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Reports and Policy Documents

2023

  • 6 Dec 2023

    Special Coordinator Visits Collective Shelter in Tyre

    UN Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka visited south Lebanon on 7 December to extend support to...

  • 6 Dec 2023
  • 6 Dec 2023

    The 59th round of the Geneva International Discussions (GID) took place on 5-6 December 2023 in accordance with the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and implementing measures of 8 September 2008. This round was held in two working groups meeting in parallel on security and humanitarian issues, as per usual practice.

    It was the third round held this year in a highly challenging regional and geopolitical environment. The participants reconfirmed the importance of the GID as the only platform where the conflict consequences have been addressed over the past 15 years.

    The round took place against a backdrop of increased tension along the South Ossetian Administrative Boundary Line. In this context, the fatal shooting of 6 November 2023 was broadly discussed, with extensive exchanges between participants on ways to prevent a repetition of similar incidents.

    The issue of internally displaced persons and refugees could not be discussed due to a walkout by some participants.

    The Co-Chairs thanked the participants for their overall commitment to this process and called on all of them to engage in constructive, forward-looking exchanges to overcome their differences and ensure the peaceful settlement of issues relating to the security and humanitarian situation on the ground. 

    It was agreed to hold the next GID round in April 2024.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    On December 4, 2023, the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel, Mr. Leonardo...

  • 6 Dec 2023

    ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENERAL MIROSLAV JENČA’S

    REMARKS TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON

    UKRAINE

     

    New York, 6 DECEMBER 2023

    Mr. President,

    The cold winter weather has arrived in war-torn Ukraine. Intensifying Russian attacks on the country’s energy facilities, amidst heavy snow and freezing temperatures, are worsening the dire humanitarian conditions across the country.

    Since the last time I briefed this Council two weeks ago, we have continued to see daily reports of attacks on Ukraine’s critical civilian infrastructure, many resulting in civilian casualties.

    Since Russia launched its full-scale invasion of Ukraine – in violation of the UN Charter and international law - the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has verified 10,065 civilians killed and 18,679 injured. The actual figures are likely considerably higher.

    Most civilian casualties continue to be caused by shelling and multiple-launch rocket systems in areas near the frontline.

    However, the attacks have recently escalated on populated areas across the country. On 25 November, Kyiv came under the most significant drone attack in months.

    The extensive presence of explosive remnants of war and mines continues to have a significant impact on civilians and their livelihoods, more so in rural areas and agricultural lands. Since August, they killed 31 people and injured 98 – mostly men and boys.

    All attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure must stop immediately. They are prohibited under international humanitarian law and are simply unacceptable.

    Mr. President,

    As a result of the war, ten million people have been forced to flee their homes, including 3.7 million internally displaced, and over 6.3 million refugees recorded globally.

    While we can attempt to count the numbers of those killed, injured and displaced, the full lasting toll of this devastating war on the civilian population is beyond measure. In addition to the lives lost, families torn apart, and life-changing physical injuries, the impact of the war on the mental health of millions of Ukrainians will be felt for decades to come.

    Children often suffer the greatest lasting trauma in any conflict. In Ukraine, they also face major disruptions in access to basic health and education, which will impact their lives for years.

    The fighting has damaged and destroyed hundreds of schools, health and medical facilities. Given the security situation, only half of the 3.9 million children in the territory under Ukraine’s control have attended school in person full-time since the start of the school year.

    Mr. President,

    Due to the war, women in Ukraine face a heightened risk of sexual- and gender-based violence. Increased poverty rates caused by the war also affect women more than men. Women face a greater amount of domestic and unpaid care work due to family separation, lack of childcare facilities and school closures.

    Yet, since the beginning of the war, women have also taken on new vital roles in their communities. Most frontline workers, volunteers and first responders in Ukraine are women.

    Mr. President,  

    As long as the war continues, all four Ukraine’s nuclear power plants remain at risk.

