Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents

2022

  • 27 Mayo 2022
    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

    Security Council

    Digital technologies: Council considers benefits and risks for peace and security 

    Briefing the Council on 23 May on technology and security, Rosemary DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, said digital technologies have created fresh possibilities for the UN’s peace and security work. However, advances in technology have also created significant new risks and can affect conflict dynamics for the worse, including using lethal autonomous weapons, technology to target civilian infrastructure, and social media to fuel violence and spread disinformation. DiCarlo stressed that more must be done to advance, elaborate and implement a normative framework to ensure responsible behavior in cyberspace.   

    To read her remarks to the Council, click here

    Swan: “Let us work together to capitalize on this moment of opportunity for Somalia” 

    James Swan, Special Representative and Head of the UN Support Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), during his briefing to the Council on 23 May, said the conclusion of Somalia’s electoral process the past week is a major milestone for the country. The Presidential contest followed an unduly protracted and contentious process to choose members of the legislature. Once the Senators and Members of Parliament were sworn in on 14 April 2022, however, they moved quickly to prepare for the Presidential vote. The new President was elected and sworn in on 15 May, and the outcome has been fully accepted. Speaking about the humanitarian situation in Somalia, Swan warned that following the failure of a fourth consecutive rainy season, the number of people affected by the drought has risen to 6.1 million.  

    To read his remarks, click here  

    Finding a negotiated exit to the crisis in Sudan should not be undermined 

    Time is short for Sudan to reach a solution to its protracted political crisis, Volker Perthes, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) told Council members on 24 May. He warned that if the impasse is not urgently overcome, the consequences will be felt beyond national borders, impacting a whole generation. “The crisis facing Sudan is entirely homegrown and can only be resolved by the Sudanese,” he added. In his briefing, Perthes called on the military leadership and the Sovereignty Council to release the remaining detainees, cease arbitrary arrests, and lift the state of emergency without limitations. “It is time for all violence to end,” he stressed.  

    To read his full remarks, click here  

    Wennesland: “There are tangible, ongoing arrangements that can be regularized and expanded immediately – if there is political will” 

    Tor Wennesland, the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, told the Council on 26 May that there has been a familiar pattern of daily violence in recent weeks, including armed clashes, settlement expansion, evictions, demolitions, and seizures of Palestinian structures, as well as a deadly terrorist attack in Israel. In Gaza, he said, efforts by the UN and international partners to improve Palestinian lives and measures by Israel to ease pressure and facilitate more economic activity have enabled the fragile ceasefire to continue. Keeping the calm, however, is neither enough nor sustainable – more needs to be done to alleviate the humanitarian crisis and lift Israeli closures. “These dynamics – combined with the financial crisis – are dangerously converging and intensifying,” he warned.

     To read his remarks, click here  

    DiCarlo: Coordinated and constructive effort is required to prevent further polarization and end the political stalemate in Libya 

    Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo briefed the Council on 26 May on the situation in Libya, voicing concern about the protracted political impasse, which is having an increasingly negative impact on security. “It is imperative that the ceasefire in Libya be maintained, calm preserved and any steps that could result in renewed violence be avoided,” she said. DiCarlo urged all parties to uphold their commitment to the peaceful resolution of political differences through dialogue and negotiations. It is also critical that Libyan political and security actors continue to engage constructively in the upcoming Cairo talks in support of the electoral/constitutional track. “This is the only way to fulfill the aspirations of the Libyan people to select their representatives through the ballot box,” she stressed.  

    To read her remarks, click here 

    Council members renew UNSOM and UNAMI mandates

    On 26 May, the Security Council adopted resolution 2631(2022) renewing the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq until 31 May 2023. The Council also extended the mandate of UNSOM until 31 October 2022, adopting resolution 2632 (2022).  

    Central Africa

    UNOCA takes part in UNSAC symposium on peace and security

    François Louncény Fall, Special Representative and Head of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) participated in a symposium marking 30 years of theUN Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC) on 23 May in Yaoundé, Cameroon. In his remarks, Special Representative Fall highlighted that the regular consultations between UNSAC member countries have become an essential pillar of the peace and security architecture of Central Africa, especially the ministerial meetings that are held twice a year. The next ministerial meeting will take place from 30 May – 4 June.  

    Read more here 

    West Africa and the Sahel

    Special Representative Annadif discusses prevention on violent extremism 

    On 23 May, Mahamat Saleh Annadif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Mission in West Africa and the Sahel, participated in the 4th Regional Seminar on the Defense and Security Forces organized by the Center for Advanced Defense and Security Studies (CHEDS). He spoke on the adaptation of political frameworks for the prevention of violent extremism. 

     

    Syria

    Special Envoy meets Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad 

    Geir Pedersen, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Syria, was in Damascus on 22 May, where he met with Syrian Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad. They discussed a range of issues related to the implementation of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015), including the serious socioeconomic and humanitarian challenges affecting the Syrian people.  

    Lebanon

    Special Coordinator Wronecka underlines need for solidarity following elections 

    Following the conduct of parliamentary elections on 15 May, Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka held a round of meetings this week with Lebanon’s religious leaders. The talks with the Grand Mufti of the Republic Sheikh Abdel-Latif Derian, Greek Orthodox Archbishop Elias Audeh, Deputy Head of the Higher Shiite Council Sheikh Ali Al-Khatib and Jaafarite Mufti Sheikh Ahmad Qabalan focused on the need to respond to the Lebanese people’s urgent needs through functioning and effective state institutions. The discussions also highlighted the need for wise leadership and quick decision-making to steer Lebanon towards urgent reforms. 

