Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents

2018

  • 28 Jun 2018

    KABUL - Determined to improve women's participation in democratic processes, women’s groups in Kabul and Kandahar provinces are leading advocacy efforts and enlisting support from their local communities.

    ...

  • 27 Jun 2018

    Mr.  President, Members of the Security Council,

    Nearly three years ago, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2231 (2015) to endorse the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on the Iranian nuclear issue. The Secretary-General, and the international community, welcomed the Plan as a major achievement in nuclear non-proliferation.

    Since Implementation Day, 16 January 2016, the International Atomic Energy Agency has reported 11 times to the Security Council that Iran has been implementing its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. Notwithstanding the continued adherence by Iran to its nuclear-related commitments, the agreement is unfortunately at a crossroads.

    On 8 May 2018, the United States of America announced its withdrawal from the agreement. The Secretary-General deeply regrets this setback to the JCPOA and believes that issues not directly related to the Plan should be addressed without prejudice to preserving the agreement and its accomplishments.

    At the same time, the Secretary-General calls on Iran to consider carefully the concerns expressed by Member States about Iranian activities that are allegedly contrary to the restrictive measures contained in annex B to the resolution. 

     

    Mr.  President,  

    I thank you for the opportunity to brief the Security Council on the fifth report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of resolution 2231 (S/2018/602).    As guided by the Security Council, and consistent with our last four reports, the one before you today focuses on annex B to the resolution. 

    First, on the implementation of the nuclear-related provisions, I am pleased to report that the procurement channel continues to function effectively. Thirteen additional nuclear-related proposals were submitted to the Security Council for approval, bringing the total number of proposals to 37 since Implementation Day. 

    However, in this reporting period, the Secretariat has received information from two Member States on the supply, sale, transfer or export to Iran of dual-use items that may have been undertaken contrary to the resolution.  The Secretariat has contacted the relevant Member States, who have informed us that they have initiated internal reviews. 

    Iran in its response to the Secretariat stressed that it is the “responsibility of the exporting state to seek approval through the procurement channel” and encouraged more outreach activities to address the lack of awareness among some Member States.  The Secretary-General will report back on this issue to the Council in due course.

    Second, in terms of ballistic missile-related provisions, the report reflects information provided by Israel and Iran to the Secretary-General and the Security Council on two ballistic missile launches by Iran in January 2018, as well as, our findings on the ballistic missiles launched by the Houthis into Saudi territory.

    Since our last report, Saudi authorities brought to the attention of the Secretariat nine additional launches of ballistic missiles by the Houthis, which in their assessment were Iranian Qiam-1 missiles. The Secretariat was invited to examine the debris of three of those additional missiles. We provided preliminary observations, in our last report, from our examination of the debris of the missiles launched into Saudi Arabia on 22 July and 4 November 2017.

    Based on the information and material analysed, the Secretariat assesses that the debris of the five missiles launched at Yanbu and Riyadh since July 2017 share key design features with the Iranian Qiam-1 ballistic missile.It is also our assessment that some component parts of the debris were manufactured in Iran.

    We could confirm that subcomponents of the guidance system in these missiles were produced between 2002 and 2010. We note that the production date range of these subcomponents is incompatible with Scud missiles known to be in Yemeni stockpiles prior to the outbreak of the current conflict in early 2015.

    However, we are at present unable to determine whether such missiles, or parts thereof, or related technology, may have been transferred from Iran after 16 January 2016, the date when annex B provisions came into effect.

    The report also reflects information received from Israel regarding the possible presence of an Iranian drone in Syria, which was reportedly downed after entering Israeli airspace in 10 February 2018.

    The Secretariat did not have the opportunity to examine its debris, but images provided by Israeli authorities show that its wing configuration appears consistent with that of an Iranian drone unveiled in October 2016. The report further notes that, according to Iranian media outlets, several Iranian drones have been deployed in Syria. The Secretariat has no information as to the owner and operator of those drones.

    Third, as detailed in the report, the Secretariat examined arms and related materiel seized in Bahrain after 16 January 2016, and obtained additional information on the unmanned surface vessel laden with explosives recovered by the United Arab Emirates.  In both cases, the Secretariat is confident that some of the arms and related materiel it examined were manufactured in Iran.  However, we are unable to confirm whether these items were transferred from Iran after 16 January 2016.