    On Saturday, the International Atomic Energy Agency reported that the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant – Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, located dangerously close to the front line - suffered a complete off-site power outage. This was the eighth time since the start of the invasion.

    Last Wednesday, the IAEA team at the Khmelnitsky Nuclear Power Plant in western Ukraine reported hearing several explosions close to the plant. The plant was not directly affected. Yet, the incident reminded of the risks faced by Ukrainian nuclear sites – even those away from active combat.

    All nuclear sites must be able to operate safely and must be protected to avoid potentially catastrophic consequences.  

    Mr. President,

    Despite the reports of increasing shipments in the Black Sea, the war continues to pose significant risks to civilian navigation and to Ukraine’s grain export capacity.

    Since 11 July, OHCHR has recorded 32 attacks that damaged or destroyed grain production and export facilities in territory of Ukraine under Ukrainian control. Russian attacks hit port facilities, grain silos and vehicles for transporting grain. Most attacks affected infrastructure in Odesa region, where the Black Sea and Danube River ports are located.

    Following the suspension of the Black Sea Initiative, these attacks substantially reduced the capacity of Ukraine to export food. With so many facilities damaged, and export routes curtailed, the cost of logistics is rising.

    Mr. President,

    Much like last year, the year 2023 has been devastating for the people of Ukraine.

    If urgent steps are not taken to reverse this trajectory, next year may be even more unpredictable and destructive.  

    I reiterate the Secretary-General’s call to all Member States to do their part to lay the groundwork for peace. Peace that is in line with the UN Charter, international law, and resolutions of the General Assembly.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    UN human rights chief Volker Türk on Wednesday condemned serious sexual violations allegedly carried out by Hamas militants during their terror attacks in southern Israel on 7 October, while humanitarians in Gaza said conditions for civilians there had hit “rock bottom”, amid continued bombardment and mass displacement in the south.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    More than 90 countries underlined their commitment to UN Peacekeeping during a two-day conference in Accra, Ghana, that concluded on Wednesday.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    If urgent steps are not taken to end the ongoing war and its dire humanitarian consequences in Ukraine, 2024 may be even more unpredictable and destructive, a senior UN official warned on Wednesday.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    Invoking a rarely used article of the UN Charter, Secretary-General António Guterres on Wednesday called on the Security Council to “press to avert a humanitarian catastrophe” in Gaza and unite in a call for a full humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants.

  • 6 Dec 2023

    Invoking a rarely used article of the UN Charter, Secretary-General António Guterres on Wednesday called on the Security Council to “press to avert a humanitarian catastrophe” in Gaza and unite in a call for a full humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants.

  • 5 Dec 2023

    Special Coordinator Wronecka meets with Lebanese Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee

    ...

  • 5 Dec 2023

    The transition to renewable energy at UN peacekeeping missions helps to ensure the safety and security of uniformed personnel serving in the field, a senior official said on Tuesday. 

  • 5 Dec 2023

    For over a year, a group of United Nations peacekeepers from Ghana led by Captain Esinam Baah regularly patrolled the “blue line” or the demarcation line between Lebanon and Israel, and visited neighbourhoods in the area, checking in with local families and making sure they were safe. 

  • 5 Dec 2023

    The situation for Gazans is “getting worse by the hour”, the UN health agency WHO said on Tuesday, after some of the heaviest Israeli shelling in the enclave since Hamas militants massacred some 1,200 people in southern Israel and took around 240 hostages on 7 October.

  • 5 Dec 2023

    BEIJING,  People's Republic of China

    On 4-5 December 2023, Kaha Imnadze, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for...

  • 4 Dec 2023

    At the initiative of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa and Center for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa, about twenty journalists, bloggers and civil society representatives gathered in...

  • 4 Dec 2023

    ASTANA, Kazakhstan

    On 4 December 2023, Kaha Imnadze, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General...

  • 4 Dec 2023

    This publication represents a compilation of messages delivered by young people at the third (8 December 2021, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan) and fourth (11 December 2022, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan) Dialogues...

