guterres was urging the DPRK and the United States to resume talks. “It will require perseverance, political courage and painstaking diplomacy. […] Diplomacy can continue to reduce tensions that could otherwise set events on an unpredictable trajectory,” he added.
    Read his full remarks here

     

    Egypt

    Aswan Forum for Sustainable Peace and Development in Africa
    The Aswan Forum for Sustainable Peace and Development in Africa, organized by the government of Egypt and the Cairo International Centre for Conflict Resolution Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding, took place from 10-11 December, with senior representation from across the UN system, African Member States and partners. The outcomes of the Forum will contribute to the 2020 Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture. Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed moderated the opening discussion with several African Heads of State (Egypt, Chad, Comoros, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal), the African Union, African Development Bank and the World Bank. Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support, took part in panels on “sustaining peace in practice” and financing. Discussions also covered the “Silencing the Guns” initiative and conflict prevention in Africa.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Somalia

    Delegations of AU, EU, IGAD and UN hold consultations with stakeholders in Baidoa and Jowhar
    As 2019 draws to a close, senior officials from some of Somalia’s international partners visited Baidoa in the South West State (SWS) on 10 December for the start of a series of consultations with a range of stakeholders. While in Baidoa, the delegation met with SWS’ President Abdiaziz Hassan Mohamed ‘Laftagareen,’ local elders and representatives from civil society to help better understand the opportunities and challenges to implementation of the various national process set for 2020.
    Read more on UNSOM’s website

    The delegation continued to Jowhar, the capital of Hirshabelle state, on 11 December. Noting the country’s goals for 2020 are achievable with the strong collaboration among all stakeholders, the delegation encouraged “all Somali leaders, institutions and communities to engage in dialogue to agree a way forward, and to cooperate to realize the priorities for the year ahead.”
    Read more on UNSOM’s website

     

    Afghanistan

    Balkh leaders call for stronger measures to protect children in armed conflict
    At a UN-backed event in Mazar, the capital of Balkh province, on 8 December, participants underscored the pressing need for stronger measures to protect children from harm in Afghanistan’s armed conflict. During the day-long event, community leaders, human rights advocates, civil society representatives and provincial authorities discussed the reality of children being killed, maimed, abused or recruited in the ongoing conflict. They called for additional mechanisms to protect children from harm, not only in the northern province, but also across Afghanistan.
    Read more on UNAMA’s website

     


     

     

     

     

    Central Asia

    Turkmenistan creates national strategy on prevention of violent extremism and countering terrorism
    Special Representative for Central Asia and Head of UNRCCA Natalia Gherman, on 10 December in Ashgabat, took part in a roundtable with senior officials of the Turkmen government, dedicated to the adoption of the National Strategy on Prevention of Violent Extremism and Countering Terrorism for 2020-2024 and its implementation. The strategy was developed with the support of the UN Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) and the UN Counter-Terrorism Office (UNOCT) and reflects migration, border control, the Internet, terrorist financing, socio-economic and political aspects, as well as human rights and the rule of law.
    More on this on UNRCCA’s website

     

    Lebanon

    International Support Group (ISG) for Lebanon meets in Paris
    In Paris on 11 December, Special Coordinator for Lebanon Jan Kubis co-chaired with France a special meeting of the International Support Group (ISG) for Lebanon and other international partners to discuss ways of supporting Lebanon through its current political, economic and financial crisis. The meeting identified “a road map of expected reforms that will trigger support from the international community,” Mr. Kubis said after the meeting. In its final statement, the ISG called for “the urgent formation of an effective and credible government capable to meet the aspirations expressed by all the Lebanese that will have the capacity and credibility to deliver the necessary substantive policy package of economic reforms.”
    For more information, contact us

     

    Northeast Asia

    Expert consultations on Women, Peace and Security in Beijing
    DPPA, in close cooperation with UN Women and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), organized a regional expert discussion on Northeast Asian countries’ contributions to the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The event in Beijing on 10 December gathered more than 30 participants from China, Japan, Mongolia and the Republic of Korea to review the progress of the WPS implementation in the region in light of next year’s Beijing+25 process and the 20th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325. The meeting provided the space to exchange opinions on current status of WPS implementation in the region and to discuss ways forward for better progress in promoting the WPS agenda. At the event, SIPRI launched its background paper on emerging role of ROK and Japan in WPS. The participants also discussed the recently updated WPS Index 2019/2020 and the data relevant to Northeast Asia.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Colombia

    Women share their experiences in “building memory”
    The UN Mission in Colombia and the country's Truth Commission hosted an encounter of women in the Reintegration Area of Brisas in the Chocó Department on 7 and 8 December. More than 40 participants, including social leaders, EPL ex-combatants and former FARC-EP combatants from Urabá and Atrato, shared, for the first time, their life experiences in the post-conflict period. The women talked about security mechanisms, violence, and prevention.
    For more information, contact us

     

    National social dialogue and forum to defend social leaders in Cartagena city
    Carlos Ruiz-Massieu, Special Representative and Head of the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, participated in the fourth Summit of Social Dialogue on 9 December, a meeting led by Attorney General Fernando Carrillo and attended by President of Colombia Ivan Duque. At the summit, representatives of different social, political, business and institutional sectors to build a State Pact to promotes dialogue as mechanisms for dealing with conflicts. Moreover, the SRSG attended the forum "Defend the Defenders" held in the framework of the 71st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In his statement, Ruiz-Massieu said that "the protection, guarantees, and legitimacy of those who defend human rights and of social leaders is a priority for the UN, because their work is fundamental to peacebuilding, to the implementation of the Peace Agreement, and to consolidate democracy.” Both events took place in Cartagena city.
    For more information, contact us

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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  • 13 дек 2019

    Mogadishu - Somalia’s international partners* welcome the statements by the Federal Government of Somalia and the leadership of Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a (ASWJ) issued on 12 December. ...

