Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas

Reports and Policy Documents

2018

  • 5 Jun 2018

    On 4 June 2018, the Special Representative of the Secretary General for West Africa and the Sahel, Mohamed Ibn Chambas received a delegation of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training...

  • 30 Mayo 2018

    Former Farc EP combatants will sell their coffee production to the Italian company Illycaffe, which assured a fixed price and the purchase of at least 100...

  • 29 Mayo 2018

    UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Nickolay Mladenov briefs the Security Council on...

  • 29 Mayo 2018

    Thank you, Mr. President,

    Your excellencies Minister Czaputowicz, Minister Blok and Minister Klimkin,

    Members of the Council,

     

    The conflict in eastern Ukraine is now in its fifth year. It may no longer make major international headlines, but it is neither dormant nor frozen. It is very much alive, and it requires our attention, particularly to alleviate the human cost of the conflict.  

    Repeated pledges to respect the cease-fire have not stopped the fighting; far from it. While there has been an overall reduction of violence and casualties since 2015, the killing, destruction and immense suffering continues. The civilian death toll of the conflict is over 2,700 according to OHCHR with up to 9,000 injured. An estimated 1.6 million people remain internally displaced – the largest uprooted population in Europe and among the ten largest in the world. 

    Today’s Council meeting is the first on the situation in Ukraine since 2 February 2017, when an upsurge in violence threatened to spiral out of control. In the intervening period, diplomatic talks have continued – in the Normandy Format, in the Trilateral Contact Group, and through bilateral processes.

    Despite these commendable efforts, the security situation on the ground remains volatile, with the continued use of weapons proscribed by the Minsk Agreements. The relative calm that held in the early weeks of 2018 was followed in April and May by a sharp increase in the number of victims caused by shelling, small arms fire, mines and unexploded ordinance.

    The United Nations is deeply concerned about the recent deterioration of the situation at the contact line, including in the area around the Donetsk Filtration Station. We join the calls by OSCE Chief Monitor Ambassador Ertugrul Apakan on 18 May and by the Special Representative of the Chairperson-in-Office in Ukraine Ambassador Martin Sajdik on 22 May for an immediate cessation of fighting.

    The violence puts civilian lives at risk and causes destruction of infrastructure, on which people depend for their basic needs on both sides of the contact line.   

    In light of recent reports of increased military preparedness along the contact line, we highlight the need for utmost restraint. 

     

    Mr. President, 

    On 17 February 2015, this Council adopted resolution 2202 endorsing the “Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements”. The Council called on all parties to fully implement the Package of Measures, including a comprehensive ceasefire. The Minsk Agreements remain the foundation for the international community’s commitment to restoring peace in eastern Ukraine.

    Yet, over three years since the adoption of resolution 2202, the Minsk provisions remain largely unimplemented. Negotiations appear to have lost momentum, with the main stakeholders unable to reach agreement on key steps. Except for the exchange of detainees during the Christmas period last year – efforts to move the talks forward have achieved little so far. 

    Practical solutions are often identified, but not followed through. 

    Meanwhile, discussions on a potential international peace operation have so far been inconclusive.  

     

    Mr. President,

    The United Nations continues to provide humanitarian assistance, human rights monitoring and development support, including in the framework of Ukraine’s reform efforts. But the scale and urgency of needs stemming from the conflict remain immense.  There are over half a million civilians living within five kilometres of the Line of Contact, subjected night and day to shelling, gunfire, landmines and unexploded ordnance. Children miss out on vital education. Health problems are worsening, with an increase in cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.

    The area around the Line of Contact is now the third most mine-contaminated area in the world. Residential areas, as well as critical infrastructure, are frequently shelled, deliberately or accidentally.

    We call on all concerned to take the necessary measures to protect civilians and to uphold international human rights obligations. 

    The UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine continues to report on human rights violations and abuses carried out on both sides of the contact line.  In accordance with relevant General Assembly resolutions, monitoring of the situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol is being carried out, but with great difficulty due to lack of access.

    As a consequence of the conflict, eastern Ukraine is facing a serious humanitarian crisis. Restrictions and impediments on international humanitarian access to conflict-affected areas continue to limit aid delivery to those in need.  With 3.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in conflict-affected areas, we urge all to facilitate humanitarian access, and encourage Member States to do more to support efforts to address this crisis.

    Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Ms. Ursula Mueller, will shortly report further on the humanitarian situation. 

    The conflict has also had a tragic impact on families from other nations.  We are all aware of the recent update of the investigation into the MH17 downing. The Security Council in its resolution 2166 (2014) demanded that all states cooperate fully with efforts to establish accountability. As the Secretary-General has expressed, establishing the truth about this event is an important part of achieving justice for the victims and their families. 

     

    Mr. President,

    The United Nations strongly supports the lead efforts on Ukraine of the Normandy Four, the Trilateral Contact Group, the OSCE and other key actors. The work of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission, which provides regular reporting on security incidents and which facilitates localized ceasefires and critical repair works in the conflict area, takes place under extremely difficult circumstances.

    The OSCE Mission suffered its first fatality in April of last year. The United Nations calls for full respect for the OSCE Mission’s freedom of movement and for an immediate end to all use of force and threats against the Mission’s monitors.

    I look forward to hearing an update from the Chief Monitor of the Mission, Ambassador Apakan. 

     

    Mr. President,

    The Secretary-General travelled to Kiev early in his tenure to highlight the UN’s serious concern regarding the situation in Ukraine and the plight of the people affected by the conflict. The visit in July 2017 demonstrated support for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders, in accordance with relevant General Assembly resolutions.

    The Secretary-General has consistently called for a demonstration of necessary political will to cease hostilities and to end the suffering of the civilian population – a call he reiterated in his statement of 23 December 2017, on the eve of the so-called Christmas ceasefire.

    In his New Year message to the General Assembly this year, the Secretary-General also called for revitalizing relevant mediation initiatives in Europe, including the Normandy Format and the Trilateral Contact Group in Ukraine.              

    We hope the intensification of diplomatic engagements in recent weeks will generate the necessary political impetus for progress in implementing the Minsk Agreements and improving the prospects for a settlement of the conflict.

    To overcome the status quo, it is imperative to inject efforts with new political energy.

     

    Mr. President, 

    The Ukraine conflict is foremost a tragedy for the Ukrainian people. But it also takes place in a context of increasing challenges to the international peace and security framework. The conflict continues to test the credibility of international and regional organizations and erodes the trust Member States need to work together in the interest of Europe’s stability. 

    Despite the efforts to reach a settlement, a breakthrough remains elusive. Yet we cannot allow ourselves to give in to fatigue or complacency. We must continue to pursue peace with renewed vigour and see the implementation of resolution 2202 (2015).  In this regard, we once again support the lead efforts of the OSCE and the Normandy format.  

    For its part, the United Nations remains committed to supporting the search for a peaceful resolution of the conflict, in a manner fully upholding Ukraine's sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence and in accordance with all relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions. 

    Thank you.

  • 26 Mayo 2018

    The 1,000 women who gathered at the first forum of women and girls for peace in Guinea-Bissau on 25 May said that Guinean women have the potential to fight and win and to make peace and stability prevail. Concerned about the political...

  • 25 Mayo 2018

    On 25 May, the Organizing Committee of the National Conference - Paths to Peace and Development (OCNC) presented to parliament its final report based on consultations conducted from 2007 to 2017...

  • 24 Mayo 2018

    Since the popular uprisings in Yemen broke out in early 2011, the United Nations has been engaged, through the good offices of the Secretary-General, in helping Yemenis to find a peaceful solution. The United Nations provided support for the negotiations between the Government and the opposition, which resulted in the signing of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism in Riyadh on 23 November 2011. The United Nations has since remained actively engaged with all Yemeni political groupings to promote peace and stability through dialogue and negotiations in accordance with Security Council resolutions 2014 (2011), 2051 (2012), 2140 (2014) and 2216 (2015). Most recently, the Security Council addressed the role of the Special Envoy in its resolutions 2451 (2018) and 2452 (2019).

     

    To ensure the full and effective implementation of Security Council resolutions 2014 (2011) and 2051 (2012), together with the political transition agreed in November 2011 under the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the Secretary-General established the Office of the Special Envoy to the Secretary-General on Yemen in 2012. Since then the United Nations has provided support for the Yemeni-led political transition process and has promoted inclusive participation, including of previously marginalized groups, such as women, youth, the Houthis and Southern Hiraak. With the support and facilitation provided by the United Nations, Yemenis concluded a National Dialogue Conference in January 2014, which brought together 565 delegates from all the regions and political groupings of Yemen. The outcome document of the National Dialogue Conference established the foundations for a new federal and democratic Yemen, with support for good governance, the rule of law and human rights. A Constitution Drafting Commission was created to draft a new constitution based on the National Dialogue Conference outcomes.

     

    Despite important progress in the political transition, conflicts between government forces, the Houthis and other armed groups after the finalization of the draft constitution and power-sharing arrangements led to an escalation of military violence in mid-2014. Notwithstanding agreements brokered by the then United Nations Special Adviser, the Houthis and allied units of the armed forces seized control of Sana’a and other parts of the country in September 2014 and the ensuing months.