  • 4 Dec 2023

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres has reiterated his call for a sustained humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza and the unconditional and immediate release of all hostages, his Spokesperson said on Monday. 

  • 4 Dec 2023

    Ministers and delegates from more than 85 countries and international organizations are meeting in Ghana this week to express their collective commitment to UN Peacekeeping. 

  • 4 Dec 2023

    Reports of hundreds of fatalities from bombing in southern Gaza over the weekend heightened deep concerns for civilians sheltering there, while UN humanitarians on Monday said that aid teams had only “extremely limited” movement and access to the north was “now entirely blocked”. 

  • 3 Dec 2023

    Mogadishu – At an event to mark the International Day of Persons with Disabilities in Somalia, the United Nations today commended the Federal Government for its progress in...

  • 3 Dec 2023

    The resumption of hostilities in Gaza and its terrifying impact on civilians underscore the need for the violence to end and a long-term political solution between Palestinians and Israelis to be found, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said on Sunday.

  • 3 Dec 2023

    Mogadishu – Marking the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD), the United Nations today commended the Federal Government of Somalia and organisations of persons with...

  • 2 Dec 2023

    UN engagement with Sudan will continue in the wake of the decision to terminate its political mission in the country, the Spokesperson for Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement.

  • 1 Dec 2023
    A brief roundup of United Nations-related political and peacebuilding events and developments around the world. 

    Special Coordinator on the Middle East Peace Process briefs Council

    Prior to the resumption of fighting on 1 December, the Council held a ministerial-level meeting on the Israel-Gaza war on 29 November, which coincided with the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process Tor Wennesland emphasized that a political and security framework was needed to end the fighting between Israel and Hamas. He also welcomed the agreement to secure the release of Israeli hostages, to pause the fighting and to release Palestinian prisoners, stressing that “such respite from the weeks of horror is long overdue”. 

    In Council briefing on Syria, Deputy Special Envoy stresses need for de-escalation 

    On 28 November, Deputy Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Syria, briefing the Council on the situation in Syria, said de-escalation was urgently needed, as regional developments continued to be felt inside Syria. She cautioned that “[j]ust one miscalculation — one stray artillery shell or misjudged airstrike — could ignite a dozen different powder kegs that lie within Syrian borders.” The Envoy also detailed Israeli airstrikes in Syria, rocket fire over the Syrian Golan towards Israel, attacks on United States forces and subsequent retaliation, as well as ongoing clashes between pro-Government and opposition entities, strikes by Türkiye and continued attacks by Da’esh.

    Security Council terminates UNITAMS mandate

    On 1 December, the Security Council terminated the mandate of the UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) as of 3 December, following a request from the Sudanese authorities. In a post on X (formerly Twitter), Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo said: “The Security Council just voted to close down UNITAMS, but the UN is not abandoning the Sudanese people. We urge full support for the Secretary-General’s Personal Envoy, Ramtane Lamamra, to bolster efforts to bring the devastating conflict to an end.”

    Secretary-General and AU Chairperson sign Joint Framework for Peace, Security, Development, and Human Rights in Africa 

    On 28 November, the Secretary-General chaired the United Nations-African Union Annual Conference with the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, to discuss cooperation on peace and security, development and human rights. Following the meeting, they signed an AU-UN Joint Framework, underlining shared commitment to the promotion and promotion of human hights in Africa. At a joint press conference, the Secretary-General stressed that the United Nations is committed to work with the African Union in all areas of common activity. 

    First civil society-UN dialogue on peacebuilding held at UN Headquarters

    This week, over 70 peacebuilders from around the world attended the first civil society-UN Dialogue on Peacebuilding at UN Headquarters. Organized by DPPA’s Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) and Interpeace, the two-day event offered a platform for discussions between policymakers and practitioners. Participants noted that such opportunities are crucial for determining how to collaborate in support of peacebuilding work. The annual CSO-UN Dialogue will enable networking and connections among a diverse range of CSOs from the global, national, and local levels, and in particular from the Global South. The Dialogue will act as a sounding board around strategy and policy on peacebuilding, allowing civil society actors to influence global peacebuilding goals and objectives. 

