Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents

2022

  • 1 Ago 2022

    As geopolitical tensions reach new highs, and some governments are spending billions on nuclear weapons in a false bid for peace and security, countries must uphold the nearly 80-year norm against their use, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in New York on Monday. 

     

  • 1 Ago 2022

    The Secretary-General wishes to express his sincere gratitude to Ms. Stephanie Williams, who has just concluded her assignment as his Special Adviser on...

  • 1 Ago 2022

    Amman, 01 August 2022 – The Supervisory Committee on the Implementation of the Detainees Release and Exchange Agreement between...

  • 1 Ago 2022

    The UN chief on Monday welcomed the departure of the first ship from the Ukrainian port of Odesa, carrying grain under the landmark deal signed by Ukraine, Russia and Türkiye, overseen by the UN.

  • 31 Jul 2022

    Secretary-General António Guterres is “outraged” over a “serious incident” that took place on Sunday morning on the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Uganda, according to his deputy spokesperson. 

  • 31 Jul 2022

    Baidoa – Security, peace- and state-building, as well as the drought, were among issues covered in discussions today by the top United Nations officials in Somalia on his visit to the country’s...

  • 31 Jul 2022

    As I conclude my mission as the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, I would like to thank the Libyan people and the hundreds of interlocutors with whom I have had the privilege to meet and engage over...

  • 31 Jul 2022

    [As delivered]

    Mr. President, honourable members of the cabinet and members of the press. Good morning.

    I am pleased to be here with you with Mr. Frantz Celestin, who is the head of the International...

  • 30 Jul 2022

    Secretary-General António Guterres is “following with concern” ongoing protests in Iraq that have injured many people, according to his deputy spokesperson, Farhan Haq.

  • 30 Jul 2022

    Secretary-General António Guterres is “following with concern” ongoing protests in Iraq that have injured many people, according to his deputy spokesperson, Farhan Haq.

  • 30 Jul 2022

    Dhusamareb, 30 July 2022 – On a visit to the capital of Galmudug today, Somalia’s top United Nations official met the Federal Member State’s leader for talks on a...

  • 30 Jul 2022

    [as delivered]

    Good afternoon. 

    I would like to begin by thanking President Ahmed Abdi Kariye and his team for the warm welcome extended to us today.

    We had the opportunity to discuss...

  • 30 Jul 2022
     

    Human trafficking | UNODC supports judges and prosecutors in...

  • 29 Jul 2022
    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

    Security Council

    USG Rosemary DiCarlo briefs the Security Council on the situation in Ukraine

    On 29 July, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo briefed the Security Council on the situation in Ukraine, underscoring that the grain agreement signed on 22 July in Istanbul was a sign that dialogue between the parties is possible. The UN is now making every effort to support the parties in operationalizing the initiative, she said, stressing that avoiding incidents such as the recent strikes on Odesa will be essential for the initiative to succeed. She noted that, as the conflict enters a more protracted phase, attention is increasingly turning to its longer-term humanitarian, recovery, reconstruction, and socio-economic impact. Regrettably, she added, political dialogue has virtually ground to a halt, she said. 

    Read full remarks here 

    UN News on the briefing here 

     
    SRSG Hennis-Plasschaert calls Iraq shelling “horrific attack” as she briefed the Security Council 

    On 26 July, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and Head of the UN Assistant Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), briefed the Security Council on the situation in that country.  Mentioning the artillery shelling in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, she said that the “horrific attack on a well-known and clearly identifiable tourist site demonstrates a shocking disregard for civilian life.”  

    Read full remarks here 

    UN News on the briefing here

     

    Growing sense of hopelessness among Palestinians on prospect for statehood

    On 26 July, Lynn Hastings, the Deputy Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, briefed the Security Council on the Israeli-Palestinian situation and said that we continue to witness concerning levels of violence against civilians, which exacerbates mistrust and undermines a peaceful resolution to the conflict. She underlined tensions have been mounting, amidst continued settlement activity and settler-related violence. She also stressed that there was no substitute for a legitimate political process to resolve the core issues driving the conflict. 

    Read full remarks here 

    UN News on the briefing here 

    ASG Pobee notes that constitutional and political stalemate in Libya continues, despite progress made

    Martha Pobee, the Assistant Secretary-General (ASG) for Africa, briefed on 25 July the Security Council on Libya, calling the situation there “highly volatile” and citing the increased number of clashes in Tripoli. In addition, the dire economic situation has been exacerbated by the politicization of the National Oil Corporation. “The message from the young Libyans to their leadership was that they need to do more to improve their living conditions and that they want elections to be held as soon as possible in order to choose their legitimate representatives,” ASG Pobee said. 