     

    The United Nations facilitated numerous rounds of negotiations to resolve the political impasse, but these efforts were ineffective in halting the military escalation that continued in early 2015. At the request of President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi, a coalition of countries led by Saudi Arabia intervened militarily on 26 March 2015 in support of the Government of Yemen. More than six years of fighting between Coalition-backed forces and pro-Houthi forces on several fronts has led to thousands of civilian casualties, destruction of infrastructure and a large-scale humanitarian emergency.

     

    Then Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon took note of the military operation calling on all parties and Member States to refrain from taking any actions that undermine the unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen.

     

    In the second half of 2018, the Government of Yemen, supported by the Saudi-led Coalition, began a significant military offensive against the Houthis to seize control of Hudaydah and its ports, the main entry point for humanitarian assistance and commercial trade for the country. In an effort to avert a military attack on the area in December 2018, the Stockholm Agreement was reached by the Yemeni parties, including a ceasefire in Hudaydah governorate, leading to the establishment of the United Nations Mission to support the Hudaydah Agreement (UNMHA) in January 2019.

     

    Political tensions between the Government and southern groups have also increased, leading to deadly outbreaks of violence in Aden and elsewhere in the South. In November 2019, the Riyadh Agreement brokered by Saudi Arabia was signed by the Government and the Southern Transitional Council (STC) – a southern separatist group – to bring an end to the instability in southern Yemen, but its implementation has been limited.  The overall security situation remains highly volatile.

     

     

    Secretary-General António Guterres has repeatedly reiterated that there is no military solution to the Yemeni crises and has called for a return to peaceful negotiations.

     

    In its resolution 2216 (2015), the Security Council requested the Secretary-General to intensify his good offices role in order to enable the resumption of a peaceful, inclusive, orderly and Yemeni-led transition. Since then, the United Nations has facilitated successive rounds of consultations aimed at obtaining a negotiated settlement to end the conflict and resume the political transition process, including direct talks in Switzerland in June and December 2015, in Kuwait from April to August 2016, and in Sweden in December 2018. Despite these efforts by the United Nations, fighting continues between various parties throughout the country, including along the Saudi Arabia-Yemen border. 

     

    A new Special Envoy was appointed by the Secretary-General on 6 August 2021 to continue exercising his good offices role. The overall aim of the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen is to provide support to the Yemen peace process, and the implementation of any eventual agreements to enable the resumption of a peaceful, inclusive, orderly and Yemeni-led transition. In line with resolution 2216 (2015) and the letter from the Secretary-General to the Security Council dated 24 May 2016 (S/2016/488), the Special Envoy will mediate between the parties, with a view to ending the conflict.

     

    After more than six years of armed conflict, a stalled peace process and a severe economic decline that has accelerated the collapse of essential basic services and institutions, Yemen is in the grip of a protracted political, humanitarian and developmental crisis. The country is facing the world’s largest humanitarian crisis, with 20.7 million people – close to 75 per cent of the population – in need of humanitarian aid and protection, and an alarming 3.3 million people in acute need. Approximately 16.2 million people are food-insecure while famine remains a serious threat. More than 4 million people have been displaced from their homes since 2015. With the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is estimated that some 15 per cent of the functioning health system was repurposed for the COVID-19 response, which contributed to reducing overall health coverage by 20 to 30 per cent. Erratic payment of public sector salaries is contributing to the collapse of public institutions that provide healthcare, water, sanitation and education.

  • 24 Mayo 2018

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) has been closely monitoring the evolving situation in Syria and the multifaceted conflict dynamics since protests erupted in March 2011. The United Nations supports the full implementation of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015) and the 2012 Geneva Communiqué, through its facilitation of an inclusive, credible, sustainable, Syrian-led political solution to the Syrian conflict, that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people to dignity, freedom and justice based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination.

     

    In February 2012, the General Assembly passed resolution 66/253 requesting the UN to partner with the League of Arab States in support of a peaceful solution to the Syrian conflict through a political transition. This led to former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s appointment as Joint Special Envoy. In April 2012, the Security Council adopted resolutions 2042 and 2043 endorsing Annan’s six-point plan and establishing the UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) to monitor and support its implementation. In June 2012, Annan convened a meeting where key international and regional stakeholders adopted the Geneva Communiqué, a document which aimed to strengthen the implementation of the six-point plan and chart a political way forward. To this day, the Communique continues to guide UN mediation efforts toward a political transition. The Geneva Communique was endorsed by the General Assembly in resolution 66/253-B in August 2012 and by the Security Council in resolution 2118 in September 2013. Amidst increasing violence across the entire country, the Security Council was unable to renew the UNSMIS mandate beyond August 2012.

     

    In August 2012, following the departure of Kofi Annan, the Secretaries-General of the UN and the Arab League appointed Lakhdar Brahimi as their new Joint Special Representative. The Secretary-General convened an international conference (“Geneva II”) in January 2014, followed by intra-Syrian negotiations facilitated by Brahimi in Geneva. The negotiations aimed to provide space for the Syrian sides to agree on a full implementation of the Geneva Communiqué. While the parties agreed on an agenda (transitional governing body; violence and terrorism; national institutions; reconciliation) they could not agree on the sequence for negotiating these issues. Brahimi suspended the negotiations and did not extend his assignment beyond May 2014.

     

    The Secretary-General appointed Staffan de Mistura as Special Envoy for Syria in July 2014. Intense diplomatic engagement in 2015 between Russia and the US, and other key international stakeholders resulted in the establishment of the International Syrian Support Group (ISSG) and the adoption of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015). Resolution 2254 (2015) reiterated the endorsement of the Geneva Communiqué and set the Special Envoy’s mandate. The resolution established a sequence and timeline for a political transition, including negotiations on the establishment of a credible, inclusive, non-sectarian governance and a process and timeline for drafting a new constitution. It also called for free and fair elections, including with the diaspora, pursuant to the new constitution and held under UN supervision.

     

    From January 2016 to January 2018, Special Envoy de Mistura conducted a series of intra-Syrian talks. By late 2017 and throughout 2018, these efforts progressively focused on two key aspects of resolution 2254: the schedule and process for drafting a new constitution and precise requirements for UN-supervised elections.  

     

    In January 2019, Geir O. Pedersen succeeded de Mistura as Special Envoy for Syria. He currently leads the UN’s efforts to advance the full implementation of Security Council resolution 2254, including facilitation of the Syrian Constitutional Committee, and the 2012 Geneva Communiqué. Special Envoy Pedersen also continues to advocate for a constructive international diplomacy by encouraging key stakeholders to discuss with the UN concrete, mutual, reciprocal and verifiable steps to help save lives, ease suffering, and restore stability in Syria.

     

    Since the beginning of the conflict, Syria has witnessed unprecedented devastation and displacement, compounded by the violations of international law, humanitarian law and human rights law, including the use of internationally proscribed chemical weapons. Impunity has been a hallmark of the Syrian conflict, has hindered conflict resolution efforts,  and has challenged one of the UN’s core values—accountability. An important step to address accountability was made on 21 December 2016 when the General Assembly adopted resolution 71-248 to establish the International, Impartial, and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) to assist in the investigation and prosecution of the most serious crimes under international law, in particular the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

     

     

    OCHA http://www.unocha.org/syria

    OHCHR http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/MENARegion/Pages/SYIndex.aspx

    Commission of Inquiry of the Human Rights Council (COI)http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/IICISyria/Pages/IndependentInternationalCommission.aspx

    UNDP http://www.sy.undp.org/

    UNHCR http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

    IIIM https://iiim.un.org/mandate/

     
  • 24 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations cooperates with regional and international partners in efforts to defuse tensions, encourage improvements on the ground, and advance political negotiations toward a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East based on all relevant Security Council resolutions, as well as the Madrid principles and Quartet Road Map.

     

    Support to the Secretary-General’s Peacemaking Efforts

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) supports UN peacemaking efforts in various ways, including by advising and assisting the Secretary-General in his Middle East diplomacy and by overseeing UN political activities based in the region aimed at furthering peace efforts, preventing an escalation of the conflict, coordinating humanitarian aid and development assistance, and supporting Palestinian state-building efforts.

     

    In addition to making his own diplomatic “good offices” available to the parties, the Secretary-General is a principal member of the Middle East Quartet (composed of the United States, the Russian Federation, the European Union, and the United Nations), a key mechanism established in 2003 to coordinate the international community's support to the peace process. The Secretary-General also works to ensure close cooperation in international peacemaking efforts with the League of Arab States and the broader international community.

     

    DPPA also assists the Secretary-General’s crisis management activities, which include his direct involvement in efforts to prevent the recurrence of violence.  Senior officials of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, particularly the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Process, provide regular briefings to the Security Council on the situation in the Middle East and the state of the peace process.

     

    Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process

    The Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and the Secretary-General's Personal Representative to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian Authority is the focal point on the ground for UN support in all political and diplomatic efforts related to the peace process – including as UN Envoy to the Middle East Quartet. The Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process (UNSCO), was established in June 1994 following the signing of the Oslo Accords. UNSCO is also responsible for coordinating the activities of more than twenty UN agencies, funds and programmes on humanitarian and development assistance to the Palestinian Authority and the Palestinian people. It is a field mission of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and has offices in Jerusalem, Ramallah and Gaza.

  • 24 Mayo 2018

    Madame la Présidente,

    Distingués Membres du Conseil,

    Je vous remercie pour l’opportunité que vous me donnez de briefer à nouveau sur les récents développements au Burundi.

