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Reports and Policy Documents


  • 21 мая 2018

    On 26 September 2017, the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia started its activities, immediately upon the conclusion of the mandate of the first United Nations Mission in Colombia.

    The United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia (Verification Mission) was established by the UN Security Council pursuant to resolution 2366 (2017), adopted unanimously on 10 July 2017. The resolution followed a joint request for UN support from the Government of Colombia and the then Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People’s Army (FARC-EP). 


    According to the resolution, the purpose of the Mission is to accompany the parties and verify their commitments regarding points 3.2 and 3.4 of the Final Peace Agreement on the reintegration of former FARC-EP members, and the implementation of measures of protection and security for former FARC-EP members and communities in territories most affected by the conflict. The Verification Mission has worked closely with national authorities and former combatants to promote progress in reintegration and security related issues with a constructive and proactive approach. The Mission continued to have a presence at the national, regional and local levels, with a view to ensure close contact with former combatants and communities.


    Further to a request from the Government of Colombia, on its behalf and on behalf of the former FARC-EP, the Security Council, by its resolution 2574 (2021) adopted unanimously on 11 May 2021, mandated the Verification Mission to implement an additional task, as envisioned in the Final Peace Agreement, namely the verification of compliance with the sentences of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace.


    Previous mandates

    The first UN Mission in Colombia had been established by Security Council resolution 2261 (2016) on 25 January 2016 with a mandate to monitor and verify the laying down of arms and, as part of a tripartite mechanism, a definitive bilateral ceasefire and cessation of hostilities following the signing of a peace agreement between the Government and the FARC-EP. The Government of Colombia and the FARC-EP, after peace talks in Havana that started in 2012, had agreed on 19 January 2016 to jointly request the Security Council to establish this first special political mission. On 23 June 2016 in Havana, they concluded the agreement on the definitive bilateral cease fire and cessation of hostilities and the laying down of arms, which was later revised and signed on 24 November 2016. The first UN in Mission in Colombia completed the verification of the successful laying down of weapons by the FARC-EP and the transformation of the guerrilla group into a political party in September 2017.


    On 29 September 2017, the Government of Colombia and the National Liberation Army (ELN) made a joint request to the Security Council to authorise the UN Verification Mission in Colombia to participate in the Monitoring and Verification Mechanism established to strengthen the bilateral and temporary cease-fire beginning on 1 October 2017. With the adoption of resolution 2381 (2017), the Security Council agreed on 5 October 2017 to expand the Verification Mission’s mandate on a temporary basis until 9 January 2018 to include the participation and coordination of the work of the monitoring and verification mechanism (MVM), comprised of representatives of the Government of Colombia, the ELN, the United Nations and the Catholic Church to verify compliance with the temporary, bilateral, national ceasefire at national, regional and local level. The Verification Mission completed its mandate regarding the ELN ceasefire in January 2018.


    For more information go to the mission's website: https://colombia.unmissions.org/ (eng)


  • 21 мая 2018

    DPA spearheaded efforts by the United Nations to establish the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) in response to a request for assistance from the Government of Guatemala. Acting as an independent international body, CICIG aims to investigate illegal security groups and clandestine security organizations in Guatemala – criminal groups believed to have infiltrated state institutions, fostering impunity and undermining democratic gains in Guatemala since the end of the country's armed conflict in the 1990s. It represents an innovative initiative by the United Nations, together with a Member State, to strengthen the rule of law in a post-conflict country.


    The Commission's mandate permits it to carry out independent investigations, to act as a complementary prosecutor and to recommend public policies to help fight the criminal groups that are the subject of its investigations.


    CICIG's Commissioner is appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of Guatemala established an initial two-year mandate which was renewed in April 2009, in January 2011, in April 2015 and again in April 2016. Its current mandate runs through September 2019.


    The Secretary-General appointed Iván Velásquez of Colombia as CICIG Commissioner on 31 August 2013. A distinguished former auxiliary magistrate of Colombia’s Supreme Court, Mr. Velásquez coordinated high-profile investigations into links between paramilitary groups and public officials. He also gained extensive prosecutorial and investigative experience in the Attorney General’s Office and as Regional Director of the Public Prosecutor’s office covering the Department of Antioquia. Drawing on this solid background and relevant experience, Mr. Velásquez is reinforcing the rule of law and contributing to efforts to combat criminal networks in Guatemala.

  • 18 мая 2018

    On 18 May 2018, the 56th meeting of the joint Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) chaired by the United Nations was held in Gali town with the participation of Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz and EUMM (European Union Monitoring Mission) representatives. The meeting took place in a constructive and business-like atmosphere.

    The overall security situation on the ground, since the previous IPRM meeting, which took place on 25 April 2018, was assessed as calm and stable without serious incidents reported.  In this context, the contribution of all participants was commended, and they were urged to continue this positive trend.

    The role of hotline to maintain communication between the participants for the purpose of information exchange, and most importantly of incident prevention, was once again emphasized. Besides sharing information on planned sensitive activities at the IPRM meetings, the participants were advised to use the hotline for advance notice on unforeseen similar activities. They were informed that since the April IPRM meeting there were 31 hotline activations on 17 different issues.

    At the 56th IPRM meeting, the participants followed up on several issues, which had been discussed at the previous meetings. As a new agenda point, they had an extensive exchange of opinions related to freedom of movement of local residents crossing the line of control.  

    It was agreed to hold the next meeting on 27 June 2018.

  • 16 мая 2018

    The United Nations has long been engaged in the search for a peaceful solution to the conflict over Western Sahara. On 6 October 2021, the Secretary-General appointed Staffan de Mistura as his Personal Envoy for Western Sahara to provide good offices on behalf of the Secretary‑General.


    In October 2021, in its resolution 2602, the United Nations Security Council welcomed the appointment of Staffan de Mistura as the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General for Western Sahara, urged the constructive resumption of the political process and reaffirmed its commitment to assist the parties to achieve a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution, based on compromise, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations.