    The report also notes the 21 May 2018 statement by the political leader of Hamas in the Gaza Strip that Iran has provided the Al-Qassam brigades and other armed groups in Gaza with money, military equipment and expertise. 

    This statement suggests that transfers of arms and related materiel from Iran may have been undertaken contrary to the provisions of annex B. 

    Fourth, the report highlights the participation of Iran’s Defence Industries Organization for the third year in a row in an arms and defence exhibition in Iraq.  It provides information on the foreign activities of Khatam al-Anbiya Construction Headquarters (KAA) in Syria.  Since both entities are on the 2231 list, their funds, other financial assets and economic resources on the Iraqi and the Syrian territories should have been frozen. 

    The report also provides information on an additional travel by Major General Qasem Soleimani. 

    The Secretary-General has reiterated his call upon all Member States in the region to take the steps necessary to fully implement their obligations in relation to resolution 2231 (2015).

     

    Mr. President,

    In closing, I would like to acknowledge the leadership of His Excellency Ambassador van Oosterom of the Netherlands in his role as Facilitator for the implementation of this resolution 2231 (2015). I also thank the Coordinator of the Procurement Working Group of the Joint Commission for our excellent cooperation.

    I would like to assure them, and the Security Council, of our fullest support for the continued implementation of UN Security Council resolution 2231 (2015).

    Thank you, Mr. President.

  • 27 Jun 2018

    New York, 27 June 2018 - The Secretary-General is concerned about the latest developments in Libya's Oil Crescent region. He calls for de-escalation and for the return of all natural resources, their production and their revenues to the control of the recognised Libyan authorities.

    The Secretary-General recalls, as stipulated in Security Council resolution 2259 (2015), the need for unity of Libyan institutions and the exclusive right of the National Oil Corporation to...

  • 27 Jun 2018

    On 27 June 2018, the 57th meeting of the Gali joint Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) took place under the chairmanship of the United Nations. The meeting was attended by Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz and EUMM (European Union Monitoring Mission) representatives.

     

    The UN and EUMM assessed the general security situation, since the previous meeting of 18 May 2018, as calm and stable.  In this regard, the UN highly commended contribution of all participants to prevention of incidents, which is one of key tasks of the IPRM. It was reported that there were 61 hotline activations on 28 different issues, since the previous meeting.

     

    Due to differences on one of the points of the provisional agenda, the meeting could not be concluded. All participants reiterated that the IPRM format is important and useful.

     

    Consultations will continue in search for a compromise on the date of the next meeting.

     

  • 27 Jun 2018

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is emerging as an indispensable global partner and role model - it has a vital and growing role to play in ensuring peace and stability in the Asian region and beyond.

    The ASEAN-UN partnership continues to grow, especially since the adoption of the “Joint Declaration on Comprehensive Partnership between ASEAN and the United Nations” in November 2011 and the adoption of the first ASEAN-UN Plan of Action for 2016-2020. The Plan of Action sets out strategic priorities, activities and measures to be undertaken by both sides to further enhance their political-security, economic, and socio-cultural cooperation, including on cross-sectoral issues, as well as Secretariat-to-Secretariat collaboration.

    Following the successful completion of the first Plan of Action, the 2nd ASEAN-UN Plan of Action (2021-2025) was adopted by the Secretary-General and the ASEAN Foreign Ministers in October 2020, which includes new cross-cutting areas on climate action, gender mainstreaming, and cyber-security, including hate-speech. Under the lead of the DPPA-DPO Assistant Secretary-General for Middle East, Asia and the Pacific, as the UN’s senior official on ASEAN, more than 30 UN departments and UN regional agencies in New York, Bangkok and Jakarta work closely with ASEAN across all areas of technical cooperation to implement the ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership. Regular meetings are held to discuss progress in the partnership at the Secretariat-to-Secretariat-, Senior Official-, and Ministerial-levels. Since 2000, ASEAN-UN Summits have been held regularly, bringing together ASEAN leaders and the United Nations Secretary-General. The Chairman’s Statement of the 11th ASEAN-United Nations Summit held in November 2020 via videoconference, is available here.