    Le 17 mai, les Burundais ont voté en faveur d’une nouvelle Constitution. Selon la Commission électorale nationale indépendante (CENI) qui a annoncé les résultats provisoires le 21 mai, 73.25 pour cent des 4,768,142 votants se sont prononcés en faveur de la nouvelle constitution, contre 19.34 pour cent. Les votes blancs ont totalisé 4.11 et l’abstention 3.28 pour cent. Le taux de participation est de 96.24 pour cent.

    Le référendum s’est dans l’ensemble déroulé dans le calme, en dépit des nombreuses irrégularités et incidents, rapportés par des représentants de l’opposition et de la société civile. La CENI a fait également état de quelques incidents qui, selon elle, n’étaient toutefois pas de nature à influencer les résultats définitifs du scrutin. 

    Lors de mon briefing du 25 février, j’avais fait miennes, les préoccupations du Secrétaire Général qui avait souligné dans son rapport la nécessité pour le gouvernement de rechercher le plus large consensus possible autour d’une question aussi primordiale pour l’avenir, voire le destin du Burundi, qu’est la modification de la Constitution. Il avait, en effet, mis en exergue l’esprit de consensus qui a prévalu aux négociations et à l’adoption de l’Accord d’Arusha et de la Constitution de 2005 qui en est issue.

     

    Madame la Présidente,

    Distingués membres du Conseil,

    Maintenant que le pays s’achemine vers une autre phase importante de son histoire, nous attendons un signal fort des autorités, en faveur de la reprise du dialogue inter-burundais sous l’égide de la Communauté de l’Afrique de l’Est. Relancer ce dialogue, permettrait aux Burundais de discuter ensemble des défis auxquels ils se trouvent confrontés dans un climat de confiance mutuelle. Il est important de réitérer ici que ce n’est qu’à travers un dialogue inclusif que les Burundais apporteront des solutions durables à la crise actuelle. 

    Si tel n’était pas le cas, il est à craindre que la contestation des résultats du referendum par l’opposition, ne polarise davantage une situation politique déjà tendue, caractérisée par des violations des droits de l’homme et autres abus, ainsi que la détérioration de la situation socioéconomique et humanitaire.

    En effet, je voudrais appeler l’attention des Membres du Conseil, sur l’expulsion des experts des droits de l’homme, déployés dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre de la résolution 34 du Conseil des Droits de l’Homme, résolution parrainée le 29 septembre à Genève par le Groupe Africain. Leurs visas ont été annulés par le gouvernement, le 26 avril alors qu’ils étaient déjà au Burundi.  Je lance un appel aux autorités burundaises pour qu’elles facilitent le retour de ces experts et renouent la coopération avec le Bureau du Haut-commissaire aux droits de l’homme.

     

    Madame la Présidente,

    La situation sécuritaire au Burundi est globalement calme même si on constate des jets de grenade isolés et que des rapports continuent de parvenir sur des découvertes de corps sans vie, y compris d’individus en tenue militaire. Le gouvernement doit être encouragé à poursuivre ses efforts de restauration de la sécurité sur l’ensemble du territoire national. Je salue, à cet égard, les mesures prises contre certaines formes de violence ayant été constatées avant et pendant la campagne électorale. Les évènements survenus le 11 mai dans la commune de Buganda, dans la province de Cibitoke que nous avons condamné, au cours desquels 26 personnes dont des femmes et des enfants, ont été assassinés par des hommes armés non-identifiés, nous rappellent que si le calme règne au plan sécuritaire, l’environnement reste volatile.

    La situation humanitaire connait des développements importants mais e demeure toujours préoccupante.  De nombreux Burundais continuent de vivre dans des camps de réfugiés, particulièrement en Tanzanie, au Rwanda, en Ouganda et en RDC. Je salue les efforts déployés par le Burundi, la Tanzanie avec l’appui remarquable du HCR dans le cadre de la Tripartite qui ont déjà permis à plus de 13, 000 Burundais de rentrer chez eux volontairement. Ces efforts doivent être poursuivis.

     

    Madame la Présidente,

    Distingués Membres du Conseil

    La situation que je viens de décrire, met en exergue la pertinence de la poursuite du dialogue inclusif, sous les auspices de la Communauté d’Afrique de l’Est. Il vous souviendra que lors du 19e Sommet de la Communauté de l’Afrique de l’Est, tenu en Ouganda, le 23 février, les Chefs d’Etat de la sous- région avaient recommandé la poursuite du dialogue sous la facilitation de l’ancien Président Benjamin Mkapa et la médiation du Président Museveni. Le Sommet avait également demandé au Facilitateur de tout mettre en œuvre pour convoquer la 5e session du Dialogue, dans les meilleurs délais.  En réponse à l’invitation du Facilitateur du 25 avril, le gouvernement avait indiqué qu’il ne prendrait part à aucune session du dialogue avant la fin du referendum constitutionnel du 17 mai. Dans ce contexte le CNARED, s’est interrogé sur l’inopportunité et la pertinence du dialogue après un referendum qui « enterrerait les Accords d’Arusha ».

    Des consultations devraient se tenir dans les tous prochains jours en vue de la relance du dialogue. 

    Je demeure persuadé qu’un dialogue inclusif reste la seule voie pour le règlement politique durable des défis politiques, socioéconomiques et humanitaires auxquels le Burundi fait face depuis 2015. Parmi ces défis, figure en bonne place la préparation et la réussite des élections inclusives, crédibles et transparentes en 2020. A cet égard, le Conseil pourrait renouveler son plein soutien à la région, en particulier à la médiation conduite par le Président Ougandais Yoweri Museveni et au Facilitateur, l’ancien Président Tanzanien Benjamin Mkapa, avec le soutien de l’Union Africaine et des Nations Unies

    Je vous remercie.

  • 24 Mayo 2018

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  • 23 Mayo 2018

    Mariela López, teacher of the local community of Llano Grande in Dabeiba, leads a reconciliation process from the classroom where 80 children including children of former Farc combatants take classes...

  • 23 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations works on multiple fronts to assist Lebanon in forging a peaceful, stable and democratic future. The Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon (UNSCOL) provides leadership and coordination to UN efforts in the country. The Beirut-based political mission of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) is headed by UN Special Coordinator Joanna Wronecka. The Special Coordinator is the Secretary-General’s representative to the Lebanese Government, all political parties and the diplomatic community based in the country, and exercises good offices on behalf of the Secretary-General and in furtherance of the conflict prevention agenda.

     

     

    Implementing Security Council Resolution 1701

    The July 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizbullah brought a new set of political, peacekeeping, and development challenges to Lebanon. Subsequently, the Secretary-General established in February 2007 the Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon to represent him politically and to coordinate the work of the UN in the country. Among UNSCOL’s most important responsibilities is its assistance towards, and reporting on, implementation of Security Council Resolution 1701 (2006) under which the fighting was halted in August 2006. The resolution called for a permanent ceasefire between Israel and Lebanon and gave a framework for a long-term solution. The resolution also calls for extension of State authority throughout the territory of Lebanon, including in southern Lebanon. In particular, resolution 1701 calls for the Government of Lebanon to maintain a monopoly on the use of force and weapons within the country. UNSCOL works closely with the UN peacekeeping mission in southern Lebanon, UNIFIL, which seeks to maintain the cessation of hostilities in its area of operations and along and across the Blue Line, the line of withdrawal for Israeli forces, while assisting the Lebanese Armed Forces to enhance its presence and capacity in southern Lebanon. UNSCOL is in constant dialogue with actors across the political spectrum in Lebanon, as well as between the parties Israel and Lebanon, and with regional and international partners.

     

     

    Coordination with other UN Actors

    The Special Coordinator for Lebanon coordinates the activities of the UN Country Team, in partnership with the Government of Lebanon, donors and international financial institutions, in line with the overall objectives of the United Nations in Lebanon, particularly those relating to humanitarian, development and peacebuilding needs, including the impact of the crisis in the neighbouring Syrian Arab Republic. The Special Coordinator for Lebanon is assisted in this task by a Deputy Special Coordinator, who is Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator.

     

     

  • 23 Mayo 2018

    The UN support role in Iraq was established by Security Council resolution 1500 (2003) at the request of the Government of Iraq, revised under resolution 1770 (2007) and has since been extended on an annual basis.

     

    The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) is a special political mission headed by Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq, supported by two deputies: Deputy SRSG for Political Affairs and Electoral Assistance Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir, who also leads on the issues of missing Kuwaiti and third-country nationals and missing Kuwaiti property, including the national archives, and Deputy SRSG Irena Vojáčková-Sollorano who leads the humanitarian and development efforts in her role as Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Iraq.

     

    The current mandate of UNAMI encompasses, at the request of the Government of Iraq, a number of key areas, including the provision of advice, support and assistance to the Government and the people of Iraq on advancing inclusive political dialogue and national and community-level reconciliation enhanced electoral support; as well as facilitating regional dialogue and cooperation between Iraq and its neighbours; promoting accountability and the protection of human rights and judicial and legal reform; promoting gender equality; and promoting coordination  and facilitating, in coordination with the Government of Iraq delivery in the humanitarian and development areas. Furthermore, under Security Council resolution 2107 (2013) UNAMI is mandated to promote, support and facilitate efforts of the Government of Iraq regarding the repatriation or return of all Kuwaiti and third-country nationals, or their remains, and the return of Kuwaiti property, including the national archives.