    The Council further called upon Morocco, the Frente POLISARIO, Algeria and Mauritania to cooperate more fully with each other, including through building additional trust, and with the United Nations.


    Amid continued diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict, a UN peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), has remained on the ground monitoring the cease fire and providing a stabilizing presence. MINURSO was deployed in 1991 to oversee a cease-fire and a UN settlement plan; however, disagreements between the two parties prevented the holding of the anticipated referendum on the territory’s future. For more information on MINURSO see: https://minurso.unmissions.org

  • 16 мая 2018

    The United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) is a Dakar-based special political mission managed by the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), which engages in preventive diplomacy, good offices and political mediation and facilitation in countries in West Africa and the Sahel. The Office also assists sub-regional institutions and States in strengthening their capacities in these areas, as well as in addressing cross-border and cross-cutting threats to peace and security. It promotes good governance, respect for the rule of law, human rights and the mainstreaming of gender in conflict prevention and conflict management initiatives.


    UNOWAS works closely with other UN entities and several regional and international partners - such as Economic Community of West African States, Mano River Union, Lake Chad Basin Commission, Gulf of Guinea Commission, Group of Five for the Sahel and African Union - to promote an integrated approach to conflict prevention and regional issues, including terrorism and violent extremism, transnational organized crime, drug-trafficking, other illicit forms of trafficking, and maritime insecurity.

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) for West Africa and the Sahel and Head of UNOWAS is Mahamat Saleh Annadif. He is assisted by a Deputy SRSG, Giovanie Biha. To help address insecurity and promote sustainable development in the Sahel region, the SRSG for West Africa and the Sahel leads regional advocacy efforts for the implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, which was endorsed by the Security Council in June 2013. The strategy includes a range of innovative actions in the areas of governance, security and resilience in support of 10 countries of the Sahel. 


    The SRSG also serves as Chairperson of the Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission (CNMC), which was established to facilitate the implementation of the 2002 ruling of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the Cameroon-Nigeria boundary dispute. The mandate of the Mixed Commission includes supporting the demarcation of the land boundary and delineation of the maritime boundary; facilitating the withdrawal of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the transfer of authority to the Republic of Cameroon; addressing the situation of affected populations; and making recommendations on confidence-building measures.  


  • 16 мая 2018

    Working Together for a Peaceful Africa: AU-UN Partnership

    On 19 April 2017, during the first United Nations-African Union Annual Conference, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General and Chairperson of the African Union (AU) Commission signed the Joint UN-AU Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security. This builds on an increasingly close cooperation since the two Organizations signed the Ten-Year Capacity-Building Programme for the African Union in 2006 (A/61/630). UN support is organized around numerous thematic areas, with the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) leading the cooperation in the area of peace and security.

    In January 2015, the African Union Assembly endorsed Agenda 2063 which aims at achieving an "integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena". DPPA works closely with the AU Political Affairs, Peace and Security Department to coordinate and support each other’s efforts in conflict prevention, mediation and peacebuilding in line with 2030 Agenda, Agenda 2063 and AU’s peace and security and governance architectures.

    DPPA strives to align and coordinate the work of the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security so that their efforts become more efficient and effective in Africa.


    Key Areas of Work

    The strategic engagement between the two organizations is evident in the multiple consultative mechanisms on peace and security challenges in Africa, including on early warning, conflict prevention and mediation.

    Some examples of current areas of support and cooperation include:

    • Policy dialogue:
      • The annual joint consultative meeting between members of the UN Security Council and the AU Peace and Security Council: Since 2007, the members of the UN Security Council and the AU Peace and Security Council have held consultative meetings on an annual basis to exchange views on issues of interest to both bodies in the areas of maintenance of international peace and security, especially in Africa. DPPA facilitates cooperation between the members of the two Councils and provides support to their joint activities. In addition, DPPA offers assistance to the Secretariat of the AU Peace and Security Council, building on the Department's own experience in providing support to the UN Security Council, including the establishment of subsidiary organs and building institutional memory.
      • AU-UN Joint Task Force meetings at the senior-level, director-level video conferences and desk-to-desk exchanges: Since 2008, DPPA, Department of Peace Operations (DPO) and Department of Operational Support (DOS) officials maintain constant senior-level interaction (bi-annual Joint Task Force on peace and security) and working-level interaction (regular director-level videoconferences and annual desk-to-desk meetings) with AU counterparts to assess and discuss political developments in the region and responses on the prevention and management of conflicts. The meetings bring together UN and AU officials for information sharing, coordination, and the strengthening of the cooperation.
    • Mediation: Cooperation in mediation entails both institutional and operational efforts. Institutionally, it has comprised the reinforcement of the mediation capacity of the AU Commission, including support for the secretariat and the work of the Panel of the Wise including FemWise, development of strategic mediation guidance, as well as documentation of mediation experiences and practices through “lessons learned” exercises. Operationally, UN and AU increasingly collaborate to maximize strategic convergence and impact. For example, through its Mediation Support Unit in DPPA, the UN has supported the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic. The Initiative, led by the AU together with the Economic Community of Central African States and the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region with the support of Angola, the Republic of Congo and Chad, seeks to facilitate a comprehensive peace agreement for the sustainable disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups in the country. Another example is Sudan, where DPPA supported peace efforts led by the AU High-Level Implementation Panel through the deployment of specialized mediation expertise.
    • Electoral assistance: The United Nations provides technical electoral assistance to many of its Member States in Africa, based on their request. Close to half of the 56 countries currently receiving UN electoral support are in Africa. In recent years, DPPA has also been increasingly engaged in providing technical and senior-level electoral advice to good offices and mediation efforts in electoral crisis management situations in the continent. In this regard, a senior-level DPPA electoral expert has been deployed to UNOAU to provide more timely and effective support to electoral crisis management situations in the region where UN support is requested. In undertaking the above tasks, DPPA works very closely with the Democracy and Electoral Assistance Unit of the AU Commission (DEAU). DPPA and DEAU are in regular contact to coordinate on country specific issues particularly in electoral crisis management situations. DPPA and DEAU have also strengthened their partnership initiatives in recent years including by increased number of cases where the UN has invited DEAU to participate in the trainings and workshops that the UN organizes including on gender and elections and addressing election-related violence.
    • Peace Support Operations: Under the overall lead of DPO and DOS, the UN provides technical support and collaborates in the implementation of the African Standby Force Maputo Five-Year Strategic Workplan as well as in the conduct of ongoing AU-mandated peace support operations. Technical assistance and expertise are also provided on gender equality and women’s empowerment, including in the areas of human rights compliance and conduct and discipline, as well as mine action and the operationalization of AU Peace Fund.
    • Silencing the Guns in Africa: As part of the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union, the UN provides wide-ranging support to the AU Initiative on Silencing the Guns in Africa. Click here, for more information.