    Read full remarks here 

    UN News on the briefing here
     

    Myanmar 

    Special Envoy meets with Malaysian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister  

    In Malaysia, Special Envoy of Secretary-General Noeleen Heyzer met on 26 July with Foreign Minister Saifuddin Abdullah and Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob to discuss the situation in Myanmar, including the need for innovative solutions for the Rohingya both in and outside that country.  The Special Envoy underscored Malaysia’s role in mobilizing a regional and international response.  


    Lebanon

    Special Coordinator hosts dialogue with Lebanese editors to discuss constitutional timeline 

    Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General Joanna Wronecka hosted a group of senior Lebanese editors at UNSCOL to discuss their views on the challenges facing Lebanon and the constitutional timeline. The meeting was the second in a series of dialogues that the Special Coordinator is holding with the media on priorities for Lebanon. The discussions covered the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1701, the current political and socio-economic crisis and the role that the media can play in pushing forward the process of reforms in the country. 

    Iraq

    UNAMI Human Rights Office holds workshop on accountability for gender-related killings 

    On 26 July, the Human Rights Office of UNAMI held a workshop in Erbil, Kurdistan Region-Iraq, with NGOs, women’s organizations and civil society to discuss accountability for gender related killings. Participants proposed strategies on how to engage with government authorities, courts and other relevant actors, to ensure that perpetrators of gender related killings are held accountable, as well as to systematically monitor cases and raise awareness at the community level.

     

    UNAMI Office of Electoral Affairs holds session for Independent High Electoral Commission reporting team 

    On 25 July, UNAMI Office of Electoral Affairs (OEA) reporting advisers held a session for the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) reporting team to support the Commission enhance its reporting electoral activities and processes.  During the first session, OEA provided a presentation on samples, considerations, and steps in preparing regular internal narrative reports. Follow up and on the job learning sessions will continue as part of this initiative for enhancing IHEC’s electoral reporting process. 
     

    Central Africa

    Secretary-General appoints new Special Representative and Head of UNOCA 

    On 28 July, the Secretary-General appointed Abdou Abarry of Niger as his Special Representative for Central Africa and Head of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA). Abarry brings extensive experience in the areas of politics and diplomacy.  

    Read more here
     

    Sudan

    UNITAMS meets with women’s rights advocates 

    The UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS), UN Women and UNDP Sudan held a three-day meeting this week with women's rights advocates from Blue Nile, Darfur and Central regions. They exchanged views about building alliances among women's groups and enhancing women’s rights. On 27 July, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General Khardiata Lô Ndiaye also met with the groups to discuss the recent violence in the Blue Nile and its ongoing impact on civilians, underscoring the UN’s commitment to supporting the women of the Blue Nile, not just as beneficiaries but as actors of change. 

    Training for the Permanent Ceasefire Committee of the Juba Peace Agreement  

    A two-day training for the Permanent Ceasefire Committee of the Juba Peace Agreement was organized by UNITAMS and the NGO Promediation in Elfasher, North Darfur. It focused on conflict management and resolution, as well as mediation and negotiation, to support the peace process in Darfur. The Committee also held a technical consultative meeting on 26 July with over 110 representatives of civil society in to discuss priorities and concerns regarding the work of the Commission, as well as broader efforts to advance Sudan's political transition. 

    Colombia

    Fashion Fair features clothing made by former combatants  

    On 26 July, the Colombia Fashion Fair in Medellin showed 31 projects of clothing and textiles made by former combatants of the National Network of Clothing for Peace RENA-C. The UN Verification Mission in Colombia accompanied former combatants from Tolima, Cundinamarca, Antioquia, La Guajira, Arauca, Cesar, Valle del Cauca, Nariño, Putumayo, Caquetá, Meta, Guaviare and Cauca, who told their stories of hope and reconciliation. Designer Beatriz Camacho and the Avon Colombia Foundation also accessorized outfits from their collection with handmade bags made by former FARC combatants from the "Tejiendo Paz" cooperative.  


    Innovation

    New documentary on future-leaning approach in Guinea  

    DPPA’s Innovation Cell (IC) launched a documentary this week, “Foresighting Guinea”, produced by the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office in Guinea, with support from IC and the University of Stellenbosch. This follows IC’s efforts in piloting the approach in country programming, especially in fragile contexts.   

    Watch the documentary here  

    Peacebuilding

    Security Council receives the annual report of the Peacebuilding Commission  

    At the Security Council briefing on the annual report of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) on 27 July, the former PBC Chair Osama Abdelkhalek presented the 2021 PBC annual report and informed the Council of the Commission’s main achievements in 2021. He underscored that the scope of the PBC’s geographic and substantive focus has been expanded and its advisory and bridging roles had been strengthened. The current Chair, Md Monwar Hossain, updated the Council on the status of the implementation of the Commission’s 2022 Programme of Work. He noted that the PBC continues to emphasize delivery, with a focus on national ownership and inclusivity. The ASG for Peacebuilding Support, Ms. Elizabeth Spehar, also attended. 