    New women parliamentarians to put women’s issues across Lebanon’s priority agendas 

    On 27 May, Special Coordinator Wronecka met seven of the eight women elected to the 128-member Parliament in Lebanon. Congratulating them on their election, the Special Coordinator hoped their presence in Parliament would encourage additional involvement of women in political decision-making in Lebanon, particularly at this juncture of the country’s history where important reforms that will shape the country’s future are expected to be implemented. The meeting was an opportunity to discuss ways of working together on short-term and longer-term objectives aimed at putting Lebanon back on track and meeting the Lebanese people’s needs. The participants agreed that women’s issues should not be perceived only from the lens of women’s rights, but as a cross-cutting issue in all of Lebanon’s priority agendas.

    Yemen

    Special Envoy Grundberg consults Yemenis on multitrack peace process design and priorities

    The Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, met on 22 May with a diverse group of Yemeni women peace activists, experts, civil society and private sector actors and other leaders as part of his efforts to consult on the framework for the multi-track peace process. On 24 May, he concluded a two-day meeting with Yemeni economic experts from diverse backgrounds to consult the same, where the participants underlined the momentum provided by the truce on economic issues and identified opportunities for incentivizing further progress. 

    Read more on the 22 May meeting here 

    Read more on the 23-24 May meeting here 

    Ongoing negotiations on implementation and prospects of truce renewal   

    On 25 May, representatives of the Government of Yemen and Ansar Allah started the negotiations under UN auspices in Amman to agree on opening roads in Taiz and other governorates. The Special Envoy, Hans Grundberg, called on the parties to negotiate in good faith to urgently reach an agreement that facilitates freedom of movement and improved conditions for civilians. The current 2-month truce agreement is to end on 2 June. More than 1,000 passengers have travelled since the truce, and the frequency of flights is increasing.   

    Read more here 

    Iraq

    UN-facilitated dialogue in Erbil 

    Heads and senior representatives of political parties in the Kurdistan Region met on 26 May at the UN compound in Erbil at the invitation of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNAMI Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert thanked the parties for participating and urged continued and stepped-up efforts to tackle the challenges of the region. 

    Afghanistan

    Special Representative Lyons calls for inclusive governance and upholding rights of all Afghans 

    Deborah Lyons, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), was in Kandahar on 22 May and in Mazar on 23 May, meeting with women leaders and Taliban representatives. She stressed the importance of building domestic legitimacy through inclusive governance, a genuine reconciliation process and upholding the rights of all Afghans, especially the right of girls to attend school. 

    Central Asia 

    UNRCCA co-organizes regional training course on preventing violent extremism and countering terrorism 

    On 24-25 May in Doha, Qatar, the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA), in partnership with the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and its International Hub on Behavioural Insights to Counter-Terrorism, organized the training course “Application of Behavioural Insights in Preventing Violent Extremism and Countering Terrorism Programming in Implementing National Strategies and Action Plans of the Central Asian States.” Participants discussed political and security developments in the region and their implications on counter-terrorism efforts. The training also touched upon more specific areas, such as approaches leveraging behavioural science and behavioural insights for preventing violent extremism and countering terrorism.  

    Read more here  

    UNRCCA capacity building workshop non-profit organizations financing  

    On 23-25 May, UNRCCA, in partnership with UNOCT and the Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG), organized a capacity building workshop on implementation of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Recommendation 8 for Tajik authorities and civil society representatives in Dushanbe. The FATF Recommendation 8 refers to the requirement for countries to review the adequacy of laws and regulations relate to non-profit organizations that can be abused for the financing of terrorism. The national workshop provided an opportunity to share best regional and international practice regarding the implementation of the Recommendation.  

    Read more here 

    Myanmar

    Special Envoy meets with ASEAN Chair 

    Special Envoy Noeleen Heyzer was at the World Economic Forum in Davos this week. In her latest discussion with Prime Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia in his capacity as the Chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Special Envoy reiterated the importance of aligning regional efforts with ground realities and support towards a Myanmar-led process that reflects the needs and will of the people.  In this connection, she highlighted a visit to Myanmar would be consistent with her commitment to actively consult all stakeholders in the hope of delivering concrete outcomes to benefit the people of Myanmar.

    Virtual brownbag on DPPA Strategic Plan 

    On 26 May, DPPA carried out a department-wide internal consultation as it embarked on the drafting of its next Strategic Plan for 2023-2026. Through an inclusive and participatory process, the Plan will be developed to help us better define our priorities and how best we can play our role in implementing our mandates for the next four years. More than 100 staff participated in the discussion. Another session is to take place on 8 June.  

    Peacebuilding

    ASG Spehar discusses climate security in Stockholm 

    Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support Elizabeth Spehar, together with a small DPPA team, participated in the Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development, co-hosted by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. She spoke in two panel discussions, including Integrating climate security in Somalia and the potential role of the UN Peacebuilding Commission and overcoming financial barriers to women’s climate security action. DPPA engaged in meetings with the Swedish Secretary of State for international development cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs key partners, SIPRI Director, current and incoming chair of SIPRI, Director-General of Folke Bernadotte Academy, on the sideline of the Forum to discuss the strong partnership and support from Sweden to the UN Peacebuilding architecture, its prevention and climate security offer and tools. Additional meetings were held with the Director-General of Cairo International Center for Conflict Resolution, civil society organizations, youth and women’s activists to discuss local peacebuilding support and opportunities, including under the Peacebuilding Fund’s Gender and Youth Promotion Initiative. 