    United Nations Office to the African Union

    In 2010, the General Assembly established the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) to enhance the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security, provide coordinated and consistent United Nations advice to the African Union on both long-term capacity-building and short-term operational support, and streamline the United Nations presence in Addis Ababa to be more cost-effective and efficient in delivering United Nations assistance to the African Union (A/64/762). More on UNOAU here.




    Key Documents

    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2022/643) of 25 August 2022
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2021/763) of 30 August 2021
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2020/860) of 31 August 2020
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2019/759) of 19 September 2019
    • Security Council resolution 2457 (2019)
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2018/678) of 6 July 2018
    • Security Council resolution 2378 (2017)
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2017/744) of 30 August 2017
    • Report of the Secretary-General on options for authorization and support for African Union peace support operations (S/2017/454) of 26 May 2017
    • Joint United Nations-African Union Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, signed on 19 April 2017
    • Security Council resolution 2320 (2016)
    • Report of the joint African Union-United Nations review of available mechanisms to finance and support AU peace support operations authorised by the UN Security Council (S/2016/809) of 28 September 2016
    • First annual report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2016/780) of 13 September 2016
    • Report of the Secretary-General on the future of United Nations peace operations: implementation of the recommendations of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (A/70/357-S/2015/682) of 2 September 2015
    • Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations on uniting our strengths for peace: politics, partnership and people (A/70/95-S/2015/446) of 17 June 2015
    • Security Council Presidential Statement 27 (2014)
    • Security Council resolution 2167 (2014)
    • General Assembly resolution on cooperation between the United Nations and the Africa Union (A/RES/67/302 of 1 October 2013)
    • General Assembly resolution on the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/RES/66/287 of 10 August 2012)
    • Security Council resolution 2033 (2012)
    • Budget for the United Nations Office to the African Union (A/64/762) of 30 April 2010
    • Report of the African Union-United Nations panel on modalities for support to African Union peacekeeping operations (A/63/666; S/2008/813 of 31 December 2008)
    • Security Council Presidential Statement 3 of 18 March 2009
    • Secretary-General's report to the Security Council on the relationship between the United Nations and regional organizations, in particular the African Union in the maintenance of international peace and security (S/2008/186 of 24 March 2008)
    • Security Council resolution 1809 (2008)
    • General Assembly resolution on cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union (A/RES/61/296 of 5 October 2007)
    • Letter dated 11 December 2006 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and Declaration Enhancing UN-AU Cooperation: Framework for the Ten-Year Capacity Building Programme for the African Union (A/61/630)
  • 16 мая 2018

    Madam President,
    Distinguished Members of the Council,

    Thank you for this opportunity to provide an oral update on the political and security situations in Guinea-Bissau and on the country’s preparation for elections.

    Since the adoption of resolution 2404 on 28 February 2018, encouraging progress has been made in the efforts to break the political and institutional deadlock that had persisted in Guinea-Bissau for almost three years. As the Council is aware, during the extraordinary session of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) on 14 April, President José Mário Vaz of Guinea-Bissau made several key commitments, which have since been fulfilled. These include the swearing-in of Mr. Aristides Gomes as the consensual Prime Minister on 16 April; the issuance of a decree on the same day confirming 18 November 2018 as the date for legislative elections; and the convening of the plenary session of the National Assembly on 19 April, for the first time in over two years. At its meeting, the Assembly approved the appointment of the President and Executive Secretariat of the National Elections Commission and extended the term of the Legislature until November. 

    Since then, with the facilitation of an ECOWAS ministerial delegation, which visited Bissau on 24 April, a new inclusive government has been sworn in. The new cabinet, which will be in office until the legislative elections in November, comprises twenty-six (26) ministers, four of whom are women.

    The significant breakthrough was achieved following an agreement reached between the two main political parties, the Party for the Independence of Guinea Bissau and Cabo Verde (PAIGC) and the Social Renewal Party (PRS), with the facilitation of the Catholic Bishop of Bissau. It also owes much to the consistent pressure mounted by ECOWAS on Bissau-Guinean political stakeholders, which culminated in the imposition of targeted sanctions on individuals deemed to be obstructing efforts to end the impasse, as well as the encouragement and facilitation by UNIOGBIS and the other members of the Group of five international partners in Bissau, namely ECOWAS, AU, EU and CPLP. These encouraging developments pave the way for launching the electoral process and creating openings for other peacebuilding initiatives long stalled because of the impasse.


    Madam President,

    Nonetheless, several key provisions of the ECOWAS-brokered Conakry Agreement of October 2016 remain to be implemented. As a crucial next step, the political stakeholders in Guinea-Bissau have initiated discussions that will culminate with the holding of a national roundtable dialogue as foreseen in the Conakry Agreement. Both the government programme and a Stability Pact, which outlines the principles for key reforms until the end of the current legislature, are expected to be endorsed by the political stakeholders following the national roundtable dialogue. The primary focus of the first meeting of the Council of Ministers, on 10 May, was on preparations for the elections. UNIOGBIS will continue efforts, including within the framework of the Guinea-Bissau Group of five international partners (G-5), to encourage the Government to move forward with the convening of the roundtable and, more broadly, with implementation of the remaining priorities outlined in the Conakry Agreement.   