    Read more here 

    Multi-Year Appeal 

    This week, DPPA has received voluntary contributions from the United Arab Emirates, unearmarked, and from Romania to provide support the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia. 
     

    Next Week

    Assistant Secretary-General for Africa Martha Pobee will brief the Security Council on the situation in Libya on Monday, 25 July. The former and current PBC Chairs will brief on peacebuilding and sustaining peace on Wednesday, 27 July. In closed consultations, the Council will discuss UNRCCA and Syria on Thursday, 28 July.  

    Subscribe to This Week in DPPA here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

     

     

     

  • 29 Jul 2022

    New York, 30 July 2022

    Human trafficking is a horrific crime and an all-out assault on people’s rights, safety and dignity.

    Tragically, it is also a problem that is growing worse — especially for women and girls, who represent the majority of detected trafficked persons globally. 

    Conflicts, forced displacement, climate change,...

  • 29 Jul 2022

    The war in Ukraine shows no signs of ending, more than five months after the Russian invasion, and fighting is intensifying, the UN Security Council heard on Friday. 

  • 29 Jul 2022

    KABUL - The UN Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan, Dr. Ramiz Alakbarov, strongly condemns this afternoon’s...

  • 29 Jul 2022

    Located in eastern Somaliland, Sool and Sanaag are two regions known for their striking landscapes and rich, untapped natural resources. 

    They are home to some 600,000 people, whom the United Nations tries to support in a range of areas...

  • 29 Jul 2022
    Mr. President,
     

    The war triggered by the Russian invasion of Ukraine is over five months old and shows no signs of ending. Instead, the fighting is intensifying.  

     

    In the face of such a grim prospect, the agreement signed on 22 July in Istanbul to facilitate the safe transportation of grain and foodstuffs from Ukrainian ports of Odesa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny constitutes a “beacon of hope” for humanity, as the Secretary-General put it.  

     

    This humanitarian agreement, together with the understanding between the Russian Federation and the UN Secretariat on promoting access of Russian food products and fertilizers to world markets, will help bridge the global food supply gap and reduce high prices.

     

    Member States received yesterday a virtual briefing on these efforts from Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Martin Griffiths, and Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa, Vera Songwe.

     

    The grain agreement is a sign that dialogue between the parties is possible in the search to ease human suffering. The UN is now making every effort to support the parties in operationalizing the initiative, starting with the inauguration of the Joint Coordination Center two days ago. 

     

    As the Secretary-General has stated, all parties made clear commitments to ensure the safe movement of grain and related products to global markets. Avoiding incidents such as recent strikes on Odesa and creating enabling conditions will be key for the initiative to succeed.

     

    It is, therefore, imperative that the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Türkiye work in partnership to effectively implement the agreement.  

     

    Mr. President,

     

    Since I last briefed this Council on 28 June, the number of civilians killed, wounded or maimed by fighting continued to grow. Deadly missile, air and artillery attacks by Russian armed forces have continued unabated, reducing many Ukrainian cities and towns to rubble.

     

    The streets of Kharkiv, Dnipro and Mykolaiv have been repeatedly targeted. The port city of Odesa and the surrounding region have also suffered multiple attacks. The capital of the Kirovohrad region (Kropyvnystkyi) was reportedly struck yesterday, as was the town of Liutizh just north of Kyiv. Cities in the Donbass, including Donetsk and Bakhmut, are also reported to be under fire. Renewed heavy fighting is now anticipated in Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions.

     

    At the same time, reported efforts to alter administrative structures on the ground, including attempts to introduce local governing bodies in Russian-controlled areas, raise serious concerns about the political implications of the war.

     

    As the conflict enters a more protracted phase, attention is increasingly turning to its longer-term humanitarian, recovery, reconstruction, and socio-economic impact. As summer wanes, the need for winterization planning is also becoming pressing.

     

    Regrettably, political dialogue has virtually ground to a halt.

     

    Mr. President,

     

    The war has taken an unacceptably heavy toll on Ukrainian civilians. As of 27 July, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights had recorded 12,272 civilian casualties in the country: 5,237 killed and 7,035 injured.

     

    This represents at least 1,641 new civilian casualties since my last briefing. These are figures based on verified incidents; the actual numbers are considerably higher.

     

    As we have reported, most of the civilian casualties recorded were caused by explosive weapons with a wide impact area. Many of these weapons are inherently indiscriminate when used in populated areas, where they invariably have devastating humanitarian consequences.