    Next Week

    Albania will take over the presidency of the Security Council for the month of June.  

    The Peacebuilding Commission will discuss the impact of climate change on peacebuilding in the Pacific Islands. For the first time, the Commission will visit the field through a cinematic 360° virtual reality experience: Sea of Islands, developed by DPPA's Innovation Cell. 

     

     

     

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    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 26 Mayo 2022

     

    Israelis and Palestinians must push beyond the paradigm of managing the conflict and move towards resolving it, the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process told the Security Council on Thursday, as he expressed particular concern that dynamics in the occupied West Bank could spiral out of control “at any time”.

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    Despite UN efforts, political, economic and security deadlock continues in Libya, the UN political affairs chief told the Security Council on Thursday, adding that human rights there have also deteriorated.

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    Madam President

     

    Thank you for the opportunity to brief the Security Council on the latest developments in Libya.

     

    Since my last briefing to the Council on 19 April, the deadlock on the political, security and economic fronts has persisted, despite the best efforts of the United Nations to facilitate agreement among Libyan actors. Also, the human rights situation has deteriorated.

     

    We are concerned that the protracted political impasse is having an increasingly negative impact on security, as shown by the clashes in Tripoli last week.

     

    Madam President,

     

    Special Adviser Williams convened a second round of consultations of the Joint Committee of the House of Representatives and High State Council in Cairo from 15 - 20 May. The two delegations met in a positive and constructive atmosphere and reviewed the 2017 Constitutional Draft.

    The delegations reached agreement on 137 of 197 articles in the following areas: the form and nature of the state; basic rights and freedoms, including women rights; the structure and powers of a bicameral Parliament; and some of the prerogatives of the President and Prime Minister.

     

    The progress achieved during this second round of talks is commendable. Members have agreed to reconvene in Cairo beginning on 11 June under UN auspices and hosted by the Government of Egypt. 

     

    The objective of this third and final round is to reach consensus on outstanding issues to finalize the constitutional arrangements for the holding of national elections on the earliest possible date. In the interim, the delegations have pledged to continue consultations with their respective Chambers.  

     

    Meanwhile, national and international stakeholders are expressing concern over the continued impasse in the executive.

     

    Special Adviser Williams has continued to engage with Mr. Dbeibah and Mr. Bashagha to encourage dialogue. She is urging them to avoid provocative acts or negative rhetoric to keep the country from plunging back into conflict.

    The Special Adviser has also held meetings with members of the Presidency Council, who expressed their intention to continue working on a national reconciliation process with support from the African Union and the United Nations.

     

    UNSMIL and UNDP are providing technical expertise on the draft law on national reconciliation and transitional justice. In addition, they are helping with the development of a national online platform to gather civil society proposals for national reconciliation.

     

    Madam President,

     

    While the ceasefire reached in 2020 continues to hold, the security situation remains fragile.

     

    In the early hours of 17 May, Mr. Bashagha entered Tripoli, backed by armed groups. Clashes in and around the city with armed groups supporting Mr. Dbeibah ensued, lasting for several hours. The fighting left one armed group member dead, a policeman injured and several buildings damaged.

     

    Following mediation by local actors and outreach by the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, Mr. Bashagha was escorted out of Tripoli.

     

    While fighting has ceased, the situation remains tense. Tripoli-based armed groups supporting either Mr. Dbeibah or Mr. Bashagha remain in a state of high alert.

     

    On a positive note, I am pleased to report that on 23-24 May, the eastern and western delegations of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission met in Spain for the first time since the eastern delegation suspended its activities at the end of February.

     

    On the margins of the DDR meeting on Libya hosted by the Spanish Government, Special Advisor Williams met with the 5+5 Joint Military Commission discussed the implementation of the Ceasefire Agreement and expressed their readiness to resume their activities upon returning to Libya

     

    Madam President,

     

    As reported during my last briefing, the reluctance of the Government of National Unity to pay the Libyan National Army’s salaries for the first quarter of 2022 led elements affiliated with the LNA to close several oil fields and ports, cutting the country’s daily oil output in half.

     

    Following Special Adviser Williams’ intercession with the GNU, the outstanding salaries were paid. Oil production, however, has yet to return to normal.

    On 11 May, Mr. Dbeibah confirmed that he would authorize regular monthly payments for LNA salaries. We hope that this contentious and recurring issue has now been resolved.

     

    Meanwhile, the Economic Working Group of the Berlin Process has been crafting a revenue management mechanism to overcome the disagreement over the control and use of public funds.

     

    The mechanism would consist of a short-term financing facility to fund the National Oil Corporation and other specific priorities, including salaries, subsidies, essential government operations and expenditures. This mechanism could ease competition for resources and improve accountability.

     

    Efforts also continue towards the reunification of the Central Bank of Libya, with the help of independent experts. The Bank’s Governor and Deputy Governor held the third steering committee meeting on the Bank’s reunification and reform in Istanbul on 24 April. They will meet again in September to review progress and activate the Board of Directors.

     

    Madam President,

     

    The human rights situation in Libya remains a source of great concern.