  • 13 дек 2019

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has seen an increase in the number of reported cases of the deadly haemorrhagic virus Ebola linked to ongoing violence by armed groups targeting remote communities, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday. 

  • 13 дек 2019

    When warring parties in Yemen met in a renovated castle outside the Swedish capital last December for UN-brokered talks, they showed that perhaps there could be a way out of brutal conflict and the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, the UN Special Envoy for the country said this week.  

  • 12 дек 2019

    Escalating violence and insecurity in Mali have sparked an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, rendering 3.9 million people in need of assistance and protection – an increase of 700,000 since the beginning of the year, the UN said on Thursday.

  • 12 дек 2019

    Dakar, 12 December- The Special Representative of the Secretary-general and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS...

  • 12 дек 2019

    Dakar, 12 December- The Special Representative of the Secretary-general and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS...

  • 11 дек 2019

    Madam President,
    Members of the Security Council,
     

    There have been troubling developments related to the nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programmes of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – DPRK – in recent months.

    The first relates to the resumed missile testing by the DPRK. 

    The launch of two missiles on 28 November marked the thirteenth time the DPRK has launched ballistic missiles or other projectiles this year. 

    More recently, on 7 December, the DPRK announced what it referred to as an important test at the Sohae Satellite Launching Ground situated on the west coast, that would help to change the “strategic position of the DPRK once again in the near future”.  Some experts believe that the word “strategic” refers to the DPRK’s nuclear weapons capability.  Analysts have reported signs of a rocket engine test at the site having been conducted within the past few days.

    The DPRK through its state media has announced the test of various new missile systems this year, including systems it has referred to as multiple-launch rocket systems as well as a new land-based short-range ballistic missile and a submarine-launched ballistic missile.

    As is well known, Security Council resolutions, most recently resolution 2397 of 22 December 2017, prohibit the DPRK from, inter alia, conducting any further launches that use ballistic missile technology.  Furthermore, according to the information available to the United Nations, the DPRK did not issue any airspace or maritime safety notifications. 

    The second development relates to the DPRK’s ongoing suspension of diplomatic engagements.  The DPRK has yet to resume working-level talks with the United States; inter-Korean contacts have stalled; and the DPRK is forgoing some international engagements.

    The third development relates to the DPRK’s warning of a “new path”. 

    The DPRK has set a new policy that it will not discuss denuclearization unless the United States’ so-called “hostile policy” is removed; it has set a year-end deadline for the United States to come up with a “bold” proposal agreeable to Pyongyang; and has warned that it would otherwise take a “new path”.

    While it is unclear what the “new path” may entail, the DPRK Foreign Ministry stated on 30 November that we may see what a “real ballistic missile is in the not distant future”.  In terms of timing, the Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea will hold a plenary meeting in “the latter half” of December, to “discuss and decide on crucial issues in line with the needs of the development of the Korean revolution and the changed situation at home and abroad”. Previous sessions of the Central Committee have seen the ruling party prepare for major announcements.

    The Secretary-General is very concerned by the latest developments on the Korean Peninsula.  The DPRK’s reference to launching ballistic missiles and its threat of potentially taking a so-called “new path” in the coming weeks is deeply troubling.  The Secretary-General is reiterating his call on the DPRK leadership to comply fully with its international obligations under relevant Security Council resolutions, resume working-level talks with the United States, and work for peace and stability.

    On 15 December 2017, the Secretary-General described the situation on the Korean Peninsula as the most tense and dangerous peace and security issue in the world.  Significant progress was made in 2018 towards building trust, reducing the risk of war and opening channels of communication.  The summits involving the leaders of the DPRK and the Republic of Korea and United States respectively gave rise to hope that it is possible to build an atmosphere conducive to advancing sustainable peace and complete and verifiable denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula.

    Today, however, and as mentioned, talks between the DPRK and the United States, as well as between the two Koreas, have stalled.

    The Secretary-General calls on the parties to continue what they have started.  It will require perseverance, political courage and painstaking diplomacy.  He urges the DPRK and the United States to resume talks.  Diplomacy can continue to reduce tensions that could otherwise set events on an unpredictable trajectory. 

    The Secretary-General calls for the international community to support the parties in their endeavours and to ensure the full implementation of the relevant Security Council resolutions.  The unity of the Security Council remains essential for achieving the goal of complete and verifiable denuclearization and creates the space for diplomatic initiatives to that end.

    I would like to close, Madam President, by noting that a breakdown in diplomacy will not help the human rights or humanitarian situation in the DPRK. 

    Meeting the population’s basic needs of food, access to essential health services as well as to clean water and adequate sanitation, are a humanitarian imperative but also a basic human right. 

    While the primary responsibility to meet these needs lies with the DPRK Government, as is the case for any government toward its people, the United Nations Secretariat has consistently stressed the humanitarian imperative to provide humanitarian assistance when the basic needs of the population are not being met.

    International humanitarian operations in the DPRK remain critical for over 10 million people – or around 40 per cent of the population. The United Nations Secretariat recalls that the measures imposed by the Security Council are not intended to negatively affect or restrict food aid and humanitarian assistance that is not prohibited by relevant Security Council resolutions.  The United Nations Secretariat is encouraged by the Security Council 1718 Sanctions Committee’s adoption of Implementation Assistance Notice Number 7 in August 2018, which provides guidelines for obtaining exemptions necessary to facilitate humanitarian assistance in the DPRK, as well as the improvements in rates and timeliness of exemption approvals.