     

    OHCHR, WHO and UNESCO continue to document damage and destruction of civilian housing, educational and healthcare facilities, as well as places of worship.

     

    The impact of war on Ukraine’s health sector is particularly alarming. As of 25 July, there have been 414 attacks on health care in Ukraine, resulting in 85 deaths and 100 injuries. This includes 350 attacks on facilities in areas of conflict, where on average around 316,000 patients were treated per month.

     

    Also, UNESCO has verified conflict-related damage to 168 cultural sites since 24 February, including 73 religious buildings and 13 museums. Some 2,129 educational institutions have also reportedly suffered from bombing and shelling. 

     

    Indiscriminate attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure are a clear violation of international humanitarian and human rights law. We reiterate our urgent call to all parties to respect these laws, including the rules of distinction, proportionality and precaution and to avoid the use of heavy weapons in populated areas.

     

    Mr. President,

     

    As of 20 July, the humanitarian community has provided aid to 11 million people.

     

    Some 9 million people have received food and livelihood assistance, and more than 4.5 million people have benefitted from protection services, including legal assistance, mine clearance and mine-risk reduction.

     

    More than 4.2 million people have also been able to access safe water and proper sanitation, while nearly 2.3 million people have received cash assistance.

     

    Despite difficulties in reaching people in need in the non-Government-controlled areas of Donetsk and Luhansk, humanitarian partners have provided aid to up to 125,000 people and to over 30 health, education, and social institutions in the area.

     

    Mr. President,

     

    As of 19 July, 5,984,263 refugees from Ukraine were recorded across Europe. 

     

    Border crossings from Ukraine since 24 February have totaled over 9.5 million. Crossings to Ukraine numbered 3.8 million.

     

    We are concerned that winter will make it harder for the displaced or the returnee community to have access to shelter and health care.

     

    To address these risks, the humanitarian community is focusing on supporting the national and local systems to respond with housing solutions, social protection, and economic inclusion.

     

    Mr. President,

     

    We cannot ignore the specific way the war is affecting women and girls.

     

    While access to food has significantly declined across Ukraine, women-headed households in Ukraine are twice as likely to experience food insecurity as those headed by men.  

     

    Women’s access to health services, including sexual and reproductive health, is rapidly deteriorating, as is access to new-born and child health. 

     

    With access to education also largely hindered, women are taking on the primary responsibility of home-schooling children.

     

    Further, women in Ukraine face significantly increased safety and protection risks. Incidents of gender-based violence, including allegations of sexual violence in conflict have increased, but services for survivors are not provided in full.   It is also likely that many victims and survivors are currently unable to report their cases.  

     

    Especially for these reasons, women must meaningfully participate in discussions and initiatives to shape the future of the country, including peace negotiations, recovery efforts, peacebuilding and accountability efforts.

               

    Mr. President,

     

    The impact of the war globally is glaringly clear.  The consequences will only become more pronounced the longer the conflict lasts, particularly with the onset of winter.     

     

    Despite the encouraging developments on grain and fertilizers, we remain deeply concerned about the lack of prospects for a shift towards a meaningful resumption of diplomatic efforts to end the war.

     

    Escalatory rhetoric from any side, including about expanding the conflict geographically or denying Ukraine’s statehood, is not consistent with the constructive spirit demonstrated in Istanbul.  

     

    Here, let me state once again the commitment of the United Nations to Ukraine’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence within its internationally recognized borders.    

     

    Mr. President,

     

    We are all aware of the horrors of this war.

     

    In both Government and non-Government controlled areas, ordinary people bear the brunt of attacks and counterattacks.

     

    Two weeks ago, the city of Vinnytsia became the scene of another atrocious attack. Missiles fired from the Black Sea killed over 20 people, including three children.

     

    Among those brutally cut down in the attack was a 4-year-old girl, Liza, who had been strolling through a park with her mother. We know the heartbreaking story of her killing, but there are many other children, fathers and mothers dying in similar circumstances every day in Ukraine.

     

    This incident and the long list of attacks devastating Ukraine stand as the ultimate indictment of the utter senselessness and brutality of this war.

     

    Thank you, Mr. President.

  • 28 Jul 2022

    Abdou Abarry (left), here on 4 June 2019 after the presentation of his credentials to Secretary-General António Guterres as Permanent Representative of the Republic of Niger to the United Nations. UN...

  • 28 Jul 2022

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres has welcomed the official start of the operation based in the Turkish capital, Istanbul, that will help implement the UN-brokered deal to resume exports of Ukrainian grain via the Black Sea, amid the ongoing conflict and rising food prices worldwide. 

  • 27 Jul 2022

    The UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) aims to adopt a more “ambitious and forward-looking agenda” in 2022, the body’s Chair told the Security Council on Wednesday.