     

    In the first week of May, Libyan security agencies launched a new wave of arrests of young people for alleged crimes against “Libyan culture and values”. 

     

    Security agencies were accused of posting on social media a so-called video “confession” and photos of those arrested. This was seen as a form of intimidation during the preliminary stages of investigation.

     

    Restrictions persist on the work of civil society organisations, including women’s rights groups, accused of violating quote “the principles and values of Libyan society” end quote.

     

    We remain concerned by the continued detention on these grounds of nine civil society and social activists who had peacefully exercised their right to freedom of expression. Some of the nine have been in detention for six months.

     

    On 10 May, Special Adviser Williams travelled to Tarhouna, where she visited the sites of mass graves and met with families of victims who disappeared between 2012 and 2020. The perpetrators of these horrific crimes have yet to be brought to justice.

     

    The situation of people internally displaced in Libya, including those displaced because of forced evictions, remains highly precarious. To cite just one instance, on 3 May, 477 displaced Tawergha families, totalling over 2,000 individuals, were forcibly evicted from two camps in Tripoli.

     

    Equally worrying are the continued campaigns by the authorities of mass arrests and detention of undocumented foreign nationals and migrants in urban settings in the western region.

     

    As of 8 May, 1,717 persons were detained in centres run by the Directorate for Combatting Illegal Migration. Some 5,000 other migrants and refugees are being arbitrarily detained in inhumane conditions in both regular and unofficial detention centers.

     

    Madam President,

     

    It is imperative that the ceasefire in Libya be maintained, calm preserved and any steps that could result in renewed violence be avoided. We must urge all parties to uphold their commitment to the peaceful resolution of political differences through dialogue and negotiations.

     

    It is also critical that Libyan political and security actors look beyond their personal interests and continue to engage constructively in the upcoming Cairo talks in support of the electoral/constitutional track. This is the only way to fulfil the aspirations of the Libyan people to select their representatives through the ballot box.

     

    The United Nations will spare no effort to support the Libyan people in building a noble and peaceful country, including through the continued provision of good offices and mediation.

     

    Madam President,

     

    The Security Council has been at Libya’s side on its journey out of conflict and towards peace and stability. The path has not always been smooth. But Council support and attention have proved invaluable in keeping a political process alive.

     

    Today, a coordinated and constructive effort is required to prevent further polarization and end the political stalemate. At a time of aggravated global turmoil, Council and international unity on the need for peace in Libya is especially important. It is what Libyans deserve. It is what the world needs.   

     

    Thank you.

     

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    The United Nations paid tribute to the men and women serving under its flag in some of the most dangerous places in the world during a ceremony in New York on Thursday to mark the International Day of UN Peacekeepers.

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    Every day, United Nations peacekeepers work to protect millions of vulnerable people in increasingly dangerous places in the world’s most fragile political contexts.

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    Tor Wennesland, Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, briefs the Security Council meeting on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. (26 May 2022)

    ...
  • 26 Mayo 2022

    Tor Wennesland, Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, briefs the Security Council meeting on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. (26...

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    The UN Syria Commission of Inquiry said on Thursday that not extending current cross-border aid to Syria along the remaining route, would be a “failure of the highest order”. The warning to the Security Council comes as humanitarian needs throughout Syria are at their highest, since the start of the devastating 11-year war.

  • 26 Mayo 2022

    The Secretary-General condemns the recent attacks in Afghanistan, including on passenger vehicles in Mazar-e-Sharif City and the Masjid Sharif Hazrat Zakaria mosque in Kabul City, which have...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    Esencias de La Montaña is a startup led by former women FARC combatants and the community of La Plancha in Anorí, Antioquia. The French and Norwegian embassies,...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    Conflict continues to inflict “widespread civilian death and injury” a senior UN official told the Security Council on Wednesday, outlining the “grim reality” for those caught up in the crossfire of war.

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    The attempted destruction of Ukraine’s historic culture by invading Russian forces, will have a devastating impact on the pace of recovery in the post-war era, an independent UN human rights expert warned on Wednesday. 

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    Governments must take greater action to ensure school remains a safe place for boys and girls, the head of the UN children’s agency, UNICEF, said on Wednesday, following the latest deadly school shooting in the United States. 

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    The members of the Security Council welcomed the holding of legislative elections in Lebanon as scheduled on 15 May 2022, despite challenging circumstances. These elections were key to enabling the...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    Amman, 25 May 2022 - As part of the implementation of the truce, representatives of the Government of Yemen and Ansar Allah are starting the...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    Dushanbe, Tajikistan

    On 23-25 May, UNRCCA in partnership with the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    On 24-25 May, UNRCCA in partnership with the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and its International Hub on Behavioural Insights...

  • 25 Mayo 2022

    New York, 25 May 2022

    Africa is a home for hope. On Africa Day, we celebrate the enormous promise and potential of this diverse and dynamic continent.

    The prospects on the horizon are bright – from Africa’s growing and vibrant youth population, to initiatives like the African Continental Free Trade Area, the Decade of Women’s Financial and Economic Inclusion, and the African Union’s...

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    Time is short for Sudan to reach a solution to its protracted political crisis, the Special Representative for the country told the Security Council on Tuesday, warning that if the impasse is not urgently overcome, the consequences will be felt beyond national borders, impacting a whole generation.

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    For the first time ever, a Zimbabwean peacekeeper will receive the prestigious 2021 Military Gender Advocate of the Year Award, the UN Peacekeeping Office announced on Tuesday.