    In addition to supporting the UN system in its engagement with ASEAN through the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) Liaison Officer to ASEAN, DPPA is working directly with ASEAN in the areas of sustaining peace, preventive diplomacy and conflict prevention. Among the joint activities, the ASEAN-UN Regional Dialogue (AURED) series provides a regular annual Track 1.5 forum for discussion of regional peace and security challenges. The fourth ASEAN-UN Regional Dialogue was held in Malaysia in December 2017 and focused on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) -- the Role of Women in the Prevention of Violent Extremism. In late 2017, DPPA also co-organized the first ASEAN-UN Electoral Observation training in the Philippines and the first ASEAN-UN Training on the Law of the Sea, including the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in Indonesia. In December 2019, the 5th AURED was jointly organized with and hosted by Viet Nam and focused on support to the ASEAN-Institute for Peace and Reconciliation toward the goal of developing a ‘pool of experts’ to assist in conflict management and conflict resolution through governments, UN officials, academics, civil society and other experts sharing of knowledge and comparative experiences from the UN, regional organizations and experts. A sixth AURED is being planned for 2022 to focus on advancing the Youth, Peace and Security agenda in ASEAN.

  • 27 Jun 2018

    In April 2010, the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) established a  Liaison Team in Gaborone, Botswana, to work with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) through its Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation. DPPA and the SADC Secretariat signed a Framework of Cooperation in 2010 aimed at strengthening collaboration in the areas of conflict prevention, management and resolution to assist both organizations to build their capacities and jointly contribute towards the promotion of peace and security in the Southern Africa sub-region. 

    Under the Framework of Cooperation of 2010, the two organizations agree on annual joint workplan providing for UN technical support to SADC’s mediation structures, technical support to the SADC Election Support Unit and assistance to SADC in enhancing the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 on Women Peace and Security in the region. With DPPA's support, SADC has developed a regional mediation training curriculum and rolled out regional and national mediation trainings. DPPA also supports the development of SADC regional strategies for the prevention of election-related violence as well as on the implementation of the regional women, peace and security agenda in the context of the UN resolution 1325.

     

  • 27 Jun 2018

    The European Union is a key strategic partner of the United Nations on issues relating to political affairs and peace and security. The Secretary-General has recognized the EU as a pillar of the multilateralism system and as the most successful peacebuilding project since the end of WWII. The EU Lisbon Treaty provides that "The Union … shall promote multilateral solutions to common problems, in particular in the framework of the United Nations.” The EU Global Strategy on Foreign Policy and Security, unveiled in 2016, refers to multilateralism as its key principle and the UN as a core partner.

    The UN and the EU are both committed to help reduce the rising levels of violent conflict globally. The increasingly complex causes of crises, and their linkages to regional and international peace and security challenges such as terrorism and organized crime, make partnership between the two organizations not a choice, but an imperative. Given that the prevention of conflicts saves both lives and resources, the organizations work together to help build effective security and governance institutions over the long term and engage in preventive diplomacy to address emerging crises. The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) is in the lead on the dialogue with the EU on political affairs and on conflict prevention, and several mechanisms of dialogue have been taking place for many years, including, the High-Level Political Dialogue, which was initiated in 2012 to promote cooperation on political files.

    DPPA also participates in mechanisms led by other Departments, in particular the Steering Committee on Crisis Management, led by DPO with DPPA chairing sessions on topics under its sphere of competence. The Steering Committee was established by the 2003 UN-EU Joint Declaration on Crisis Management, agreed after the EU launched its Common Security and Defence Policy. It is further informed by the 2019-2021 Priorities for the UN-EU Strategic Partnership on Peace Operations and Crisis Management that were officially launched in November 2018. These priorities are currently being updated for the period 2022-24 and cover cooperation on aspects ranging from Women, Peace and Security, conflict prevention and the Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative.

    DPPA cooperates closely with the EU to support on-going prevention and conflict resolution processes and to build capacities for mediation, including by co-organizing a biannual workshop for mediation support offices from regional and sub-regional organizations. The EU funds the DPPA Standby Team of Senior Mediation Advisers, while the EU’s provides continued support to the UNDP-DPPA Joint Programme on Building National Capacities for Conflict Prevention.

    In recognition of the need to develop the UN-EU partnership more systematically in the peace and security area, DPPA, DPO and DOS established the joint UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security (UNLOPS) in Brussels in 2011, serving as a true testimony of enhanced cooperation.  In 2018, the Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) established a Brussels presence within UNLOPS. The EU Delegation in NY also enjoys enhanced observer status at the UN, allowing it to present common positions on behalf of the EU member states. 