  • 27 Jul 2022

    The UN Secretary-General António Guterres has strongly condemned an attack on peacekeepers serving in the Stablization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) which took place during violent demonstrations at the mission’s base on Tuesday. Two Indian police officers and a Moroccan ‘blue helmet’ were killed, and an Egyptian police officer injured.

  • 26 Jul 2022

    The deadly shelling of a mountain resort in northern Iraq last week represented a shocking disregard for civilian life and international obligations on civilian protection, the UN Special Representative for the country, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, told an emergency session of the Security Council on Tuesday. 

  • 26 Jul 2022

    The UN Children’s Fund UNICEF, delivered supplies on Tuesday to help an estimated 50,000 children in the war-ravaged districts of Odesa, the crucial Black Sea port which Russia bombed on Saturday, just hours after signing a landmark deal to allow Ukrainian grain to reach millions of food insecure people across the world.

  • 26 Jul 2022

    While specific developments within the wider context of the conflict involving Israel and Palestine fluctuate, “the structural reality has not changed,” the UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process (UNSCO) informed the Security Council on Tuesday.

  • 26 Jul 2022

    The incoming administration in Colombia must prioritize tackling rising violence perpetrated by non-State armed groups and criminal organizations in rural areas, the UN human rights office, OHCHR, said in a report published on Tuesday. 

     

  • 26 Jul 2022

    Mister President,

    Members of the Security Council,

    I am pleased to deliver this briefing on behalf of Special Coordinator Tor Wennesland, covering the reporting period of 27 June – 21 July.

    While the specific developments of the conflict fluctuate, the structural reality has not changed.

    ...
  • 25 Jul 2022

    The overall situation in Libya remains “highly volatile”, Martha Pobee, UN Assistant Secretary-General for political affairs and peace operations, told the Security Council on Monday.

  • 25 Jul 2022

    Thank you for the opportunity to brief the Security Council on recent developments in Libya.

    The overall situation in Libya remains highly volatile. Despite progress achieved, the constitutional and political stalemate persists, prolonging the tense security environment, with an increased number of clashes in and around Tripoli. The economic situation remains dire, exacerbated by the politicization of the National Oil Corporation. We have witnessed demonstrations by frustrated Libyans over the lack of progress on elections and poor state services. In addition, the human rights situation in the country still remains of serious concern.

    Mr. President,

    Since the last briefing to the Council on 27 June, progress has been made on the constitutional track. Special Adviser Williams convened a High-Level Meeting between the Speaker of the House of Representatives (HoR) and the President of the High State Council (HSC). The meeting took place at the United Nations in Geneva from 28 to 29 June.

    The leadership of the two Chambers overcame important contentious points and outstanding provisions of the 2017 Constitutional Proposal, and concurred on some of the transitional measures that would lead to the holding of national elections. The two leaders agreed on a bicameral legislature as well as on defining the responsibilities of the President, the Prime Minister, the Cabinet of Ministers, and local government. There was also consensus on the establishment of provinces according to Libya’s existing electoral districts and on a revenues’ distribution mechanism. Furthermore, the two leaders charted a Roadmap, with timelines and a series of steps leading to the holding of national elections.

    Despite promising progress achieved, one outstanding issue prevented the finalization of the agreement in Geneva. The parties did not reach consensus on the question of eligibility requirements for presidential candidates.

    Special Advisor Williams has remained in contact with the parties and urged them to bridge this gap.

    On 21 July, she attended a meeting of international partners in Istanbul. She reiterated that the only lasting solution that places Libya firmly on the path towards peace and stability, including resolving the current political crisis and restoring legitimacy to Libyan institutions, is through the holding of national elections as soon as possible.

    We call again on the members of this Council and all of Libya’s international partners to continue to exercise their influence on the two leaders to reach a final agreement which would allow elections to be held as soon as possible.

    Mr. President,

    On 1 July, demonstrations were held across Libya, including in Tripoli, Benghazi, Al-Bayda and Tobruk. The Parliament building in Tobruk was stormed and damaged.

    Protestors expressed their frustration with continued political divisions and deterioration of living conditions. They demanded the swift holding of elections, and solutions to the country’s electricity crisis and fuel shortage.

    We urge Libya’s political actors to heed the call of their people, and to demonstrate responsible leadership by addressing their grievances.

    Mr. President,

    The continued political divisions, including the crisis over the executive and sovereign institutions, are prolonging the tense security environment in and around Tripoli.

    As armed groups continue to position themselves in support of either Mr. Dbeibah or Mr. Bashagha, the risk of escalation increases. Military activity has also increased in the western region, especially on the eastern flank of Tripoli, Misrata and in the outskirts of Sirte.

