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  • 13 Jul 2023

    Unity on the Security Council in the face of missile launches by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) is essential to ease tensions across the whole Korean Peninsula, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for political and peacebuilding affairs for the region said on Thursday.

  • 13 Jul 2023

    The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) said on Thursday that he is investigating fresh allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Darfur region, including the recent killings of 87 members of the ethnic Masalit community, reportedly carried out by the Rapid Security Forces and its militia.

  • 13 Jul 2023

    The heads of the European Commission and the United Nations upheld the importance of international cooperation in an increasingly polarized world during a joint press conference in Brussels on Thursday. 

  • 13 Jul 2023

    The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on Thursday launched an emergency seed distribution campaign in Sudan, ensuring farmers and their families have the necessary resources to meet food production needs amid the on-going conflict between rival military forces.

  • 13 Jul 2023

    Participants at the meeting of Political Affairs Officers and Peace and Development Advisors of UN presences in the Great Lakes region. From left Ms. Fatou Thiam, Director of the Political...

  • 12 Jul 2023

    SCL Joanna Wronecka Meets Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros El-Rahi

    As part of her meetings with different Lebanese stakeholders, UN Special...

  • 12 Jul 2023

    The 58th round of the Geneva International Discussions (GID), as mandated by the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and implementing measures of 8 September 2008, took place on 11-12 July 2023. As usual, this round was held in two working groups meeting in parallel on security and humanitarian issues.

    This was the second round held this year in a continued highly challenging regional and geopolitical environment. The participants reaffirmed their commitment to the process and key role played by the GID as the only platform where the conflict consequences are addressed. The Co-Chairs expressed appreciation for this shared commitment.

    Non-use of force / international security arrangements, as one of the key items of the GID, were discussed in detail. All participants actively engaged on the issue, but without reaching a common understanding on the way forward. Discussions will continue in future rounds.

    The humanitarian situation on the ground was broadly reviewed. The issue of internally displaced persons and refugees could not be fully covered as per the agenda due to a walkout by some participants.

    It was agreed to hold the next GID round in December 2023.

  • 12 Jul 2023


    The Special Representative of the Secretary General, Carlos Ruiz Massieu, highlighted progress in the implementation of the Final Peace...
  • 12 Jul 2023



    New York, 12 July 2023



    Dear Colleagues,

    All of you know that the Count Folke Bernadotte was deployed as the United Nations Mediator in Palestine in May 1948. The first peacekeeping operation United Nations Truce Supervision Organization [UNTSO] was established a few weeks later. And in December, the General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Few could have foreseen how important these innovations would be. Yet, they continue to shape the work of the United Nations 75 years later.

    Special political missions have accompanied Member States through historic times of change: from supporting the decolonization and independence processes in Africa and Asia in the 1960s to assisting Central America in ending its civil wars and building peace in the 1990s, from facilitating the Bonn Agreement on Afghanistan in 2001 to aiding Nepal in its transition to peace and democracy; from accompanying Sierra Leone's remarkable peace consolidation process in the early 2010s to helping Colombia implement the peace agreement that ended the longest civil war in the Americas - with the most gender provisions in a peace agreement to date. 

    I also want to highlight the close cooperation between special political missions and peacekeeping operations, allowing them to bring together their respective expertise and build on their complementary roles to help advance peace in several complex situations. 

    Dear Colleagues,

    The work of special political missions – to reduce risks, prevent conflict, broker peace agreements, and build sustainable peace – is a critical part of the human rights agenda. In Yemen, for example, the truce brokered by the United Nations has resulted in a remarkable 90 per cent reduction in conflict-related casualties.

    The same is true of the work of special political missions in promoting inclusion and the full, equal, and meaningful participation of women and marginalized groups in political processes. These are not only central, normative human rights agendas for the UN but also pragmatic steps to ensure that political solutions are more durable. We cannot hope to address structural inequalities and other underlying causes of conflict if we do not work to shift the power structures that underpin our economies and political and social systems to advance the participation, protection, and rights of women and other marginalised groups.

    These are not abstract notions but have been put into practice by every one of our missions on the ground. This includes the 7 SPMs with dedicated human rights mandates and capacities and the whole spectrum of Special Political Missions.

    Human rights can also strengthen the quality and effectiveness of mediation at different stages, opening space for political negotiations, strengthening ongoing processes, and reinvigorating stalled efforts. DPPA and OHCHR have jointly collaborated on a project to show precisely how this can be done, with the dual objectives of fostering new creative approaches by mediation teams and closer collaboration between mediators and human rights practitioners.