    With respect to the legislative elections, a project document on the United Nations Development Programme electoral support to the Government, in the amount of 7.7 million USD, has been finalized.  The project will support technical preparations for cartography, an update of the voter register, voter education and electoral administration. The Government of Guinea-Bissau has made an unprecedented contribution of 1.8 million USD to the Basket Fund; UNDP has also contributed 200,000 USD to the Fund which, among other priorities, will allow UNDP to procure biometric equipment for the electoral technical wing of the Ministry of Interior. The tender and procurement process for the purchase of the biometric equipment and software will be launched on 21 May, and the National Electoral Commission, which supervises the process, is expected to begin voter registration on 1 June. Additional resources are urgently needed to fill a funding gap of 5.7 million USD to cover voter registration (USD 2.8 million) and operational costs for the elections (USD 2.9 million). In order to avoid yet another delay in the elections, it will be important for the international community to provide the requisite support to bridge the funding gap.

    However, we remain concerned about the situation of drug trafficking and associated forms of transnational organised crime. In the period after the adoption of resolution 2404, there have been at least five reported seizures of drugs at the international airport in Bissau, which many fear may be just the tip of the iceberg. It is our hope that the on-going efforts to enhance UNIOGBIS monitoring and reporting capabilities, in cooperation with UNODC and other partners, will, in due course, expose the true extent of the problem and contribute to fighting impunity.


    Madam President,

    Since the adoption of Security Council resolution 2404, steps have been taken by UNIOGBIS, with the support of the Department of Political Affairs, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support to re-orient the resources and interventions of the Mission towards effective implementation of the new priorities articulated by the Security Council.

    To that end, DPA led a Technical Assessment Mission to Bissau from 24 to 31 March composed of the relevant UN Departments and Offices.  The team met with national, regional and international stakeholders, and worked closely with UNIOGBIS to help re-align the mission’s resources.  Internal work on the re-orientation is well underway. 

    It was agreed that resources would be temporarily redeployed from the former Rule of Law and Security Institutions component to support the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in conducting good offices and providing support to the elections, as well as to the newly-established Combatting Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime (CDTOC) component; UNODC will be located within this component.  In addition, future UN police deployments are expected to focus on criminal detection and investigation; and the promotion of human rights and gender equality will be mainstreamed in all mission activities. The report and recommendations of the Technical Assessment Mission to Bissau will also inform the Strategic Review Mission that will take place later this year, in late August/early September. The Strategic Review will contain the Secretary-General’s assessment of UNIOGBIS, including options for a possible reconfiguration of the United Nations presence in the country and re-prioritization of tasks, as requested by the Council in resolution 2404.    


    Madam President,

    The latest successful efforts to assist Bissau-Guinean stakeholders to end the political and institutional impasse and launch the country on the path of sustainable peace and development gives cause for guarded optimism. The period until the legislative elections, and particularly until the next Presidential election in 2019, will be critical and fraught with uncertainties, and will require the continued attention and engagement of the international community.

    Before I conclude, I would like to recognize the commendable contribution of Mr. Modibo Touré, who completed his assignment as the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on 6 May, particularly in forging close and constructive relations with ECOWAS and the region. I would also like to welcome his successor, Mr. José Viegas Filho, who will assume his responsibilities later this month and continue to build on progress made in Guinea-Bissau. I would also like to express our appreciation to our partners, ECOWAS, AU, EU and CPLP for their cooperation and efforts that have helped open the way for a better future for Guinea Bissau, an opportunity Bissau-Guinean should be encouraged, assisted and influenced to grasp.

    I thank you for your attention.

  • 15 мая 2018

    The United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU), established by the UN General Assembly Resolution 64/288 on 1 July 2010, is mandated to enhance the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security. The Office is also tasked to provide coordinated and consistent United Nations (UN) advice to the African Union (AU) on both long-term capacity-building and short-term operational support, as well as to streamline the UN presence in Addis Ababa to make it cost-effective and efficient in delivering UN assistance to the AU in the area of peace and security (A/64/762).


    The strategic cooperation between the African Union and the United Nations is manifested in the multiple consultative mechanisms on peace and security challenges in Africa, including on early warning, conflict prevention and resolution. UN, AU as well as the Regional Economic Communities and Regional Mechanisms increasingly work together at all levels, and on a wide range of issues from capacity development and policy design, cutting across the conflict cycle from prevention to crisis response operations.


    For an overview on the UN-AU partnership, click here.

  • 15 мая 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov (on screen), UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace...

  • 15 мая 2018

    The Horn of Africa region has long been a focus of United Nations engagement and investment. The region faces major challenges, including long-standing civil conflicts and unrest, deep poverty and vulnerability to climate change. However, it also presents significant opportunities: rapid economic growth in several countries, a young and dynamic population and new momentum for regional cooperation. Realizing the region’s enormous potential requires a collective approach, tackling shared challenges in a coordinated manner.



    The establishment of the Office of the Special Envoy the Horn of Africa in 2018 was largely driven by the dynamic changes in the region, triggered by the rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea and the strengthening of relations between Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, as well as the cooling off of tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti. In October 2018, the Secretary-General expanded the remit of the Special Envoy for the Sudan and South Sudan to cover the Horn of Africa region, defined for this purpose to comprise the members of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). This mandate derives from an exchange of letters between the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council (S/2018/955 and S/2018/979).


    The Office of the Special Envoy mandated to support the region in sustaining the recent gains in peace and security, including the historic transition in the Sudan and the ongoing peace process in South Sudan. The Office of the Special Envoy is responsible for supporting IGAD, in line with the framework for cooperation between the United Nations and IGAD signed in Djibouti on 17 November 2015, and other relevant regional organizations in promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa. This primarily involves enhancing sub-regional capacities for conflict prevention and mediation and addressing cross-cutting issues. On this basis, the Special Envoy is tasked with carrying out good offices role and special assignments on behalf of the Secretary-General as required. The mission has been tasked with enhancing linkages in the work of the United Nations and other partners in the Horn of Africa region, with a view to promoting a joined-up regional approach, including facilitating coordination and information exchange within the United Nations system.


