Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents

2019

  • 17 Abr 2019

    Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya Ghassan Salame condemns in the strongest terms the overnight heavy rocket shelling on the high-density residential neighbourhood of Abu Slim in Tripoli which resulted in scores of civilian deaths and injuries. According to initial medical sources, civilian casualties include injured women and children and one family that lost a mother, daughter, and grand-daughter.

    “With great sadness, I extend my deepest...

  • 17 Abr 2019

    The UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia has issued a new publication entitled “Strategic Dialogue: Role of Parliaments in Engaging Afghanistan in Central Asian Cooperation Frameworks through Preventive Diplomacy”.

    This publication represents a compilation of materials of the regional seminar “Role of Parliaments in Engaging Afghanistan in Central Asian Cooperation Frameworks through...

  • 17 Abr 2019

    KABUL - In its latest report on the treatment of conflict-related detainees in Afghanistan published today, the UN documents an encouraging reduction in the number of cases of torture since 2016 but notes its ongoing...

  • 16 Abr 2019

    Special Coordinator Kubis vists MARCH non-governmental organization in Tripoli

    UN Special Coordinator for Lebanon, Jan Kubis, yesterday visited the city of Tripoli in north Lebanon. It was an opportunity...

  • 16 Abr 2019

    The United Nations Security Council has condemned the announcement by Taliban militants in Afghanistan of its spring offensive, saying it will result in more “unnecessary suffering and destruction for the Afghan people”.

  • 16 Abr 2019

    In the Territorial Area for Training and Reintegration of Filipinas, Arauca, the former Farc combatants, had the opportunity to commemorate the International Women's Day, in an event...

  • 16 Abr 2019

    Sandino, who was a member of the guerrilla for 27 years and is doing his reintegration process into civilian life, reunited with his son Álvaro, an...

  • 16 Abr 2019

    Mohamed Ibn Chambas, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel...

  • 16 Abr 2019

    KANDAHAR - Activists in Kandahar are turning to social media to better coordinate and strengthen efforts to promote women’s rights....

  • 16 Abr 2019

    The members of the Security Council condemned the announcement by the Taliban of a spring offensive, which will only result in more unnecessary suffering and destruction for the Afghan people.

    The...

  • 15 Abr 2019

    Top news on Monday includes: UN chief expresses his horror over the huge blaze in Notre Dame; a deal over Hudaydah troop withdrawal beckons, but war intensifies; “global measles crisis” underway.

  • 15 Abr 2019

    A plan to withdraw forces from front lines in and around the key Yemeni port of Hudaydah has been accepted by pro-Government forces and Houthi rebels, the UN Special Envoy to the country told the Security Council on Monday, warning however that war shows “no sign of abating” elsewhere.

  • 15 Abr 2019

    Thank you very much Mr. President,

    And thank you for giving me this opportunity to brief the Council.  It is almost exactly a year since I first had such a chance. And I said then, back in April of last...

  • 13 Abr 2019

    I congratulate Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh on the formation of a new Palestinian government and look forward to continuing to work closely with him and his team on improving the economic, humanitarian and social situation of the Palestinian people. At a time of significant financial and political challenges to the Palestinian national project, all must support the Government’s efforts and work to overcome internal divisions. Unity is essential to...

  • 12 Abr 2019

    Top news on Friday included: a call for respect for human rights in Sudan’s protests; the 25th anniversary of the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda; five years since the Chibok girls were abducted in Nigeria; the UN chief condemning a deadly terrorist attack in Pakistan; continued fighting in Libya’s capital; and an update on Colombia’s peace process.

  • 12 Abr 2019

    “Miraculously I had no machete marks” a survivor of the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda told a solemn United Nations event in New York on Friday, 25 years on, to remember the systematic killing of more than one million people, over less than three months.

  • 12 Abr 2019

    Sudan’s military has an “overarching duty” to refrain from using violence against protesters and ensure that their human rights are protected amid concerns of a further escalation, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said on Friday.