    Addressing the humanitarian needs in the DPRK requires an integrated response – for example, addressing water, sanitation and hygiene to also improve health and nutrition - to be effective and to save lives and prevent more suffering.  I urge all Member States to fund life-saving humanitarian operations in the DPRK.  Some USD 120 million are required to address the critical humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable 3.8 million people in 2019.  A gap of USD 87 million remains.

    Thank you, Madam President.

     

  • 11 дек 2019

    Recent developments concerning North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes are “deeply troubling”, the UN’s Assistant Secretary-General for the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific said on Wednesday, briefed the Security Council.

  • 11 дек 2019

    Paris--

    1. A meeting of the International Support Group for Lebanon (ISG), jointly chaired by France and the Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon, was held in Paris on December...

  • 11 дек 2019

    The Geneva International Discussions (GID) held its 50th round on 10-11 December 2019.

    Over the past decade, engagement by participants contributed to relative stability, while core security and humanitarian issues have remained unresolved.

    We are now faced with a deteriorating situation on the ground and the participants’ diverging positions on key issues of the agenda have become further entrenched. Since August 2019, there are serious security challenges in the Chorchana-Tsnelisi area. People continue to suffer hardship. Restrictions to freedom of movement have been imposed on several occasions at crossing points with both Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Crossing points on the South Ossetian Administrative Boundary Line (ABL) have been closed for more than five months this year. This has caused an increased number of incidents, including detentions.

    Although the 50th round took place in a business-like atmosphere, it was overshadowed by the above-mentioned challenges leading to intense exchanges. As in previous rounds, it was not possible to address issues relating to internally displaced persons/refugees due to a walkout by some participants.

    We reiterated our calls for participants to reduce tensions on the South Ossetian ABL, for all crossing points to be reopened, for all detainees to be released, and for participants to engage constructively in dialogue — in Geneva, as well as in the Gali and Ergneti Incident Prevention and Response Mechanisms (IPRMs).

    The Co-Chairs commended the commitment of the participants to the GID process and reminded them of the need to reinvigorate it in order to achieve concrete results on key issues of the agenda in the coming year.

    The participants agreed to hold their next round on 31 March -1 April 2020.

  • 11 дек 2019

    Jowhar – A delegation of some of Somalia’s key international partners today visited Jowhar, the capital of Hirshabelle state, as part of their series of...

  • 11 дек 2019

    Jowhar – Representatives of the African Union, European Union, Intergovernmental Authority on Development and United Nations are pleased to be visiting Hirshabelle...

  • 11 дек 2019

    KABUL - Calls to protect the rights of women, improve their education opportunities and end all violence against them framed discussions at UN-backed events across...

  • 10 дек 2019

    On 10th December, International Human Rights Day, we commemorate the anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), amidst serious violations of human rights in Libya. Human Rights Day...

  • 10 дек 2019
    PRESS STATEMENT 28/2019

    Mogadishu – On the occasion of Human Rights Day, the UN envoy to Somalia today called on the country’s youth to build on progress made to date in enshrining human rights as a...

  • 10 дек 2019

    Under the theme, Young People in Defense of Human Rights and closing the campaign of 16 Days of Activism, today was the day of Human Rights.

    In Guinea-Bissau, the celebrations began at the Noble...

  • 10 дек 2019

    Making the appeal is the UN Special Rapporteur on Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, who reports that online hostility against activists has increased since the announcement last month of international legal proceedings over the atrocities.

  • 10 дек 2019

    Baidoa – As 2019 draws to a close, senior officials from some of Somalia’s international partners today visited Baidoa, in South West State (SWS), for the start of a...

  • 10 дек 2019

    Baidoa – As 2019 draws to a close, representatives of the African Union, European Union, Intergovernmental Authority on Development and United Nations today visited...

  • 10 дек 2019

    KABUL - Marking International Human Rights Day, the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) joined the global campaign ‘Youth Stand Up for Human Rights’ to highlight the role of young people as...

  • 9 дек 2019

    Being a volunteer in the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, gave Ornella Uberti the confidence of doing what she has always been passionate about: being part of a social...

  • 9 дек 2019

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On December 6, 2019, at the expanded meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, His...

  • 9 дек 2019

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On December 6, 2019, at the expanded meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, His...

  • 9 дек 2019

     

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  • 9 дек 2019

    Dakar, 09 December- The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West...

  • 9 дек 2019
    PRESS STATEMENT 27/2019

    Mogadishu – Marking International Anti-Corruption Day, the United Nations envoy to Somalia today welcomed the country’s progress in strengthening...

  • 8 дек 2019

    KABUL - Marking International Anti-Corruption Day, the United Nations reiterates its support to Afghanistan’s initiatives to fight corruption, acknowledges steps made to challenge...

  • 8 дек 2019

    MAZAR-E-SHARIF - At a UN-backed event in Mazar, the capital of Balkh province, participants underscored the pressing need for stronger measures to protect children from harm in Afghanistan’s armed conflict.

    ...
  • 7 дек 2019

    The top UN official in Iraq has strongly condemned the shooting of unarmed protesters in Baghdad on Friday night, which left a high number of deaths and injuries among innocent citizens, calling for the perpetrators to be “identified and brought to justice without delay”. 

  • 7 дек 2019

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On 7 December, UNRCCA organized an event at its headquarters in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, to commemorate International Volunteer Day.