    The Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa retains responsibilities related to the maintenance of good and peaceful neighbourly relations between Sudan and South Sudan, initially established pursuant to the exchange of letters between the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council (S/2011/474 and S/2011/475). This includes cooperation with the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) in efforts to implement Security Council resolution 2046 (2012), which called upon the Sudan and South Sudan to reach an agreement on critical issues, including: (a) the full and urgent advancement of all outstanding issues from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement; and (b) to ease the tensions and facilitate the resumption of negotiations on post-secession relations and the normalization of their relations.



    The United Nations Comprehensive Regional Prevention Strategy for the Horn of Africa

    The Office of the Special Envoy coordinates and helps to enhance the coherence of the collective work of the United Nations in the region, and focuses on the prevention of crises affecting human security in support of Member States’ national strategies and regional strategies in pursuance of lasting peace and sustainable development.


    In line with the internal five-year United Nations Comprehensive Regional Prevention Strategy for the Horn of Africa, in July 2019 the Office organized a workshop with senior United Nations leadership working in the region to kick-start the implementation of the Strategy, the key outcomes of which included the development of an action plan and a coordination mechanism. The Strategy is the United Nations support framework for the Horn of Africa. It aims at operationalizing the Secretary-General’s vision of prevention by rationalizing United Nations prevention-related mandates and encouraging a system-wide ownership of outcomes. The Strategy employs a regional approach – not just the sum of national approaches in the region – to prevention in the Horn of Africa and considers regional strategies of the AU and sub-regional strategies of IGAD. Given the fast-changing environment in the region, the Strategy is a living and flexible framework and will continue to evolve in light of emerging priorities.



    Celebrating International Women’s Day 2023 - Thoughts on Digitalization for Women’s Empowerment in the Horn of Africa by Special Envoy Tetteh 


  • 15 мая 2018

    The United Nations has been engaged with Somalia since 1991 to support its Government and people to advance peace and security. In 2012, following an extended transition period, the Provisional Federal Constitution of Somalia was agreed through a broad-based consultation process, and a new Federal Parliament and Government were selected, with a pledge to deliver political transformation of the country and realize the vision of a peaceful, federal Somalia. The international community has pledged to support Somalia in its efforts.


    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) coordinates the efforts of the UN system in Somalia,  facilitating the good offices of the Secretary-General and supporting political reconciliation and peacebuilding through engagement with the Federal Government of Somalia, its federal member states and civil society, as well as regional organizations and international partners.


    These efforts to achieve peace, reconciliation and stability are led and coordinated by the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), a DPPA special political mission established in the Somali capital of Mogadishu in June 2013. The UN mission, with offices across the country, is mandated by the Security Council to work with the Federal Government of Somalia and federal member states to support national reconciliation, provide strategic and policy advice on various aspects of peacebuilding and state-building, to monitor human rights, and help coordinate the efforts of the international community.


    Since 2013, UNSOM has helped sustain Somalia's emerging federalism process. Key challenges remain, especially in security, governance, and economic recovery. UNSOM is currently supporting efforts by the Federal Government of Somalia and federal member states to further improve the security situation, including the implementation of the transition plan from the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) to Somali security forces, as well as reform of the security and justice sectors. UNSOM also aims to further support efforts by Somalia's federal and regional leaders to conduct one-person, one-vote elections planned for 2020/1, complete the federalism process, finalize a federal constitution, and galvanize economic recovery, particularly opportunities for youth, which is critical to Somalia's long-term stability.


    UNSOM is headed by James Swan, a national of the United States serving as Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia. He is supported by two Deputy Special Representatives: Anita Kiki Gbeho and Adam Abdelmoula who is also the UN Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.


  • 15 мая 2018

    Following six months of armed conflict in Libya in 2011, the United Nations established a political mission to support the country's transitional authorities in their post-conflict efforts.


    The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), whose mandate was most recently renewed in resolution 2599 on 30 September 2021, until 31 January 2022, is primarily tasked by the Security Council with supporting an inclusive Libyan political process and security and economic dialogue through mediation and good offices, including supporting the implementation of the Libyan ceasefire agreement of 23 October 2020 and the political road map of 15 November 2020. In addition, UNSMIL is mandated to conduct human rights monitoring and reporting, support key Libyan institutions and efforts to secure uncontrolled arms, the provision of essential services and delivery of humanitarian assistance, and coordination of international assistance.


    The daily management of UNSMIL is supervised by Assistant Secretary-General and Mission Coordinator, Mr. Raisedon Zenenga. The mission is also present in Benghazi, Libya; Tunis, Tunisia; and Geneva, Switzerland.

  • 15 мая 2018

    @UNICEF/Mohammed Mahmoud

    The Special Envoy is making good progress towards the production of a framework for negotiations as promised in his briefing to the UN Security...

  • 14 мая 2018

    1. On 24 April in Goma, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in line with the decision of the Eighth high-level meeting of the Regional Oversight Mechanism (ROM) of the Peace, Security and Cooperation (PSC) Framework Agreement for the DRC and the region to “Complete the repatriation without preconditions of the FDLR disarmed combatants and their dependents located in transit camps in eastern DRC, and of the ex-M23 combatants that are in Rwanda and Uganda no later than 20...

  • 14 мая 2018

    Guinea-Bissau, one of the world’s poorest nations, has been plagued by chronic political instability since gaining independence in 1974. The international community including the United Nations is providing various forms of assistance aimed at helping the West African country build stable, democratic institutions and achieve greater economic prosperity.


