Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents


  • 27 Oct 2020

    The UN Secretary-General has called on everyone involve inTanzania's political process to ensure that Wednesday’s general elections are held in a safe, inclusive and peaceful manner, amid reports of intimidation and harassment of political opponents, journalists and activists. 

  • 27 Oct 2020

    BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan

    On October 26, Natalia Gherman, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-...

  • 27 Oct 2020

    The Secretary-General is following with great concern the violent incidents which have occurred in Afghanistan over the past several days. These incidents have claimed the lives of over 40 civilians and injured several...

  • 26 Oct 2020

    The UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process reminded the Security Council on Monday of the Secretary-General’s renewed appeal for a global ceasefire to respond to COVID-19, highlighting that the “the virus feeds off instability”.


  • 26 Oct 2020

    26 October 2020, Acting Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations to Support Mission in Libya Stephanie Williams convened...

  • 26 Oct 2020

    This year, the world celebrates the 75th anniversary of the United Nations under unprecedented circumstances. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to refocus our efforts towards the response and has brought unexpected...

  • 26 Oct 2020

    The UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has announced the launch of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, following the signing of a permanent ceasefire agreement in the strife-torn country. 

  • 26 Oct 2020

    The United Nations has strongly condemned Saturday’s attack on a school in southwestern Cameroon, which claimed the lives of eight children, and wounded another twelve. 

  • 25 Oct 2020

    The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has expressed “deep revulsion” at the killing on Saturday night of at least 24 people, according to latest reports, and injuring of dozens of others in a suicide attack outside an education centre.

  • 25 Oct 2020

    In what leading campaigners are describing as “a new chapter for nuclear disarmament”, the ratification of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons will now come into force on 22 January, after Honduras became the 50th Member State to ratify on Saturday.

  • 25 Oct 2020

    Tripoli, 25 October 2020 - Acting Special Representative of the Secretary -General and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Stephanie Williams is pleased to...

  • 24 Oct 2020

    The UN chief on Saturday said he was taking note of the announcement that Sudan has agreed to normalize relations with Israel, expressing hope that further cooperation will advance international peace and prosperity.

  • 24 Oct 2020

    Nairobi, 24 October 2020 – I join my voice to the global campaign celebrating the 75th Anniversary of the United Nations (#...

  • 24 Oct 2020

    Mogadishu – On the occasion of United Nations Day, the UN envoy to Somalia today highlighted the long-running partnership between the world body and the country,...

  • 23 Oct 2020

    New York, 24 October 2020

    Dear friends,

    The 75th anniversary of the United Nations falls in the middle of a global pandemic. Our founding mission is more critical than ever.

    To promote human dignity.

    Protect human rights.

    Respect international law.

    And save humanity from war.

    When the pandemic hit, I called for a global ceasefire.

    In our world today, we have one common enemy: COVID-19.


  • 23 Oct 2020

    17 - 23 October 2020

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world.


    Guterres: Ceasefire agreement “a fundamental step toward peace and stability in Libya” 
    The two Libyan delegations to the 5+5 Joint Military Commission talks facilitated by the United Nations signed on 23 October a “complete, countrywide, and permanent ceasefire agreement with immediate effect”. “I congratulate the parties for putting the interest of their nation ahead of their differences”, Secretary-General António Guterres said. “What you have accomplished here takes a great deal of courage”, Stephanie Williams, Acting Special Representative and Head of UNSMIL, said at the signing ceremony in Geneva. “You have come together for the sake of Libya, for the sake of your people, to take tangible steps and end their suffering”.
    Read the Secretary-Generals remarks here
    Read the Special Representatives remarks here
    Watch the signing ceremony here
    Read more in UN News



    Pre-electoral visit to Ghana
    Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Special Representative and Head of UNOWAS, is currently conducting a pre-electoral visit to Ghana. From 21 to 29 October, the Special Representative will engage and consult with relevant stakeholders to promote peaceful, transparent, credible and inclusive general elections scheduled for 7 December 2020. He will also participate in a number of events organized by the UN and partners to promote peaceful elections, celebrate the UN 75th anniversary and commemorate the 20th anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.