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    For the first time, a Zimbabwean peacekeeper has been chosen to receive the prestigious 2021 Military Gender Advocate of the Year Award, UN Peacekeeping announced on Tuesday.

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    The members of the Security Council expressed deep concern regarding the increasing erosion of respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of women and girls in Afghanistan by the Taliban, including...

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    Late Captain Abdelrazakh Hamit Bahar of Chad, was named on Tuesday as the recipient of United Nations Peacekeeping’s highest award, for exceptional courage, serving in Mali, which will be presented on Thursday at UN Headquarters in New York.

  • 24 Mayo 2022

    OSESGY/Sulafah AlShami

    AMMAN, 24 May 2022 – The UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, concluded today a two-day meeting with Yemeni...

  • 23 Mayo 2022

    The recent conclusion of the electoral process in Somalia offers a long-awaited opportunity to make progress on other urgent national priorities, the UN Special Representative for the county told the Security Council on Monday. 

  • 23 Mayo 2022

    While digital technologies have offered “boundless opportunities” for sustainable development, education and inclusion, the UN political chief warned on Monday that there is also a clear downside.

  • 23 Mayo 2022

    Madam President,

     

    Digital technologies have profoundly transformed every facet of our societies. They offer boundless opportunities – for sustainable development; for education; for inclusion.

     

    Social media, for example, has transformed human rights and humanitarian advocacy, making it possible to mobilize people around the world quickly and efficiently around issues requiring urgent attention.

     

    They have also created fresh possibilities for our peace and security work. Technological developments have improved our ability to detect crises, to better pre-position our humanitarian stocks, and to design data-driven peacebuilding programming.

        

    We are using digital technologies in our work in conflict prevention, peacemaking, and peacebuilding. Allow me to share a few examples.

     

    Digital tools strengthen our information-gathering and early-warning capacity. In Yemen, the UN Mission to Support the Hudaydah Agreement (UNMHA) has used various mapping, GIS and satellite technology tools to enhance its monitoring of the ceasefire in the Governorate. 

     

    They have increased our preparedness to understand, analyze and respond to crises that may have a digital dimension, and to address digital risks.  We have, for example, worked with partners to build an e-learning platform on digital risk management. 

     

    New technologies can be beneficial in support of political processes, particularly to promote inclusion.  In various peace negotiations, we have used artificial intelligence-assisted digital dialogues to reach out to thousands of interlocutors, to hear their views and priorities. This has been a particularly useful way to reach traditionally excluded groups, including women.

     

    In Libya, the UN Mission held five digital dialogues, each with over 1,000 participants. This effort increased the legitimacy of the process, as different communities saw that their voices could be heard.

     

    In Yemen, through digital consultations the Special Envoy engaged hundreds of women from different governorates, which provided deeper insight on the gender dimensions of the war.   

     

    The use of digital technologies also can improve the safety and security of our peacekeepers and civilian staff on the ground. The launch of the Strategy for the Digital Transformation of Peacekeeping presents an essential step towards this goal, and towards more effective mandate implementation – increasing early warning capacities.

     

    Finally, with these tools we are able to visualize information and convey data-rich analysis to support the Security Council’s decision making. Our recent virtual reality presentation to the Security Council on Colombia shows how we can bring our work on the ground to the attention of this body in new ways.

     

    Madam President,

     

    The benefits of digital technologies for the maintenance of international peace and security are manifold. However, advances in technology have also created significant new risks and can affect conflict dynamics for the worse.

     

    There are several areas of concern.

     

    The number of State- and non-State- sponsored incidents of malicious use of digital technologies for political or military ends has nearly quadrupled since 2015, according to some estimates.  Of specific concern is activity targeting infrastructure that provides essential public services, such as health and humanitarian agencies.

     

    Meanwhile, lethal autonomous weapons raise questions regarding human accountability for the use of force.

     

    The Secretary-General has made clear, machines with the power and discretion to take lives without human involvement are politically unacceptable, morally repugnant, and should be prohibited by international law.

     

    Also, non-state actors are becoming increasingly adept at using low-cost and widely available digital technologies to pursue their agendas. Groups such as ISIL and Al-Qaida remain active on social media, using platforms and messaging applications to share information and communicate with followers for the purposes of recruitment, planning and fundraising.

     

    And the increasing availability of digital payment methods such as cryptocurrencies brings additional challenges.

     

    Further, digital technologies have raised major human rights concerns, from artificial intelligence systems that may be discriminatory to the widespread availability of surveillance technologies that can be deployed to target communities or individuals.

     

    We are also concerned about the increasing use of internet shutdowns, including in situations of active conflict, which deprive communities of their means of communication, work, and political participation.

     

    In Myanmar, for example, internet and mobile shutdowns have grown in number and duration since the military coup on 1 February 2021, particularly in areas of military operations.

     

    Social media can fuel polarization and, at times, violence. The misuse of social media – and the sometimes limited or not fully adequate response of social media companies – is enabling the spread of disinformation, radicalization, racism, and misogyny.

     

    This can heighten tensions, and in some instances exacerbate conflict. In Ethiopia, as the fighting escalated, there was an alarming rise in social media posts spreading inflammatory rhetoric, with some going as far as inciting ethnic violence, as recognized by the Security Council in its press statement of 5 November 2021.

     

    We have seen how online disinformation and hate speech can result in offline harm – including violence.