     

    Iraq has been transitioning through three phases, beginning with an emergency response in 2014; to immediate stabilisation in 2016; followed by recovery, reconstruction, and regular development in 2018. The number of internally displaced persons has dropped to approximately 1.2 million (after a high of over 5 million). Though this is a significant achievement, planning and response must now include integration and resettlement into third locations inside Iraq.

     

    In addition to their humanitarian activities, the UN Country Team is working together to improve the lives of Iraqis across numerous sectors. Under the auspices of the UN Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF, formerly UNDAF) for Iraq 2020-2024, in line with Iraq’s national priorities and in accordance with the National Development Plan and the Sustainable Development Goals, agencies, funds and programmes are working to assist the Iraqi Government towards achieving social cohesion, social protection, and social inclusion to create a fair and inclusive society for all Iraq; growing the economy for all Iraqis; promoting effective, inclusive, accountable and efficient institutions and services at all levels; promoting natural resource and disaster risk management, and climate change resilience to achieve a better, safer and more sustainable future for all; and achieving dignified, safe and voluntary durable solutions to displacement in Iraq.

     

    In June 2015, the Government asked UNDP to establish a Funding Facility for Immediate Stabilization (FFIS) to help stabilise areas liberated from ISIL. In April 2016, a second channel, the Funding Facility for Expanded Stabilization (FFES), was established to meet the ‘expanded’ stabilization needs through medium- and large-scale infrastructure projects. Together, FFIS and FFES comprise the Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) which provides stabilization assistance across four areas of work: public works and infrastructure rehabilitation; livelihood assistance and employment; capacity support to municipalities; and peaceful communities and social cohesion.

     

     

    Key Support Role on Elections and National Dialogue

    UNAMI is supporting the government’s efforts to promote an inclusive dialogue on national and societal reconciliation and to help confidence-building measures to ensure the future of Iraq as a stable, federal, united and inclusive state in which all of its citizens can fully and equally participate without discrimination and with equal rights and justice. UNAMI also promotes regional cooperation and dialogue between Iraq and neighbouring countries through its good offices mandate.

     

    UNAMI played a key support role in the process by which Iraqis drafted and adopted a new constitution in 2005, and assisted the country in holding national elections as well as Iraq Governorate Council elections and parliamentary elections in the Kurdistan region of Iraq since 2009. Since the formation of the Independent High Electoral Commission in 2007, the United Nations has continued to provide technical support, policy advice and assistance to the institution. In 2021, in line with Security Council Resolution 2576 (2021), UNAMI implemented one of the United Nations’ largest electoral assistance projects worldwide, in support of the 10 October parliamentary elections, encompassing technical assistance and the deployment of 150 United Nations international electoral experts in advance of, and on, election day.

     

    Activities on Human Rights 

    UNAMI is working with other UN partners, and all relevant stakeholders (Government, Parliament, law enforcement and civil society) to promote respect and accountability, strengthen the rule of law, and protect human rights in Iraq, including, inter alia, the rights of women and children and their protection from sexual and gender based violence, the rights of diverse ethnic and religious minorities, the rights of persons with disabilities, ensuring their access to basic services without discrimination, and promoting respect for the right of freedom of assembly and expression. UNAMI is also working in partnership with other United Nations, Government and civil society partners, to provide technical assistance, legal and expert advice on content and implementation of Iraq’s international human rights obligations, and on drafting legislation, regulations and policies that promote the respect and protection of human rights, and assist with building the capacity of state institutions, including relevant ministries, the Council of Representatives, the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights, and law enforcement and the administration of justice. UNAMI in accordance with its mandate is supporting the work of the investigative team established in resolution 2379 (2017) to promote accountability for ISIL crimes in Iraq.

     

  • 23 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) was established in December 2007 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, to assist and support the five countries of Central Asia - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan – in building their conflict prevention capacities through enhanced dialogue, confidence-building measures and genuine partnership so as to respond to existing threats and emerging challenges in the region. The Centre was established at the request of the five countries and is headed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Natalia Gherman.

     

    Five Priority Areas

    UNRCCA's Program of Action for 2022-2025 was adopted in consultation with the five countries of the region, and includes five priority areas: (i) Promoting preventive diplomacy among the Governments of Central Asia; (ii) Monitoring and early warning in support of conflict prevention; (iii) Building partnerships for prevention, including with regional and sub-regional organizations; (iv) Strengthening United Nations preventive diplomacy in Central Asia; and (v) Encouraging cooperation and interaction between Central Asia and Afghanistan in close contact with UNAMA.

     

    A previous Department of Political Affairs (DPA)-led political mission in the region, the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building (UNTOP), completed its mandate in 2007 after seven years of efforts to end the civil war in Tajikistan and assist its government in consolidating peace and stability.

     

  • 23 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations has been present in Afghanistan since 1949. In recent years, the Organization’s activities have been focused on assisting Afghans lay the foundations for sustainable peace and development. The UN Security Council established the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in March 2002 Resolution 1401.  The Mission’s mandate, which extends until 17 September 2021, stresses the importance of a comprehensive and inclusive Afghan-led and Afghan-owned political process to achieve sustainable peace.

  • 23 Mayo 2018
  • 23 Mayo 2018

    On May 22, 2018, the African Union Peace and Security Council convened an open session on the Principles of Protection of Civilians in Conflict Areas in Africa. 

     

  • 22 Mayo 2018

    150 people, including ex-combatants and inhabitants of the communities surrounding the TATRs located in Chocó region, have validated their elementary and high school studies. 

    ...
  • 21 Mayo 2018

    Following the non-extension of the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia in June 2009, the United Nations has continued to support the Geneva international discussions on security and stability and the return of internally displaced persons and refugees, which commenced on 15 October 2008 in Geneva in accordance with the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and implementing measures of 8 September 2008, following the hostilities of August 2008 (see S/2009/254, para. 5). In resolution 1866 (2009), the Security Council welcomed the beginning of the discussions and requested the Secretary-General, through his Special Representative, to continue to fully support the process. The discussions are co-chaired by the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the United Nations. 

     

    The United Nations Representative to the Geneva International Discussions serves as the UN Co-Chair of the Discussions and works in consultation with the other Co-Chairs, and with support from her team, to prepare and facilitate the sessions of the Geneva International Discussions. The United Nations Representative and her team are also responsible for preparing, convening and facilitating the periodic meetings of the Gali Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) for Abkhazia. With regard to the latter, the UNRGID team maintains a hotline to facilitate timely communication and exchange of information among the parties on any issues of mutual concern.

     

    To see all UNRGID communiqués, click here

     

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    From 1993 to 2019, the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) (then Department of Political Affairs) provided backstopping support and guidance to the Personal Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for talks aimed at resolving the name dispute between Greece and, at the time, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYROM). Since 1999, the negotiations were convened under the auspices of Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General Mr. Matthew Nimetz, who succeeded Mr. Cyrus Vance.

     

    On 12 February 2019, the entry into force of the “Prespa Agreement”, which was signed on 17 June 2018 and ratified by the legislature of both countries in January 2019, settled the longstanding dispute between Athens and Skopje on the “name issue”. The historic text details, inter alia, the parties’ agreement to the name “Republic of North Macedonia”. The Secretary-General informed the Presidents of the Security Council and the General Assembly, in identical letters, of the entry into force of the Agreement on 12 February 2019. The Secretary-General underscored that this resolution of the dispute demonstrated that even seemingly intractable issues can be resolved through dialogue and political will.

     

    Have a look at the timeline of the process: https://dppa-ps.atavist.com/whats-in-a-name-for-north-macedonia-26-years-of-mediation

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations works through the good offices of the Secretary-General to assist the sides in the search for a comprehensive and mutually acceptable settlement to the Cyprus problem.

     

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) provides backstopping support and guidance to the Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Cyprus.

     

    While the good offices efforts continue, UN peacekeepers exert a stabilizing presence. A United Nations peacekeeping mission, UNFICYP, has been deployed on the Island since 1964.

     

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    The mandate of the Special Envoy was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 72/248 in 2017, and renewed in its resolutions 73/264, 74/246 and 76/180. The Special Envoy works in close partnership with all stakeholders including local communities and civil society, and regional partners, notably the Government of Bangladesh and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), regional countries, and the broader membership of the United Nations.

     

    Ms. Christine Schraner-Burgener served as the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar from April 2018 through October 2021. The Secretary-General appointed Ms. Noeleen Heyzer as his new Special Envoy on Myanmar and she began her duties on 13 December 2021. 

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    Regional workshop “Addressing Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Violent Extremism and Terrorism”, 21-22 May 2018, Astana

    ASTANA,...

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    On 26 September 2017, the United Nations Mission in Colombia, in accordance with the Peace Agreement between the Government of Colombia and the FARC-EP, completed its Security Council mandate. The mission finalized activities related to the laying down of weapons from the FARC-EP, including the deactivation of the armament collected in the Transitional Local Zones for Normalization and Transitory Points, the ones extracted during the arms caches operations and the destruction of unstable material.

     

    The United Nations continues to provide support to the peace process through the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia, established by Security Council resolution 2377 (2017).

     

     

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    On 26 September 2017, the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia started its activities, immediately upon the conclusion of the mandate of the first United Nations Mission in Colombia.