    Learn more

    DPPA offices brief Group of Friends on Climate and Security 

    DPPA’s Policy and Mediation Division and PBSO separately briefed a meeting of the Group of Friends on Climate and Security at the level of Permanent Representatives on 27 November. As chair of the Climate Security Mechanism (CSM) for November and December, DPPA provided an update on the work of the joint initiative established in 2018 between DPPA, Department of Peace Operations, UN Development Programme and UN Environment Programme. The CSM Joint Programme works to catalyze climate-informed approaches to peace and security, advance peace positive climate actions, and forge partnerships at all levels to exchange information and build the evidence base. 

    Learn more

    13th Annual Meeting of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Central Asia held in Bishkek

    The thirteenth annual Meeting of Deputy Foreign Ministers of the Central Asian states, convened by the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA), took place in Bishkek on 27-28 November. The meeting provided an opportunity to exchange views on challenges in Central Asia and ways to address them, such as climate change, trans-boundary water management, preventing violent extremism and countering terrorism, as well as risks related to the situation in Afghanistan. Participants explored ways on how the UN Regional Centre could further support preventive diplomacy efforts, including through the increased role of women and youth in decision making.  

    Read more

    Central Africa: A regional conference on non-constitutional changes in the course of 2024

    The Member States of the UN Permanent Advisory Committee on Security Issues in Central Africa (UNSAC) met in Kigali from 20 to 24 November. The member states decided to organize a regional conference on unconstitutional changes of government in 2024, with the support of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA). The regional conference will include representatives of the civil society, researchers and other stakeholders with expertise from Central Africa and elsewhere who can contribute to the search for ways and means to effectively deal with non-constitutional changes.

    Read more

    Special Envoy meets with senior officials on situation in Yemen

    This week, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen Hans Grundberg met with senior Omani officials and with Mohamed Abdel Salam, Ansar Allah’s Chief Negotiator, in Muscat. They discussed opportunities to foster cooperation between Yemeni stakeholders to address the current economic issues, to establish a sustainable nationwide ceasefire, and resume an inclusive political process under the auspices of the United Nations. Grundberg then traveled to Saudi Arabia, where he met with the Minister for Defence, Prince Khalid Bin Salman and discussed progress towards an agreement between the parties to the conflict in Yemen, improving the living conditions of Yemenis, reaching a sustainable nationwide ceasefire, and resuming an inclusive, Yemeni-Yemeni political process under the auspices of the United Nations.  

    Special Coordinator Wronecka underlines importance of resolution 1701 

    This week, Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General for Lebanon Joanna Wronecka held a round of meetings with Lebanese officials on her briefing to the UN Security Council on the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1701. In meetings with Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri and caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati, Wronecka underlined the importance of adhering to the Resolution to shield Lebanon from war at a time of regional turbulence and uncertainty. On 29 November, in a meeting with Lebanese Army Commander Gen. Joseph Aoun, the Special Coordinator underscored the vital role of the Lebanese Armed Forces and LAF cooperation with UNIFIL in south Lebanon. Wronecka also met the Ambassador of Qatar, Sheikh Said bin Abdulrahman al-Thani, to discuss regional and international efforts to support Lebanon. 

    Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support visits Colombia, exploring opportunities for sustainable peace and development initiatives

    This week, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support Elizabeth Spehar visited Colombia to meet with key national counterparts and international partners. The visit took place in the context of Colombia’s July 2023 renewal of eligibility to the Secretary-General’s Peacebuilding Fund. It identified opportunities for further UN engagement, including on the implementation of the 2016 Final Peace Agreement and the Government’s Total Peace Strategy, human rights and transitional justice, and strengthening the role of civil society in building sustainable peace.