    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) provides support and strategic advice to the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office for Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS), a special political mission first established in 1999 following a two-year civil war in the country. The Mission is headed by the Secretary-General’s Representative for Guinea-Bissau, Rosine Sori-Coulibaly. The Security Council has extended the presence of UNIOGBIS over the years amid continued fragility in the country, whose problems have been exacerbated in recent years by a protracted political and institutional impasse characterized by the paralysis of the National Assembly and the absence of a State budget and programme of the Government.


    According to Security Council Resolution 2404 (2018), which defines the mandate of UNIOGBIS, the key political activities of the mission are to: (a) Support the full implementation of the Conakry Agreement and the ECOWAS Roadmap, and facilitate an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation process, the strengthening of democratic governance, particularly with regards to the implementation of necessary urgent reforms;  (b) Support, through good offices the electoral process to ensure inclusive, free and credible legislative elections in 2018 within the legally mandated time frame; (c) Provide support, including by technical assistance, to national authorities in expediting and completing the review of Guinea-Bissau’s Constitution.


    Operative paragraph 4 of the same resolution affirms that in addition to the abovementioned priorities, UNIOGBIS and the Special Representative will continue to assist, coordinate and lead international efforts in several areas, including in providing support to the Government of Guinea-Bissau in strengthening democratic institutions and enhancing the capacity of state organs to function effectively and constitutionally; to ensure lasting peace and stability in Guinea Bissau.


    In parallel with the good offices of the SRSG in support of the implementation of the Conakry Agreement, UNIOGBIS is working with entities beyond the purview of the Government and State structures to facilitate an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation process. UNIOGBIS is providing technical support in the reconfiguration of the former Women’s Facilitation Group, which played an important role in resuming dialogue among political actors in the first semester of 2017. 


    UNIOGBIS as an integrated office works closely with the UN Resident Coordinator (Deputy SRSG)  and the UNCT to strengthen UN system-wide synergies and to mobilize international financial assistance. The Office also works to enhance cooperation between the major international partners working for progress in Guinea-Bissau, especially in the format of the Guinea-Bissau P5 group namely the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the European Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries (CPLP), among other important bilateral partners and donors.


    In 2007, Guinea-Bissau was placed on the agenda of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), a step which has increased the international community’s attention to the country and its needs. A year later, the Peacebuilding Commission and the Government of Guinea-Bissau adopted a Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in the country. The Secretary General declared Guinea-Bissau eligible to receive support from the UN Peacebuilding Fund in March 2008.


    The Mission is currently implementing six  PBF Projects funded under the IRD facility worth 7.8 mln USD in total, in the following areas: Support to political dialogue and national reconciliation in Guinea-Bissau ; Boosting the media sector for greater Peace and Stability in Guinea-Bissau; Strengthening Public Confidence in the Justice System; Supporting political and institutional stabilization of the Justice sector for peace consolidation in Guinea-Bissau ; Supporting Women's and Youth Political Participation for Peace and Development in Guinea-Bissau; and Mobilizing rural Youth and adolescents to serve as peacebuilding leaders.


  • 14 мая 2018

    The United Nations has long been engaged in efforts to bring peace and stability to Africa’s Great Lakes region, which has been plagued for decades by political instability, armed conflicts, porous borders, humanitarian crises, tensions over natural resources and other destabilizing factors.


    A key step in these efforts has been the adoption, on 24 February 2013, of a United Nations-brokered accord intended to end the recurring cycles of conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the region. The Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and the region (PSC Framework) was signed by 11 countries, namely Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. In early 2014, Kenya and Sudan became the 12th and 13th signatories of the Framework, respectively. The United Nations, the African Union, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, and the Southern African Development Community act as Guarantors of the Framework.


    The agreement includes commitments at the national, regional and international levels, geared towards addressing the root causes of violent conflict and ending recurring cycles of violence and suffering in eastern DRC and the Great Lakes region. Its implementation is championed by the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes region. 


    In recent years, a positive momentum has emerged, with the peaceful holding of elections in the DRC in 2018 and the commitment by President Felix Tshisekedi of the DRC to restore peace and security in eastern DRC and to promote friendly and mutually beneficial relations with neighbouring countries. Steps taken by other leaders in the region to address tensions and advance political, security, and economic cooperation have also contributed to a reinvigoration of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy and an improvement in the region’s overall security situation. These efforts are supported by the United Nations, as a whole, and by the Office of the Special Envoy, in particular. 


    In this context, Secretary-General António Guterres approved the United Nations Strategy for Peace Consolidation, Conflict Prevention and Conflict Resolution in the Great Lakes region on 22 October 2020. The Strategy, developed by the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region and the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), in consultation with a wide range of stakeholders, including representatives of the signatory countries of the PSC Framework, proposes an integrated framework to leverage the political, operational and programmatic expertise of the United Nations, both at Headquarters and in the region, to help the countries of the region achieve inclusive peace, prosperity and sustainable, people-centred development. The Strategy lays out ten priority areas of intervention, arranged into three pillars, which are to guide its implementation, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. An action plan covering the period from 2021 through 2023 was also developed to chart the way forward. On 20 October 2021, the United Nations Security Council issued a Presidential Statement (S/PRST/2021/19) welcoming the Strategy and its Action Plan. It further encouraged ownership and political will by the PSC Framework’s signatory countries, and urged the international community and International Financial Institutions to contribute technical and financial support for the Strategy’s implementation.                                                 

    The Special Envoy is supported by his office, based in Nairobi, Kenya, and by DPPA.


  • 11 мая 2018

    UN Special Coordinator Mladenov’s in talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (11 May 2018)

    Thank you very...

  • 7 мая 2018

    High Level International Conference "Countering Terrorism and Preventing Violent Extremism" in Dushanbe, Tajikistan (May 2018)


  • 7 мая 2018


  • 6 мая 2018

    On 7 May 2018, Nairobi, Kenya - Special Envoy Djinnit convened the first OSESG-GL partners’ briefing of the year 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya.  In attendance were...