    Women in Colombia promote reconciliation and peacebuilding
    In Chocó and Antioquia departments, nearly 180 women social leaders, former FARC-EP combatants, students, and demobilized women from other groups, participated in the virtual event entitled, “Encounters for Peace and Reconciliation” on 22 October. They learned about leadership, political power, conflict transformation, and culture for peace. The participants plan to replicate the knowledge and create a platform to keep in touch. The meeting, organized by the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, had the support of the Agency for Reintegration and Normalization (ARN), Popular Cultural Action, and other social organizations.


    Central Asia

    Regional training course on cyber security
    The online regional training course “From Cyber-Enabled Crime to Terrorism: Efficient Online Investigations and the Role of Digital Forensics” organized by UNRCCA, the UN Counter-Terrorism Center within the UN Office of Counter Terrorism (UNCCT- UNOCT) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) was held between 21 and 23 October. The training course focused on digital forensics, use of open source intelligence for counter-terrorism investigations, identification and handling of digital evidence and requesting digital evidence across borders as well as investigation of terrorism related crimes facilitated by the use of the Darkweb and virtual currencies.
    Read more here


    “Iraqi Youth: Pioneers for Dialogue and Stability” virtual workshop held in Misan
    Under the theme “Iraqi Youth: Pioneers for Dialogue and Stability”, thirty young women and men from across Misan Governorate participated in a three-day workshop to discuss their role in addressing challenges facing their communities. The sixteenth such workshop, and the second to be held online due to the ongoing health crisis, was organized by UNAMI in cooperation with the Committee for Coexistence and Societal Peace in the Prime Minister’s Office and the Iraqi Al-Amal Association. During the training sessions, the group used interactive tools to discuss a number of issues they identified as important. These included: fostering young people’s political empowerment and enhancing their role in decision-making, in particular ahead of the upcoming parliamentary elections; overcoming tribal conflicts; improving employment and investment opportunities, including in the tourism and alternative energy sectors; asserting state control over weapons; protecting women from domestic violence; preventing the spread of drugs among youth; and providing better public services.
    Read more here


    Meeting with the Prime Minister and acting President
    Natalia Gherman, Special Representative and Head of UNRCCA, on 20 October met with Sadyr Japarov, Prime Minister and acting President of the Kyrgyz Republic, to discuss the situation in the country. The Prime Minister outlined his intention to pursue political and socio-economic reforms. He also briefed about the plans to hold new parliamentary elections on the basis of improved electoral legislation. The Special Representative highlighted that the current situation is exacerbated by the socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and therefore the UN would continue its humanitarian assistance, including through the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund. She underlined the paramount importance of rule of law, an uncompromised fight against corruption and organized crime, and called upon the current leadership to ensure an inclusive and transparent decision-making process in line with the Constitution and national legislation, as a basis for UN cooperation.
    Read more here


    The Special Representative on 23 October met with Kanat Isaev, Speaker of the Parliament, and Aida Ismailova, Vice-prime-minister. Ms. Gehrman expressed readiness of the UN to support the electoral process, and underlined that the next elections have to be free and fair, ensuring   meaningful participation of women and youth, and with strong oversight of the electoral process.
    Read more here















    Women, Peace and Security

    High-level event on women, peace and security in Colombia
    Civil society participation, expertise, partnerships and financing are key to support gender-sensitive verification and implementation of peace agreements, Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo said at the event ‘From words to actions: The experience of the UN Special Political Missions in Colombia on women, peace and security (2016-2020).’ The event, held at 20 October, marked the launch of a lessons learned study, was moderated by Teresa Whitfield, Director of DPPA’s Policy and Mediation Division, and gathered representatives from civil society, the Colombian Government, the UN, and FARC. “We are convinced that societies that give women the space to fully participate are among the most resilient and most peaceful. So, today, we recommit to these women, to continue implementing resolution 1325, reducing the gap between their aspirations and the opportunities for them to be protagonists in peacebuilding in Colombia,” Special Representative Carlos Ruiz Massieu said in his closing remarks. 
    Read DiCarlo’s remarks here
    Read Ruiz Massieu’s remarks here
    More about the study here
    Watch the event here

    Upcoming event
    As part of the 20th anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325, the event ‘Beyond the Pandemic: Opening the Doors to Women's Meaningful Participation’ will be held on Wednesday 28 October between 10:00 – 11:30 am NY Time.
    Follow us on Twitter for more information on how to sign up for the event, or read more here.