    Dear Colleagues,

    The Secretary-General's Call to Action for Human Rights has brought the United Nations system closer together around a simple yet powerful idea: that the human rights agenda remains indispensable in our efforts to build a more peaceful, just, and equitable world for all.

    This is particularly crucial in a world facing a complex peace and security environment. Protracted civil wars, rising inequalities, shrinking civic space, the pervasive implications of new technologies, and the climate emergency are all issues that need to be tackled with inclusive peace and security and human rights lens at their core.

    These challenges also require multilateral cooperation. However, at a time when urgent and united action is needed to address these interlocking crises, the world is growing more dangerously divided.

    Next week, the Secretary-General will launch his policy brief on A New Agenda for Peace, which seeks to lay out how, in this emerging new era, fragmented and fractious as it may be, Member States can and must find avenues for cooperation towards shared interests and maintaining peace.

    Special political missions, along with peacekeeping operations and international human rights instruments, will remain crucial tools in this endeavour, to advance multilateral action for peace and deliver for the people we serve.

    Thank you.


  • 12 Jul 2023

    The event is a joint event of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) and the Department of Peace Operations (DPO).


    Date: 12 July 2023, 1:15pm – 2:30 pm (ET)

    Venue: UN Headquarters, Conference Room 1

    WebTV link: https://media.un.org/en/asset/k1l/k1ll6uyj41



    2023 marks three concurrent 75th anniversaries for the United Nations: in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly, the General Assembly mandated the deployment of the first special political mission, the United Nations Mediator in Palestine, and the Security Council established the first peacekeeping mission by deploying military observers to the Middle East. All three anniversaries mark the beginning of the UN’s efforts to materialize the vision of peaceful coexistence and social progress set out in the Charter: 

    • “to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours”, 
    • “to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security”,
    • “to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples”. 

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNHR) makes a significant contribution to peace by establishing a framework that promotes and protects the fundamental rights and dignity of every individual grounded in key principles of equality, justice, and non-discrimination, which are essential to address the key drivers of the conflict. In that sense, it helps prevent conflicts, protect individuals, empower marginalized groups, and establish international norms and standards. UDHR's contribution to peace lies in its recognition of the inherent dignity and rights of every individual.

    Peacekeeping is critical in maintaining peace and stability in regions affected by conflicts. It involves the deployment of multinational forces to help monitor, observe, and facilitate the implementation of peace agreements. peacekeeping contributes to peace by preventing and managing conflicts, protecting civilians, supporting peace processes, building local capacities, promoting the rule of law and human rights, and fostering regional and international cooperation. Through their presence and actions, peacekeeping missions help create the conditions necessary for sustainable peace, stability, and development in conflict-affected regions.

    Special political missions are civilian missions authorized by the General Assembly or the Security Council under the Chapter VI of the Charter to assist Member States and support them in preventing and resolving conflicts and promoting sustainable peace. They constitute one of the most important mechanisms for operationalizing the work of the United Nations in peace and security. Operating in complex operational environments, including many that are characterized by volatile security situations and fragile political contexts, special political missions are essential mechanisms for implementing a range of mandates that contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, including engaging in preventive diplomacy, supporting the implementation of peace agreements, protecting and promoting human rights, enhancing the meaningful participation of women, as well as advancing the engagement of youth in political and peace processes, and strengthening partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations.

    These are essential tools the United Nations has at its disposal to play a greater prevention role. The collective celebration of the 75th anniversary reaffirms that each of us has a role to play in building and maintaining peace. Celebrating the 75th anniversaries of UDHR, special political missions and peacekeeping together is an opportunity to recognize their interdependence, honor their historic significance, amplify their impact, and inspire collective action towards a future where human rights are upheld, conflicts are resolved, and global peace is achieved.

    These anniversaries provide an opportune moment to reflect on the achievements, challenges, and lessons learned over the past seven and a half decades. By commemorating them together, we can deepen our understanding of the interconnectedness between human rights, peacekeeping, and peacemaking, and chart a path forward for a more sustainable and inclusive future.



    1. Reflect on the achievements and progress made in the implementation of the UDHR, the work of special political missions and peacekeeping initiatives, highlighting success stories and lessons learned.
    2. Showcase best practices, innovative approaches, and lessons learned from special political missions and peacekeeping experiences, promoting knowledge sharing and exchange among participants.
    3. Identify key recommendations and actionable steps to further advance the goals of the UDHR, peacekeeping and special political missions in the coming years, promoting sustainable peace and respect for human rights globally.