  • 2 мая 2018

    “Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas chose to use his speech at the opening of the Palestinian National Council to repeat some of the most contemptuous anti-Semitic slurs, including the suggestion that the social behavior of Jews was the cause for the Holocaust.

    Such statements are unacceptable, deeply disturbing and do not serve the interests of the Palestinian people or peace in the Middle East.

    Denying the historic and religious connection of the Jewish people...

  • 30 апр 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov, UN Special Coordinator...

  • 26 апр 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov, UN Special Coordinator for Middle East Peace Process, briefs the Security...

  • 26 апр 2018

    The sixth meeting of the Special Representatives and Envoys of the UN Secretary-General, Regional Directors and Resident Coordinators of...

  • 25 апр 2018

    On 25 April 2018, the 55th meeting of the joint Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) chaired by the United Nations was held in Gali town with the participation of Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz and EUMM (European Union Monitoring Mission) representatives.

    The overall security situation on the ground, since the previous IPRM meeting, which took place on 21 March 2018, was assessed as calm and stable without major incidents reported. The Chair commended this achievement, attributing it to the joint efforts of all participants. In relation to this assessment, the importance and exemplary use of the hotline was emphasized. Participants were once again encouraged to continue using this effective tool for prevention of and response to incidents, for addressing humanitarian issues as well as for information-exchange purposes on other matters.

    According to the agenda, participants followed up on the matters discussed at previous meetings. They also discussed in detail new agenda points, in particular several detentions for the alleged crossing at undesignated locations in the recent period. Information was shared on the investigations into two cases of previously committed serious crimes. The issue of the 6 April 2018 flight of two helicopters in close vicinity of the line of control was discussed in detail. In this context, the attention of the participants was drawn to the voluntary provision of advance notice on sensitive activities in order to avoid suspicion and misperceptions.

    The 55th IPRM meeting took place in a constructive and business-like atmosphere.

    It was agreed to hold the next meeting on 18 May 2018.

  • 25 апр 2018

    Photo caption: UN representatives in Central Africa during their fifth annual meeting held from 23 to 24 March 2017 in Libreville. Photo UNOCA/Norbert N. Ouendji Archives...

  • 24 апр 2018

    Participating in the launch of the Follow-up Mechanism for the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework agreement, Said Djinnit, UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region (2nd from left) with AU, ICGLR and Rwandan representatives (...

  • 23 апр 2018

    12th OECD forum, Paris, 17-19 April 2018 (Photo Hervé Cortinat)

    Paris, 20 April 2018 – The United Nations Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region, Said Djinnit,...
  • 21 апр 2018

    Let’s meet for reconciliation - 140 victims and 25 former FARC and AUC combatants met at the coliseum in the Municipality of Remedios, northeast of Antioquia to make progress in building territorial peace, coexistence and prevention of...

  • 20 апр 2018

    New York, 20 April 2018. The Secretary-General condemns the kidnapping and killing of three media workers, confirmed on...

  • 20 апр 2018

    19 April 2018 - The members of the Security Council reiterated their full and unanimous support for the peace process in Colombia and shared the assessment of the Secretary-General set out in his 29 March...

  • 17 апр 2018

    UN Photo Manuel Elias 

    Mr. President,

    I took up my assignment as the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Yemen. It began on 11 March. I approached this with...

  • 16 апр 2018

    The training workshop of the National Police Forces (FPN) of Gabon on "organized crime" was officially opened on Monday 16 April 2018 at the Ministry of Interior,...

  • 14 апр 2018

    The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights - West Africa Regional Office (OHCHR-WARO), the...

  • 13 апр 2018

    Photo caption: Pastoralism, seen as "a way of life based essentially on livestock breeding, especially small ruminants, cattle and camels", is characterized, among other things, by the strategic mobility of animals - to ensure...

  • 13 апр 2018
  • 11 апр 2018
  • 11 апр 2018





    Asia and Pacific

    • UN Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) (1999)
    • UN Political Office in Bougainville (UNPOB) (1998 - 2003)
    • UN Observer Mission in Bougainville (UNOMB) (2004 - 2005)
    • UN Office in Timor-Leste (UNOTIL) (2005 - 2006)
    • UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) (2007 - 2010)




    Middle East and West Asia

    • UN Special Mission in Afghanistan (UNSMA) (1993 - 2001)
    • UN Tajikistan Office of Peacebuilding (UNTOP) (2000 - 2007)
    • UN International Independent Investigation Commission (UNIIIC) (2005 - 2009)
    • UN Commission of Inquiry into the facts and circumstances of the assassination of former Pakistani Prime Minister Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto (2009 - 2010)
    • OPCW-UN Joint Mission in Syria (2013 - 2014)
  • 11 апр 2018

    The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) is a Special Political Mission with a regional mandate to help prevent conflict and sustain peace in Central Africa. UNOCA provides good offices and other assistance to support preventive diplomacy and mediation in situations of tension or potential conflict. It also works closely with UN entities on the ground, governments, regional and sub-regional organizations, notably the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), to help strengthen regional capacity to address regional peace and security issues and cross-border challenges. These include arms trafficking, organized crime, maritime insecurity, and the presence of armed and terrorist groups such as Boko Haram and the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP).


    UNOCA was established through an exchange of letters completed in August 2010 between the United Nations Secretary-General and the Security Council, and was inaugurated in March 2011 in Libreville, Gabon. Its mandate was renewed for another three-year period (1 September 2021-31 August 2024) in August 2021. The Office is currently headed by the Secretary-General's Special Representative François Louncény Fall (Guinea).


    Since May 2011, the Office is also the Secretariat to the UN Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC).


    UNOCA is the third regional political office attached to the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA). Along with the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy in Central Asia (UNRCCA), these regional offices have demonstrated the value of preventive diplomacy and other assistance in helping regions to manage shared problems, crises and tensions peacefully.


    Supporting regional multidimensional response to the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin region

    As mandated by the Security Council, UNOCA works jointly with UNOWAS to support regional efforts aimed at addressing the crisis related to the activities of Boko Haram and ISWAP in the Lake Chad Basin region. This includes regularly monitoring, analyzing and reporting on developments on the ground to inform the Security Council of the evolution of the crisis and maintain the latter high on the agenda of the international community.