    Former combatants and victims sow reconciliation in Bogotá

    On 25 November, former combatants’ members of La Asociación de Construcción Colectiva Unidad y Transformación (ASOCUNT) organized a commemorative event for the seventh anniversary of signing the 2016 Peace Agreement in their productive project Granja Tibares, which settles agricultural produce and promotes reconciliation activities with victims. As a symbol of sowing peace and reconciliation, the Association handed the participants, including victims and public officials, a set of their products and shared a theatrical play. The Granja Tibares is part of the restorative process in Bogotá, supported by the Mayor’s Office and other partners.

    Youth delegation from North Macedonia explores youth engagement strategies in Albania

    On 20-23 November, an ethnically mixed delegation from North Macedonia composed of 10 youth officers and members of local youth councils in the municipalities of Bitola, Ohrid and Gostivar, undertook a study visit to Albania. The trip enabled participants to learn about successful approaches to youth engagement in decision-making processes at the local level. During the visit, the delegation held discussions with the Albanian Minister of Youth and Children and held meetings in the Albanian municipalities of Lezha, Kruja, Elbasan, Berat, and Prrenjas. The study visit was supported by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the UN Development Programme in North Macedonia and Albania within the frameworks of the “Youth 4 Equality, Inclusion & Trust” project financed by the Peacebuilding Fund.
     

    16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence

    UNOAU supports the African Union advocacy walk

    On 24 November, UN Office to the African Union (UNOAU) co-organized and participated in an advocacy walk to launch the 16 Days of Activism campaign, under the theme, "From Commitment to Action: A Call for Accelerated Action against Gender-Based Violence against Women and Girls in Africa." The walk drew attention to the issue of violence against women and girls. AU Commission and UN staff, diplomats and representatives of civil society organizations participated in the walk.

    UNAMI Human Rights Office holds round table on preventing online violence against women and girls

    On 27 November, the UNAMI Human Rights Office organized a roundtable discussion as part of the activities of the 16 Days of Activism. The event addressed online violence against women and girls. Participants included representatives of Mosul local government, the judiciary, lawyers, NGOs, and the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights. They engaged in a comprehensive dialogue, addressing prevalent challenges, suggested insightful recommendations, and shared best practices to ensure the protection of those at risk of online violence. 

    Iraq

    UNAMI Human Rights Office holds workshops on countering hate speech and domestic violence

    On 27 November, in collaboration with Tech4Peace, UNAMI’s Human Rights Office organized a workshop in Kut city of Wasit Governorate. Entitled, “Fact-Checking for the Protection of Freedom of Expression and Countering Hate Speech”, the meeting was aimed at participants from civil society organizations, the Iraqi Bar Association (Kut) and local journalists. Also on 27 November, the UNAMI Human Rights Office organized a second training for the staff members of the Ministry of Interior’s Family Protection Units (FPU) from Kirkuk on working with survivors of domestic violence. The training was part of UNAMI’s efforts to provide support to its partners through capacity-building activities. Six FPU investigators and assistants benefitted from this training which included discussions on recommendations and best practices on interviewing victims who had been subjected to traumatic experiences. 

    UNAMI launches video on Mosul’s art revival 

    This week, the UNAMI Strategic Communications and Public Information Office and the Bytna for Culture based in Mosul launched a video, which tells two stories from Mosul’s old city, which was rebuilt from the devastation of conflict. The video shows Haneen and Ahmed, two residents who chose art to illustrate the city’s revival. 

    Watch video

    Next Week

    On 7 December, the Council will hold an open debate on threats to international peace and security: Transnational organized crime, growing challenges, new threats.

    On 8 December, DPPA’s Peacebuilding Support Office, in collaboration with the Permanent Missions of Canada, Costa Rica, Germany and South Sudan to the United Nations, is launching the Peacebuilding Impact Hub, a one-stop resource for the UN system and the broader peacebuilding community for collective growth and impact.