    The United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia (Verification Mission) was established by the UN Security Council pursuant to resolution 2366 (2017), adopted unanimously on 10 July 2017. The resolution followed a joint request for UN support from the Government of Colombia and the then Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People’s Army (FARC-EP). 

     

    According to the resolution, the purpose of the Mission is to accompany the parties and verify their commitments regarding points 3.2 and 3.4 of the Final Peace Agreement on the reintegration of former FARC-EP members, and the implementation of measures of protection and security for former FARC-EP members and communities in territories most affected by the conflict. The Verification Mission has worked closely with national authorities and former combatants to promote progress in reintegration and security related issues with a constructive and proactive approach. The Mission continued to have a presence at the national, regional and local levels, with a view to ensure close contact with former combatants and communities.

     

    Further to a request from the Government of Colombia, on its behalf and on behalf of the former FARC-EP, the Security Council, by its resolution 2574 (2021) adopted unanimously on 11 May 2021, mandated the Verification Mission to implement an additional task, as envisioned in the Final Peace Agreement, namely the verification of compliance with the sentences of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace.

     

    Previous mandates

    The first UN Mission in Colombia had been established by Security Council resolution 2261 (2016) on 25 January 2016 with a mandate to monitor and verify the laying down of arms and, as part of a tripartite mechanism, a definitive bilateral ceasefire and cessation of hostilities following the signing of a peace agreement between the Government and the FARC-EP. The Government of Colombia and the FARC-EP, after peace talks in Havana that started in 2012, had agreed on 19 January 2016 to jointly request the Security Council to establish this first special political mission. On 23 June 2016 in Havana, they concluded the agreement on the definitive bilateral cease fire and cessation of hostilities and the laying down of arms, which was later revised and signed on 24 November 2016. The first UN in Mission in Colombia completed the verification of the successful laying down of weapons by the FARC-EP and the transformation of the guerrilla group into a political party in September 2017.

     

    On 29 September 2017, the Government of Colombia and the National Liberation Army (ELN) made a joint request to the Security Council to authorise the UN Verification Mission in Colombia to participate in the Monitoring and Verification Mechanism established to strengthen the bilateral and temporary cease-fire beginning on 1 October 2017. With the adoption of resolution 2381 (2017), the Security Council agreed on 5 October 2017 to expand the Verification Mission’s mandate on a temporary basis until 9 January 2018 to include the participation and coordination of the work of the monitoring and verification mechanism (MVM), comprised of representatives of the Government of Colombia, the ELN, the United Nations and the Catholic Church to verify compliance with the temporary, bilateral, national ceasefire at national, regional and local level. The Verification Mission completed its mandate regarding the ELN ceasefire in January 2018.

     

    For more information go to the mission's website: https://colombia.unmissions.org/ (eng)

     

  • 21 Mayo 2018

    DPA spearheaded efforts by the United Nations to establish the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) in response to a request for assistance from the Government of Guatemala. Acting as an independent international body, CICIG aims to investigate illegal security groups and clandestine security organizations in Guatemala – criminal groups believed to have infiltrated state institutions, fostering impunity and undermining democratic gains in Guatemala since the end of the country's armed conflict in the 1990s. It represents an innovative initiative by the United Nations, together with a Member State, to strengthen the rule of law in a post-conflict country.

     

    The Commission's mandate permits it to carry out independent investigations, to act as a complementary prosecutor and to recommend public policies to help fight the criminal groups that are the subject of its investigations.

     

    CICIG's Commissioner is appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of Guatemala established an initial two-year mandate which was renewed in April 2009, in January 2011, in April 2015 and again in April 2016. Its current mandate runs through September 2019.

     

    The Secretary-General appointed Iván Velásquez of Colombia as CICIG Commissioner on 31 August 2013. A distinguished former auxiliary magistrate of Colombia’s Supreme Court, Mr. Velásquez coordinated high-profile investigations into links between paramilitary groups and public officials. He also gained extensive prosecutorial and investigative experience in the Attorney General’s Office and as Regional Director of the Public Prosecutor’s office covering the Department of Antioquia. Drawing on this solid background and relevant experience, Mr. Velásquez is reinforcing the rule of law and contributing to efforts to combat criminal networks in Guatemala.

  • 18 Mayo 2018

    On 18 May 2018, the 56th meeting of the joint Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) chaired by the United Nations was held in Gali town with the participation of Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz and EUMM (European Union Monitoring Mission) representatives. The meeting took place in a constructive and business-like atmosphere.

    The overall security situation on the ground, since the previous IPRM meeting, which took place on 25 April 2018, was assessed as calm and stable without serious incidents reported.  In this context, the contribution of all participants was commended, and they were urged to continue this positive trend.

    The role of hotline to maintain communication between the participants for the purpose of information exchange, and most importantly of incident prevention, was once again emphasized. Besides sharing information on planned sensitive activities at the IPRM meetings, the participants were advised to use the hotline for advance notice on unforeseen similar activities. They were informed that since the April IPRM meeting there were 31 hotline activations on 17 different issues.

    At the 56th IPRM meeting, the participants followed up on several issues, which had been discussed at the previous meetings. As a new agenda point, they had an extensive exchange of opinions related to freedom of movement of local residents crossing the line of control.  

    It was agreed to hold the next meeting on 27 June 2018.

  • 16 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations has long been engaged in the search for a peaceful solution to the conflict over Western Sahara. On 6 October 2021, the Secretary-General appointed Staffan de Mistura as his Personal Envoy for Western Sahara to provide good offices on behalf of the Secretary‑General.

     

    In October 2021, in its resolution 2602, the United Nations Security Council welcomed the appointment of Staffan de Mistura as the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General for Western Sahara, urged the constructive resumption of the political process and reaffirmed its commitment to assist the parties to achieve a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution, based on compromise, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations.

     

    The Council further called upon Morocco, the Frente POLISARIO, Algeria and Mauritania to cooperate more fully with each other, including through building additional trust, and with the United Nations.

     

    Amid continued diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict, a UN peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), has remained on the ground monitoring the cease fire and providing a stabilizing presence. MINURSO was deployed in 1991 to oversee a cease-fire and a UN settlement plan; however, disagreements between the two parties prevented the holding of the anticipated referendum on the territory’s future. For more information on MINURSO see: https://minurso.unmissions.org

  • 16 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) is a Dakar-based special political mission managed by the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), which engages in preventive diplomacy, good offices and political mediation and facilitation in countries in West Africa and the Sahel. The Office also assists sub-regional institutions and States in strengthening their capacities in these areas, as well as in addressing cross-border and cross-cutting threats to peace and security. It promotes good governance, respect for the rule of law, human rights and the mainstreaming of gender in conflict prevention and conflict management initiatives.

     

    UNOWAS works closely with other UN entities and several regional and international partners - such as Economic Community of West African States, Mano River Union, Lake Chad Basin Commission, Gulf of Guinea Commission, Group of Five for the Sahel and African Union - to promote an integrated approach to conflict prevention and regional issues, including terrorism and violent extremism, transnational organized crime, drug-trafficking, other illicit forms of trafficking, and maritime insecurity.


     
    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) for West Africa and the Sahel and Head of UNOWAS is Mahamat Saleh Annadif. He is assisted by a Deputy SRSG, Giovanie Biha. To help address insecurity and promote sustainable development in the Sahel region, the SRSG for West Africa and the Sahel leads regional advocacy efforts for the implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, which was endorsed by the Security Council in June 2013. The strategy includes a range of innovative actions in the areas of governance, security and resilience in support of 10 countries of the Sahel. 

     

    The SRSG also serves as Chairperson of the Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission (CNMC), which was established to facilitate the implementation of the 2002 ruling of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the Cameroon-Nigeria boundary dispute. The mandate of the Mixed Commission includes supporting the demarcation of the land boundary and delineation of the maritime boundary; facilitating the withdrawal of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the transfer of authority to the Republic of Cameroon; addressing the situation of affected populations; and making recommendations on confidence-building measures.  

     

  • 16 Mayo 2018

    Working Together for a Peaceful Africa: AU-UN Partnership

    On 19 April 2017, during the first United Nations-African Union Annual Conference, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General and Chairperson of the African Union (AU) Commission signed the Joint UN-AU Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security. This builds on an increasingly close cooperation since the two Organizations signed the Ten-Year Capacity-Building Programme for the African Union in 2006 (A/61/630). UN support is organized around numerous thematic areas, with the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) leading the cooperation in the area of peace and security.

    In January 2015, the African Union Assembly endorsed Agenda 2063 which aims at achieving an "integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena". DPPA works closely with the AU Political Affairs, Peace and Security Department to coordinate and support each other’s efforts in conflict prevention, mediation and peacebuilding in line with 2030 Agenda, Agenda 2063 and AU’s peace and security and governance architectures.

    DPPA strives to align and coordinate the work of the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security so that their efforts become more efficient and effective in Africa.

     

    Key Areas of Work

    The strategic engagement between the two organizations is evident in the multiple consultative mechanisms on peace and security challenges in Africa, including on early warning, conflict prevention and mediation.