     

  • 27 Jun 2018

    Participants in the 21st Technical Support Committee meeting: Donata Garrasi, Director of Political Affairs in the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region; and Moudjib...

  • 27 Jun 2018

    NEW YORK - Media stakeout following the briefing to the Security Council by the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan,...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    URGENCY OF REMOVING THE OBSTACLES PREVENTING COMPLIANCE WITH JUSTICE-RELATED COMMITMENTS 

    Bogotá, 26 June 2018. The Colombian peace process is notable for the emphasis it places on ensuring that the transition from an armed conflict to peace is accompanied by truth, justice, reparation for the victims and non-repetition. Within this commitment, the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP by its Spanish acronym) is...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    To mark the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, this Tuesday 26 June, the United Nations urged all countries to promote prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and reintegration services, as well as to...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    Tunis, 26 June 2018 - In support of the stabilization and development efforts in Libya, international partners and the United Nations agencies in Libya work together to strengthen the capacity of Libyan institutions to...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) was founded in 1971 and currently has a membership of 18 states and territories. As part of its cooperation with regional organizations, the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs has been increasing its cooperation with the PIF Secretariat to address the unique challenges facing the region, including peace and security, governance, climate change, sustainable development/2030 agenda, gender equality and youth empowerment.

    DPPA continues to partner with PIF, the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), as well as the Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (OHRLLS), to convene dialogues on different aspects of the climate change and security nexus affecting small states. For example, in April 2021 an online discussion on the nexus of climate-related security risks and human rights in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) took place involving governments, experts and UN partners. For further information, expert contributions and a summary report of a workshop on Pacific climate security held in May 2019 in partnership with PIF is also available here.

  • 26 Jun 2018

    An overview of the role, approach and tools of the United Nations and its partners in preventing violent conflict

  • 26 Jun 2018

    NEW YORK - The Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan, Tadamichi Yamamoto, today briefed the Security Council on the situation in Afghanistan.

    Yamamoto highlighted key developments around peace...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    The chair of the UN Sanctions Committee established under resolution 2048, Anatolio Ndong Mba, is in Guinea-Bissau for a two-day visit with a view to obtaining first-hand accounts on the sanctions measures imposed by Security Council...

  • 26 Jun 2018

    Participating in the 2nd Follow-up Mechanism meeting were Saïd Djinnit, UN Special Envoy for Africa’s Great Lakes region (left), and Basile Ikouébé, AU Special Representative for the Great Lakes region and Head of the...

  • 25 Jun 2018

    The Joint UN Development Programme (UNDP) - UN Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) Programme on Building National Capacities for Conflict Prevention is a signature cross-pillar initiative that aims to enhance UN support to national stakeholders on conflict prevention and sustaining peace. Since its inception in 2004, the Programme has engaged in more than 60 countries and provided catalytic support to UN Resident Coordinators and UN Country Teams to advance the UN Secretary-General’s conflict prevention agenda. The Joint Programme is widely recognized for providing thought leadership on conflict prevention, and is considered a unique example of how the political and development pillars of the UN can successfully work together in pursuit of the prevention of violent conflict.
     

     

    The Joint Programme’s efforts focus on building existing and emerging national and local capacities to address, and fundamentally transform the underlying causes of conflict. Recognizing that national ownership, inclusivity and sustainability of peace efforts are key to success, the Joint Programme works on a premise that national actors are best placed to carry preventive work forward.  Peace and Development Advisors (PDAs) are at the forefront of the Programme’s efforts to empower national stakeholders to strengthen existing mechanisms and capacities for inclusive dialogue, mediation and national peace architectures. PDAs also support the UN system to effectively adapt and respond to complex political situations and identify areas for preventive action. Over the years, the community of PDAs has grown significantly, reflecting the increasing need for conflict prevention as well as the realization of the value of embedding capacities for conflict analysis, conflict sensitive programming, and strategic leadership on conflict prevention within UN Country Teams.