    Moderator: Ms. Karin Landgren, Executive Director, Security Council Report

    13.15 – 13.30 Opening remarks 


    13.30 – 14.25 Panel incl. Q&A 


    • Ms. Georgette Gagnon, Assistant Secretary-General, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)
    • Ms. Anita Kiki Gbeho, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM)
    • Mr. Guang Cong, Deputy Special Representative (Political) for South Sudan and Deputy Head of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS)

    14.25 – 14.30 Closing remarks

    • Ms. Ilze Brands Kehris, Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights


  • 12 Jul 2023

    Efforts towards building peace in Colombia following decades of conflict are bearing fruit but the threat of renewed violence still looms, the head of the UN Mission in the country told the Security Council on Wednesday.

  • 11 Jul 2023

    The UN Secretary-General has strongly condemned an attack on a UN peacekeeping patrol in the northeast Central African Republic (CAR) on Monday which left one Rwandan ‘blue helmet’ dead. 

  • 11 Jul 2023

    UN-appointed independent human rights experts on Tuesday called for the Government of Bangladesh to end all harassment against representatives of the human rights organisation, Odhikar, and to ensure respect for due process in legal proceedings. 

  • 11 Jul 2023

    Life-saving assistance to millions in northwest Syria is at risk after the UN Security Council on Tuesday failed to adopt either of two competing resolutions to extend cross-border aid delivery from Türkiye. 

  • 11 Jul 2023

    As conflict continues to rage in Sudan, UN humanitarians expressed alarm on Tuesday at a surge in the number of people fleeing across the border to Chad.

  • 10 Jul 2023

    UN Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka continued this week her round of meetings with political leaders and parliamentarians in Lebanon ahead of her briefing to the UN Security Council next week...

  • 10 Jul 2023

    TRIPOLI, 10 July 2023 - The Security Council, in its resolution 2656 (2022) adopted on 28 October 2022, urged the Libyan institutions and key stakeholders “to agree on a roadmap to deliver elections as soon as...

  • 10 Jul 2023

    Transfer of crude oil from the dilapidated tanker Safer stranded off the coast of Yemen, is expected to start early next week, a senior United Nations humanitarian official told the Security Council on Monday.

  • 9 Jul 2023

    Dakar, July 09, 2023 - The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (...

  • 9 Jul 2023

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres has condemned the air strike in the Sudanese city of Omdurman on Saturday which reportedly killed at least 22 people.

  • 9 Jul 2023

    Senior UN officials and donor partners on Sunday visited the Palestinian refugee camp in the West Bank city of Jenin, where they witnessed the “shocking” damage sustained during the Israeli incursion this past week.

  • 9 Jul 2023

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres has condemned the airstrike in the Sudanese city of Omdurman on Saturday which reportedly killed at least 22 people.

  • 8 Jul 2023

    Dakar, 08 July 2023 - The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS...

  • 8 Jul 2023

    Alexander Lobov, a military engineer and mine action expert with the UN Development Programme (UNDP), has worked in hotspots from Afghanistan to Somalia, but never imagined using this experience in his native country, Ukraine, now one of the world’s most heavily mined places since Russia’s full-scale invasion of February 2022.

  • 8 Jul 2023

    TRIPOLI, 08 July 2023 - UNSMIL welcomes the decision announced by the Presidential Council to establish a High Financial Oversight Committee to address...

  • 7 Jul 2023

    This Week in DPPA is a brief roundup of political and peacebuilding events and developments at UNHQ and around the world. 

    Security Council

    Under-Secretary-General DiCarlo: The JCPOA remains the best available option for ensuring a peaceful nuclear programme by Iran

    On 6 July, Under-Secretary-General (USG) Rosemary DiCarlo briefed the Council on non-proliferation and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). She underscored that, when she last briefed the Council on the Plan and the implementation of resolution 2231 (2015), all participants to the Plan, as well as the United States, had affirmed that a return to full implementation was the only way to resolve the nuclear issue in Iran. “Diplomacy is the only way to effectively address the Iranian nuclear issue,” she said, underlining the Secretary-General's appeal to the United States to lift or waive its sanctions – as outlined in the Plan – and to extend waivers on the oil trade with Iran. She also called on Iran to reserve actions that were inconsistent with its commitments.