    Some examples of current areas of support and cooperation include:

    • The annual joint consultative meeting between members of the UN Security Council and the AU Peace and Security Council: Since 2007, the members of the UN Security Council and the AU Peace and Security Council have held consultative meetings on an annual basis to exchange views on issues of interest to both bodies in the areas of maintenance of international peace and security, especially in Africa. DPPA facilitates cooperation between the members of the two Councils and provides support to their joint activities. In addition, DPPA offers assistance to the Secretariat of the AU Peace and Security Council, building on the Department's own experience in providing support to the UN Security Council, including the establishment of subsidiary organs and building institutional memory.
    • AU-UN Joint Task Force meetings at the senior-level, director-level video conferences and desk-to-desk exchanges: Since 2008, DPPA, Department of Peace Operations (DPO) and Department of Operational Support (DOS) officials maintain constant senior-level interaction (bi-annual Joint Task Force on peace and security) and working-level interaction (regular director-level videoconferences and annual desk-to-desk meetings) with AU counterparts to assess and discuss political developments in the region and responses on the prevention and management of conflicts. The meetings bring together UN and AU officials for information sharing, coordination, and the strengthening of the cooperation.
    • Mediation: Cooperation in mediation entails both institutional and operational efforts. Institutionally, it has comprised the reinforcement of the mediation capacity of the AU Commission, including support for the secretariat and the work of the Panel of the Wise including FemWise, development of strategic mediation guidance, as well as documentation of mediation experiences and practices through “lessons learned” exercises. Operationally, UN and AU increasingly collaborate to maximize strategic convergence and impact. For example, through its Mediation Support Unit in DPPA, the UN has supported the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic. The Initiative, led by the AU together with the Economic Community of Central African States and the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region with the support of Angola, the Republic of Congo and Chad, seeks to facilitate a comprehensive peace agreement for the sustainable disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups in the country. Another example is Sudan, where DPPA supported peace efforts led by the AU High-Level Implementation Panel through the deployment of specialized mediation expertise.
    • Electoral assistance: The United Nations provides technical electoral assistance to many of its Member States in Africa, based on their request. Close to half of the 56 countries currently receiving UN electoral support are in Africa. In recent years, DPPA has also been increasingly engaged in providing technical and senior-level electoral advice to good offices and mediation efforts in electoral crisis management situations in the continent. In this regard, a senior-level DPPA electoral expert has been deployed to UNOAU to provide more timely and effective support to electoral crisis management situations in the region where UN support is requested. In undertaking the above tasks, DPPA works very closely with the Democracy and Electoral Assistance Unit of the AU Commission (DEAU). DPPA and DEAU are in regular contact to coordinate on country specific issues particularly in electoral crisis management situations. DPPA and DEAU have also strengthened their partnership initiatives in recent years including by increased number of cases where the UN has invited DEAU to participate in the trainings and workshops that the UN organizes including on gender and elections and addressing election-related violence.
    • Peace Support Operations: Under the overall lead of DPO and DOS, the UN provides technical support and collaborates in the implementation of the African Standby Force Maputo Five-Year Strategic Workplan as well as in the conduct of ongoing AU-mandated peace support operations. Technical assistance and expertise are also provided on gender equality and women’s empowerment, including in the areas of human rights compliance and conduct and discipline, as well as mine action and the operationalization of AU Peace Fund.
    • Silencing the Guns in Africa: As part of the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union, the UN provides wide-ranging support to the AU Initiative on Silencing the Guns in Africa. Click here, for more information.

     

    United Nations Office to the African Union

    In 2010, the General Assembly established the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) to enhance the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security, provide coordinated and consistent United Nations advice to the African Union on both long-term capacity-building and short-term operational support, and streamline the United Nations presence in Addis Ababa to be more cost-effective and efficient in delivering United Nations assistance to the African Union (A/64/762). More on UNOAU here.

     

    Infographics

     

    Key Documents

    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2022/643) of 25 August 2022
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2021/763) of 30 August 2021
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2020/860) of 31 August 2020
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2019/759) of 19 September 2019
    • Security Council resolution 2457 (2019)
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2018/678) of 6 July 2018
    • Security Council resolution 2378 (2017)
    • Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2017/744) of 30 August 2017
    • Report of the Secretary-General on options for authorization and support for African Union peace support operations (S/2017/454) of 26 May 2017
    • Joint United Nations-African Union Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, signed on 19 April 2017
    • Security Council resolution 2320 (2016)
    • Report of the joint African Union-United Nations review of available mechanisms to finance and support AU peace support operations authorised by the UN Security Council (S/2016/809) of 28 September 2016
    • First annual report of the Secretary-General on strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa, including the work of the United Nations Office to the African Union (S/2016/780) of 13 September 2016
    • Report of the Secretary-General on the future of United Nations peace operations: implementation of the recommendations of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (A/70/357-S/2015/682) of 2 September 2015
    • Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations on uniting our strengths for peace: politics, partnership and people (A/70/95-S/2015/446) of 17 June 2015
    • Security Council Presidential Statement 27 (2014)
    • Security Council resolution 2167 (2014)
    • General Assembly resolution on cooperation between the United Nations and the Africa Union (A/RES/67/302 of 1 October 2013)
    • General Assembly resolution on the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/RES/66/287 of 10 August 2012)
    • Security Council resolution 2033 (2012)
    • Budget for the United Nations Office to the African Union (A/64/762) of 30 April 2010
    • Report of the African Union-United Nations panel on modalities for support to African Union peacekeeping operations (A/63/666; S/2008/813 of 31 December 2008)
    • Security Council Presidential Statement 3 of 18 March 2009
    • Secretary-General's report to the Security Council on the relationship between the United Nations and regional organizations, in particular the African Union in the maintenance of international peace and security (S/2008/186 of 24 March 2008)
    • Security Council resolution 1809 (2008)
    • General Assembly resolution on cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union (A/RES/61/296 of 5 October 2007)
    • Letter dated 11 December 2006 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and Declaration Enhancing UN-AU Cooperation: Framework for the Ten-Year Capacity Building Programme for the African Union (A/61/630)
  • 16 Mayo 2018

    Madam President,
    Distinguished Members of the Council,

    Thank you for this opportunity to provide an oral update on the political and security situations in Guinea-Bissau and on the country’s preparation for elections.

    Since the adoption of resolution 2404 on 28 February 2018, encouraging progress has been made in the efforts to break the political and institutional deadlock that had persisted in Guinea-Bissau for almost three years. As the Council is aware, during the extraordinary session of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) on 14 April, President José Mário Vaz of Guinea-Bissau made several key commitments, which have since been fulfilled. These include the swearing-in of Mr. Aristides Gomes as the consensual Prime Minister on 16 April; the issuance of a decree on the same day confirming 18 November 2018 as the date for legislative elections; and the convening of the plenary session of the National Assembly on 19 April, for the first time in over two years. At its meeting, the Assembly approved the appointment of the President and Executive Secretariat of the National Elections Commission and extended the term of the Legislature until November. 

    Since then, with the facilitation of an ECOWAS ministerial delegation, which visited Bissau on 24 April, a new inclusive government has been sworn in. The new cabinet, which will be in office until the legislative elections in November, comprises twenty-six (26) ministers, four of whom are women.

    The significant breakthrough was achieved following an agreement reached between the two main political parties, the Party for the Independence of Guinea Bissau and Cabo Verde (PAIGC) and the Social Renewal Party (PRS), with the facilitation of the Catholic Bishop of Bissau. It also owes much to the consistent pressure mounted by ECOWAS on Bissau-Guinean political stakeholders, which culminated in the imposition of targeted sanctions on individuals deemed to be obstructing efforts to end the impasse, as well as the encouragement and facilitation by UNIOGBIS and the other members of the Group of five international partners in Bissau, namely ECOWAS, AU, EU and CPLP. These encouraging developments pave the way for launching the electoral process and creating openings for other peacebuilding initiatives long stalled because of the impasse.

     

    Madam President,

    Nonetheless, several key provisions of the ECOWAS-brokered Conakry Agreement of October 2016 remain to be implemented. As a crucial next step, the political stakeholders in Guinea-Bissau have initiated discussions that will culminate with the holding of a national roundtable dialogue as foreseen in the Conakry Agreement. Both the government programme and a Stability Pact, which outlines the principles for key reforms until the end of the current legislature, are expected to be endorsed by the political stakeholders following the national roundtable dialogue. The primary focus of the first meeting of the Council of Ministers, on 10 May, was on preparations for the elections. UNIOGBIS will continue efforts, including within the framework of the Guinea-Bissau Group of five international partners (G-5), to encourage the Government to move forward with the convening of the roundtable and, more broadly, with implementation of the remaining priorities outlined in the Conakry Agreement.   

    With respect to the legislative elections, a project document on the United Nations Development Programme electoral support to the Government, in the amount of 7.7 million USD, has been finalized.  The project will support technical preparations for cartography, an update of the voter register, voter education and electoral administration. The Government of Guinea-Bissau has made an unprecedented contribution of 1.8 million USD to the Basket Fund; UNDP has also contributed 200,000 USD to the Fund which, among other priorities, will allow UNDP to procure biometric equipment for the electoral technical wing of the Ministry of Interior. The tender and procurement process for the purchase of the biometric equipment and software will be launched on 21 May, and the National Electoral Commission, which supervises the process, is expected to begin voter registration on 1 June. Additional resources are urgently needed to fill a funding gap of 5.7 million USD to cover voter registration (USD 2.8 million) and operational costs for the elections (USD 2.9 million). In order to avoid yet another delay in the elections, it will be important for the international community to provide the requisite support to bridge the funding gap.