    Launch of animation video
    The Decolonization Unit of DPPA on 21 October announced the launch of the animation video “United Nations and Decolonization: Past to Present”. As the UN marks its 75th UN anniversary and the end of the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2011-2020), the video highlights the Organization's support to decolonization efforts across the globe since 1945. Decolonization is one of the most important achievements of the Organization. Since 1945, more than 80 former colonies have gained their independence. Today, the United Nations assists 17 remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories. The Decolonization Unit continues to support the work of the General Assembly, particularly its Special Committee on Decolonization.
    Watch the video here


    Security Council

    Special Envoy commends the continued strengthening of the relationship between Sudan and South Sudan
    Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa, on 22 October briefed the Security Council on Resolution 2046. “I am happy to report that the relationship between Sudan and South Sudan continues to strengthen,” the Special Envoy said. He noted that the two countries still grapple with internal challenges, which have always constrained their bilateral relations. ”In South Sudan, the implementation of the peace agreement remains deadlocked on several substantive issues on which the parties may need some support to move forward. For its part, Sudan has embarked on the right path and demonstrated the political will to resolve its multiple conflicts. Now, more than ever before, it also needs our collective support to overcome some of the obstacles that are likely to hinder a smooth transition and the implementation of the peace process. It is in this context Madame President that we welcome the announcement by the United States government on 20 October to initiate the removal of Sudan from the State Sponsors of Terrorism list," Mr. Onanga-Anyanga said.
    Read his remarks here



    Interview on the impact of COVID-19 in Burundi
    In “Building Peace during the Pandemic” this week, Garry Conille who, until August this year, was the UN Resident Coordinator in Burundi and is currently the RC in Jamaica, spoke with Marc-André Franche, Chief, Financing for Peacebuilding, Peacebuilding Support Office, about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the efforts of the Government and its international partners on building peace in Burundi. Mr. Conille cited in particular the challenge of mobilizing new resources for essential peacebuilding initiatives at community-level when Governments and donors were prioritizing immediate response to the health crisis. He explained how the UN Country Team had adapted its approach by ensuring that peacebuilding was central to the overall framework of the Secretary-General’s socio-economic response to the pandemic. Mr. Conille also underscored how the UN was able to demonstrate that, despite the risks posed by the pandemic, it is still an imperative to deliver essential services and support to the most vulnerable and at-risk populations.
    Watch the video here 


    The Work of Peace

    Virtual exhibit
    Remember to check out our virtual exhibit – The Work of Peacehighlighting UN in preventive diplomacy, good offices, mediation and elections over the past 75 years, and looking ahead at what the future may hold for this work.
    Enter here

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    Contact DPPA at

  • 23 Oct 2020
  • 23 Oct 2020

    UN Day Message

    UN Special Coordinator for Lebanon Mr. Ján Kubiš

  • 23 Oct 2020

    Five countries will hold elections: Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Niger. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, UNOWAS, in close coordination with its regional partners, ECOWAS and the AU,...

  • 23 Oct 2020

    Geneva - Palais Des Nations, 23 October 2020



  • 23 Oct 2020

    When Member States signed the United Nations Charter 75 years ago, it was to prevent more existential conflicts and save succeeding generations from a third world war. Conflict prevention is part of the Organization’s DNA and remains a central priority today, a guiding principle behind the UN Secretary-General’s current call for a global ceasefire during the coronavirus pandemic. 

  • 23 Oct 2020

    BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan

    On October 23, Natalia Gherman, Special Representative of the UN...

  • 23 Oct 2020

    Acting Special Representative of the Secretary-General Stephanie Williams signs an Agreement for a Complete and Permanent Ceasefire in Libya at the fourth round of the 5+5 Libyan...

  • 23 Oct 2020

    Warring parties in Libya on Friday agreed an historic ceasefire, which was hailed by the head of the UN Support Mission in the country (UNSMIL), who led the mediation, as a courageous act that can help secure a “a better, safer, and more peaceful future for all the Libyan people”.

  • 23 Oct 2020

    Mogadishu – As Somalia prepares to hold elections, the United Nations today highlighted the need to ensure the country’s political space remains open, allowing for a diversity of voices and...

  • 22 Oct 2020

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On 21-23 October, the Central Asian online regional training course “From Cyber-Enabled Crime to Terrorism: Efficient Online Investigations and the Role...

  • 22 Oct 2020

    Despite the strengthening of the relationship between Sudan and South Sudan, little progress has been made regarding the disputed Abyei region, the head of UN Peacekeeping told the Security Council on Thursday. 