    Read remarks here


    Briefing Security Council, Special Representative Salvador underscores Secretary-General's call for “robust international force” in Haiti

    On 6 July, Special Representative and Head of the UN Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH) María Isabel Salvador briefed the Council on the deteriorating situation in the country. She noted the recent visit of Secretary-General António Guterres and USG DiCarlo to Haiti and the UN's continued support for a “robust international force” to assist the Haitian National Police. Such a force should complement and strengthen, not replace, the Haitian National Police, she said, in full respect for the country’s national sovereignty. The SRSG also highlighted the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) initiative in June, where Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry committed to changes in the Cabinet in order to make it more politically inclusive, as well as to the enlargement of the High Transitional Council.

    The briefing on Haiti came days after a visit to the country by the Secretary-General and Under-Secretary-General DiCarlo, during which they met with government leaders, political parties and civil society groups.

    Read more about the visit here

    Read the SRSG's remarks here


    Security Council Affairs Division publishes newsletter on June highlights

    This week, the Security Council Affairs Division of DPPA published the June edition of “Security Council in Review.” The newsletter features the highlights of the Council’s work under the presidency of the United Arab Emirates. It outlines the key topics covered, including briefings on the Middle East, including on cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations in maintaining international peace and security on 8 June. A high-level open debate on threats to international peace and security on 13 June focused on climate change, peace and security, and a high-level briefing on the maintenance of international peace and security on 14 June focused on the values of human fraternity in promoting and sustaining peace.

    Read more here


    SRSG Laing attends ceremony marking handover of seven ATMIS bases to Somali government

    On 6 July, Special Representative and Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) Catriona Laing attended a ceremony in Mogadishu to mark the handover of seven Forward Operating Bases from African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS). In her remarks she acknowledged the considerable progress made in efforts to build a peaceful Somalia. She also commended ATMIS and Troop Contributing Countries (TCC) for supporting stability and Security in Somalia, and paid tribute to the sacrifice of these countries and Somali security forces.

    Central Africa

    UNSAC meets in forum on addressing and countering hate speech

    On 6 July, experts from the 11 member countries of the UN Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC) met in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in a forum for the popularization, appropriation and political endorsement of a draft regional strategy and action plan for addressing and countering hate speech in written, audiovisual and digital communication media in Central Africa. The Yaoundé Forum, initiated by the Government of Cameroon based on a mandate from UNSAC, is the fourth regional consultation on the issue. The meeting made it possible to develop and adopt the draft regional strategy and action plan for addressing and countering hate speech in written, audiovisual and digital media in Central Africa.

    Read more here

    African Union  

    UNOAU calls for nominations to recognize African women advancing the WPS agenda in next edition of its book, She Stands for Peace  

    The UN Office to the African Union (UNAOU) is now accepting nominations to be included in the latest edition of ‘She Stands for Peace’, a publication that aims to amplify the voices of women who made outstanding contributions to the promotion of peace and security in Africa. Criteria for nomination include those women who have actively participated in peace processes, or who have made significant contributions towards the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence.

    Find out more here


    Special Coordinator Wronecka meets with Lebanon’s Prime Minister to discuss Blue Line

    On 6 July, Special Coordinator of the Secretary-General Joanna Wronecka and the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) Force Commander Major General Aroldo Lazaro met with Lebanon’s caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati and caretaker Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdallah Bouhabib. They discussed the importance of maintaining calm along the Blue Line, as well as respect for the cessation of hostilities between Lebanon and Israel. The Special Coordinator visited Israel last week to discuss developments related to the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1701 ahead of her briefing to the Security Council on 20 July. In that regard, the Special Coordinator held a round of meetings with the Beirut-based Ambassadors of Security Council members, including with the Ambassadors of Switzerland and Japan on 7 July.  


    Special Coordinator discusses energy reforms with Lebanon minister

    On 4 July, Special Coordinator Wronecka met with Lebanon’s caretaker Minister of Energy Walid Fayad. They discussed the crucial reforms needed in the energy sector as the country continues to struggle with a long-term electricity crisis. They also spoke about how the Ministry is exploring sustainable solutions, renewable energy sources and enhanced efficiency. The Special Coordinator underlined the need to improve the delivery of state services to the Lebanese people, and stressed that collaborative efforts are the key to building a greener future.