    UNOCA supports the implementation of the Regional Strategy for the Stabilization, Recovery and Resilience of the Boko Haram-affected Areas of the Lake Chad Basin led by the Lake Chad Basin Commission and the African Union. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNOCA is a member of the Regional Strategy’s Steering Committee while UNOCA also co-chairs the Governance Cluster of the Regional Strategy’s Regional Task Force. Jointly with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Central Africa supports resource mobilization efforts for the implementation of the Regional Strategy and promotes greater cooperation between the affected States through joint high-level engagement, including their joint visits to Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.  


  • 11 апр 2018

    Said Djinnit, Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region, briefs the Security Council on the situation in the Great Lakes region. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe


  • 11 апр 2018

    The members of the Security Council met on 10 April 2018 to discuss the situation in the Great lakes region, five years after the signature of the Peace, Security and Cooperation (PSC) Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region. They were briefed by Mr Said Djinnit, Special envoy of the Secretary General for the Great Lakes, and Amb. Raymond Serge BALE, permanent representative of the Republic of Congo, as chair of the PSC Framework Regional Oversight...

  • 10 апр 2018

    Photo caption: Participants at the meeting in Libreville discuss several topics, including those related to the root and immediate causes of violence between farmers and herders in Central Africa. Photo UNOCA/Norbert...

  • 10 апр 2018

    The 49th edition of INTERFACE, the quarterly newsletter of the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA), provides...

  • 10 апр 2018

    Photo caption: The joint summit scheduled for July 2018 marks an important step in the implementation of a decision taken at the extraordinary session of the...

  • 10 апр 2018

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) has been supporting regional efforts to help resolve Burundi’s political crisis since civil unrest erupted in April 2015 in Bujumbura in connection with the candidacy of President Pierre Nkurunziza. The violence that followed an attempted coup d’etat in May 2015 saw hundreds killed, thousands internally displaced, and some 420,000 flee to neighboring countries. Since then, Burundi has been trying to find a peaceful solution to the political crisis through the Inter-Burundian Dialogue, which is led by the region and supported by the United Nations, while the country is also preparing for the 2020 elections.


    As mandated by Security Council resolutions 2248 (2015)2279 (2016) and 2303 (2016), the Secretary-General appointed on 5 May 2017 former President of Burkina Faso, Michel Kafando as his Special Envoy to provide assistance to the efforts of the East African Community (EAC) for political dialogue among all Burundians as well as to lead and coordinate the UN political efforts to promote peace and sustainable development in Burundi. The Special Envoy’s team in Bujumbura has been working with the EAC and the African Union as part of a Joint Technical Working Group (JTWG) to facilitate and support the process, previously under the leadership of Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, Jamal Benomar. Special Envoy Kafando completed his assignment on 30 November 2019 and the Secretary-General has yet to appoint a replacement. The Office of the Special Envoy in Bujumbura is currently under the leadership and management of DPPA-Department of Peace Operations (DPO).  


    Progress since the end of civil war in the 1990s

    As mandated in Security Council resolution 2137 (2014), the UN Electoral Observation Mission in Burundi (MENUB) deployed 72 election observers across the country to report on the 2015 elections. They concluded that while the vote was adequate in conduct, the overall environment was “not conducive” to a free and credible process. MENUB concluded its mandate on 18 November 2015.


    In the decade before the 2015 elections the United Nations Office in Burundi (BNUB) supported the country in its efforts to build itself out of decades of civil war through reconciliation, equitable economic growth, and effective institutions.


    In 2010 the UN provided electoral support to five elections, from the communal to the national level. One result was a record representation of women in public office -- over a third of elected officials and almost half of the government ministers.


    In 2005 the UN Operations in Burundi (ONUB) organized the 2005 election in the context of the country emerging from conflict. The former Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, was a member of a strategic consultative committee which aimed to assess key aspects of international community assistance to the process. The Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) availed resources for the production of 1,000,000 identity cards. The UN Development Program (UNDP) was also a member of key electoral technical committees and supported fund mobilization. The elections came off successfully under the watchful presence of BINUB’s blue helmets.


    Despite ongoing difficulties, Burundi has taken important strides forward since its civil war in the 1990s. The peace accord signed in Arusha, Tanzania in 2000, envisioned a new constitution, which was adopted on 18 March 2005 with an alternating presidency and ethnically balanced institutions designed to blunt the potential for conflict. A new constitution has been proposed by the government and will face referendum in May 2018.



  • 10 апр 2018

    Mine Action day exhibition at AU Headquarters

    ‘Currently 179 life-saving Mine Action projects are taking place in 22 countries, many of which are in Africa’, Colonel Nurudeen Azeez, Head of...

  • 5 апр 2018

    The Secretary-General takes note of the announcement by the National Electoral Commission on 4 April of the final results of the presidential run-off election in Sierra Leone. He congratulates Mr....

  • 5 апр 2018

    Statement by United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process,Nickolay Mladenov, on the situation in GazaJerusalem, 5 April 2018

    “I am following with concern the continuing preparations and rhetoric for this Friday’s ‘Great Return March’ in Gaza.

    Israeli forces should exercise maximum restraint and Palestinians should avoid friction at the Gaza fence.

    Demonstrations and protests must be allowed...

  • 3 апр 2018

    3 April 2018


    Distinguished guests,

    Ladies and gentlemen,


    Thank you all for being here today to show your solidarity with the women, men, girls and boys of Yemen.

    And I want to thank my co-chairs, the Governments of Sweden and Switzerland, for hosting this conference for the second year and for their continued humanitarian commitment.

    Yemen is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

    As the conflict enters its...

  • 1 апр 2018

    Sana’a International Airport, 31 March 2018 -  I just completed my first visit to Sana’a as Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen.  This trip follows a visit to Riyadh where I met with the...