     

    Advisory Positions in 2021

    Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sao Tome and Principe, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Arab States: Algeria, Djibouti, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Yemen

    Europe and Central Asia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, South Caucasus, Tajikistan, Ukraine*

    Asia and the Pacific: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Fiji/Pacific, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Thailand

    Latin America: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Caribbean, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana & Suriname, Haiti, Honduras, Peru, Venezuela

    Regional Programme Specialist: Addis, Amman, Bangkok, Dakar, Istanbul, and Panama

     

    Beyond the deployment of PDAs, the Joint Programme also facilitates deployment of short-term expertise to respond and engage in crisis settings, provides coordinated and complementary UNDP and DPPA support, analysis, and engagement in target countries, and builds on the expert knowledge of its stakeholders to share good practices, lessons learned, and engage in a community of practice. Aiming to serve as a platform that brings together various UN tools and approaches, the Join UNDP-DPPA Programme contributes to coherent UN engagement by working in partnership with other UN entities, such as the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO),  UN Volunteers (UNV) and UN Women.

     

     

    Press release: UNDP-DPPA Programme and EU sign new agreement on building national capacity for conflict prevention

     

    Contact the Joint Programme here

     

  • 25 Jun 2018

    SRSG Natalia Gherman with Foreign Minister of Tajikistan Sirojiddin Muhriddin (June 2018, Dushanbe)

    DUSHANBE, Tajikistan

    On 18 - 22...

  • 25 Jun 2018

    KABUL -  Media can follow the live broadcast of the UN Security Council session on the Secretary-General’s latest Report on Afghanistan.

    UN WEB TV <http...

  • 24 Jun 2018

    New York, UN HQ

    On 22 June 2018, the General Assembly adopted a resolution entitled “Strengthening regional and international cooperation to ensure peace, stability and...

  • 24 Jun 2018

    NILI – The contribution of civil society organizations in improving quality service delivery, and participation in conflict...

  • 22 Jun 2018

    High-Level International Conference on the International Decade for Action “Water for Sustainable Development” 2018 – 2028, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

    DUSHANBE, Tajikistan

    ...
  • 21 Jun 2018

    Giles Clarke / UNOCHA

    Amman 21 June 2018 - I will continue my consultations with all parties to avoid further military escalation in Hudaydah, which I fear would have severe political and...

  • 21 Jun 2018

    Participants at the preparatory meeting for the 2nd Private Sector Investment Conference

    Nairobi, 20 June 2018 – The Office of the United Nations Special Envoy for...

  • 21 Jun 2018

    The United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) presented this Tuesday in Bissau the project portfolio for Guinea-Bissau, estimated at US $ 7.3 million.

    The project portfolio consists of five...

  • 21 Jun 2018

    MEHTARLAM - Afghans have been urged to do more as citizens including by actively participating in local peace initiatives, development projects, and...

  • 20 Jun 2018

    The 44th round of the Geneva International Discussions has just concluded.

    In Working Group I, the participants reviewed the security situation on the ground, which they assessed as relatively calm and stable. The need to conduct a proper investigation into the tragic death of Archil Tatunashvili in February 2018 was reiterated, with the Co-Chairs emphasising the need to avoid any perception of impunity. The participants were encouraged to continue exchanging information on this and other cases, such as the killing of Giga Otkhozoria in May 2016, in the framework of the relevant Incident Prevention and Response Mechanisms. 

    Given the divergent positions expressed by the participants on a draft joint statement on non-use of force, the Co-Chairs proposed to continue working further on that matter. 

    In Working Group II, the participants discussed issues relating to missing persons, freedom of movement, healthcare, documentation, education, livelihoods and environmental concerns. It was again not possible to complete discussion of all agenda items given long-standing divergent approaches to the issue of IDPs/refugees. 

    In light of the exchanges among the participants during the session, the Co-Chairs and co-moderators reiterated their call for a constructive and result-oriented approach by all participants on all agenda items. The Co-Chairs informed the participants about their ongoing efforts aimed at making the Geneva format more effective and productive. They appreciated the views expressed by the participants in this regard.

    The participants reiterated their commitment to this format as a unique dialogue platform and agreed to hold the next round on 9-10 October 2018.

  • 19 Jun 2018

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), Mohamed Ibn Chambas, expresses concern with the deaths of two...

  • 19 Jun 2018
  • 19 Jun 2018

    “He crept into our house, held me down and forced himself on me repeatedly.”

    So Amina Ibrahim* recalls the terrifying night when an intruder entered her house in south-central Somalia as she slept with...

  • 19 Jun 2018

    PRESS STATEMENT 09/2018

     

    ...
  • 19 Jun 2018

    A poignant childhood experience inspired Abdinasir Nur’s passion for defending human rights. 

    As a young student, Abdinasir attended a school near a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in...