    Special Representative Hennis-Plasschaert travels to Ankara

    On 5 July, the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, met in Ankara with the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Türkiye, Ambassador Burak Akçapar. They discussed current developments in the region and cooperation between the United Nations and the Republic of Türkiye.  

    On 2 July, Special Representative Hennis-Plasschaert met in Baghdad with National Security Adviser (NSA) Qassim Al-Araji. They discussed Iraq's political and security situation, including the repercussions of the recent burning of a copy of the Quran in Sweden and the need to dismantle Al-Hol camp in Syria. 


    Deputy Special Representative Cordone meets with Women Advisory Group on upcoming elections

    On 6 July, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq for Political Affairs and Electoral Assistance Claudio Cordone met in Baghdad with members of the Women Advisory Group and Advisor to the Speaker of the Iraq Council of Representatives on Women Intisar Al-Jobouri. Discussions focused on support for women’s participation in the upcoming Iraqi provincial council elections. Members of the Women Advisory Group highlighted the need for training on leadership, concerns on the application of the women’s quota and protection for women candidates. DSRSG Cordone said that UNAMI continues to encourage women's participation and access to equal opportunities in the political sphere.


    Deputy Special Representative Isaczai meets with Iraqi officials on UN support

    On 5 July, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq, Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq Ghulam Mohammad Isaczai met in Baghdad with Minister of Trade Atheer Al-Ghurairy, together with the World Food Representative (WFP) for Iraq, Ally Raza Qureshi. They discussed UN support for technical assistance, capacity building, and private sector development through small and medium-sized enterprises targeting women and youth. 


    UNAMI Human Rights Office participates in roundtable discussion on civic space

    On 5 July, the UNAMI Human Rights Office, in cooperation with the Kurdistan Region's Office of the Coordinator for International Advocacy, organized a roundtable discussion in Erbil on civic space. The event brought together representatives from security services, civil society, journalists and activists. “The protection of civic space remains a priority area for UNAMI Human Rights Office,” Said Florian Razesberger, Senior Human Rights Officer of UNAMI.

    Read more here


    Secretary-General acknowledges progress in the implementation of the Peace Agreement and highlights the emphasis on dialogue to reduce violence and advance peacebuilding

    In his most recent report on the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, which covers the period from 27 March to 26 June 2023, Secretary-General António Guterres recognizes the progress made in the implementation of central aspects of the Final Peace Agreement. He also encourages the Government to continue to persevere, both in its implementation and in the use of dialogue to deepen the scope of peace. He further welcomes the Government's work to prioritize the needs of indigenous and Afro-Colombian peoples on issues such as the strengthening of participation and collective reparations. The report will be presented to the Security Council by the Special Representative Carlos Ruiz Massieu next week.

    Read the latest SG report here

    Next Week

    Next week, the Security Council will discuss the situation in Yemen on 10 July and it will be briefed on the situation in Colombia on 12 July. On 13 July, it will vote on a resolution on BINUH, and on 14 July it will hold an open debate on women, peace and security: sexual violence in conflict.

    The UN Secretariat is deploying a team of three UN experts to Honduras on 10 July to provide technical assistance regarding the future establishment of an international, impartial, independent and autonomous mechanism against corruption and impunity. 

    Read more here





    Subscribe to 'This Week in DPPA' here

    Contact DPPA at dppa@un.org

  • 7 Jul 2023

    The UN deplored the horrendous civilian cost of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which reached the 500-day mark on Friday. 

  • 7 Jul 2023

    The food and fertilizer export deals brokered by the UN last year with Ukraine and Russia have played an “indispensable role” in supporting global food security and must continue, the UN Secretary-General said on Friday.

  • 7 Jul 2023

    The UN human rights office (OHCHR) has urged authorities in Honduras to reinforce the “internal and external oversight of military operations” in the country, following the extending of a national state of emergency. 

  • 7 Jul 2023

    Yaoundé (Cameroon), 6 July 2023 – Experts from the 11 member countries of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions...

  • 7 Jul 2023

    Yaoundé (Cameroon), 6 July 2023 – Experts from the 11 member countries of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions...

  • 6 Jul 2023

    On 4 and 7 July, the SRSG to the AU and Head of UNOAU, Parfait Onanga-Ayanga met with Ambassadors of European Union (EU) Member States to...

  • 6 Jul 2023

    On 7 July, the SRSG to the AU and Head of UNOAU, Parfait Onanga-Ayanga met with a Delegation from the German Federal Foreign Office led by Ms. Jennifer Morgan,...