  • 22 Oct 2020

    Briefing to the Security Council on Resolution 2046, Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Parfait Onanga-Anyanga

    Madame President,

    Thank you for the opportunity to brief the Security Council on progress in the implementation of Resolution 2046, which concerns outstanding bilateral issues between Sudan and South Sudan and the situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.

    The global coronavirus pandemic has continued to impact health, human and socio-economic developments in Sudan and South Sudan. With the closure of airspaces and land borders and the continuous enforcement of other restrictive measures to contain the spread of the virus, even our in-person engagements with the authorities were severely limited. Nevertheless, thanks to virtual communication, I was able to engage substantively with a significant number of high-level officials in the two countries and the region.

    The drastic preventive measures applied by IGAD countries at the start of the pandemic appear to have been successful in weakening the spread of COVID-19 in the region. The focus of the response has now shifted to economic recovery and restoring people’s livelihoods. With the reopening of airports, I was able to visit Sudan from 13 to 16 October. I held very fruitful consultations with government officials, including Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok, the Chairperson of the Sovereign Council, General Abdel Fattah Al Burhan and with the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Irrigation, the Chairman of the opposition NUP party, the Deputy Chairman of the SPLA/M-North, the chief negotiator of the Justice and Equality Movement, and the Peace Commissioner. A projected visit to South Sudan could not take place before this briefing. I was nevertheless able to speak with Minister Deng Alor, who is responsible for the Abyei file in South Sudan.

    I am happy to report that the relationship between Sudan and South Sudan continues to strengthen. It is in this context that, at the beginning of September, Sudan and South Sudan agreed to review all their 2012 Cooperation Agreements with immediate effect. Following a September 2 meeting, South Sudan dispatched a high-level mission to Khartoum on September 6 to initiate bilateral discussions, including on Abyei. While neither party disclosed the outcomes, there was an understanding that further talks on Abyei would take place alternately in both countries. I would like to take this opportunity to recognise the pivotal role that UNISFA continues to play in maintaining stability in Abyei under very challenging circumstances.

    The flagship event during the reporting period was the signing in Juba of a peace agreement on October 3 between the Government of Sudan, the Sudanese Revolutionary Front alliance and the Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minnawi faction. The agreement was the culmination of a peace process launched in Juba in October 2019 under the auspices of President Kiir, who is also its guarantor, alongside President Idriss Deby of Chad. Among other things, the agreement covers key region-specific and national issues related to governance, security arrangements, land ownership, transitional justice and the return of displaced persons.

    During my visit to Khartoum, I gathered that there is a strong will for making the Juba agreement a real success. There is commitment and a clear political will to accelerate the implementation process and demonstrate to the non-signatory movements of Abdel Aziz Al Hilu and Abdel Wahid Al Nour that peace is the only way forward for a prosperous, stable and just Sudan that caters for all its people.

    While in Khartoum, I was also able to meet with the deputy chief mediator for the Juba process, Dr Dhieu Mathok of South Sudan. He expressed optimism that the core demands of the SPLM-North faction under Abdel Aziz Al Hilu are being considered for resolution. Building on Prime Minister Hamdok’s peace efforts and the signing in Addis Ababa with Al Hilu of a Joint Declaration subsequently endorsed by the High Council of Peace in Sudan, informal workshops to flesh out the details of the issues of secularism, the status of the SPLA during the transition, self-determination in case the peace agreement is not honoured and the terms for a national Constitutional Conference to endorse these provisions will start soon in Juba, I’m told next week, between the Government of Sudan and Al Hilu. Further, during my meetings in Khartoum, the Chairperson of the Sovereign Council, the Prime Minister, members of the negotiation team, the Peace Commissioner, the leadership of the Forces of Freedom and Change, and the South Sudanese mediators all vowed to spare no effort to bring onboard the Sudan Liberation Movement faction led by Abdel Wahid Al Nour, to ensure a fully comprehensive agreement.