    We are deeply concerned about the armed clashes in Tripoli that took place on the night of 21 July and the skirmishes in Misrata on 23 July, between armed groups resulting in an unconfirmed number of civilian casualties.

    We reiterate the importance of maintaining the ceasefire in Libya and urge all parties to exercise maximum restraint and to address disputes through peaceful dialogue. We also remind all parties of their obligations under international humanitarian law to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure.

    Mr. President,

    I welcome the resumption of the activities of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission (JMC) and the holding of meetings in Cairo and Tripoli between the Military Commanders of the Libyan Army. I commend their call for maintaining calm and stability in the country, as well as their efforts to unify the military institutions.

    I am also pleased to report that the Libyan monitors together with UNSMIL international monitors conducted two joint workshops in Tunis in June and July to operationalize the Libyan-led and Libyan-owned Ceasefire Monitoring Mechanism.

    The UNSMIL ceasefire monitoring component, the 5+5 Joint Military Commission and the Libyan monitors plan to meet in Sirte in early August to finalize a proposed plan for the withdrawal of foreign forces and mercenaries. On this occasion, they also intend to activate a Joint Operations Room.

    Mr. President,

    We are concerned about the ongoing disagreement regarding the leadership of the National Oil Corporation (NOC).

    On 12 July, Mr. Dbeibah appointed, Mr. Bengdara, the former Libyan Central Bank governor, as new chairperson of the NOC. He replaced Mr. Sanalla who had headed the NOC since 2015. Mr. Sanalla rejected the decision to replace him and intends to take up the matter with the Libyan judiciary.  

    Meanwhile, Libya resumed oil exports on 19 July.  Since 16 April, the shutdown had reduced Libyan oil exports by two thirds and cost the country 4 billion US dollars in lost revenue. It is too soon to confirm whether the oil production will resume at full capacity and whether changes at the NOC would further impact oil production and export.

    We underline the need for the NOC to remain neutral and free from the pressure of political interests.

    We call on all relevant actors to overcome their differences with a view to ensuring the full exploitation of the country’s oil fields. We also reiterate that Libya’s natural resources belong to all Libyans, revenues from oil exports should be distributed evenly and fairly utilized to enhance service delivery.

    The United Nations reiterates its call on all actors to avoid actions that would cause a regression in the levels of oil production and export at this critical juncture.

    Mr. President,

    The human rights situation in Libya remains of serious concern.

    The dire economic situation has had a negative impact on people’s fundamental rights to basic services and access to food, water and sanitation, healthcare and education.

    In addition, UNSMIL has received reports that medical facilities lacked oxygen supplies for surgeries and critical care and clinics across the country faced severe challenges due to the extended power cuts and lack of fuel for generators.

    The Mission also received reports that dozens of protestors who participated in the 1 July demonstrations were arbitrarily arrested by armed groups.

    The United Nations reiterates the fundamental right to peaceful assembly, association and freedom of expression, and calls for the release of all those arbitrarily detained.

    The increase in incidents of violence against women during Eid, including the murder of at least six women – including one girl – in Benghazi in the east, and Ain Zara and Gharyan city in the west of Libya must be condemned.

    Meanwhile, civic space continues to be eroded. Arbitrary restrictions continue to be imposed on civil society organizations. Politically active women and men defending human rights are targeted with hate speech and incitement to violence, compromising their safety and security.

    We remain concerned with the continued detention of nine civil society and humanitarian workers arrested between November 2021 and February 2022 for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression. On 6 July, four of these arbitrarily detained persons were again not permitted to be present at their second scheduled court hearing.

    UNSMIL has continued to receive reports of serious allegations of torture against Libyans, migrants, and asylum-seekers in detention facilities and prisons. UNSMIL observed a wave of discrimination, expelling, and arbitrary arrests of migrants while they celebrated the holiday in the western-Libya cities of Zuwara, Zawiya, Tripoli, Misrata and Sabrata. Of most concern, a radio station in Zawiya broadcasted hate speech against migrants, asserting they were responsible for spreading diseases.

    Libyan authorities must investigate all allegations of torture and other human rights violations. Those responsible must be held accountable domestically or, as applicable, by international justice mechanisms, such as the International Criminal Court.

    Against this backdrop, I welcome the recent nine-month extension of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya and the findings of its recent report that includes recommendations on the situation of human rights in the country.

    Mr. President,

    While the United Nations’ priority in Libya remains to facilitate a return to the electoral process, we should keep supporting, and encouraging Libyan counterparts to focus on effectively addressing the key drivers of the political and economic stalemate, including those that triggered the 1 July’s demonstrations.

    The message from the young Libyans to their leadership was that they need to do more to improve their living conditions and that they want elections to be held as soon as possible in order to choose their legitimate representative.