  • 12 Abr 2019

    Mr. President, Distinguished members of the Council:

    It is an honor to present to you the latest report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia and to update the Council on its latest developments since its publication.  It is a pleasure to do so in the presence of Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo and Presidential Counsellor for Stabilization and Consolidation, Emilio Archila, who both are vital partners of the Verification Mission. 

    I also welcome the participation in today’s meeting of Rosa Emilia Salamanca.  Colombian civil society plays a critical role in the peace process. 

     

    Mr. President,

    As this Council has acknowledged, Colombia’s Peace Agreement is a historic achievement.  It has helped to end decades of armed conflict and provides an example to countries around the world that negotiated solutions are possible.  At the same time, we know that it is during the long and often difficult process of implementing such agreements that peace is truly forged.   Today, a diverse array of Colombian institutions, as well as community leaders, rural families, former combatants and civil society remain actively engaged in this process and count on the international community for its continuing support and engagement.

    Colombia’s Final Peace Agreement is a broad agreement that includes interconnected commitments to end the conflict as well as to foster rural reform, political participation, reintegration of former combatants, security for conflict-affected communities, illicit crop substitution, and transitional justice.  It is key therefore to implement the Agreement in a comprehensive, integrated manner and to ensure that all areas of its implementation are adequately resourced.

     

    Mr. President,

    Many of the connections across these areas of the Peace Agreement were evident last week during a visit in which I had the honor of joining President Duque to Icononzo, to a Territorial Area for Training and Reintegration in the mountains of central Colombia where 200 former combatants and their families live.  This was his third visit to a Territorial Area. The former combatants conveyed a range of concerns, including Government support for their productive projects, security, and their uncertainty regarding their legal guarantees and with respect to the status of the 24 Territorial Areas after their current legal status expires on 15 of August.  President Duque’s message during these visits has been to reassure the former combatants about his Government’s commitment to their reintegration.

    These are valuable opportunities to sustain dialogue and address the continuing insecurity and uncertainty that was highlighted in the Secretary-General’s report.  Additional visits by members of the Peace Commissions of both houses of Congress to the Territorial Areas have also helped to convey the commitment to and engagement of Colombian institutions in the peace process.  

     

    Mr. President,

    With respect to reintegration, individual and collective projects for 1.774 former FARC-EP members, including 520 women, have now been approved.   A recent census completed by the Agency for Reintegration and Normalization identified more than 10,500 former FARC-EP members within the reintegration process.  Nearly two years after they laid down their arms, a critical challenge is to maintain their optimism in the face of the continued uncertainties about their future. In this respect, I respectfully encourage the Government to accelerate the approval of more projects and the prompt disbursement of funds, as well as the implementation of a gender-sensitive approach and timely decisions on access to land. 

    Former combatants are undertaking productive initiatives as diverse as establishing bakeries and restaurants, producing clothing, shoes and agricultural products, and opening tourism projects in areas of the country that were previously inaccessible due to the conflict.  For most of these projects, a key challenge remains access to markets.  The Government along with the FARC, regional authorities, the private sector, the UN Country Team and certainly the Mission, continue to facilitate opportunities to connect to markets the products and services being offered by former combatants, in partnership with local communities.

     

    Mr. President,

    In its last press statement on Colombia, the Council encouraged timely decisions regarding the future of the Territorial Areas for Training and Reintegration once their current legal status expires, to help provide greater certainty to and reinforce the confidence of former FARC-EP members in the peace process.  I do welcome recent efforts by the Government to formulate proposals for each of these Territorial Areas.  Adequate resources should be provided for these proposals.  It is also important to ensure an inclusive discussion on these proposals that involves former combatants as well as local authorities.  These decisions should be taken and communicated to the former combatants as soon as possible to ensure a smooth transition.  The Mission as ever stands ready to support the Government and FARC in the transition process.