    ...
  • 6 дек 2019

    Madame la Présidente,

    Permettez-moi de vous féliciter pour votre présidence du Conseil ce mois-ci.


    Madame la Présidente,
    Distingués membres du Conseil,

    Je vous remercie de me donner la parole pour vous briefer sur la situation en Afrique centrale et les activités du Bureau régional des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique centrale (UNOCA),
    depuis la publication du rapport qui vous a été soumis.

    De façon générale, la situation politique et sécuritaire en Afrique centrale demeure préoccupante. En effet, la sous-région continue de faire face à des défis sécuritaires,  humanitaires, socioéconomiques et en matière de droits humains. De même, les problèmes de sécurité liés au changement climatique se posent avec plus d’acuité. Toutefois, nous devrions saluer les principales réalisations enregistrées au cours des 11 derniers mois dans les réformes structurelles ainsi que dans la consolidation et la construction de la paix. Parmi ces réalisations, pour ne citer que celles-là, on pourra retenir la finalisation de tous les documents et instruments majeurs de la réforme de la Communauté économique des Etats de l’Afrique centrale (CEEAC) ; l’adoption du Plan d’action régional pour la mise en oeuvre de la résolution 1325 sur les Femmes, la paix et la sécurité ; et la création d’un réseau régional de la société civile, COPAC.

    Entre 2020 et la fin du mandat en cours de l’UNOCA en août 2021, la plupart des Etats de la sous-région organiseront de nouvelles élections et, dans ce contexte, les efforts de promotion du dialogue national et d’une meilleure participation des femmes et des jeunes dans la gouvernance et la consolidation de la paix se poursuivent.

    Le terrorisme représente toujours une menace à la stabilité de la sous-région de l’Afrique centrale, en particulier dans le bassin du lac Tchad où Boko Haram reste actif. Mon collègue Mohamed Ibn Chambas et moi-même étions au Nigéria en novembre pour boucler notre tournée dans les quatre pays du bassin du lac Tchad, entreprise conjointement avec le Représentant spécial de l’Union européenne pour le Sahel, Angel Losada. La Secrétaire exécutive de CTED, Michèle Coninsx, nous a rejoints au Tchad. Nous sommes arrivés à la conclusion qu’un appui à la mise en oeuvre de la Stratégie régionale en faveur de la stabilisation, du redressement et de la résilience des zones du bassin du lac Tchad touchées par Boko Haram devrait être une de nos priorités.


    Madame la Présidente,

    Le changement climatique continue d’avoir un impact sur la vie des femmes et des hommes en Afrique centrale, avec souvent des implications directes sur la paix et la sécurité. Le 20 novembre, le Gouvernement de la République du Congo a déclaré l’état de catastrophe naturelle et d’urgence humanitaire dans trois départements du nord, en raison de sérieuses inondations qui affectent environ 50.000 personnes. Il convient de noter que plusieurs autres pays de l’Afrique centrale font également face à de graves catastrophes naturelles liées au changement climatique. J’appelle les partenaires internationaux à apporter une assistance humanitaire aux gouvernements concernés.

    Du 25 au 29 novembre, je me suis rendu à Luanda, en Angola, pour participer à la 49ème réunion du Comité consultatif permanent des Nations Unies chargé des questions de sécurité en Afrique centrale. Le Comité a discuté de la situation géopolitique et sécuritaire en Afrique centrale et tenu un débat consacré au changement climatique et à son impact sur la paix et la sécurité. A l’issue de sa session ministérielle, le Comité a adopté la Déclaration de Luanda sur l’Impact du changement climatique sur la paix et la sécurité en Afrique centrale.

    La sous-région de l’Afrique centrale continue de faire face aux défis de la sécurité maritime, notamment dans le golfe de Guinée. Le 7 novembre, une attaque contre un pétrolier a
    été signalée au nord-ouest de Sao Tomé. Le 20 novembre, le Centre interrégional de coordination (CIC) à Yaoundé a signalé une autre attaque près de Malabo, ce qui a amené le Gouvernement de la Guinée équatoriale à placer ses forces de sécurité en état d’alerte élevée dans tout le pays. Le Représentant spécial Ibn Chambas et moi-même envisageons de mener une visite conjointe au CIC début 2020, pour évaluer la situation maritime dans le golfe de Guinée et déterminer les domaines spécifiques dans lesquels les Nations Unies pourraient apporter une assistance interrégionale intégrée.

    Je suis encouragé par les efforts déployés par les Etats de l’Afrique centrale pour améliorer les capacités en matière de coopération sous-régionale en renforçant la CEEAC. L’organisation sous-régionale est en train d’accélérer son action pour la tenue à Libreville du 9ème Sommet extraordinaire des chefs d’Etat et de gouvernement, le 18 décembre prochain, qui sera consacré à sa réforme. Au cours de ce Sommet, les dirigeants de l’Afrique centrale devraient approuver le programme de réforme institutionnelle de la CEEAC. Les conclusions de ce Sommet constitueront une étape importante dans le processus de réforme. Je réaffirme l’engagement total des Nations Unies à travailler main dans la main avec la CEEAC et ses Etats membres, ainsi que leurs partenaires, pour la mise en oeuvre de la réforme et contribuer au développement des capacités de la CEEAC.