     

     

  • 1 Dec 2023
  • 1 Dec 2023
  • 1 Dec 2023

    As Secretary-General António Guterres spoke of his deep regret about the resumption of military operations in Gaza on Friday, UN humanitarians vowed to stay and help all those in need, while reiterating “nowhere is safe from attacks” in the war-shattered enclave.

  • 1 Dec 2023

    The Security Council on Friday decided to terminate the mandate of the UN political mission in Sudan from next Monday, after Khartoum called for its immediate withdrawal last month.

  • 1 Dec 2023

    The UNOAU participated and provided lead facilitator for a five-day workshop organized by the African Union Peace Support Operations Department...

  • 1 Dec 2023
     

    De-mining | UNMAS delivers explosive ordnance risk education...

  • 30 Nov 2023

    Special Coordinator Wronecka meets LAF Commander Gen. Joseph Aoun

    UN Special Coordinator Joanna...

  • 30 Nov 2023

    Photo credit: Office of Prince Khalid Bin Salman

    The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, met the Saudi Minister of Defense, Prince...

  • 30 Nov 2023

    Civil society organizations are on the “frontlines” of peacebuilding, a senior UN official said on Thursday, as the Organization convened the inaugural dialogue with grassroots organizations aimed at building and nurturing peace initiatives on the ground.

  • 30 Nov 2023

    A last-minute extension of the pause in fighting in Gaza between Israel and Hamas on Thursday offered hope that UN humanitarians and aid partners will be able to pursue their efforts to reach the enclave’s most vulnerable people.

  • 29 Nov 2023

    United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Tor Wennesland (on screen) briefs the...

  • 29 Nov 2023

    The UN Regional Office for Central Africa is hiring a consultant for a study on the revitalization of Resolution 1325 in Burundi.

    Deadline for...

  • 29 Nov 2023

    Amid hopes of a deal to extend the pause in fighting in Gaza between Israel and Hamas on Wednesday, the UN agency for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA) reported that humanitarian assistance had reached its shelters in northern Gaza for first time since war erupted last month.

  • 29 Nov 2023

    The UN Security Council met intensively through Wednesday morning in New York on the Middle East crisis. It was the first open meeting since the 15-member body passed a resolution in mid-November and the first featuring foreign ministers from across the region and beyond.

  • 29 Nov 2023

    The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen Hans Grundberg continued his peace efforts this week in Muscat, Oman.

    ...
  • 28 Nov 2023

    The Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Heads of delegation (UNSAC) also adopted the “Kigali Declaration” on this issue. Photos UN Rwanda

    The Member States of the...

  • 28 Nov 2023

    The United Nations and the African Union have reinforced their partnership following the conclusion of their seventh high-level dialogue in New York on Tuesday. 

  • 28 Nov 2023

    The situation in Syria remains dire, with continued fighting, and tens of thousands displaced - all exacerbating the suffering of civilians and compounded by the effects of the war in Gaza, senior UN officials said on Tuesday.

  • 28 Nov 2023

    Gang violence in Haiti is on the rise with new alliances being forged and expansion into rural areas previously considered safe, warns a new UN report.

  • 28 Nov 2023

    The brutal attack by Hamas on 7 October followed by Israel’s devastating assault on Gaza, has only highlighted the importance of a peaceful and just solution to the situation in the Middle East, the President of the UN General Assembly said on Tuesday.

  • 28 Nov 2023

    As the pause in fighting in Gaza appeared to enter a fifth day on Tuesday, UN humanitarians warned that aid deliveries needed to multiply immediately to save the lives of the injured and stem the risk of a deadly disease outbreak that has left doctors “terrified”.

  • 28 Nov 2023

    The Thirteenth Annual Meeting of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Central Asian States (Bishkek, 27-28 November 2023)

    BISHKEK, Kyrgyz Republic

    ...
  • 27 Nov 2023
  • 27 Nov 2023

    On 28 November, the Secretary-General chaired the United Nations-African Union 7th Annual...