     

    Mr. President,

    Turning to security guarantees, the killings of community leaders, human rights defenders and former FARC-EP combatants continue and remain a grave concern.  The deployment of Colombian military and police near the Territorial Areas has been and is critical but violent competition among illegal armed groups for territorial control in areas outside of these security perimeters continues to threaten the security of former combatants and communities, as well as to undercut the overall peace implementation efforts.   

    During a recent visit to Tumaco on the Pacific coast, I had a sobering discussion with a group of courageous afro-Colombian social and community leaders, several of whom are under direct threat from armed groups and criminal organizations.  All of them have friends, family members or colleagues who have been assassinated, displaced or threatened by criminal elements, including groups involved in illicit economies.   They shared with me specific proposals and ideas for their safety, which should be taken into account in devising local protection strategies.  In this regard, I welcome the Government’s efforts to hold sessions of the National Commission on Security Guarantees in the territories – actually, one such session is being held today in Cúcuta -- and I encourage the Government to ensure that these sessions will translate in prompt decisions and concrete actions tailored to local dynamics. 

    The leaders I talked to in Tumaco were also emphatic that security in the territories demands an integrated and coordinated presence of state authorities, both civilian institutions and security forces.  This is a message I have heard consistently across the country.  In this sense, I welcome the approval of the 16 Development Plans with a Territorial Focus (PDETs), which will benefit 170 municipalities affected by the armed conflict, and I encourage the Government to devote the necessary resources to ensure implementation of these plans.  More than 200,000 community members contributed to the formulation of these plans, a positive example of effective dialogue between communities and State institutions. 

     

    Mr. President,

    Recent weeks have been dominated by divisive debates regarding transitional justice, a contentious issue in most peace processes.  Last month, President Duque objected to six articles of the draft Statutory Law of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace.  Following a vote against these objections in the Chamber of Representatives earlier this week, consideration of the objections is still pending in the Senate. 

    The Secretary-General has called for prompt action by all concerned to ensure that a Statutory Law consistent with the Peace Agreement is put in place as soon as possible.  This Statutory Law is the last missing element of the legal framework for the Special Jurisdiction for Peace and a necessary one to ensure that this institution can operate with the necessary independence and autonomy.  The Special Jurisdiction for Peace, under the leadership of its President, Patricia Linares, continues to advance its work with impressive results.   It has now initiated seven large cases that are examining significant violations affecting 820,000 victims.  Moreover, close to 9,700 former FARC-EP members and almost 2,000 individuals from the Armed Forces have subjected themselves to its authority. 

    President Duque has also announced his intention to propose three constitutional reforms to articles underpinning the transitional justice framework of the Peace Agreement.  In introducing the first of these proposals, the Government assured that they would be applicable for the future.  Indeed, any such initiatives should not be applied in a retroactive manner to those who laid down their arms in good faith and on the strength of commitments made under the Agreement.  As the Secretary-General has stated, the principle of non-retroactivity is critical in preserving the confidence in the process going forward.

    In a climate of uncertainty –for victims, for those subject to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, for FARC members awaiting funding for social and economic reintegration and for communities who have suffered from the conflict– the greatest uncertainty would be to reopen core elements of the underlying Peace Agreement itself. 

     

    Mr. President, Distinguished Members of the Council,

    As the peace process continues, it is fundamental to bring Colombians together and to heal divisions, just as President Duque signaled on the day of his inauguration.   The path to consolidating peace requires consensus, and consensus can only be achieved through dialogue.  I strongly encourage all such efforts in this regard.  I am encouraged that at the local level Colombians throughout the country are engaging with one another across ideological lines to embrace the opportunities provided by the peace process.  In the Territorial Areas I have visited, I have seen soldiers and former combatants playing football and living and working together, when only a few years ago they were fighting against each other. 