  • 18 Jun 2018
  • 18 Jun 2018

    Preconference Forum on Climate and Water Dialogue conducted in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, in the framework of the High Level International Conference on the International Decade for Action “Water for Sustainable Development” (20 - 22, June 2018)...

  • 18 Jun 2018

    Op-Ed by Philippe Lazzarini, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Lebanon

    The last few weeks have seen a renewed public debate about refugee returns. As Lebanon struggles to grapple with its complex...

  • 15 Jun 2018

    PRESS STATEMENT 08/2018

    The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) for Somalia, Michael Keating, congratulates all Somalis on the occasion of Eid-al-Fitr.

    “On behalf of the entire United Nations...

  • 14 Jun 2018

    Adinael Ascanio, spoke of his time in the guerrillas of the ELN and Farc-EP. Also, when he was in the military service and how now is transforming his life, working on a...

  • 14 Jun 2018

    UN Special Coordinator Kardel Speaker on behalf of the ISG after meeting President Aoun (Photo-DalatiNohra)

    UN Special Coordinator Kardel...

  • 14 Jun 2018

    Participants at the Great Lakes Judicial Cooperation Network meeting in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 13-14 June 2018

    Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), 14 June 2018 – The...

  • 13 Jun 2018

    Partnership Meeting on Water related Issues in Central Asia (June 2018)

    ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan

    On 14 June 2018, the United Nations Regional Centre for...

  • 13 Jun 2018

    I am extremely concerned about the military developments in Hudaydah. Further military escalation will have serious consequences on the dire humanitarian situation in the country and will have an impact on my...

  • 13 Jun 2018

    Monsieur le Président, Distingués membres du Conseil,

    Depuis la publication du rapport soumis à votre examen, la situation en Afrique centrale est restée difficile avec un certain nombre de menaces sérieuses qui pèsent sur la stabilité politique, sécuritaire et socio-économique, y compris dans les pays touchés par des conflits armés de longue date, comme la République centrafricaine (RCA) et la République démocratique du Congo (RDC).  Tous les onze états membres de la Communauté économique des états de l’Afrique centrale (CEEAC) sont soit au milieu ou au début d’un cycle électoral et, par conséquent, connaissent des tensions liées aux processus électoraux.  Partout, les populations continuent de réclamer de meilleures conditions socio-économiques.

    La demande en matière d’engagement d’UNOCA, de bons offices, et de diplomatie préventive est demeurée forte.  J’ai intensifié mon engagement auprès des pays de la sous-région et notre appui aux organisations sous-régionales, notamment en dirigeant ou déployant plus de missions pour renforcer nos efforts dans la prévention des conflits et la gestion des crises.

     

    Monsieur le Président,

    Permettez-moi de vous présenter quelques nouveaux développements dans la sous-région :

    Le 4 mai, la nouvelle Constitution adoptée par l’Assemblée nationale du Tchad a été promulguée et le 10 mai, le nouveau gouvernement a prêté serment.  Le 24 mai, le Président Idriss Déby Itno a présidé une cérémonie d’installation d’un nouveau cadre de dialogue politique, le Cadre national du dialogue politique (CNDP), qui comprend 15 membres de la majorité et 15 autres membres de l’opposition.  En coordination avec nos partenaires, UNOCA est prêt à apporter un appui au CNDP au moment où il relève le défi de promouvoir un dialogue inclusif et de créer les conditions favorables à la tenue d’élections législatives crédibles et pacifiques en novembre 2018.

    Au Gabon, l’organe électoral nouvellement établi, le Centre gabonais des élections (CGE), a entamé les préparatifs pour les prochaines élections législatives.  Au cours de ma rencontre avec le Président du CGE, le 18 mai, j’ai réitéré la disponibilité des Nations Unies à appuyer le processus électoral.  Dans le but d’améliorer la représentation des femmes et des jeunes dans les postes électifs et les instances de prise de décision, UNOCA et le PNUD ont appuyé le Réseau des femmes sénatrices du Gabon dans l’organisation d’un atelier de formation à Libreville, du 5 au 7 juin, ciblant des femmes et des jeunes, tous dirigeants politiques.