    However, we remain concerned about the situation of drug trafficking and associated forms of transnational organised crime. In the period after the adoption of resolution 2404, there have been at least five reported seizures of drugs at the international airport in Bissau, which many fear may be just the tip of the iceberg. It is our hope that the on-going efforts to enhance UNIOGBIS monitoring and reporting capabilities, in cooperation with UNODC and other partners, will, in due course, expose the true extent of the problem and contribute to fighting impunity.

     

    Madam President,

    Since the adoption of Security Council resolution 2404, steps have been taken by UNIOGBIS, with the support of the Department of Political Affairs, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support to re-orient the resources and interventions of the Mission towards effective implementation of the new priorities articulated by the Security Council.

    To that end, DPA led a Technical Assessment Mission to Bissau from 24 to 31 March composed of the relevant UN Departments and Offices.  The team met with national, regional and international stakeholders, and worked closely with UNIOGBIS to help re-align the mission’s resources.  Internal work on the re-orientation is well underway. 

    It was agreed that resources would be temporarily redeployed from the former Rule of Law and Security Institutions component to support the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in conducting good offices and providing support to the elections, as well as to the newly-established Combatting Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime (CDTOC) component; UNODC will be located within this component.  In addition, future UN police deployments are expected to focus on criminal detection and investigation; and the promotion of human rights and gender equality will be mainstreamed in all mission activities. The report and recommendations of the Technical Assessment Mission to Bissau will also inform the Strategic Review Mission that will take place later this year, in late August/early September. The Strategic Review will contain the Secretary-General’s assessment of UNIOGBIS, including options for a possible reconfiguration of the United Nations presence in the country and re-prioritization of tasks, as requested by the Council in resolution 2404.    

               

    Madam President,

    The latest successful efforts to assist Bissau-Guinean stakeholders to end the political and institutional impasse and launch the country on the path of sustainable peace and development gives cause for guarded optimism. The period until the legislative elections, and particularly until the next Presidential election in 2019, will be critical and fraught with uncertainties, and will require the continued attention and engagement of the international community.

    Before I conclude, I would like to recognize the commendable contribution of Mr. Modibo Touré, who completed his assignment as the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on 6 May, particularly in forging close and constructive relations with ECOWAS and the region. I would also like to welcome his successor, Mr. José Viegas Filho, who will assume his responsibilities later this month and continue to build on progress made in Guinea-Bissau. I would also like to express our appreciation to our partners, ECOWAS, AU, EU and CPLP for their cooperation and efforts that have helped open the way for a better future for Guinea Bissau, an opportunity Bissau-Guinean should be encouraged, assisted and influenced to grasp.

    I thank you for your attention.

  • 15 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU), established by the UN General Assembly Resolution 64/288 on 1 July 2010, is mandated to enhance the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in the area of peace and security. The Office is also tasked to provide coordinated and consistent United Nations (UN) advice to the African Union (AU) on both long-term capacity-building and short-term operational support, as well as to streamline the UN presence in Addis Ababa to make it cost-effective and efficient in delivering UN assistance to the AU in the area of peace and security (A/64/762).

     

    The strategic cooperation between the African Union and the United Nations is manifested in the multiple consultative mechanisms on peace and security challenges in Africa, including on early warning, conflict prevention and resolution. UN, AU as well as the Regional Economic Communities and Regional Mechanisms increasingly work together at all levels, and on a wide range of issues from capacity development and policy design, cutting across the conflict cycle from prevention to crisis response operations.

     

    For an overview on the UN-AU partnership, click here.

  • 15 Mayo 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov (on screen), UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace...

  • 15 Mayo 2018

    The Horn of Africa region has long been a focus of United Nations engagement and investment. The region faces major challenges, including long-standing civil conflicts and unrest, deep poverty and vulnerability to climate change. However, it also presents significant opportunities: rapid economic growth in several countries, a young and dynamic population and new momentum for regional cooperation. Realizing the region’s enormous potential requires a collective approach, tackling shared challenges in a coordinated manner.

     

    Mandate

    The establishment of the Office of the Special Envoy the Horn of Africa in 2018 was largely driven by the dynamic changes in the region, triggered by the rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea and the strengthening of relations between Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, as well as the cooling off of tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti. In October 2018, the Secretary-General expanded the remit of the Special Envoy for the Sudan and South Sudan to cover the Horn of Africa region, defined for this purpose to comprise the members of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). This mandate derives from an exchange of letters between the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council (S/2018/955 and S/2018/979).

     

    The Office of the Special Envoy mandated to support the region in sustaining the recent gains in peace and security, including the historic transition in the Sudan and the ongoing peace process in South Sudan. The Office of the Special Envoy is responsible for supporting IGAD, in line with the framework for cooperation between the United Nations and IGAD signed in Djibouti on 17 November 2015, and other relevant regional organizations in promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa. This primarily involves enhancing sub-regional capacities for conflict prevention and mediation and addressing cross-cutting issues. On this basis, the Special Envoy is tasked with carrying out good offices role and special assignments on behalf of the Secretary-General as required. The mission has been tasked with enhancing linkages in the work of the United Nations and other partners in the Horn of Africa region, with a view to promoting a joined-up regional approach, including facilitating coordination and information exchange within the United Nations system.

     

    The Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa retains responsibilities related to the maintenance of good and peaceful neighbourly relations between Sudan and South Sudan, initially established pursuant to the exchange of letters between the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council (S/2011/474 and S/2011/475). This includes cooperation with the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) in efforts to implement Security Council resolution 2046 (2012), which called upon the Sudan and South Sudan to reach an agreement on critical issues, including: (a) the full and urgent advancement of all outstanding issues from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement; and (b) to ease the tensions and facilitate the resumption of negotiations on post-secession relations and the normalization of their relations.

     

     

    The United Nations Comprehensive Regional Prevention Strategy for the Horn of Africa

    The Office of the Special Envoy coordinates and helps to enhance the coherence of the collective work of the United Nations in the region, and focuses on the prevention of crises affecting human security in support of Member States’ national strategies and regional strategies in pursuance of lasting peace and sustainable development.

     

    In line with the internal five-year United Nations Comprehensive Regional Prevention Strategy for the Horn of Africa, in July 2019 the Office organized a workshop with senior United Nations leadership working in the region to kick-start the implementation of the Strategy, the key outcomes of which included the development of an action plan and a coordination mechanism. The Strategy is the United Nations support framework for the Horn of Africa. It aims at operationalizing the Secretary-General’s vision of prevention by rationalizing United Nations prevention-related mandates and encouraging a system-wide ownership of outcomes. The Strategy employs a regional approach – not just the sum of national approaches in the region – to prevention in the Horn of Africa and considers regional strategies of the AU and sub-regional strategies of IGAD. Given the fast-changing environment in the region, the Strategy is a living and flexible framework and will continue to evolve in light of emerging priorities.

  • 15 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations has been engaged with Somalia since 1991 to support its Government and people to advance peace and security. In 2012, following an extended transition period, the Provisional Federal Constitution of Somalia was agreed through a broad-based consultation process, and a new Federal Parliament and Government were selected, with a pledge to deliver political transformation of the country and realize the vision of a peaceful, federal Somalia. The international community has pledged to support Somalia in its efforts.

     

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) coordinates the efforts of the UN system in Somalia,  facilitating the good offices of the Secretary-General and supporting political reconciliation and peacebuilding through engagement with the Federal Government of Somalia, its federal member states and civil society, as well as regional organizations and international partners.

     

    These efforts to achieve peace, reconciliation and stability are led and coordinated by the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), a DPPA special political mission established in the Somali capital of Mogadishu in June 2013. The UN mission, with offices across the country, is mandated by the Security Council to work with the Federal Government of Somalia and federal member states to support national reconciliation, provide strategic and policy advice on various aspects of peacebuilding and state-building, to monitor human rights, and help coordinate the efforts of the international community.

     

    Since 2013, UNSOM has helped sustain Somalia's emerging federalism process. Key challenges remain, especially in security, governance, and economic recovery. UNSOM is currently supporting efforts by the Federal Government of Somalia and federal member states to further improve the security situation, including the implementation of the transition plan from the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) to Somali security forces, as well as reform of the security and justice sectors. UNSOM also aims to further support efforts by Somalia's federal and regional leaders to conduct one-person, one-vote elections planned for 2020/1, complete the federalism process, finalize a federal constitution, and galvanize economic recovery, particularly opportunities for youth, which is critical to Somalia's long-term stability.

     

    UNSOM is headed by James Swan, a national of the United States serving as Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia. He is supported by two Deputy Special Representatives: Anita Kiki Gbeho and Adam Abdelmoula who is also the UN Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.

     

  • 15 Mayo 2018

    Following six months of armed conflict in Libya in 2011, the United Nations established a political mission to support the country's transitional authorities in their post-conflict efforts.

     

    The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), whose mandate was most recently renewed in resolution 2599 on 30 September 2021, until 31 January 2022, is primarily tasked by the Security Council with supporting an inclusive Libyan political process and security and economic dialogue through mediation and good offices, including supporting the implementation of the Libyan ceasefire agreement of 23 October 2020 and the political road map of 15 November 2020. In addition, UNSMIL is mandated to conduct human rights monitoring and reporting, support key Libyan institutions and efforts to secure uncontrolled arms, the provision of essential services and delivery of humanitarian assistance, and coordination of international assistance.