  • 6 Jul 2023






    New York, 6 July 2023


    Thank you, Madam President, for the opportunity to brief the Council on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and the implementation of resolution 2231 (2015).

    The conclusion of the Plan and its endorsement by the Council eight years ago were the result of intensive negotiations to achieve the common objectives of nuclear non-proliferation and regional security, in a manner that delivers tangible economic benefits for the Iranian people.

    When I last briefed the Council on this issue in December 2022, all participants to the Plan and the United States had reaffirmed that a return to the full and effective implementation of the Plan was the only viable option to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue. Six months later, negotiations to restore the Plan remain stalled.

    Diplomacy is the only way to effectively address the Iranian nuclear issue. It is essential that all parties renew the dialogue as quickly as possible and reach an agreement on the outstanding issues.

    In this context, I reiterate the Secretary-General’s appeal to the United States to lift or waive its sanctions as outlined in the Plan and to extend waivers with regard to the trade in oil with the Islamic Republic of Iran.

    And I echo his call on Iran to reverse the steps it has taken that are not consistent with its nuclear related commitments under the Plan. It is also important for Iran to address concerns raised by participants in the Plan and by other Member States in relation to annex B of resolution 2231 (2015).

    In a welcome development, in March of this year, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Iran issued a joint statement “to expedite… the resolution of outstanding safeguards issues” and “to allow the IAEA to implement further appropriate verification and monitoring and reporting activities”.

    In its report of May 2023, the IAEA reported that, in line with this joint statement, it had installed surveillance cameras at workshops where centrifuge parts are manufactured. The Agency added that it had no further questions regarding the presence of high enriched uranium detected at one location.  

    This encouraging step notwithstanding, we are alarmed that the Agency remains unable to verify the stockpile of enriched uranium in the country.

    It estimates that Iran now has a total enriched uranium stockpile of more than twenty times the allowable amount under the (JCPOA). This includes increased quantities of uranium enriched to 20% and 60%. Such a stockpile of enriched uranium is of serious concern.

    Madam President,

    I will now turn to the restrictive measures set out in annex B, as outlined in the Secretary-General’s fifteenth report on resolution 2231 (S/2023/473).

    First, on the nuclear-related provisions, no new proposals were submitted to the procurement channel in the last six months.  

    The Council, however, received ten notifications, submitted pursuant to paragraph 2 of annex B, for certain nuclear-related activities consistent with the Plan.

    The renewal by the United States of waivers with respect to certain nuclear non-proliferation projects foreseen in the Plan and the nuclear-related provisions in annex B to resolution 2231 for another 180-day period was an important step.

    Second, regarding the ballistic missile-related provisions, France, Germany, Iran, Israel, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom provided information to the Secretary-General and the Council concerning a test flight of a space launch vehicle conducted by Iran in March of this year.

    We also received information from these same Member States about the testing and unveiling of two new ballistic missiles by Iran in May and June, respectively.

    The letters received from Member States continue to reflect the divergent views as to whether this launch and missile developments are inconsistent with the resolution.

    Third, we examined information related to paragraph 4 of annex B.

    This paragraph pertains to the supply, sale or transfer to or from Iran of all items, materials, equipment, goods and technology as set out in Council document S/2015/546 which require prior approval of the Council.  It includes the list of complete delivery systems and subsystems, as well as the associated components and equipment, including ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and other Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) systems with a range of 300 km or more.

    In the reporting period, we received information from the United Kingdom about ballistic missile parts seized by the British Royal Navy in February 2023, in international waters in the Gulf of Iran.

    The United Kingdom shared imagery of the seized components and its analysis that the components were of Iranian origin and transferred in a manner inconsistent with resolution 2231.

    The Permanent Representatives of France, Germany and the United Kingdom conveyed their view that some of the seized components are controlled items listed in the Document S/2015/546 and that their transfer without prior approval of the Council was therefore inconsistent with the resolution.

    In their responses, Iran and the Russian Federation stated that there was no evidence linking the intercepted vessel and its cargo to Iran, and no clear indication that the seized components were of Iranian origin. We continue to analyze the available information.  

    We also received letters from Ukraine, France, Germany and the United Kingdom concerning alleged transfers of unmanned aerial vehicles from Iran to the Russian Federation, in a manner inconsistent with paragraph 4 of annex B.