    One immediate effect of the Juba Agreement will be the reactivation of the Four Freedoms between Sudan and South Sudan, namely freedom of residence, freedom of movement, freedom to undertake an economic activity, and freedom to own and dispose of property. This will enable citizens to move, conduct business, settle and transfer or own assets in either country freely, or with minimal transaction costs. The Sudanese Minister of Defence pledged that Sudan would meet its commitment to open the border crossing points on 27 October, and I’m told as we speak Madame President that the two Ministers of Defence are meeting in Khartoum. Measures taken to open the dry port in Kosti and to re-launch commercial river transport operations and other crossing points would allow for the free movement of goods and services. They would also enable Sudan to accelerate trade with South Sudan and compete on this market with other neighbouring countries. In the meantime, the African Union has indicated its intention to convene the Joint Border Commission soon and has encouraged both countries to resume high-level meetings such as the Joint Security Commission (JSC) and the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM).


    Madame President,

    In his address at the agreement-signing ceremony on October 3, President Kiir reiterated that he accepted to mediate the conflict also because he was aware that peace in Sudan will have a positive bearing on South Sudan’s security. As the countries now strengthen their relationships, they are no longer likely to pursue activities that undermine each other’s stability. On the contrary, I am aware that, building on the Rome peace efforts led by the Sant’Egidio community, Sudan is currently embarking on an attempt to mediate between General Thomas Cirillo of the National Salvation Front (NAS) and the Government of South Sudan. Authorities in both countries are confident that all outstanding bilateral issues between their countries, including Abyei and resolution of the situation in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile states, will benefit from the friendly relationships and the mutual trust they are now enjoying.

    Meanwhile, the two countries have continued to develop fruitful cooperation in oil. On 28 September, they signed a protocol to resume oil production in the Unity and Toma South fields, with 15,000 barrels per day (bpd) expected to be produced very soon. The deal includes details on the transfer of crude oil to Sudan for its domestic use. In return, Sudan will provide technical support. Before the agreement, South Sudan was providing 30,000 bpd of crude oil to Sudan. The deal is in line with South Sudan’s plan to return to its pre-conflict production level of 350,000 bpd from its current 150,000 bpd.

    To conclude, Madame President, the warm relationships which I have outlined above between Sudan and South Sudan also provide an opportunity for the international community indeed an opportunity to strengthen further its engagements with both countries as they still grapple with their internal challenges, which have always constrained their bilateral relations.

    In South Sudan, the implementation of the peace agreement remains deadlocked on several substantive issues on which the parties may need some support to move forward.

    For its part, Sudan has embarked on the right path and demonstrated the political will to resolve its multiple conflicts. Now, more than ever before, it also needs our collective support to overcome some of the obstacles that are likely to hinder a smooth transition and the implementation of the peace process. It is in this context Madame President that we welcome the announcement by the United States government on 20 October to initiate the removal of Sudan from the State Sponsors of Terrorism list.

    Madame President, nowhere is such support more vital than on the economic front to both advance much-needed reforms and meet the basic needs of the population. I left Khartoum last Friday with mixed feelings. Hopeful in the unprecedented drive for peace and deeply concerned by the sight of endless fuel and bread queues. Without concrete peace dividends, the legitimate aspirations for freedom and shared prosperity of the Sudanese people may be jeopardised.

    My Office will continue to engage with the authorities of both countries and, as appropriate, with key regional actors, including the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, to encourage further progress on the implementation of all cooperation agreements and the peace processes in both countries.

    Thank you for your kind attention.



  • 22 Oct 2020

    Tripoli, 22 October 2002, UNSMIL deplores the recent unlawful arrest of the Head of the Libyan Media Corporation, Mr Mohamed Omar Baaio. The Mission calls for his immediate and unconditional release...

  • 21 Oct 2020

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), Mohamed Ibn Chambas, is conducting a pre-electoral visit to Ghana.

    During his visit, from 21 to 29 October, the Special Representative will engage and consult with relevant stakeholders to promote peaceful, transparent, credible and inclusive general elections scheduled for 7 December 2020. He will also participate in a number of events...

  • 21 Oct 2020

    The top UN official in Kosovo, briefing the Security Council on Wednesday, called for solidarity as its new Government grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic and a host of other challenges.

  • 21 Oct 2020

    UN Photo by Violaine Martin

    Palais des Nations, Geneva, 21 October

    Acting Special Representative: Good...

  • 21 Oct 2020

    At a time of global challenge and uncertainty, partnership between the United Nations and regional bodies remains indispensable, the UN Secretary-General told foreign ministers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) during a virtual meeting on Wednesday. 