    Le 7 juin, le Président Pierre Nkurunziza du Burundi a promulgué une nouvelle Constitution après la validation des résultats du référendum du 17 mai par la Cour constitutionnelle.  Plusieurs acteurs et partenaires ont exprimé leurs préoccupations selon lesquelles la réforme pourrait réduire à néant les acquis de l’Accord d’Arusha, en termes de paix, stabilité, démocratie et participation politique inclusive.  Il est important que ce Conseil continue d’appuyer le processus de médiation dirigé par la Communauté d’Afrique de l’Est.  Je réitère l’appel de l’Envoyé spécial Michel Kafando au Gouvernement et à l’opposition afin qu’ils reprennent et concluent les pourparlers le plus tôt possible et qu’ils commencent à préparer le terrain pour la tenue d’élections inclusives et crédibles en 2020.

    L’escalade de la violence et des tensions dans les régions du nord-ouest et sud-ouest du Cameroun, qui est également toujours affecté par les activités de Boko Haram et l’impact de la crise en RCA, est une source de préoccupation majeure.  Plus de 20.000 réfugiés camerounais ont déjà été enregistrés de l’autre côté de la frontière avec le Nigéria et ont besoin d’assistance.  Le 25 mai, sept activistes anglophones ont été condamnés à jusqu’à 15 ans de prison pour terrorisme et autres accusations.

    Les Nations Unies ont systématiquement appelé au dialogue inclusif avec tous les acteurs, comme étant la meilleure manière de trouver une solution à la crise, répondre aux doléances des populations anglophones et garantir l’intégrité territoriale du pays et la stabilité régionale.  Je félicite la Commission nationale pour la promotion du bilinguisme et du multiculturalisme pour ses efforts et l’encourage à poursuivre son travail et à tenir dûment compte des recommandations faites par les populations.  Apaiser les tensions contribuera également à la bonne conduite des élections présidentielles, législatives et municipales prévues pour cette année.  A cet égard, les Nations Unies continueront d’appeler tous les acteurs à s’abstenir de tout nouvel acte de violence.

    La République du Congo a connu une série de procès de dirigeants politiques arrêtés à la suite de l’élection présidentielle de 2016, donnant lieu à des peines de prison longues pour plusieurs d’entre eux, y compris 20 ans pour le Général Jean-Marie Mokoko, l’ancien Chef d’état-major de l’armée et ancien candidat à la présidentielle.  Alors que des progrès ont été enregistrés pour faire avancer le processus de paix dans la région du Pool, le processus de Désarmement, Démobilisation et Réintégration avance plus lentement que prévu.  Les Nations Unies continueront d’appuyer ce processus avec d’autres partenaires.

    A São Tomé-et-Principe, des tensions ont encore éclaté à la suite d’une décision, le 4 mai, de l’Assemblée nationale contrôlée par la majorité, de révoquer les juges de la Cour suprême de justice en raison de divergences sur la décision de la Cour suprême de restituer la brasserie du pays, Rosema, à un investisseur angolais. Le 23 mai, l’Assemblée nationale a approuvé une résolution sur la nomination des nouveaux juges de la Cour suprême, qui a été adoptée le 30 mai.  Le 31 mai, les parties de l’opposition ont demandé à la Cour constitutionnelle de contrôler la constitutionalité de la loi.

    La crise en RCA continue d’avoir un impact négatif sur la situation dans la sous-région, en particulier dans les pays voisins, provoquant un grand nombre de réfugiés.  Cependant, je suis encouragé par les conclusions de la deuxième phase de consultations avec les groupes armés, menées par le Panel des Facilitateurs de l’Initiative africaine pour la paix et la réconciliation.  J’ose espérer que les résultats de ces consultations permettront d’améliorer de façon tangible la situation sécuritaire.  J’exhorte les pays de la région à participer plus activement à l’Initiative africaine, tant politiquement que financièrement.  J’encourage aussi fortement les autorités centrafricaines et les pays voisins à accélérer le processus de mise en place des commissions mixtes de coopération, qui pourraient traiter des questions telles que le contrôle des frontières et la transhumance.  Je continuerai de consacrer mes efforts sur la mobilisation de soutien à l’Initiative africaine.

    Le 11 juin, le Président Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo de la Guinée équatoriale a invité tous les partis légalement enregistrés et non-enregistrés, la société civile et la Diaspora à participer à un dialogue politique national prévu pour le mois de juillet.  Je félicite le Président pour son initiative et attends avec beaucoup d’intérêt les résultats de ce dialogue qui pourrait ouvrir davantage l’espace politique dans le pays.