    Comme vous le savez, Madame la Présidente, le Gouvernement du Cameroun a organisé un dialogue national du 30 septembre au 4 octobre, et qui s’est achevé avec une série de recommendations clés destinées à répondre à la crise dans les régions du Nord-Ouest et du Sud- Ouest. Je reste cependant préoccupé par le niveau de violence qui continue de  menacer la vie des Camerounais, tandis que l’on ne cesse de rapporter des cas de violations des droits humains et d’abus attribués à toutes les parties. Le personnel humanitaire a également été attaqué, ce qui met en exergue l’ampleur de l’insécurité. Plus de 700.000 personnes seraient maintenant déplacées en raison du conflit en cours dans les deux régions. D’autres rapports indiquent également que des milliers de personnes sont mortes ou ont été blessées. J’appelle les partenaires internationaux à appuyer les efforts nationaux en cours visant à répondre aux besoins humanitaires de la population.

    A la suite du dialogue national, quelques mesures ont déjà été prises, telle que la libération de certains prisonniers, ce qui est à saluer. Une mise en oeuvre rapide des  recommandations du dialogue constituera un pas supplémentaire vers une solution durable à la crise. Du 19 au 24 novembre, le Gouvernement du Cameroun a envoyé des délégations dans les régions du Nord-Ouest et du Sud-Ouest pour sensibiliser sur les conclusions du dialogue national. Le Président de la Commission de l’Union africaine, Moussa Faki Mahamat, la Secrétaire générale de l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Louise Mushikiwabo, et la Secrétaire générale du Commonwealth, Patricia Janet Scotland, se sont rendus récemment au Cameroun pour échanger avec les acteurs nationaux, y compris le Président Paul Biya, sur la situation dans le pays. Dans leur déclaration finale conjointe, les trois officiels ont encouragé « l’ensemble des parties prenantes à continuer dans cette voie de la sagesse et de la responsabilité, notamment celle du Gouvernement dans la mise en oeuvre des conclusions » du dialogue national.

    A la suite de l’annonce faite par le Président Paul Biya sur la tenue des élections législatives et municipales au Cameroun le 9 février 2020, le chef du parti de l’opposition le  Mouvement pour la renaissance du Cameroun, Maurice Kamto, a informé le 25 novembre que son parti ne participerait pas aux élections, affirmant que les conditions ne seraient  pas réunies pour que le vote ait lieu dans les régions du Nord-Ouest et du Sud-Ouest. Il a également appelé à une révision du code électoral. D’autres partis politiques ont exprimé  quelques réserves sur leur participation aux élections. En réponse, au cours d’une conférence de presse organisée le 2 décembre, le Ministre de l’Administration du territoire et le  Ministre de la Communication ont assuré que les conditions étaient en place pour des élections apaisées. 

    Comme le Secrétaire général l’a souligné dans son rapport, il est important de poursuivre le dialogue avec toutes les parties prenantes « afin d’apaiser les griefs sous-jacents de  ceux qui se sentent marginalisés ». Il est essentiel de renforcer la dynamique créée par le dialogue national en assurant l’inclusivité dans la mise en oeuvre des recommandations  du dialogue, y compris sur une décentralisation accrue, l’aide au développement, et le désarmement, la démobilisation et la réintégration (DDR). La tenue d’élections apaisées,  inclusives et crédibles en 2020 dépendra en grande partie de tels efforts et sera un test capital pour la démocratie dans le pays et pour démontrer la détermination des acteurs  nationaux à avancer vers une véritable stabilité, ainsi que vers un développement socioéconomique et une paix durables pour tous les Camerounais. Les Nations Unies restent  engagées à travailler en étroite collaboration avec les autorités nationales et les autres acteurs concernés à cet effet, ainsi qu’à appuyer les initiatives locales faisant la promotion de la participation des femmes, des jeunes et d’autres groupes marginalisés. Parallèlement, il est essentiel que tous les acteurs sur le terrain renforcent leurs efforts pour protéger  et promouvoir les droits humains et lutter contre l’impunité.

    Au Tchad, la situation sécuritaire dans les trois provinces qui ont une frontière commune avec la Libye et le Soudan et sont en état d’urgence représente toujours un risque pour la consolidation d’une paix durable. Ceci nécessitera un engagement multiforme continu, spécialement au moment où le Tchad poursuit ses préparatifs en vue de la tenue d’élections législatives longtemps reportées et prévues maintenant pour le premier trimestre de l’année prochaine et la tenue de l’élection présidentielle en 2021.

    En République du Congo, il faudra poursuivre les efforts visant à créer un environnement politique favorable à la tenue de l’élection présidentielle en 2021. Le Secrétariat permanent du Conseil national du dialogue poursuit ses consultations avec un vaste éventail d’acteurs nationaux, y compris les partis politiques et la société civile, avec le soutien des Nations Unies à travers le Fonds de consolidation de la paix, afin de préparer un dialogue national inclusif pour 2020. J’appelle les autorités nationales et toutes les autres parties prenantes à unir leurs efforts afin de contribuer à la tenue d’un dialogue véritablement inclusif et constructif, ce qui créera un environement favorable à la consolidation de la paix et les conditions propices à la tenue d’une élection présidentielle apaisée, inclusive et crédible. Une assistance internationale constante pour la stabilisation de la région du Pool est également nécessaire, tout comme la contribution financière indispensable du Gouvernement pour la mise en oeuvre effective du programme de DDR. 

     

    Madam President,
    Distinguished members of the Council,

    I would like to reiterate my appreciation to the Security Council for its continued support to UNOCA and myself to facilitate the implementation of our mandate. Your support was, once again, evidenced through the presidential statement of 12 September 2019 welcoming the conclusions of UNOCA’s strategic review. DPPA and UNOCA are working together, in cooperation with relevant UN entities, to ensure the full implementation of the strategic review recommendations. We will continue to update you as appropriate.

    Thank you for your attention.

  • 6 дек 2019


     

    30 November - 6 December 2019

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world.