    We know that disinformation can hinder the ability of our missions to implement their mandates, by exacerbating falsehoods and fueling polarization.

     

    We are undertaking a number of actions to mitigate these risks, driven by the Secretary-General’s Plan of Action on Hate Speech and initiatives such as Verified.

     

    In Iraq, for example, after reports of increased on-line harassment of women candidates in last year’s election, UNAMI partnered with civil society organizations to monitor hate-speech, issue public reports and strengthen voter education.

     

    Madam President,

     

    We must fully embrace the opportunities offered by digital technologies to advance peace. But to do this, we must also mitigate the risks that such technologies pose, and promote their responsible use by all actors.

     

    Through the General Assembly, Member States have made important progress in establishing a normative framework to ensure responsible behavior in cyberspace.

     

    Member States are also cooperating to develop and apply a range of confidence building measures to prevent conflicts, avoid misperceptions and misunderstandings, and reduce tensions.

     

    However, more must be done to advance, elaborate and implement this emerging normative framework.

     

    In his report on “Our Common Agenda”, the Secretary-General called for a Global Digital Compact that would outline shared principles for an “open, free and secure digital future for all”.

     

    Together with other aspects of Our Common Agenda, such as the New Agenda for Peace and the proposed Code of Conduct for Integrity in Public Information, we have a critical opportunity to build consensus on how digital technologies can be used for the good of people and the planet, while addressing their risks.

     

    But collective action by Member States remains essential towards this goal.

     

    Thank you, Madam President.

     

     

  • 22 Mayo 2022

    Photo: OSESGY/ Abdel Rahman Alzorgan

    AMMAN, 22 May 2022 – The UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, met today with a diverse group of Yemeni women peace...

  • 21 Mayo 2022

    New York, 22 May 2022

    To achieve a sustainable future for all, we need to act urgently to protect biodiversity, the web of life that connects and supports us all.  We must end our senseless and destructive war against nature.  The rate of species loss is tens to hundreds of times higher than the average of the past 10 million years – and accelerating.

    Biodiversity is...

  • 20 Mayo 2022
    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 
     
    DPPA hosts virtual meeting with donors

    On 18 May, DPPA met with Member States that provide voluntary funding for its work. Over 30 countries were represented.  Markus Bouillon, head of the Office of the Under-Secretary-General, thanked donors for the support they provide through the Multi-Year Appeal (MYA). He said a well-funded MYA – which is calling for $40 million this year - is crucial for the Department to sustain efforts and carry out its mandate. Delegates commended DPPA on its response to the pandemic, including how it was able to adapt its operations. They expressed interest in  DPPA’s contribution towards achieving “Our Common Agenda” as well as in the areas of innovation, new technologies and climate security.

     

    Click here for DPPA’s MYA Annual Report

    Security Council

    Special Representative for Iraq: “A sincere, collective and urgent will to resolve political differences must now prevail” 

    On 17 May, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), presented the Secretary-General’s latest report on key political developments and the Organization’s activities in Iraq since February. She said that there is need for predictable governance rather than constant crisis management, underlining the importance of accountability as a key feature of the State. “The neglect of the population’s most basic needs has gone on for far too long,” she said.

     

    Read full remarks here

    Great Lakes region

    Regional Women’s Forum in Burundi

    The third General Assembly of the Regional Women Forum of Great Lakes Africa was held on 18-20 May in Bujumbura, Burundi, in which the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes region participated in. In the presence of Burundi’s First Lady Angeline Ndayishimiye, the Assembly agreed to integrate disability and girl-child targeted programs in its strategy and Action Plan. Special Envoy Huang Xia called on Member States to fast track the implementation of the revised Regional Action Plan 1325 and to integrate national plans in budgeting processes.

    Somalia

    UN praises electoral process and peaceful transfer of power

    James Swan, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) met on 18 May newly-elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud in Mogadishu. The Special Representative congratulated the new President and heard about the new administration’s priorities. They also discussed how the UN can best continue to support Somalia and its people. Earlier on 16 May, the conclusion of Somalia’s presidential election was announced.

     

    Read more here 

    Libya

    UN-facilitated Joint Committee meets in Egypt

    Stephanie Williams, Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on Libya, participated in the second round of the UN-facilitated Joint Committee this week in Cairo, Egypt. Making the remarks at its launch on 15 May, she reminded members of the High Council of State and the House of Representatives that it is their “role and historical responsibility” in lifting the voices of the people that is “so critical to the unity and stability of your country, and, ultimately, the prosperity of your fellow citizens, and of future generations”.

     

    Her full remarks here

    Yemen

    Special Envoy consults diverse group of Yemeni public figures

    Hans Grundberg, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, concluded in Amman on 19 May a two-day meeting with a diverse group of Yemeni public figures. Participants discussed the implementation and extension of the truce, as well as ways to capitalize on its momentum to initiate a comprehensive political dialogue. In the coming weeks, the Special Envoy will continue his consultations with diverse Yemeni constituencies, including economic experts, civil society, women’s groups and political parties. On 16 May, he briefed the Security Council in closed consultations. Speaking to the press on 17 May, he said that "Yemenis can’t afford to go back to the pre-truce state of perpetual military escalation and political stalemate” and that he will continue to engage the parties to ensure the extension of the truce.