     

    The daily management of UNSMIL is supervised by Assistant Secretary-General and Mission Coordinator, Mr. Raisedon Zenenga. The mission is also present in Benghazi, Libya; Tunis, Tunisia; and Geneva, Switzerland.

     
  • 15 Mayo 2018

    @UNICEF/Mohammed Mahmoud

    The Special Envoy is making good progress towards the production of a framework for negotiations as promised in his briefing to the UN Security...

  • 14 Mayo 2018

    1. On 24 April in Goma, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in line with the decision of the Eighth high-level meeting of the Regional Oversight Mechanism (ROM) of the Peace, Security and Cooperation (PSC) Framework Agreement for the DRC and the region to “Complete the repatriation without preconditions of the FDLR disarmed combatants and their dependents located in transit camps in eastern DRC, and of the ex-M23 combatants that are in Rwanda and Uganda no later than 20...

  • 14 Mayo 2018

    Guinea-Bissau, one of the world’s poorest nations, has been plagued by chronic political instability since gaining independence in 1974. The international community including the United Nations is providing various forms of assistance aimed at helping the West African country build stable, democratic institutions and achieve greater economic prosperity.

     

    The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) provides support and strategic advice to the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office for Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS), a special political mission first established in 1999 following a two-year civil war in the country. The Mission is headed by the Secretary-General’s Representative for Guinea-Bissau, Rosine Sori-Coulibaly. The Security Council has extended the presence of UNIOGBIS over the years amid continued fragility in the country, whose problems have been exacerbated in recent years by a protracted political and institutional impasse characterized by the paralysis of the National Assembly and the absence of a State budget and programme of the Government.

     

    According to Security Council Resolution 2404 (2018), which defines the mandate of UNIOGBIS, the key political activities of the mission are to: (a) Support the full implementation of the Conakry Agreement and the ECOWAS Roadmap, and facilitate an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation process, the strengthening of democratic governance, particularly with regards to the implementation of necessary urgent reforms;  (b) Support, through good offices the electoral process to ensure inclusive, free and credible legislative elections in 2018 within the legally mandated time frame; (c) Provide support, including by technical assistance, to national authorities in expediting and completing the review of Guinea-Bissau’s Constitution.

     

    Operative paragraph 4 of the same resolution affirms that in addition to the abovementioned priorities, UNIOGBIS and the Special Representative will continue to assist, coordinate and lead international efforts in several areas, including in providing support to the Government of Guinea-Bissau in strengthening democratic institutions and enhancing the capacity of state organs to function effectively and constitutionally; to ensure lasting peace and stability in Guinea Bissau.

     

    In parallel with the good offices of the SRSG in support of the implementation of the Conakry Agreement, UNIOGBIS is working with entities beyond the purview of the Government and State structures to facilitate an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation process. UNIOGBIS is providing technical support in the reconfiguration of the former Women’s Facilitation Group, which played an important role in resuming dialogue among political actors in the first semester of 2017. 

     

    UNIOGBIS as an integrated office works closely with the UN Resident Coordinator (Deputy SRSG)  and the UNCT to strengthen UN system-wide synergies and to mobilize international financial assistance. The Office also works to enhance cooperation between the major international partners working for progress in Guinea-Bissau, especially in the format of the Guinea-Bissau P5 group namely the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the European Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries (CPLP), among other important bilateral partners and donors.

     

    In 2007, Guinea-Bissau was placed on the agenda of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), a step which has increased the international community’s attention to the country and its needs. A year later, the Peacebuilding Commission and the Government of Guinea-Bissau adopted a Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in the country. The Secretary General declared Guinea-Bissau eligible to receive support from the UN Peacebuilding Fund in March 2008.

     

    The Mission is currently implementing six  PBF Projects funded under the IRD facility worth 7.8 mln USD in total, in the following areas: Support to political dialogue and national reconciliation in Guinea-Bissau ; Boosting the media sector for greater Peace and Stability in Guinea-Bissau; Strengthening Public Confidence in the Justice System; Supporting political and institutional stabilization of the Justice sector for peace consolidation in Guinea-Bissau ; Supporting Women's and Youth Political Participation for Peace and Development in Guinea-Bissau; and Mobilizing rural Youth and adolescents to serve as peacebuilding leaders.

     

  • 14 Mayo 2018

    The United Nations has long been engaged in efforts to bring peace and stability to Africa’s Great Lakes region, which has been plagued for decades by political instability, armed conflicts, porous borders, humanitarian crises, tensions over natural resources and other destabilizing factors.

     

    A key step in these efforts has been the adoption, on 24 February 2013, of a United Nations-brokered accord intended to end the recurring cycles of conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the region. The Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and the region (PSC Framework) was signed by 11 countries, namely Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. In early 2014, Kenya and Sudan became the 12th and 13th signatories of the Framework, respectively. The United Nations, the African Union, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, and the Southern African Development Community act as Guarantors of the Framework.

     

    The agreement includes commitments at the national, regional and international levels, geared towards addressing the root causes of violent conflict and ending recurring cycles of violence and suffering in eastern DRC and the Great Lakes region. Its implementation is championed by the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes region. 

     

    In recent years, a positive momentum has emerged, with the peaceful holding of elections in the DRC in 2018 and the commitment by President Felix Tshisekedi of the DRC to restore peace and security in eastern DRC and to promote friendly and mutually beneficial relations with neighbouring countries. Steps taken by other leaders in the region to address tensions and advance political, security, and economic cooperation have also contributed to a reinvigoration of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy and an improvement in the region’s overall security situation. These efforts are supported by the United Nations, as a whole, and by the Office of the Special Envoy, in particular. 

     

    In this context, Secretary-General António Guterres approved the United Nations Strategy for Peace Consolidation, Conflict Prevention and Conflict Resolution in the Great Lakes region on 22 October 2020. The Strategy, developed by the Office of the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region and the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), in consultation with a wide range of stakeholders, including representatives of the signatory countries of the PSC Framework, proposes an integrated framework to leverage the political, operational and programmatic expertise of the United Nations, both at Headquarters and in the region, to help the countries of the region achieve inclusive peace, prosperity and sustainable, people-centred development. The Strategy lays out ten priority areas of intervention, arranged into three pillars, which are to guide its implementation, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. An action plan covering the period from 2021 through 2023 was also developed to chart the way forward. On 20 October 2021, the United Nations Security Council issued a Presidential Statement (S/PRST/2021/19) welcoming the Strategy and its Action Plan. It further encouraged ownership and political will by the PSC Framework’s signatory countries, and urged the international community and International Financial Institutions to contribute technical and financial support for the Strategy’s implementation.                                                 

    The Special Envoy is supported by his office, based in Nairobi, Kenya, and by DPPA.

     

  • 11 Mayo 2018

    UN Special Coordinator Mladenov’s in talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (11 May 2018)

    Thank you very...

  • 7 Mayo 2018

    High Level International Conference "Countering Terrorism and Preventing Violent Extremism" in Dushanbe, Tajikistan (May 2018)

    DUSHANBE,...

  • 7 Mayo 2018

         

  • 6 Mayo 2018

    On 7 May 2018, Nairobi, Kenya - Special Envoy Djinnit convened the first OSESG-GL partners’ briefing of the year 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya.  In attendance were...

  • 2 Mayo 2018

    “Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas chose to use his speech at the opening of the Palestinian National Council to repeat some of the most contemptuous anti-Semitic slurs, including the suggestion that the social behavior of Jews was the cause for the Holocaust.

    Such statements are unacceptable, deeply disturbing and do not serve the interests of the Palestinian people or peace in the Middle East.

    Denying the historic and religious connection of the Jewish people...

  • 30 Abr 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov, UN Special Coordinator...

  • 26 Abr 2018

    Nickolay Mladenov, UN Special Coordinator for Middle East Peace Process, briefs the Security...

  • 26 Abr 2018

    The sixth meeting of the Special Representatives and Envoys of the UN Secretary-General, Regional Directors and Resident Coordinators of...

  • 25 Abr 2018

    On 25 April 2018, the 55th meeting of the joint Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) chaired by the United Nations was held in Gali town with the participation of Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz and EUMM (European Union Monitoring Mission) representatives.

    The overall security situation on the ground, since the previous IPRM meeting, which took place on 21 March 2018, was assessed as calm and stable without major incidents reported. The Chair commended this achievement, attributing it to the joint efforts of all participants. In relation to this assessment, the importance and exemplary use of the hotline was emphasized. Participants were once again encouraged to continue using this effective tool for prevention of and response to incidents, for addressing humanitarian issues as well as for information-exchange purposes on other matters.

    According to the agenda, participants followed up on the matters discussed at previous meetings. They also discussed in detail new agenda points, in particular several detentions for the alleged crossing at undesignated locations in the recent period. Information was shared on the investigations into two cases of previously committed serious crimes. The issue of the 6 April 2018 flight of two helicopters in close vicinity of the line of control was discussed in detail. In this context, the attention of the participants was drawn to the voluntary provision of advance notice on sensitive activities in order to avoid suspicion and misperceptions.

    The 55th IPRM meeting took place in a constructive and business-like atmosphere.

    It was agreed to hold the next meeting on 18 May 2018.