    A few weeks ago, in Cali, Colombia’s third-largest city, the Mission participated in the launch of the Municipal Pact for Peace, Life and Reconciliation, which was signed by all political forces in the city as well as civil society.  And in the Mission’s ongoing work on youth, peace and security, we have been inspired by young Colombian men and women coming together across political, geographic and class divides to embrace reconciliation and support former combatants in their reintegration into society.

    In these and all of their efforts to consolidate peace, Colombians as always can count on the unwavering support of the United Nations.  The Security Council’s firm and unified support to the peace process remains as crucial as ever.

     

    Thank you, Mr. President.

    ****

  • 11 Abr 2019

    On Thursday, the Security Council looked at the key role played by women in the UN’s peacekeeping operations. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange could be exposed to “serious human rights violations”, following his arrest in the United Kingdom, according a UN independent human rights expert. Fighting continues to escalate in Tripoli, Libya, and in Idlib, Syria, and 10,000 conflict-affected people were forcibly relocated in Nigeria and are in dire need of humanitarian aid.

  • 11 Abr 2019

    UN chief António Guterres said on Thursday that the “democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people” need to be realized through “an appropriate and inclusive transition process”, following the overthrow and arrest of President Omar al-Bashir by order of the country’s new military governing council.

  • 11 Abr 2019

    Women’s rights, voices and participation must be at “the centre of peacekeeping decision-making”, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres told the Security Council on Thursday, describing them as “central to sustainable solutions” to challenges facing the Organization worldwide.

  • 11 Abr 2019
    (Source: UN News)   The United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said that there was still time to stop violence in Libya and to avoid the worse. He reiterated, during a media stakeout after briefing the Security Council in closed consultations about his last visit to Libya, that there is no military solution for the ongoing conflict there.   The Secretary-General mentioned what he had said when he was leaving that he was deeply concerned and that he had a heavy heart with...
  • 10 Abr 2019

    Speaking to reporters outside the Security Council in New York on Wednesday night, UN chief António Guterres said there was still time for a “bloody battle for Tripoli” to be avoided, despite the continuing fighting in and around the Libyan capital. 

  • 10 Abr 2019

    Over a month after two competing resolutions on Venezuela failed to pass, the UN Security Council met on Wednesday to discuss the “very real humanitarian problem” facing the country, where close to 7 million people are in dire need of aid, and some 5,000 people continue to flee across borders every day.

  • 10 Abr 2019
  • 9 Abr 2019

    In a heartfelt briefing to the Security Council on Tuesday, Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, has said that, during his three and a half decades as an international civil servant, he has “never seen such toxicity, such poisonous language in politics, media and social media,” directed towards refugees, migrants and foreigners.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    In a heartfelt briefing to the Security Council on Tuesday, Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, has said that, during his three and a half decades as an international civil servant, he has “never seen such toxicity, such poisonous language in politics, media and social media,” directed towards refugees, migrants and foreigners.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    An imminent UN-led Libyan conference seeking to set up elections for the war-ravaged, oil-rich country has been postponed because of ongoing clashes near the capital, the top United Nations official in the country said on Tuesday.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    The decision to hold the National Conference had been made on the basis that the situation had matured, and that the necessary conditions had been met to enable an effective solution to the crisis in Libya through a political settlement, the establishment of a national charter and commitments that could be given to place the country on the path of recovery, towards peace, restoration of unity and sovereignty and a decent life for the Libyan people.

    This is what we had...

  • 9 Abr 2019

    An upsurge of violence in the south-east of Niger means that the population’s suffering is increasing “with each passing month,” a UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) spokesperson warned on Tuesday, at a press briefing in Geneva. In March alone, some 88 civilians were reported to have died during attacks.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    Sudan’s authorities have an “over-arching responsibility” to protect protesters, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, said on Tuesday, amid reports that 70 people have died in the latest anti-Government clashes.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    Further details have emerged of an attack on a school in the Yemeni capital Sana’a at the weekend which killed 14 youngsters and critically injured 16 others.