     

    Read more here

    Lebanon

    Special Coordinator calls on political leaders to put Lebanon's interests first

    Joanna Wronecka, Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General for Lebanon, congratulated Lebanon on the conduct of parliamentary elections on 15 May. She urged the country’s political leaders to put Lebanon’s interests first and engage constructively to ensure there will be no vacuum nor paralysis in much-needed institutional decision-making.

     

    Read more here

    Iraq

    Special Representative meets representatives from the US and Kuwait  

    Special Representative Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert met on 16 May with Linda Thomas-Greenfield, US Permanent Representative to the UN and discussed the importance of renewing UNAMI's mandate which currently runs through 27 May 2022. On 18 May, Hennis-Plasschaert was joined by Charge d’affaires Bader AlMunayekh of Kuwait where they discussed Kuwait’s strong support of the work and efforts of UNAMI, and the willingness to strengthen this partnership even further. 

    UNAMI facilitates dialogue on countering hate speech

    The UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, Alice Wairimu Nderitu, and Danielle Bell, Chief of UNAMI’s Human Rights Office jointly facilitated a dialogue on countering hate speech, discrimination and marginalization on 17 May in Baghdad. The event brought together 19 representatives from different communities as well as civil society organizations, journalists, the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights, the Iraq Bar Association and Communications and Media Commission. 

     

    Read more here

     

    Peacebuilding

    Climate security and the Peacebuilding Fund: Virtual visit to the Pacific

    To highlight the impact of the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF)’s support on climate security, the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) organized a virtual partners “visit” to its climate security project in the Pacific. The meeting chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator in Fiji, included the UN Resident Coordinator for Micronesia, representatives from the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Ministers and Vice-Ministers from the Governments of Kiribati, Tuvalu and the Republic of Marshall Islands, the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat, and local civil society. Representatives from over 15 Member States and PBF donors engaged from their New York and regional offices.  UNDP and IOM are implementing the initiative with $3.2 million in PBF financing, supporting key government departments, including the Office of the President in Kiribati, the Climate Change Directorate in the Republic of Marshall Islands, and the Department of Climate Change in Tuvalu. The project supports inclusive community dialogues on links between climate change and security as well as detailed risk assessments, as the basis for an informed and joint understanding of climate-related issues. The initiative also supports the initiation of pilot community activities to address identified risks. The participants also heard community perspectives with one civil society representative spotlighting how climate-induced relocation resulted in land disputes between family members and is a growing concern in Tuvalu as severe coastal erosion forces families to relocate to safer areas inland thus creating new tensions. Meeting participants emphasized the strategic nature of the support, both in terms of knowledge generation and global awareness, but also in terms of providing concrete pilot solutions to interlinkages between climate change and land, food security and migration-related conflict. Participants called for the continuation and the expansion of the initiative and for further support from the Member States on this issue in the regional and global fora, including through the Peacebuilding Commission.

    Learn more about the project here

    Training on youth- and gender-responsive peacebuilding in Senegal

    This week, PBSO, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), UN Women, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and UNDP jointly organized an in-person training on youth- and gender-responsive peacebuilding programming in Senegal with the funding support of UNFPA. This training focused on a smaller sub-set of eight countries eligible for the Gender and Youth Promotion Initiatives (GYPI), including Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, and Sierra Leone, where the UN Country Teams have been less successful in getting projects approved the past years. The training covered different aspects of the programme cycle to help strengthen both the gender- and youth-responsiveness of projects. Participants also discussed the concept notes for the 2022 GYPI call for proposals and received feedback from peers and facilitators. The deadline for submitting concept notes for this year’s Gender and Youth Promotion Initiatives is 6 June.

     

    See details here 

    Peacebuilding Commission meeting on Liberia 

    During an ambassadorial-level meeting convened by the Chair of the Liberia Configuration of the PBC Anna Karin Eneström on 19 May, the Government of Liberia and international partners discussed priorities for continued support, with a focus on gender equality and women’s empowerment, including eliminating gender-based violence and promoting women’s political participation in the context of the upcoming presidential and legislative elections in 2023. Following briefings by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Liberia, the Minister of Gender, the UN Resident Coordinator, and a civil society representative, the Commission welcomed the adoption of the Revised National Gender Policy and the second National Action Plan on Women and commended Liberia for prioritizing gender equality issues, while also underlining much more needs to be done. The Commission stressed the need for greater representation of women in politics, including the importance of the 30 percent gender quota for candidate listings in the election law. Several members of the Commission made the connection between empowering women and economic development and expressed full support for the implementation of the 2018-2023 Pro-Poor Agenda for Prosperity and Development, which outlines targets to increase the political participation of women at the national and local levels. Several delegations called for stronger and sustained Government action as well as the continued implementation of the Anti Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Roadmap for 2020-2022. The meeting fed into preparations for a joint visit of the Configuration Chair and the Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support to Liberia scheduled for 6-10 June. The recording can be accessed here.  

    PBC Chair at the UN University World Institute for Development Economics Research

    At the invitation of the UN University (UNU) World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) Conference on "The puzzle of peace – towards inclusive development in fragile contexts" held on 17 May in Helsinki, Finland, PBC Chair Rabab Fatima virtually-delivered remarks during the plenary session on conflict legacies and post-conflict recovery.  In her remarks, she stressed the need for the PBC to remain fit for purpose in the face of increasingly complex challenges to peacebuilding and to enhance its ability to ensure timely and effective responses in support of local peacebuilding priorities. Fatima stressed that adequate, predictable, and sustained financing remained a critical challenge and reiterated the Commission's commitment to further promote coherence, forge partnerships, and mobilize creative peacebuilding financing and non-financial contributions.