    We also reiterate the United Nations’ readiness to support the African Union’s efforts to organize a national reconciliation conference. In this regard, we welcome the recent technical-level meeting held in Brazzaville, at the initiative of President Denis Sassou Nguesso, bringing together the African Union and other partners in support of this initiative.

    We count on the members of this Council and the wider international community to continue supporting the United Nations in its efforts to facilitate a mutually agreeable solution which will put an end to the continuing crisis.

    I thank you for your attention.

  • 25 Jul 2022

    A young man whose community has been at the epicentre of the violence that has been raging between rival gangs in the troubled neighbourhood of Cité Soleil in the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, says that he goes to sleep and wakes in the morning to the sound of gunfire. Edwin*, is a youth leader in his community, part of a group which is supported by the UN Peacebuilding Fund.

  • 24 Jul 2022

    Amman, 24 July 2022 - I condemn the attack that hit the Zaid Al Moshki residential neighborhood in Taiz that injured 11 boys and girls, mostly under the age of 10. A number of these children are...

  • 23 Jul 2022

    The UN Secretary-General 'unequivocally' condemned the reported strikes this Saturday in the port of Odesa. The attack took place less than 24 hours after the signing of the Black Sea agreements on the export of grain from Ukrainian ports.

  • 23 Jul 2022

    The killing of protestors by security services during large-scale demonstrations in Sudan’s capital Khartoum in June underscores the ongoing political tensions in the country. Against this backdrop, the UN is committed to sustain and build peace in Sudan, say UN Resident Coordinator Khardiata Lo Ndiaye, and Elizabeth Spehar, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support.

  • 22 Jul 2022
    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

    Security Council

    Special Coordinator for Lebanon tells Security Council country is at “a crossroad between rebound or collapse” 

    Joanna Wronecka, the Special Coordinator for Lebanon, briefed the Security Council in person on 21 July in closed consultations on the Secretary-General’s latest report on that country. Underscoring the dire nature of the unrelenting socio-economic crisis, the Special Coordinator warned that  Lebanon’s trajectory will depend on the country's leaders and their willingness to implement sustainable solutions. All relevant Lebanese stakeholders must put the country’s national interests first and accelerate the formation of a government, she said. 

    Read more here 

    Iraq

    Special Representative discusses political situation in the country 

    On 20 July, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq and Head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, met in Baghdad with the head of the State of Law coalition, Nouri al-Maliki. They discussed the political situation in the country, including the need to form a government that meets the expectations of the Iraqi people. She also met with Qassim Al-Araji, Iraq National Security Adviser, where they discussed, among other things, need to swiftly implement the Sinjar Agreement.  

    UNAMI welcomes new Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General 

    On 19 July, the Secretary-General appointed Ghulam Mohammad Isaczai of Afghanistan as his new Deputy Special Representative for Iraq in the UNAMI and Resident Coordinator. Mr. Isaczai will also serve as the UN Humanitarian Coordinator. 

     

    Read more here 

    Iraq Mission Human Rights Office discusses accountability for violations with legal sector and civil society 

    On 19 July, the UNAMI Human Rights Office held a roundtable in Basra with civil society activists on the “Update on Accountability in Iraq” report. On 18 July, the UNAMI Human Rights Office in Kirkuk organized a workshop with the city's Human Rights Judge, members of the Kirkuk Bar Association, lawyers, women’s and human rights activists and discussed accountability and redress for human rights violations. 

     

    Yemen

    “The parties must rise to the occasion and not miss this opportunity”, says Special Envoy for Yemen 

    The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, has intensified his engagements this week with the parties concerned to support the implementation of all elements of the truce and to explore possibilities for an expanded and extended truce beyond 2 August. The current truce has largely held for almost four months, marking the longest period of relative calm in more than seven years and a significant decrease in the number of civilian casualties. The ultimate goal is to move toward a political settlement to end the conflict, he said. 

    Read more here 

     

    Afghanistan

    Over 2,000 civilian casualties reported in Afghanistan since Taliban takeover, says UNAMA report 

    The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) released a report on 20 July on the human rights situation in the country over the 10 months since the Taliban took power. The Mission recorded 700 civilians killed and 1,406 wounded between mid-August 2021 and mid-June 2022. The erosion of women’s rights has been one of the most notable aspects of the de facto administration to date, according to the report. 

    Read more here 

    Central Asia

    UNRCCA co-organizes meeting with UNOCT and donor community on counter-terrorism in the region 

    On 20 July, the UN Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA), together with the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT), convened a meeting at UN Headquarters in New York with ambassadors from Central Asian states and the donor community. Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Central Asia and the Head of UNRCCA, Natalia Gherman, highlighted the challenges surrounding the prevention of violent extremism and countering terrorism.