    New York

    PBC discusses transhumance and sustainable peace and development in West Africa and the Sahel
    The UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) held a joint meeting on the impact of cross-border transhumance on sustainable peace and development in West Africa and the Sahel on 3 December. The meeting aimed to raise awareness about the complex challenges related to transhumance in countries and cross-border areas of West Africa and the Sahel. The discussions aimed at showcasing successful practical approaches and actions, providing lessons learned, identifying gaps and challenges to implementation and impact and making recommendations and giving policy advice on how to provide a coherent and coordinated response to address the root causes of conflict between farmers and pastoralists. Deputy Special Representative of the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) Ruby Sandhu-Rojon shared her experiences of UN efforts to promote peaceful transhumance in West Africa and the Sahel.  Guillermo Fernández de Soto, Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission emphasized the PBC’s commitment to engage societies beyond political elites and include the perspectives and deep knowledge of local communities in relevant discussions. 
    For more information, contact us

     

    Support to peacebuilding in the Sahel, Lake Chad and Mano River Union discussed
    The next day, during PBC’s Annual Session, participants from the PBC, ECOSOC, UNOWAS, the UN Office for Central Africa (UNOCA), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Lake Chad Basin Commission reviewed challenges and opportunities for enhancing regional and sub-regional approaches to peacebuilding in the Sahel, the Lake Chad Basin, and the Mano River Union (MRU). The annual session focused on ensuring consistent PBC accompaniment to the Sahel region, to sustain international attention and to advance a more coherent, coordinated and action-oriented approach to peacebuilding and sustaining peace and explore ways to support the region’s movement towards strong economic growth and steady progress in governance and institution building. UNOCA head François Louncény Fall called upon the Peacebuilding Commission to consolidate engagement in the Lake Chad Basin in support of activities that reinforce social cohesion and promote socio-economic development.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Security Council

    Special Representative calls for “bold, forward thinking” in Iraq
    Speaking about the current protests and civil unrest in Iraq at the Security Council on 3 December, Special Representative and head of the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert said that the situation cannot be resolved “by buying time with band-aid solutions and coercive measures: this approach will only further fuel public anger and distrust.” She added that the challenge is to seize this opportunity and build a sovereign, stable, inclusive and prosperous Iraq. “Now is the time to act. The great hopes of so many Iraqis call for bold, forward thinking.”
    Read her full remarks on UNAMI’s website

     

    Political and security situation in Central Africa worrying, says Special Representative
    Special Representative and head of the UN Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) François Louncény Fall at the Security Council on 6 December said that the political and security situation in Central Africa remained worrying, citing insecurity and humanitarian, human rights and socio-economic challenges. He also pointed to security threats related to climate change. UNOCA is continuing efforts to promote national dialogue and greater participation of women and youth in governance and peacebuilding as most states in the sub-region prepare for elections in 2020 and 2021, the Special Representative added.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Afghanistan

    Afghan community leaders call for support for peace in the country
    Peace remains the single most important aspiration for the people of Afghanistan, stressed participants at recent UN-backed events in the southeastern province of Khost and in the central highlands province of Bamyan. In the Bamyan event, some 100 community leaders – including religious scholars, civil society members, women’s rights activists and youth representatives – came together to add their voices to other communities across the country calling for peace. In a similar UN-backed event in Khost, a 120-strong delegation of religious leaders and government officials came together to discuss how they could strengthen peace efforts. Religious leader Ezatullah Khairkhuwa, participating in the event in Bamyan, stressed the importance of religious scholars in promoting peace, tolerance and harmony. “This is not a choice, but rather a responsibility,” he said. “This is the time for all of us to seize the moment and support peace in the country.”
    Read the full story on UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan’s website

     

    Viet Nam

    ASEAN, UN and Viet Nam discuss cooperation towards a more inclusive and agile mechanism for conflict management and resolution
    The fifth Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-UN Regional Dialogue on Political-Security Cooperation (AURED V) brought together senior UN and ASEAN officials, senior officials from ASEAN Member States, and civil society representatives in Ha Noi, Viet Nam on 3 and 4 December. They discussed opportunities for enhancing ASEAN’s conflict prevention and resolution capacities, through the ASEAN-Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR). UN Assistant Secretary-General Khaled Khiari led the UN delegation. Under Chatham House rules, participants highlighted the increasingly complex security threats facing Southeast Asia, from growing tensions in the South China Sea, weakening of trust between countries as well as between governments and their peoples, violent extremism and climate-related security risks. Discussion focused on furthering the Youth, Peace and Security (YPS) and the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agendas and exploring opportunities and challenges of establishing a ‘pool of experts’ under AIPR, as a mechanism for conflict prevention. DPPA, as lead on the ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership will continue to support ASEAN's efforts in this regard.
    Read the media release

     

     


     

     

     

     

    Libya

    Libyans, UN discuss national response to displacement
    The UN and the Libyan Ministry of Local Government on 3 December hosted a meeting for ministries and municipalities in Tripoli on the “National Response to Displacement in Libya” to discuss best ways to enhance and improve response to displacement resulting from the current conflict. Representatives of the Presidential Council, 19 municipalities and ministries of Local Governance, IDPs, Education, Finance, Social Affairs, Planning and the Central Bank of Libya with Special Representative and head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Ghassan Salamé, Deputy Special Representatives (DSRSGs) Stephanie Williams and Yacoub El-Hillo and representatives of other UN organizations discussed the response so far, achievements, challenges and ways to address obstacles and improve quality, timeliness and suitability of humanitarian response. In the meeting, mayors and municipal council representatives briefed about the mounting challenges they face in responding to displacement and presented ideas to improve the humanitarian response with support from the Government of National Accord and the UN. SRSG Salamé said “It was a frank discussion characterized by a high level of openness.” 
    For more information, contact us