  • 9 Abr 2019

    HERAT – Providing a safe working environment is essential to women’s personal development and participation in public life, stressed participants during a UN-backed TV discussion in the...

  • 9 Abr 2019

    HERAT – Providing a safe working environment is essential to women’s personal development and participation in public life, stressed participants during a UN-backed TV discussion in the...

  • 9 Abr 2019

    Amman, 09 April 2019 - I am deeply saddened to hear of the tragic deaths of civilians, the majority of whom were young female students attending school, in Saewan area in Sana’a,...

  • 9 Abr 2019

    The Secretary-General strongly condemns the military escalation and ongoing fighting in and around Tripoli, including the aerial attack today by a Libyan National Army (LNA) aircraft against Mitiga airport.

    ...

  • 8 Abr 2019

    With security forces reportedly firing tear gas at protesters and signs that there may be division between the army and security forces in Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, over how to deal with ongoing demonstrations, the UN chief on Monday called on “all actors to exercise utmost restraint and avoid violence.”

  • 8 Abr 2019

    More than 3,400 people have fled fighting near the Libyan capital Tripoli in recent days, the UN warned on Monday, in a call to warring parties to halt military activities so that emergency services can rescue trapped civilians.

  • 8 Abr 2019

    The UN chief António Guterres strongly condemned  on Monday night the military escalation and ongoing fighting in and around the Libyan capital, Tripoli, including an aerial attack earlier in the day by aircraft from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) force, which closed the city's only functioning civilian airport.

  • 8 Abr 2019

    The United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, Lise Grande, has expressed her outrage at the ‘terrible, senseless deaths’ of 11 civilians in the capital, Sana’a on Sunday, in which scores were also injured.

  • 8 Abr 2019

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya Ghassan Salame condemns the aerial attack today by LNA aircraft against Meitiga airport, the capital’s only functioning airport that is available for civilian use. As such, this attack constitutes a serious violation of international humanitarian law which prohibits attacks against civilian infrastructure.

    This attack takes place as part of an escalation of violence on the...

  • 8 Abr 2019

    The escalation of violence in and around Tripoli has caused the displacement of more than 2,800 persons fleeing from fighting, has blocked emergency services from reaching casualties and...

  • 7 Abr 2019

    LASHKAR GAH - The following is a transcript of the statement delivered by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative...

  • 7 Abr 2019

    New York, 7 April 2019

    This World Health Day focuses on universal health coverage and the crucial role primary health care plays in making such coverage a reality.

    Half the world’s population is still unable to obtain the essential health services they need.  Universal Health Coverage is about changing this and ensuring equitable access to health services for all, without people...

  • 7 Abr 2019

    In a message to commemorate the 25-year anniversary of the Rwandan genocide, UN chief António Guterres has warned of dangerous trends of rising xenophobia, racism and intolerance in many parts of the world.

  • 7 Abr 2019

    In a message to commemorate the 25-year anniversary of the genocide against the Tutsi, during which Hutu and others who opposed the genocide were also killed, UN chief António Guterres has warned of dangerous trends of rising xenophobia, racism and intolerance in many parts of the world.

  • 6 Abr 2019

    The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) co-organized a reception on 28 March in partnership with the Canadian and British Embassies to Libya to...

  • 5 Abr 2019

    The United Nations Secretary-General left Libya on Friday voicing his hope that the divided country can “avoid a bloody confrontation” in and around the capital Tripoli.

  • 5 Abr 2019

    Brazzaville (Rep. of Congo), 5 April 2019 – Judicial experts under the umbrella of the Great Lakes Judicial...

  • 5 Abr 2019

    Intensifying clashes between the Myanmar military and armed separatists that reportedly involved a deadly helicopter bombing raid on civilians earlier this week in Rakhine state, have been condemned by the UN human rights office, OHCHR.