  • 21 Oct 2020

    The UN Secretary-General on Wednesday said he was closely following recent developments across Nigeria, in the wake of reports that protesters had been shot dead and wounded, and called for “an end to reported police brutality and abuses.” 

  • 21 Oct 2020

    UN Photo / Mark Garten

    Extract of the Secretary-General Remarks at the Security Council Meeting on the "maintenance of International Peace and Security: Comprehensive Review of the...

  • 21 Oct 2020

    UN Photo by Violaine Martin

    After two days of the first face-to-face direct talks between the two Libyan delegations to the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, which have been...

  • 21 Oct 2020

    UN Photo by Violaine Martin

    After two days of the first face-to-face direct talks between the two Libyan delegations to the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, which have...

  • 20 Oct 2020

    With the COVID-19 pandemic sparking a “communications emergency” caused by false information disseminated on social media, the UN Secretary-General is encouraging people everywhere to take a breath before sharing content online. 

  • 20 Oct 2020

    SRSG Carlos Ruiz Massieu closing remarksFrom Words to Actions: The experience of the UN Special Political...

  • 20 Oct 2020

    As part of its efforts to ensure full participation of youth and other components in the process of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF), the...

  • 20 Oct 2020

    Given the complex and multifaceted challenges in the Persian Gulf region, the UN chief told the Security Council on Tuesday that it is important to reflect more deeply on how everyone, particularly the Council itself, can “work in unison to promote peace and security”. 

  • 20 Oct 2020

    The Colombian peace process and its 2016 Final Peace Agreement are widely held to be an international model for gender-sensitivity and the inclusion of women’s rights. The United Nations (UN) played an active role, along with others in the international community, first in encouraging and advising key actors to advance the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda during the peace negotiations (2012 – 2016) and then through the establishment of two consecutive special political missions (SPMs) in Colombia to verify specific provisions of the Agreement. In its efforts to implement the WPS agenda in Colombia, the UN worked in close cooperation with the authorities and former guerillas, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP), as well as with civil society and international stakeholders.


    Executive Summary available here

  • 20 Oct 2020

    From words to actions: The experience of the UN Special Political Missions in Colombia on women, peace and security (2016-2020). High-Level Event for the 20th Anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325. Opening Remarks by Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo


    Thank you.

    Let me join in thanking everyone for being here today.

    I too would like to acknowledge Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Carlos Ruiz Massieu, and his team, for their work in supporting today’s event.

    And I would like to extend my warm regards to the distinguished panelists joining us from Bogota representing the Government of Colombia, the FARC, and Colombian women’s organizations.

    Your presence together is evidence of the level of solidarity developed among women throughout the Colombian peace process.  Together, Colombians achieved what is widely regarded as an international benchmark for women’s participation and gender-sensitive peace agreements and processes.

    And thank you so much, Marcie Mersky, for undertaking the comprehensive study that we are launching today.

    Twenty years since the adoption of  Security Council resolution 1325, the important work of UN Special Political Missions in advancing the women, peace and security agenda is deservedly receiving much attention.

    Much of our work is focused on advancing women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in conflict prevention and peacemaking. But the work to build sustainable peace does not end the day an agreement is signed.  Rather, the signing marks the beginning of long and exacting efforts to translate commitments on paper into transformative and lasting change.

    In this regard, the experiences of our Special Political Missions in Colombia offer unique and valuable lessons that are already informing our approach to inclusive peacemaking around the world.

    The study that we launch today zeroes in on the specific contributions, challenges and lessons for UN missions in supporting gender-sensitive verification and implementation. I would like to highlight a few key lessons that have emerged:

    First, leadership. The experience in Colombia – committed and accountable Mission leadership, internal policies to mainstream gender across its work, and the achievement of gender parity among civilian staff – has been critical in developing a mission culture that supports women’s inclusion.

    Similar efforts are now being pursued in other contexts, including in Yemen and Afghanistan, where the meaningful participation of women in peace processes is extremely challenging, but remains a priority for our Mission leadership.


    Second, civil society. From the early stages of talks, women from civil society were a driving force in achieving inclusive participation, securing gender provisions and, now, implementing the Colombian Peace Agreement, including by serving on dedicated technical bodies.

    The Mission’s verification work, which has focused on ceasefire monitoring and disarmament, the reintegration of ex-combatants and post-conflict security guarantees, has been immeasurably strengthened by its regular consultations with women’s civil society, both at the SRSG’s level and through strong grassroots relationships with field offices.