     

    Somalia

    ‘One person, one vote’ elections in 2020
    Special Representative and head of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) James Swan met with two former presidents this week, with Hassan Sheikh (2012-2017) on 2 December and with Sheikh Sharif (2009-2012) on 4 December. During these meetings, they discussed political developments, including next year’s ‘one person, one vote’ elections, and the importance of political space and inclusion. On 2 December, in a meeting between commissioners of the National Independent Electoral Commission (NIEC), the Minister of Internal Security Mohamed Abukar Islow ‘Duale’ and international partners, they reiterated their support to the upcoming ‘one person, one vote’ elections.
    For more information, contact us

     

    UN Representative to the African Union makes first visit to Somalia
    Wrapping up her first visit to Somalia, UN Special Representative to the African Union Hanna Tetteh, on 5 December, noted that she had had the “opportunity to understand the challenges both the UN and the AU are facing in Somalia and the efforts that are being made to address those challenges.” In addition to meeting the heads of the UN Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS) and UNSOM – Lisa Filipetto and James Swan, respectively – Ms. Tetteh held talks with Somalia’s Foreign Affairs Minister Ahmed Isse Awad and the Speaker of the House of the People Mohamed Mursal Sheikh Abdirahman. She also met the head of Hirshabelle state, President Mohamed Abdi Waare, members of his cabinet and the deputy speakers of parliament during a visit to Jowhar, Hirshabelle’s capital on 4 December. Ms. Tetteh also held meetings with AMISOM’s leadership as well as ambassadors representing the countries that contribute troops to AMISOM. Also on 4 December, she met with female Members of Parliament in Mogadishu in what she called an “eye-opening session” about the challenges they faced. They also discussed the importance of securing 30% female representation in Somalia's elections next year.
    Read the full story on UNSOM’s website

     

    Colombia

    Business roundtable with former combatants
    The central Colombian city of San José del Guaviare hosted a business roundtable on 2 December that brought together farmers of the region and, for the first time, involved people in the process of reintegration. The event was attended by 300 people and 45 entrepreneurs. The former combatants presented their products, including panela (unrefined whole cane sugar), honey, paprika sauce, and clothing items. The business roundtable was organized by the Guaviare governor’s office, the municipal mayor's office, the army, the Chamber of Commerce and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. The UN Verification Mission in Colombia accompanied the activity.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Alliance for life, development and peace consolidation in the territories
    Carlos Ruiz-Massieu, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Verification Mission in Colombia participated in a meeting of elected governors "Alliance for Life, Development and Peace Consolidation in the Territories” on 3 December. The governors of all 32 departments of Colombia, who begin their term on 1 January 2020, announced their willingness to include the fulfillment of the peace agreement in the agenda of their development plans. "You will govern departments that today are different from those four years ago. You assume essential leadership to consolidate the advances that the Peace Agreement and other public policies have allowed, as well as to consolidate transformations in the territories," said Ruiz-Massieu. The event was organized by the Attorney General's Office, the Federation of Departments, the Cooperation Group Colombia, and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia. 
    For more information, contact us

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 6 дек 2019

    The international community on Friday took stock of action to improve UN peacekeeping in line with a Security Council resolution aimed at enhancing performance at all levels, both at Headquarters in New York and in the field. 

  • 6 дек 2019

     

    ...
  • 5 дек 2019

    Mogadishu, 5 December 2019 – Wrapping up her first visit to Somalia, a senior United Nations official charged with the world body's...

  • 3 дек 2019

    Peacekeepers have been sent to the northern Lakes region in South Sudan in a bid to deter further violence between communities there, the UN Mission in the country, UNMISS, said on Tuesday.

  • 3 дек 2019

    After decades of sectarian strife and conflict, “a renewed sense of patriotism has taken hold”, the head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) told the Security Council on Tuesday.

  • 3 дек 2019

    On 24 July 2019, the Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Office for West...

  • 3 дек 2019

    KABUL - UN envoy Tadamichi Yamamoto led a delegation yesterday to meet with Afghanistan’s security agencies chaired by President Ashraf Ghani concerning last week’s incident in Kabul which resulted in the...

  • 2 дек 2019

    The Members of the Security Council expressed their deep concern at the recent escalation of violence in Libya. The Members of the Security Council stressed the need for all parties urgently to de-escalate the situation and to commit to a ceasefire.

     

    The Members of the Security Council reaffirmed their full support for the leadership of the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Ghassan Salamé and for his work to resolve the conflict...

  • 2 дек 2019

    Mohamed Ali Farah is passionate about the rights of a disabled people in Somalia – so much so that he has dedicated his life to fighting for their rights and established a non-governmental...

  • 2 дек 2019

    Security in Mali has become critical, with unprecedented incidents of communal violence and increasingly more deadly terror attacks, reported a UN human rights expert on Monday, following a 10-day visit to the country.

  • 2 дек 2019

    The recycling of plastic waste in India is boosting the incomes of impoverished women and helping build roads and fire cement furnaces, thanks to support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 

  • 2 дек 2019

    Nearly half a million children in eastern Ukraine continue to face “grave risks” to their physical health and psychological well-being, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Monday.

  • 2 дек 2019

    KHOST/BAMYAN - Peace remains the single most important aspiration for the people of Afghanistan, stressed participants at recent UN-backed events in the south-eastern province of Khost and...