     

    Mr. President,

    The scourge of terrorism and violent extremism continues to affect populations of the sub-region and divert Government resources from much needed development programmes to costly security operations.  Boko Haram and the Lord’s Resistance Army have not stopped their deadly attacks on civilians, committing egregious human rights abuses and causing countless victims.  UNOCA is engaging sub-regional organizations, including the ECCAS Secretariat, the Lake Chad Basin Commission, the Multinational Joint Task Force and other stakeholders to fight Boko Haram and address related issues and more broadly violent extremism in the sub-region, including to facilitate the implementation of the Regional Strategy against Boko Haram.  I also continue liaising closely with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, for a coordinated support to regional efforts to address the Lake Chad Basin crisis.

    On 8 and 9 May, the Lake Chad Basin Governors’ Forum for Regional Cooperation on Stabilization, Peacebuilding and Sustainable Development held its inaugural meeting in Maiduguri, Nigeria.  The Governors established the Forum as a platform for regional cooperation on stabilization, peacebuilding and sustainable development in the regions affected by Boko Haram.  The Forum, which is supported by UNOCA, UNOWAS and UNDP will convene at least once a year.

    Violent extremism, as well as persisting cross-border insecurity and criminal activities are compounded by the flow of small arms and light weapons throughout the sub-region.  In order to respond to this challenge, the first Conference of States Parties to the Central African Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and all Parts and Components (the Kinshasa Convention) is taking place, as we speak, in Yaoundé, Cameroon with the participation of UNOCA.  The Convention was developed through the UN Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (UNSAC), with the support of UNOCA.

     

    Mr. President,

    In its capacity as Secretariat of UNSAC, UNOCA supported the holding of the 46th ministerial meeting of the Committee in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, from 29 May to 1 June.  The forum provides a unique and rare decision-making platform to discuss the overall political, security and socioeconomic situation in the sub-region.  The Heads or representatives of UN peace operations present in the sub-region, including MINUSCA, MONUSCO, the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region, UNOAU, and UNOWAS also attended the meeting, in recognition of the need to promote cooperation and coherence among UN presences on the ground.

    UNSAC recommended that ECCAS expedite the implementation of the regional strategy on counter-terrorism and the non-proliferation of small arms and light weapons in Central Africa, which was adopted at the 41st meeting of UNSAC in 2015.

     

    Mr. President,

    I welcome the validation on 24 May of the Regional Action Plan for the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security in Central Africa, following a two-day workshop co-organized by ECCAS and UNOCA in Brazzaville.  Resource mobilization will be critical to ensure the successful implementation of the Plan.

    I am convinced that the participation of women and youth will be crucial in ensuring a successful joint Summit of ECCAS and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which is expected to take place in July 2018 under the theme, “Peace, Security, Radicalization and Violent Extremism within the ECCAS-ECOWAS space.”  I call upon ECCAS and ECOWAS member States to ensure the involvement of women and youth in the development and implementation of strategies to prevent violent extremism and counter terrorism, in line with relevant Security Council resolutions.  UNOCA and UNOWAS will continue supporting ECCAS and ECOWAS in a coordinated manner.

     

    Mr. President,

    Consistent with its mandate, UNOCA has remained actively engaged in support of member States in Central Africa and sub-regional organizations, particularly ECCAS.  At their joint retreat on 11 and 12 May, ECCAS and UNOCA adopted a biennial programme for 2018-2019, which includes more joint visits to the sub-region and joint analyses to promote enhanced coordination in conflict prevention and management and peacebuilding. 

    I welcome ECCAS member States’ decision to accelerate the ECCAS institutional reform.  I further appeal to ECCAS member States to remain committed towards the completion of this important process.  Indeed, the reform is a good opportunity for the sub-regional organization to improve its functioning, including funding mechanisms to ensure implementation of key projects in peace, security, peacebuilding and governance.  The UN, including through UNOCA, stands ready to provide assistance to ECCAS and member States in this critical endeavour.

     

    Mr. President,

    Since its mandate was last renewed in 2015, UNOCA has proved its effectiveness as a tool to advance the Secretary-General’s prevention agenda in Central Africa.  The activities of the Office have also been crucial in strengthening the capacities of ECCAS and enhancing UN coordination in the sub-region.  We look forward to the Security Council’s support to the renewal of UNOCA’s mandate for another three-year period, as recommended by the Secretary-General in his report.

    Thank you for your attention.

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