    Such experiences are exactly why all DPPA field missions consult regularly with women’s groups, and why in Iraq, Syria and Yemen, the Special Envoys have established advisory boards to ensure that women’s voices are heard.


    Third, expertise. The Colombia experience highlights the importance of dedicated gender expertise being deployed early to set a foundation for inclusion in the work of the mission. This lesson is why in Sudan, a Senior Gender Adviser is being deployed as part of the first tranche of staff for the new UNITAMS mission.

    Additional initiatives in Colombia to expand the reach of gender expertise through internal trainings and networks of gender focal points in Mission field offices are models we are seeing in our missions in Afghanistan, Somalia and within DPPA.


    Fourth, partnerships. The partnerships established between the Mission, UN Country Team, Colombian Government, Member States, former combatants and women’s civil society have been critical in supporting the holistic implementation of the women, peace and security agenda, including through resourcing, capacity-building, and awareness of key issues and developments.


    And finally, financing. The UN’s experience in Colombia has shown the importance of dedicating resources to inclusive implementation. This is why financial contributions by donors are so vital, and why we are contributing over US$2 million under the Peacebuilding Fund’s Gender and Youth Promotion Initiative to catalytic projects with a focus on gender. These projects aim to empower young women in the territories, support their participation in public debate, and strengthen their leadership in peacebuilding.

    DPPA’s extra-budgetary funds are also financing an additional 16 initiatives in Colombia to support the socio-economic reintegration of women former combatants. In one of them, former combatants are producing face masks as part of the efforts to help their communities during the COVID-19 pandemic.


    Of course, the lessons learned in Colombia also point us to ways to improve implementation of gender-sensitive peace agreements in the future.

    This includes looking comprehensively at the reintegration of women former combatants to address their security, education, and economic needs; introducing gender criteria in the selection of UN observers; and, critically, recognizing that a prevailing climate of insecurity can dampen women’s peace and political participation, and that addressing family, community, and sexual and gender-based violence must be a part of effective implementation efforts.

    A lot has been achieved, but we also need to acknowledge that much remains to be done to ensure that the extensive gender provisions in the Agreement are fully implemented.

    That means, among other things, stopping the ongoing killings, threats and violence against women social leaders, human rights defenders, and former combatants.  The Secretary-General described these attacks as a ‘grave and unacceptable threat’ in his latest report to the Security Council.

    It also means tackling social and structural impediments such as entrenched patriarchal attitudes, a lack of resources for gender work, and additional challenges posed by COVID-19 that are compounding existing gender inequalities.

    We are proud of the roles our missions have played in Colombia. But we salute the courage and tenacity of Colombian women who have made all this happen.  Our role was a supportive one.

    I want to assure Colombia, especially the women of this wonderful country, of the continued support of the United Nations for your efforts to achieve the full implementation of the Peace Agreement and the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in public life.

    I thank you once again.


    Download the Lessons Learned Study "From Word to Action: The experience of the UN Special Political Missions in Colombia on women, peace and security (2016-2020)" here

    Download the Executive Summary of the report here

    Watch the event here


  • 20 Oct 2020

    The world must act now to reverse the situation in Africa’s central Sahel region, where humanitarian needs are at “a breaking point”, UN Secretary-General António Guterres told a high-level conference on Tuesday to address the burgeoning crisis. 

  • 20 Oct 2020

    15 Oct 2020 - Press conference by Martin Griffiths, UN Special Envoy for Yemen, on the situation in Yemen.


  • 19 Oct 2020

    Unless access is urgently granted to humanitarian organizations, thousands in the Central Sahel will be “pushed into further destitution”, the UN emergency food relief agency warned on Monday.  

  • 19 Oct 2020


    New York, 20 October 2020

    I wish everyone around the world a data-rich World Statistics Day!

    Statistics are fundamental for evidence-based policymaking. Current, reliable, timely and trusted data help us to understand the changing world in which we live and to drive the transformations that are needed, leaving no one behind.  The coronavirus pandemic has further elevated the importance of data...

  • 19 Oct 2020

    BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan

    On October 20, Natalia Gherman, Special Representative of the...

  • 19 Oct 2020

    New York, 19 October 2020. The Members of the Security Council reiterated their full and unanimous support for the peace process in Colombia, and reaffirmed their commitment to working closely with Colombia to...

  • 19 Oct 2020