  • 29 ноя 2019

    A recap of Friday’s stories in brief: attacks on communities in an Ebola outbreak hotspot in eastern DRC sparks a humanitarian crisis; Guterres expresses concerns at continued protester deaths in Iraq; UN-appointed panel raises concerns about violence against indigenous rights defenders in Colombia; 5 things you need to know about COP25; UN rights chief urges dialogue to ease Ecuador unrest. 

  • 29 ноя 2019


     

    23 - 29 November 2019

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world.

    New York

    DiCarlo: “Stand by the Palestinian people, today and every day”
    Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo opened the exhibit “Palestine: the most universal of national causes” on 27 November at UN headquarters. The exhibit forms part of the commemoration of International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on 29 November. DiCarlo said the Day “serves as an important reminder of our collective responsibility in achieving a just solution of the Palestinian question and in supporting the Palestinian people in their legitimate search for justice and peace.”
    For more information, contact us

     

    Security Council

    “Critical time for Lebanon,” Security Council members say
    Special Coordinator for Lebanon Ján Kubiš and Assistant Secretary-General Khaled Khiari briefed the Security Council, in closed consultations, on the situation in Lebanon and the implementation of Security Council resolution 1701 (2006) on 25 November. Karen Pierce, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations and President of the Security Council for the month of November said after the meeting that the members of the Security Council noted that this was a critical time for Lebanon. They stressed the importance of the timely formation of a new government able to respond to the aspirations of the Lebanese people and to restore the stability of the country within the constitutional framework.
    Read full press elements from the Security Council meeting on Resolution 1701 and Lebanon

     

    Colombia

    Commemoration of signing of peace agreement in Colombia
    The locality of Agua Bonita, in Colombia’s Caquetá Department commemorated the third anniversary of the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian Government and the former FARC-EP guerrillas, on 24 November with sports and cultural activities, as well as with an emotional act of reconciliation. In 2002, locals were victims of massive displacement. This week, they found themselves face to face with those, who in the past, were their victimizers. "In the name of all the ex-combatants who live in this community, I want to ask you, from the bottom of my heart, to forgive us for all the damage and pain we caused you, but I also want to tell you that there is a future that we are going to build with all of you," said one of the leaders of the former Reintegration Area of Agua Bonita. Senators and representatives of the “Defendamos la Paz” movement, leaders of the FARC political party, the Reintegration and Normalization Agency, the UN Verification Mission in Colombia and surrounding communities attended the event. 
    For more information, contact us

     

    Communication and gender workshop with former FARC combatants
    A group of 60 men and women in the reintegration process from the different Reintegration Areas in Antioquia Department participated in training activities on gender bias, social networks, writing, photography, and non-verbal communication. This was part of the "Communication and Gender Workshop" held in the city of Medellín on 27 November, organized by the UN Verification Mission in Colombia for International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Afghanistan

    Communities across Afghanistan call for an end to violence against women
    Hundreds of Afghans gathered at UN-backed events across the country on 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women and the start of the campaign of 16 days of activism against gender-based violence, to decry violence against women and girls, and to strategize on practical steps to put an end to harmful traditional practices in Afghanistan. Together, participants in televised debates, radio programmes and other gatherings voiced their support for the human rights of women and discussed ways to raise awareness about the negative impact of harmful traditional practices on communities across the country.
    Read the full story on UNAMA’s website


     

     

     

    Iraq

    Special Representative meets injured protesters at Baghdad hospitals
    During a visit to the al-Kindi hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, on 24 November, Special Representative and head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) had “moving conversations with injured peaceful protesters determined to achieve freedom and dignity.” On 26 November, at the Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital, Hennis-Plasschaert said that she was extremely saddened to witness the horrific injuries. “Freedom of expression should never come at this price”.
    For more information, contact us

     

    African Union

    Tetteh: “Imperative to have young people have a seat at the table”
    Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UN Office to the African Union (UNOAU) Hanna Tetteh delivered remarks at the inaugural Denmark-Africa dialogue on “Strengthening Conflict Resilience Through Prevention and Youth Engagement”, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 26 November. It is “imperative that young people have a seat at the table,” she stressed. The Special Representative, in her remarks, outlined key recommendations for better collective action towards engaging youth, particularly in efforts towards building sustainable peace, including changing the narrative of young people being seen as victims or potential perpetrators of violence and fostering participation of young people in formal decision-making.
    Read her full remarks

     

    Coordination meeting between incoming AU PSC Chair and UNSC Presidency
    The Secretariat of the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) and the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) facilitated an informal coordination meeting on 26 November in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, between Francisco da Cruz, Ambassador of the Republic of Angola and the incoming Chairperson of the African Union Peace and Security Council, and the Ambassador of the United States of America to the African Union, Jessye Lapenn, representing the December 2019 UN Security Council (UNSC) Presidency. They discussed ways to enhance information-sharing, coordination and policy alignment between the two Councils and outlined priorities and events for the month of December.
    For more information, contact us

     

    Mano River Union

    UN and Mano River Union discuss threats to peace and stability
    The UN Regional Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and the Mano River Union (MRU) held a sub-regional meeting on peace and security within the Mano River Union from 25 to 26 November in Free Town, Sierra Leone. "The Mano River Union region unfortunately encountered and continues to grapple with a number of important threats to its peace and stability, most of which have a cross-border dimension," said UNOWAS Deputy Special Representative Ruby Sandhu-Rojon. Participants discussed the role of the Joint Border Security and Confidence Building Units, to draw lessons from the current status of these units and to analyze ways to improve.
    Read the full story on UNOWAS’s website

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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