    The United Kingdom and Ukraine also provided photographs and their analyses of the UAVs recovered in Ukraine. The two countries assessed the devices to be of Iranian types Shahed-131, Shahed-136 and Mohajer-6, and that they had been transferred by the Islamic Republic of Iran in a manner inconsistent with resolution 2231.

    Their assessment was based on comparison with debris of other UAV attacks in the Middle East and with imagery of Iranian UAVs available via open sources.

    France, Germany, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States also reiterated their request for the Secretariat to examine the debris of these UAVS in Kyiv or any other suitable location in letters to the Secretary-General and President of the Security Council and in statements to the Council and media.

    The Permanent Representatives of Iran and the Russian Federation disputed the imagery and evidence provided by the United Kingdom and Ukraine of the UAVs, as well as the claim by France, Germany, Ukraine and the United Kingdom that Iran had transferred UAVs to the Russian Federation in a manner inconsistent with resolution 2231, noting that the accusations were not substantiated by evidence.

    The Secretariat continues to examine the available information.

    The Secretariat also received an invitation from the Government of Yemen to examine the debris of a cruise missile used in an attack by the Houthis on the Al-Dhaaba oil terminal last November. The Secretariat is still analyzing the available information.

    Finally, the Secretariat did not receive any official information alleging actions inconsistent with the assets freeze provisions of the resolution.

    Madam President,

    Eight years since the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and its endorsement by the Council, we remain convinced that the plan is the best available option for ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme, as well as for allowing Iran to reach its full economic potential.  

    In closing, I would like to thank Her Excellency, Ms. Vanessa Frazier for her leadership as Facilitator for resolution 2231, as well as the Coordinator of the Procurement Working Group of the Joint Commission for our continued cooperation.

    Thank you, Madam President.

  • 6 Jul 2023

    The international deal over Iran’s nuclear programme known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has stalled, with the country’s enriched uranium stockpile now more than 20 times over the agreed limit, the UN political affairs chief Rosemary DiCarlo warned on Thursday. 

  • 6 Jul 2023

    The UN chief addressed the escalating loss of life in Israel and Palestine on Thursday, voicing strong condemnation for all acts of violence against civilians, including acts of terror.

  • 6 Jul 2023

    The world must act now to stem the violence and instability in Haiti, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said on Thursday, appealing for simultaneous action on the humanitarian, security, and political fronts. 

  • 6 Jul 2023

    The Myanmar regime’s brutal violence against civilians and its denial of life-saving humanitarian aid reflect “utter contempt for humanity”, UN rights chief Volker Türk told the Human Rights Council on Thursday.

  • 6 Jul 2023
  • 5 Jul 2023

    On 6 July, the SRSG to the AU and Head of UNOAU, Parfait Onanga-Ayanga met with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC)...

  • 5 Jul 2023

    SCL Joanna Wronecka and UNIFIL meet caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati (Dalati-Nohra Photo)

    Following a recent rise in tension along Lebanon’s...

  • 5 Jul 2023

    The UN’s top humanitarian officials on Wednesday voiced shock and condemnation over increasing reports of gender-based violence in Sudan as the military power struggle there continues.

  • 5 Jul 2023

    The UN Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect launched a new policy paper on Wednesday aimed at countering and addressing hate speech online. 

  • 5 Jul 2023

    Last year, 27,180 grave violations were committed against children caught up in war – the highest number ever verified by the UN, the Security Council heard on Wednesday. 

  • 4 Jul 2023

    TRIPOLI, 05 July 2023  -UNSMIL has become aware of a fabricated story that is circulating in local and regional news networks about an alleged plan to announce a roadmap to...

  • 4 Jul 2023

    When the Taliban surged back into power in August 2021, Afghanistan was virtually cut off from the rest of the world, and decisions by the de facto authorities to further restrict human rights have only deepened the country’s isolation.

  • 4 Jul 2023

    Divisions are growing and geopolitical tensions rising, as humanity faces three major challenges where the world has the power to “seek and unite for solutions” said the UN chief on Tuesday.

  • 4 Jul 2023

    UN Secretary-General António Guterres has expressed deep concern about the developments in Jenin in the occupied West Bank, where Israeli airstrikes have hit the densely populated refugee camp there. 

  • 3 Jul 2023

    On 4 July, UNOAU signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with KAIPTC in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The objective of this MoU is to provide a framework for collaboration between the UNOAU and the KAIPTC to support the African Union, its Regional...

  • 3 Jul 2023

    On 4 July 2023, the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Kofi Annan International...