    See here the full text of the Chair’s remarks

    Next Week

    On Monday, 23 May, Special Representative James Swan will update the Security Council on the situation in Somalia. The Council will hear from Special Representative Volker Perthes on the situation in Sudan on Tuesday, 24 May. And on Thursday morning, 26 May, a briefing by Special Coordinator Tor Wennesland will update Council members on the situation in the Middle East and efforts to address the rising tensions in and around Jerusalem. In the afternoon, the Council will discuss the situation in Libya. 

    The 2022 Thematic Review on Local Peacebuilding, commissioned by PBSO in partnership with the PeaceNexus Foundation and UN Volunteers programme, looks at youth-led primary research in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Kyrgyzstan, and the Western Balkans to explore how ‘local’ peacebuilding is conceptualized and approached, what factors enable or inhibit the effectiveness of local-level peacebuilding interventions, and how the Peacebuilding Fund and other donors can support local actors better.  A virtual launch event of the Review will be held on 24 May from 9 to10 am EST, where a panel of local civil society activists from Central Asia, the Western Balkans and West Africa will talk about what works and does not work in local peacebuilding. Register here.

    Learn about the Review’s key findings and recommendations from this animated illustration video in EnglishFrançais, and Español.

     

    Subscribe to This Week in DPPA here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 20 Mayo 2022

    With a scorching summer fast approaching, food prices rising and access to water and electricity limited in many parts of Syria, donors must make good on $4.3 billion in humanitarian pledges committed at last week’s Brussels funding conference, the UN’s senior humanitarian official told the Security Council on Friday.

  • 20 Mayo 2022

    Cairo, Egypt |20 May 2022

    I first would like to start this meeting by first expressing my sincere gratitude to the...

  • 19 Mayo 2022

    “When war is waged, people go hungry,” Secretary-General António Guterres told the Security Council on Thursday during a debate on conflict and food security chaired by US Secretary of State Antony Blinken.

  • 19 Mayo 2022

    A record 59.1 million people were displaced within their homelands last year, or four million more than in 2020, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said on Thursday, citing the latest Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID). 

  • 19 Mayo 2022

    OSESGY/Alaa Malhas

    Amman, 19 May 2022 – The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, concluded today a two...

  • 19 Mayo 2022

    Mali’s decision on 15 May to withdraw from the G5-Sahel group and its Joint Force is “unfortunate” and “regrettable”, a senior United Nations official told the Security Council on Wednesday, as she urged countries in the region to redouble efforts to protect human rights, amid protracted political and security crises. 

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    The top United Nations official in Iraq made an urgent appeal on Tuesday for the prompt formation of a new Government that meets the aspirations of that country’s people.

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    The top United Nations official in Iraq made an urgent appeal on Tuesday for the prompt formation of a new Government that meets the aspirations of that country’s people.

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    A surge in violence fuelled by heavily armed gangs in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, prompted the UN rights chief on Tuesday to express her deep concern over its severe impact on human rights across the Caribbean nation.

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    New York, 18 May 2022

    Today’s State of the Climate report is a dismal litany of humanity’s failure to tackle climate disruption.

    Sea level rise, ocean heat, greenhouse gas concentrations, and ocean acidification – set alarming new records in 2021.

    Global mean sea level increased at more than double the previous rate and is mainly due to accelerating loss of ice mass.

    Ocean warming also shows...

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    OSESGY/Sulafah Alshami

    Thank you very much and good afternoon everyone and as you can imagine I would...

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    The UN Secretary-General has called for Lebanon’s political leaders to swiftly form an inclusive government in the wake of parliamentary elections on Sunday, that can help the crisis-wracked nation implement reforms to put the country “on the path to recovery”.

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    The Secretary-General congratulates Lebanon on the holding of parliamentary elections on 15 May. Despite the challenging circumstances, the authorities demonstrated their commitment to...

  • 17 Mayo 2022

    United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon Joanna Wronecka congratulated Lebanon on the conduct of parliamentary elections in Lebanon on Sunday 15 May that enabled the Lebanese people to exercise their...

  • 16 Mayo 2022

    New York,17 May 2022

    On this World Telecommunication and Information Society Day, we focus on digital technologies for older people and healthy ageing.

    From building smarter cities to combatting age-based discrimination at the workplace, ensuring financial inclusion, safeguarding independence, and supporting millions of...

  • 16 Mayo 2022

    New York, 17 May 2022

    Around the world, millions of LGBTIQ+ people continue to face injustice, simply for who they are, or whom they love.

    I am deeply concerned by continued violence, criminalization, hate speech and harassment against LGBTIQ+ people, and by new attempts to further exclude them from education, employment, healthcare, sports, and housing.

    ...
  • 16 Mayo 2022

    New York - The Secretary-General welcomes the holding of peaceful presidential elections in Somalia on 15 May and congratulates Mr. Hassan Sheikh...

  • 16 Mayo 2022

    TRIPOLI, 16 May 2022 - The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) expresses its serious concern about armed clashes yesterday, 15 May, that involved indiscriminate fire and the alleged use of...

  • 16 Mayo 2022

    Mogadishu – Somalia’s international partners* congratulate Hassan Sheikh Mohamud on his election as President of the Federal Government of Somalia.  

    We thank...