    Read more here 

    Great Lakes region

    Greater women's representation in electoral bodies 

    The Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region and the Lusaka-based Levy Mwanawasa Regional Centre for Democracy and Good Governance co-chaired a workshop from 19-20 July on strengthening women’s representation in election management bodies. “For peaceful and resilient societies to emerge, women must be able to lead and contribute – as candidates or voters or as observers – on an equal footing as men”, said Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes Region Huang Xia in his opening remarks.

    Peacebuilding

    Peacebuilding Commission Chair speaks at high-level General Assembly and ECOSOC dialogue on “The Africa We Want" 

    The Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), Mr. Md Monwar Hossain, on 20 July attended a roundtable on domestic resource mobilization, innovative financing and global partnerships for recovery and progress on the SDGs, as part of the Special Dialogue of the Presidents of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council on “The Africa We Want: Reconfirming the Development of Africa as a Priority of the United Nations System”. Mr. Hossain called for greater multilateral action and political engagement, and underscored the importance of adequate, predictable and sustained financing for comprehensive and inclusive approaches to peace and development in Africa and beyond. 

    Read his full remarks here 

     

     

    Multi-Year Appeal  

    This week, DPPA has received contributions from Switzerland for mediation and electoral assistance work, and from Japan for the Rapid Response Window for Ukraine and the Interactive Handbook on the Security Council Working Methods. 

     

    Next Week

    Assistant Secretary-General for Africa Martha Pobee will brief the Security Council on the situation in Libya on Monday, 25 July. The former and current PBC Chairs will brief on peacebuilding and sustaining peace on Wednesday, 27 July. In closed consultations, the Council will discuss UNRCCA and Syria on Thursday, 28 July.  

    Subscribe to This Week in DPPA here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

     

     

  • 22 Jul 2022

    An “unprecedented agreement” on the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports via the Black Sea amid the ongoing war is “a beacon of hope” in a world that desperately needs it, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said at the signing ceremony in Istanbul, Türkiye, on Friday. 

  • 22 Jul 2022

    As conflict grows in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the rising death toll and suffering of displaced civilians through brutal attacks, is cause for serious concern said the UN refugee agency UNHCR on Friday, which appealed for fresh funds to meet "soaring needs" across the country.

  • 22 Jul 2022

    Over the past weeks, public discussions over the return of Syrian refugees to Syria have increased in Lebanon. On behalf of the International...

  • 21 Jul 2022

    The dire impact of Lebanon’s unrelenting socio-economic crisis prompted the UN Special Coordinator to warn the Security Council behind closed doors on Thursday, that the country stands at “a crossroad between rebound or collapse”.

  • 21 Jul 2022

    The historic UN-brokered truce in Yemen has largely held for nearly four months, and Special Envoy Hans Grundberg on Thursday urged the Government and Houthi rebels to work towards renewing the “transformational” agreement, which expires on 2 August. 

  • 21 Jul 2022

    Ms. Joanna Wronecka, the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon and Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations Mr. Jean-...

  • 21 Jul 2022

    Independent UN human rights experts on Thursday called on authorities and political candidates standing in next month’s general election to foster an enabling civic space to ensure the vote goes ahead peacefully, and prevent violence.

  • 21 Jul 2022

    Amman 21 July, 2022 – The UN Special Envoy Hans Grundberg has intensified his engagements with the parties to support the implementation of all elements of the truce, and...

  • 20 Jul 2022

    The UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), has strongly condemned the shelling of a mountain resort in the Kurdistan region of Dohuk Governorate on Wednesday, which reportedly killed eight tourists and wounded more than 20 others.

  • 20 Jul 2022

    NEW YORK, UNITED NATIONS HEADQUARTERS

    On 20 July, in the United Nations Headquarters in New York,...

  • 20 Jul 2022

    A new report from the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) released on Wednesday, confirms the erosion of basic human rights across the country since the Taliban takeover in August last year, pointing out they bear responsibility for extrajudicial killings, torture, arbitrary arrests and detentions, and violations of fundamental freedoms.

  • 20 Jul 2022

    KABUL  - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) today released a report (Human rights in Afghanistan: 15 August 2021 – 15 June 2022) outlining the human rights situation in Afghanistan over the...

  • 19 Jul 2022

    The best way to protect children and prevent violations against them during armed conflict is to “promote and champion peace,” the UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict told the Security Council on Tuesday. 

  • 19 Jul 2022

    Martha Pobee, Sous-Secrétaire générale pour l'Afrique, devant le Conseil de sécurité (photo d'archives). Photo ONU / Eskinder Debebe

    On 8 June, the...

  • 18 Jul 2022

    The UN’s top official advocating for children caught up in armed conflict issued new guidance on Monday designed to help expert staff on the ground protect children who are abducted, or who suffer other grave violations.